Whitlow Au

Chief Scientist, Marine Mammal Research Program
Download CV • Visit the MMRP Website

Education

Research Interests

Professional Service

Publications

Au, W. W. L., Lammers, M. O., and Yin, S.  (2008).  “Acoustics of Dusky Dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obscurus),” in Dusky Dolphins: Master Acrobats off Different Shores, edited by Bernd and Melany Würsig, Academic/Elsevier Press.

Au, W. W. L.  (2008).  “The effects of noise on echolocating odontocetes,”  Bioacoustics, 117, 155-158.

Au, W. W. L., and Benoit-Bird, K. J.  (2008).  “Broadband backscatter from individual Hawaiian mesopelagic boundary community animals with implications for spinner dolphin foraging.” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 123, 2884-2894.

Lammers, M. O., Brainard, R. E., Au, W. W. L., Mooney, T. A., and Wong, K. B. (2008). “An ecological acoustic recorder (EAR) for long-term monitoring of biological and anthropogenic sounds on coral reefs and other marine habitats,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 123, 1720-1728.

Benoit-Bird, K. J., Gilly, W. F., Au, W. W. L., Mate, B.  (2008).  Controlled and in situ target strengths of the jumbo squid Dosidicus gigas and identification of potential acoustic scattering sources, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 123, 1318-1323.

Muller, M. W., Allen III, J. S., Au, W. W. L. and Nachtigall, P. E.  (2008).  “Time-frequency analysis and modeling of the backscatter of categorized dolphin echolocation clicks for target discrimination,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 124, 657-666.

Ibsen, S. D., Au, W. W. L., Nachtigall, P.E., Breese, M.  (2008).  “Functional bandwidth of an echolocating Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus),” accepted for publication, J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

Benoit-Bird, K. J., and Au, W.W. L.  (2008). “Phonation behavior of cooperatively foraging dolphins,” accepted for publication, J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

Benoit-Bird, K. J., and Au, W.W.L.  (2008).  “Cooperative prey herding by the pelagic dolphin, Stenella longirostris, “  accepted for poublication, J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

Au, W. W. L., and Simmons, J. A.  (2007).  “Echolocation in dolphins and bats,”  Physics Today, Sept., pp. 40-45.

Au, W. W. L., Benoit-Bird, K. J. and Kastelein, R. A. (2007). “Modeling the detection range of fish by echolocating bottlenose dolphins and harbor porpoises.” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 3954-3962.

Au, W. W. L., Thomas, J. A., and Ramirez, (2007).  “Evoked potential measurement of the Masked hearing threshold of the Pacific white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens).” Aquatic Mammals, 33, 76-84.

Stimpert, A.K., Wiley, D.N., Au, W.W.L., Johnson, M.P., Arsenault, R. (2007). “Megapclicks”:  acoustic click trains and buzzes produced during nighttime foraging of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae).” Biology Letters, 3, 467-470.

Muller, M., Au, W., Nachtigall, P. Allen, J. and Breeze, M. (2007). "Phantom echo highlight amplitude and temporal difference resolutions of an echolocating Tursiops truncatus." Condi-tionally accepted for publication, J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

Branstetter, B., Mercado III, E., and Au, W. W. L. (2007). “Representing multiple discrimination cues in a computational model of the bottlenose dolphin auditory system," Conditionally accepted for publication, J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

Delong, C, Au, W., Harley, H., Roitblat, H., and Pytka, L. (2007). “Human listeners provide insights into echo features used by dolphins to discriminated among objects,” Accept for publica-tion, J. Comp. Psych.

Benoit-Bird, K. J., Gilly, W. F., Au, W. W. L., and Mate, B. (2007). “Controlled and in situ tar-get strengths of the jumbo squid Docidicus gigas and identification of potential acoustic scatter-ing sources,” submitted to J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

Au, W. W. L., Benoit-Bird, K. J. and Kastelein, R. A. (2007). “Modeling the detection range of fish by echolocating bottlenose dolphins and harbor porpoises.” Accepted for publication to J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

Lammers, M.O., Brainard, R.E. and Au, W.W.L., Mooney, T.A. and Wong K. (2007). “An Eco-logical Acoustic Recorder (EAR) for long-term monitoring of biological and anthropogenic sounds on coral reefs and in nearby waters.” Accepted J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

Mooney, T. A., Au, W. W. L., Nachtigall, P. E., Trippel, E.A. (2007). “Acoustic and stiffness properties of gillnets as they relate to small cetacean bycatch.” Submitted to ICES Journal of Ma-rine Science.

Ibsen, S., Au, W., Nachtigall, P., DeLong, C., and Breese, M. (2007). "Changes in signal para-meters over time for an echolocating Atlantic bottlenose dolphin,” submitted for publication in JASA.

Au, W. W. L., Benoit-Bird, K. J. and Kastelein, R. A. (2007). “Modeling the detection range of fish by echolocating bottlenose dolphins and harbor porpoises.” Accepted for publication J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

Au, W. W. L., Thomas, J. A., and Ramirez, (2007). “Evoked potential measurement of the Masked hearing threshold of the Pacific white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens).” Aquatic Mammals, 33, 76-84.

