1997 Edwin W. Pauley Summer Program in Marine Biology

Reproduction in Reef Corals

June - August, 1997

 

Porites compressa gonads

The 15th Annual Edwin W. Pauley Summer Program in Marine Biology at Coconut Island was broadly focused on the topic of coral reproduction. Although there has been exponential growth in the quantity of knowledge about coral reproduction within the last decade, there are still many unanswered questions. This aspect of coral biology has ramifications for many major areas of reef ecology and evolution. Knowledge of coral reproduction provides the foundation for studies of coral population dynamics, biogeography and the evolutionary biology of corals. Studies of coral reproduction will also play a role in the development of techniques for coral reef restoration and for monitoring of toxic substances in the marine environment. The potential impacts of global climate change on coral reefs also include a component of effects on coral reproduction.

The Edwin W. Pauley Summer Programs have a long history of excellence in student research projects. These programs were developed with the generous support of the Edwin W. Pauley Foundation. The Pauley family previously owned Coconut Island and invited the University of Hawai‘i to establish a marine laboratory on Coconut Island. They also took great personal interest in the research conducted at the Hawai‘i Institute of Marine Biology. The location of the facility within Ka¯ne‘ohe Bay and the excellent seawater system at the laboratory provides an ideal setting for a variety of research topics in marine biology. Through the continuing support of the Edwin W. Pauley Foundation, the tradition of excellence for student research in marine biology will continue.

The 1997 Summer Program brought together students and researchers from the United States, Australia, Tonga, Japan, Guam, Panama, Brazil and Israel (see the lists of student participants and faculty and staff). The results reported here span a variety of topics in coral reproduction, including new reports of coral spawning in Hawai‘i, techniques for larval rearing, the impacts of potential pollutants on aspects of reproductive success, histological analysis of early reproductive stages, energetics of reproduction, influence of skeletal damage on reproduction, and factors that impact larval survival and settlement.

 

FACULTY

Dr. Shannon Atkinson, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Dr. Bruce Carlson, Waikiki Aquarium, USA
Dr. Evelyn Cox, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Dr. Michael Hadfield, Kewalo Marine Laboratory and Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Dr. Peter Harrison, Southern Cross University, Australia
Dr. Michio Hidakal, Sesoko Marine Laboratory and University of the Ryukyus, Japan
Dr. Cindy Hunter, Department of Botany, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Dr. Paul Jokiel, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Dr. Jean Kenyon, Department of Biology, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Dr. Bob Kinzie, Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Dr. Mimi Koehl, Department of Integrated Biology, University of California, Berkeley, USA
Dr. Dave Krupp, Windward Community College and Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Dr. Bob Richmond, University of Guam Marine Laboratory, Guam
Dr. Kazuhiko Sakai, Sesoko Marine Laboratory, Japan
Dr. Frank Stanton, Biology Department, Leeward Community College, USA
Dr. John Stimson, Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Dr. Selena Ward, Southerh Cross University, Australia
Dr. Virginia Weis, Department of Biology, Oregon State University, USA
note: lead faculty in bold

 

STUDENT PARTICIPANTS

Khaled Bassim, University of Southeastern Louisiana, USA
Stuart Field, Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia
Steven Kolinski, University of Hawaii, USA
Ilsa Kuffner, University of Hawaii, USA
Oren Levy, Bar-Ilan University, Israel
Juan Mate, University of Miami, USA
Elizabeth Neves, Museu Nacional, Brazil
Asipeli Palaki, East-West Center, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Jodi Schwarz, Oregon State Univesity, USA
Ann Tarrant, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Joanne Wilson, Southern Cross University, Australia
David Zakai, Interuniversity Institute in Eliat, Israel

 

STAFF and VOLUNTEERS

Dr. Roy Bidwell
Peg Gillette
Cate Larsen
Serena Mukai
Lisa Protheroe
Ku'ulei Rodgers
Lloyd Watarai

 

PROGRAM REPORT

Cox EF, Krupp DA, Jokiel PL eds. (1998) Reproduction in reef corals: Resutls of the 1997 Edwin W. Pauley Summer Program in Marine Biology. HIMB Technical Report 42, Kaneohe, Hawaii, 120 pp. (Download HIMB Technical Report 42)

 

PHOTO GALLERY

Coming soon. Please send any scanned photos from the Pauley Summer Program to erik.franklin@hawaii.edu.

 

PUBLICATIONS

A list of publications that directly or indirectly resulted from scientific concepts, training, or research experiences during the Pauley Summer Program.

