2005 Edwin W. Pauley Summer Program in Marine Biology

Ecological Risk Characterization for Coral Reefs

October 2-7, 2005 and March 5-10, 2006


2005 Pauley Summer Program Group

The 2005 Edwin W. Pauley Summer Program addressed the question, "Are Ecological Risk Assessments applicable for Coral Reefs?" The course was designed for resource managers and regulatory scientists from countries with limited resources who need a management tool to help them make risk assessment decisions. The ultimate objective of the course was to have resource managers develop risk assessments applicable to their situations.

The course had a two-week format with one week in October, '05, and one week in March, '06. During the first week, October 2-7, participants were taught the principles and methods employed in establishing ecological risk assessment programs. The program consisted of lectures on the framework and rationale for ERA, classical contaminant analyses, microscale testing, and how to access on-line databases to assist with formulating risk assessments. The lectures were complemented with laboratory demonstrations involving sample preparation and contaminant analyses, microscale testing, sea urchin lethality and development test and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Participants returned to their home environments, designed risk assessment strategy and proposed a problem formulation for an actual resource issue in their environment, and then returned to HIMB, March 5-10, '06, and discussed the ERA strategy and work plan with the instructors and other particpants.



Mr. Craig Downs, Haereticus Environmental Laboratory, USA
Dr. John Manock, University of North Carolina-Wilmington, USA
Dr. Robert Richmond, Kewalo Marine Laboratory, University of Hawaii, Manoa, USA
Dr. Peter Wells, Environment Canada, Canada



Fuad Al-Horani, Marine Science Station, Jordan
Melissa Bos, Hawaii Department of Natural Resources, USA
Suchana Chavanich, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Jesse Cruz, Guam Environmental Protection Agency, Guam
Monifa Fiu, World Wildlife Fund, Fiji
Diego Gil-Agudelo, INVEMAR, Columbia
Dave Gulko, Hawaii Department of Natural Resources, USA
Eugene Joseph, Conservation Society of Pohnpei, Pohnpei
Ruth Kelty, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminstration, USA
Esti Karmarsky-Winter, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Kristine McElwee, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminstration, USA
Melanie McField, World Wildlife Fund, Belize
Angelie Nellas, Seahorse Foundation for Marine Conservation, Philippines
Patricia Ramirez Romero, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Mexico
Michelle Taylor, ReefDoctor, UK
Voranop Viyakarn, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Karenne Tun, WorldFish Center, Malaysia
Wendy Wiltse, US Environmental Protection Agency, USA
David Zakai, Israel Nature/National Parks Protection, Israel



Wells P, Downs C, Manock J eds. (2006) Ecological risk characterization for coral reefs: 2005 Edwin W. Pauley Course. Kaneohe, Hawaii, 89 pp. (Download Report)



Coming soon. Please send any scanned photos from the Pauley Summer Program to erik.franklin@hawaii.edu.



A list of publications that directly or indirectly resulted from scientific concepts, training, or research experiences during the Pauley Summer Program.

  1. Chavanich, S., V. Viyakarn, A. Siripong, P. Sojisuporn, and P. Menasveta. 2008.  Patterns of coral damage associated with the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami at Mu Ko Similan Marine National Park, Thailand.  Journal of Natural History.  42(3-4):177-187.
  2. Darumas, U., S. Chavanich, and K. Suwanborirux.  2007.  Distribution patterns of the renieramycin-producing sponge Xestospongia sp. and its association with other reef organisms in the Gulf of Thailand.  Zoological Studies.  46(6):695-704.
  3. Galloway et al 2005 Coral Disease and Health Workshop: Coral Histopathology II NOAA technical report
  4. Downs C. A., Esti Kramarsky-Winter,Jon Martinez, Ariel Kushmaro, Cheryl M. Woodley, Yossi Loya and Gary K. Ostrander 2009 Symbiophagy as a cellular mechanism for coral bleaching Autophagy 5:2, 211-216
  5. Glassom D, Zakai D, Chadwick-Furman NE 2004. Coral recruitment: a spatio-temporal analysis along the coastline of Eilat, northern Red Sea. Marine Biology, 144: 641–651.
  6. Glassom D, Chadwick Furman NE, Zakai D 2005. Methods and interpretation of coral recruitment studies: Effects of anthropogenic disturbance? Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50: 1021-1025.
  7. Levy O, Dubinsky Z, Schneider K, Achituv Y, Zakai D, Gorbunov MY 2004. Diurnal Hysteresis in Coral Photosynthesis. Marine Ecology Prorogues Series, 268: 105–117.
  8. Lipkin Y, Beer S, Zakai D 2003. The seagrasses of the eastern Mediterranean and the Red Sea. In: E Green and FT Short, eds. World Atlas of Seagrasses, University of California Press, pp 75-83.
  9. Loya Y, Zakai D 2003. Israel coral reefs of Eilat, Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat), Red Sea. In: Wilkinson C. ed., Status of coral reefs of the world 2002. Australian Institute of Marine Science Press, Townsville, p 78.
  10. Zakai D 2005. Reproduction, settlement and growth of corals at the Israeli Gulf of Aqaba (northern Red Sea). PhD thesis, Bar-Ilan University, Israel, 142pp.
  11. Zakai D, Dubinsky Z, Avishai A, Caaras T, Chadwick NE 2006. Lunar periodicity of planula release in the reef-building coral Stylophora pistillata. Marine Ecology Prorogues Series 311: 93-102.
  12. Zakai D 2001. State of the Israeli Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat) marine ecosystem: a comprehensive view. Proceedings of the 33rd Anniversary Conference of the Heinz Steinitz Marine Biology Laboratory, Eilat, pp 158-162.
  13. Zakai D 2000. Israel coral reefs of the Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat). In: Wilkinson C. ed., Status of coral reefs of the world 2000. Australian Institute of Marine Science Press, Townsville.
  14. Zakai D, Levy O, Chadwick-Furman NE 2000. Experimental fragmentation reduces sexual reproductive output by the reef-building coral Pocillopora damicornis. Coral Reefs, 19: 185-188.
  15. Zakai D 1998. Aspects of skeletal damage and reproduction in reef-building corals: biological impacts of intensive diving tourism on coral reefs. MSc thesis, Bar-Ilan University, Israel, 49 pp.
  16. Zakai D 2000. Larvae recruitment and percent cover of stony coral as indicators of the state of the Coral Beach Nature Reserve Coral Reefs at Eilat. Ecology & Environment, 6: 115-116 (in Hebrew).
  17. Zakai D, Chadwick-Furman NE 2002. Impacts of intensive recreational diving on reef corals at Eilat, northern Red Sea. Biological Conservation, 105: 179-187.

[ Previous Pauley Program | Top of the page | Next Pauley Program ]