Delong, C. M., Au, W. W. L., and Stamper, S. A. (2007). “Echofeatures used by human listern-ers to discriminate among objects that vary in material or wall thickness: Implications for echolo-cating dolphins.” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 121, 605-617.

Au, W.W.L., Pack, A.A., Lammers, M.O., Herman, L., Deakos, M., and Andrews, K. (2006) “Acoustic properties of humpback whale songs.” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 120, 1103-1110.

Au, W.W.L., Kastelein, R.A., and Benoit-Bird, K.J. (2006). “Sound propagation in the head of an echolocating harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena,” J. Exp.Biol. 209, 2726-2733.

Benoit-Bird, K.J., Au, W.W.L., and Kastelein, R.A. (2006) “Testing the odontocete acoustic prey debilitation hypothesis:No stunning results.” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 120, 1118-1123.

Benoit-Bird, K.J., Au, W.W.L. (2006) "Extreme diel horizontal migrations by a tropical nearshore resident micronekton community" Marine Ecology Progress Series, 319, 1-14

Benoit-Bird, K.J. and Au, W.W.L. (2006). “Cooperative prey herding by the pelagic dolphin, Stenella longirostris,” submitted to Marine Biology.

Au, W. W. L. and Lammers, M. O. (2006). “Cetacean Acoustics”, Handbook of Acoustics, Chapter 20, edited by T. Rossing, Springer-Verlag, N. Y.

Delong, C. M, Au, W. W. L., Lemond, D., Harley, H., and Roitblat, H. L. (2006). “Acoustic Analyses of Objects matched by an echolocating bottlenose dolphin. J. Acoust. Soc. 119, 1867-1879.

Lammers, M. O., Schotten, M., and Au, W. W. L. (2006). “The spatial context of free ranging Hawaiian spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris) producing acoustic signals,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 119, 1244-1250.

Lammers, M. O., Brainard, R. E., and Au, W. W. L.(2006). “Diel trends in mesopelagic biomass community of the Northwest Hawaiian Islands observed acoustically,” Atoll Res. Bull. 543, 391-407.

Andrews, K. R., Karczmarski, L., Au, W. W. L., Rickards, S. H., Vanderlip, C. A., and Toonen, R. J. (2006). Patterns of genetic diversity of the Hawaiian spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris). Atoll Res. Bull. 543, 65-73.

Au, W. W. L. (2004). The dolphin sonar: Excellent capabilities in spite of some mediocre properties, in High Frequency Ocean Acoustics, edited by M.B. Porter, M. Siderius and W. A. Kuperman, American Institute of Physics, New York, pp. 247-259.

Au, W. W. L. (2004). Harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) Acoustics: In memory of Anthony David Goodson, accepted for publication in Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics (Great Britian).

Bazua-Duran, C. and Au, W. W. L. (2004). Geographic variations in the whistles of spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris) of the Main Hawaiian Islands, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116: 3757-3769.

Nachtigall, P. E., Supin, A. Ya., Pawloski, J., Au, W. W. L. (2004). Temporary Threshold shifts after noise exposure in the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) measured using evoked auditory potentials, Mar. Mamm. Sci. 20: 673-687.

Au, W. W. L. (2004). The sonar of dolphins, Australian Acoustics 32: 61-63.

Supin, A. Ya, Nachtigall, P.E., Au, W. W. L., and Breese, M. (2004). The interaction of outgoing echolocation pulses and echoes in the false killer whale's auditory system: Evoked-potential study, Acoust. Soc. Am, 115: 3218-3225.

Au, W. W. L., Ford, J. K. B., Horne, J. K., and Newman-Allman, K. A. (2004). Echolocation signals of free-ranging killer whales (Orcinus orca) and modeling of foraging for chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 56: 1280-1290.

Au, W. W. L. and Wursig, B. (2004). Echolocation signals of dusky dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) in Kaikoura, New Zealand, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 115: 2307-2313.

Au, W. W. L. (2004). Echolocation Signals of Wild Dolphins, Acoustical Physics (Russia), 50: 454-462.

Benoit-Bird, K.J. and Au, W.W.L. (2004). Diel migration dynamics of an island-associated sound scattering layer, Deep-Sea Res. I 51: 707-719.

Au, W. W. L., and Benoit-Bird, K. (2003). Automatic gain control in the echolocation system of dolphin, by W.Au and K. Benoit-Bird, Nature 423: 861-863.

Au, W. W. L. and Herzing, D. (2003). Echolocation signals of wild Atlantic spotted dolphin (Stenella frontalis), J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 113: 598-604.

Benoit-Bird, K.J. & Au, W.W.L. (2003). Prey dynamics affect foraging by a pelagic predator (Stenella longirostris) over a range of spatial and temporal scales Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 53: 364-373.

Kastelein, R. A., Hagedoorn, M., Au, W. W. L., and de Haan, D. (2003). Audiogram of a striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba). J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 113: 1130-1144.