  1. Banaszak, A. T., M. P. Lesser, I. B. Kuffner and M. Ondrusek (1998) ‘Relationship between ultraviolet (UV) radiation and the concentration of mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) in marine organisms.’ Bulletin of Marine Science 63(3):617-628
  2. Glassom D, Zakai D, Chadwick-Furman NE 2004. Coral recruitment: a spatio-temporal analysis along the coastline of Eilat, northern Red Sea. Marine Biology, 144: 641–651.
  3. Glassom D, Chadwick Furman NE, Zakai D 2005. Methods and interpretation of coral recruitment studies: Effects of anthropogenic disturbance? Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50: 1021-1025.
  4. Grottoli-Everett, A., I. B. Kuffner (1995) ‘Individual polyp response to UV radiation in Montipora verrucosa.’ In: D. Gulko and P.L. Jokiel (eds.) Ultraviolet Radiation and Coral Reefs.  HIMB Tech Report No. 41, Sea Grant, Honolulu, pp. 115-120.
  5. Kuffner, I. B. (2005) ‘Temporal variation in photosynthetic pigments and UV-absorbing compounds in shallow populations of two Hawaiian reef corals.’ Pacific Science 59:561-580.
  6. Kuffner, I. B. (2002) ‘Effects of ultraviolet radiation and water motion on the reef coral, Porites compressa: A transplantation experiment.’ Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 270(2):147-169.
  7. Kuffner, I. B. (2001) ‘Effects of ultraviolet radiation and water motion on the reef coral Porites compressa Dana: a flume experiment.’ Marine Biology 138:467-476
  8. Kuffner, I. B. (2001) ‘Effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation on larval settlement of the reef coral Pocillopora damicornis.’ Marine Ecology Progress Series 217:251-261.
  9. Kuffner, I. B. (1999) ‘The effects of ultraviolet radiation on reef corals and the sun-screening role of mycosporine-like amino acids.’  Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, 164 pp.
  10. Kuffner, I. B., M. Ondrusek and M. P. Lesser (1995) ‘The distribution of mycosporine-like amino acids in the tissues of Hawaiian scleractinia; a depth profile.’  In: D. Gulko and P.L. Jokiel (eds.) Ultraviolet Radiation and Coral Reefs.  HIMB Tech Report No. 41, Sea Grant, Honolulu, pp. 77-85.
  11. Levy O, Dubinsky Z, Schneider K, Achituv Y, Zakai D, Gorbunov MY 2004. Diurnal Hysteresis in Coral Photosynthesis. Marine Ecology Prorogues Series, 268: 105–117.
  12. Lipkin Y, Beer S, Zakai D 2003. The seagrasses of the eastern Mediterranean and the Red Sea. In: E Green and FT Short, eds. World Atlas of Seagrasses, University of California Press, pp 75-83.
  13. Loya Y, Zakai D 2003. Israel coral reefs of Eilat, Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat), Red Sea. In: Wilkinson C. ed., Status of coral reefs of the world 2002. Australian Institute of Marine Science Press, Townsville, p 78.
  14. Neves, E. G. 2000. Histological analysis of reproductive trends of three Porites species from Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. Pacific Science, 54(2): 195-200.
  15. Neves, E. G., D.O. Pires. 2002. Sexual reproduction of Brazilian coral Mussismilia hispida (Verrill, 1902). Coral Reefs, 21(2): 161-168.
  16. Neves, E. G., F.L. da Silveira. 2003. Release of planulae larvae and settlement behavior of Siderastrea stellata Verrill, 1868 (Anthozoa, Scleractinia), in Brazil. Hydrobiologia 501: 139-147.
  17. Neves, E. G., S.C. Andrade, F.L. da Silveira, V.N. Solferini. 2008. Genetic variation and population structure in two brooding coral species (Siderastrea stellata and Siderastrea radians) from Brazil. Genetica 132: 243-254.
  18. Neves, E. G ‘Comportamento reprodutivo de Mussismilia hispida (Verrill, 1902) (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Scleractinia)’ / Reprocuctive behavior of Mussismilia hispida (Verrill, 1902) (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Scleractinia) – started in 1996, defended in 1998.
  19. Neves, E. G. ‘Complexo Siderastrea: espécies distintas? Significado da variabilidade do gênero Siderastrea de Blainville, 1830 (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) no Brasil’ / Siderastrea Complex: Distinct species? Meaning of the variability in the genus Siderastrea de Balinville, 1830 (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) – started in 2000, defended in 2004.
  20. Schwarz, J.A., D.A. Krupp, and V.M. Weis. 1999. Late larval development and onset of symbiosis in the scleractinian coral Fungia scutaria. Biological Bulletin 196: 70-79.
  21. Schwarz, J.A.  2002 Molecular Aspects of Cnidarian-Algal Symbioses.  PhD Dissertation, Oregon State University
  22. Zakai D 2005. Reproduction, settlement and growth of corals at the Israeli Gulf of Aqaba (northern Red Sea). PhD thesis, Bar-Ilan University, Israel, 142pp.
  23. Zakai D, Dubinsky Z, Avishai A, Caaras T, Chadwick NE 2006. Lunar periodicity of planula release in the reef-building coral Stylophora pistillata. Marine Ecology Prorogues Series 311: 93-102.
  24. Zakai D 2001. State of the Israeli Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat) marine ecosystem: a comprehensive view. Proceedings of the 33rd Anniversary Conference of the Heinz Steinitz Marine Biology Laboratory, Eilat, pp 158-162.
  25. Zakai D 2000. Israel coral reefs of the Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat). In: Wilkinson C. ed., Status of coral reefs of the world 2000. Australian Institute of Marine Science Press, Townsville.
  26. Zakai D, Levy O, Chadwick-Furman NE 2000. Experimental fragmentation reduces sexual reproductive output by the reef-building coral Pocillopora damicornis. Coral Reefs, 19: 185-188.
  27. Zakai D 1998. Aspects of skeletal damage and reproduction in reef-building corals: biological impacts of intensive diving tourism on coral reefs. MSc thesis, Bar-Ilan University, Israel, 49 pp.
  28. Zakai D 2000. Larvae recruitment and percent cover of stony coral as indicators of the state of the Coral Beach Nature Reserve Coral Reefs at Eilat. Ecology & Environment, 6: 115-116 (in Hebrew).
  29. Zakai D, Chadwick-Furman NE 2002. Impacts of intensive recreational diving on reef corals at Eilat, northern Red Sea. Biological Conservation, 105: 179-187.

 

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