Lammers, M. O. and Au, W. W. L. (2003) Directionality in the whistles of Hawaiian spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris): A signal design feature to cue direction of movement? Marine Mamm. Sci. 19: 249-264.

Supin, A. Ya., Nachtigall, P. E., Pawloski, J., and Au, W. W. L. (2003). Evoked potential recording during echolocaiton in a false killer whale Pseudorca crassidens , J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 113: 2408-2411.

Benoit-Bird, K.J. & Au, W.W.L. (2003). Fine-scale diel migration dynamics of an island-associated sound-scattering layer (accepted for publication)

Benoit-Bird, K.J. & Au, W.W.L. (2003). Spatial dynamics of a nearshore micronekton sound-scattering layer, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 60: 899-913.

Lammers, M. O., Au, W. W. L., & Herzing, D.L. (2003). The broadband social acoustic signaling behavior of spinner and spotted dolphins, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 114: 1629-1639.

Benoit-Bird, K.J., Au, W.W.L., & Kelley, C.D. (2003) Acoustic backscattering by Hawaiian Lutjanid snappers I: Target strength and swimbladder characteristics. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 114: 2757-2766.

Au, W. W. L. and Benoit-Bird, K. (2003) Acoustic backscattering by Hawaiian Lutjanid snappers II: Broadband temporal and spectral structure, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 114: 2767-2774.

Benoit-Bird, K. and Au, W. W. L. (2003). Target strength and density structure of Hawaiian mesopelagic boundary community patches, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 114: 1888-1897.

Benoit-Bird, K. J. & Au, W. W. L. (2003). Fine-scale diel migration dynamics of an island-associated sound-scattering layer. Limnology and Oceanography, Accepted for publication.

Madsen P.T., D.A. Carder, W.W.L. Au, P.E. Nachtigall, B. Møhl,and S.H. Ridgway. (2003) Sound production in neonate sperm whales. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 113: 2988-2991.

Philips, J., Nachtigall, P.E., Au, W.W.L., Pawloski, J.L. and Roitblat, H. (2003). Echolocation in the Risso's dolphin, Grampus griseus. J. Acoustic. Soc. Am., 113: 605-616.

Benoit-Bird, K. J. & Au, W. W. L. (2002). Spatial dynamics of the Hawaiian mesopelagic boundary community. Marine Ecology Progress Series, Submitted for publication.

Bazua-Duran, C., and Au, W. W. L. (2002). The whistles of Hawaiian spinner dolphins, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 112: 3064-3972.

Kastelein, R.A., Bunskoek, P., Hagedoorn, M., Au, W. W. L., and deHaan, D. (2002). Audiogram of a harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) measured with narrow-band frequency modulated signals, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 112: 334-344.

Au, W. W. L. (2002). Odontocete echolocation, in Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Edited by W. F. Perrin, B. Wursig, H. G. M. Thewissen, Academic Press, San Diego, pp. 358-367.

Au, W. W. L. (2002). Bioacoustics Animal McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, in 9th edition, edited by M. Licker, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Rasmussen, M. H., Miller, L. A., and Au, W. W. L. (2002). Source levels of clicks from free-ranging white-beaked dolphins (Lagenorhynchus albirostris Gray 1846) recorded in Icelandic waters, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 111: 1122-1126.

Au, W. W. L., Lemonds, D. W., Vlachos, S., Nachtigall, P. E., and Roitblat, H. L. (2002). Atlantic bottlenose dolphin hearing threshold for brief broadband signals, J. Comp. Pscyh. 116: 151-157.

Benoit-Bird, K. J., and Au W. W. L., (2002). Energy: Converting from acoustic to organic resource units. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 111: 2070-2075.

Schotten, M., Au, W. W. L., Lammers M. O., and Aubauer R. (2002). Echolocation recordings and localizations of wild spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris) and pantropical spotted dolphins (Stenella attenuata) using a four hydrophone array, in Echolocation in bats and dolphins, edited by J. Thomas, C. Moss, and M. Vater (University of Chicago press, Chicago).

Lammers, M. O., Au, W. W. L., and Nachtigall, P. E. (2002) in Echolocation in bats and dolphins, edited by J. Thomas, C. Moss, and M. Vater (University of Chicago press, Chicago).

Au, W. W. L. (2002) A comparison of the sonar capabilities of bats and dolphins, in Echolocation in bats and dolphins, edited by J. Thomas, C. Moss, and M. Vater (University of Chicago Press, Chicago).

Philips, J., Au, W.W.L., Nachtigall, P.E., Pawloski, J.L., and Roitblat, H. L. (2002) Echolocation in the Risso's dolphin, Grampus griseus, a preliminary report. in Echolocation in bats and dolphins, edited by J. Thomas, C. Moss, and M. Vater (University of Chicago press, Chicago).

Au, W. W. L., Popper, A., and Fay, R., editors, (In press). Hearing in Whales and Dolphins, Springer-Verlag, New York.

Au, W. W. L. (2002). Odontocete echolocation, in Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Edited by W. F. Perrin, B. Wursig, H. G. M. Thewissen, Academic Press, San Diego, pp. 358-367.

Benoit-Bird, K.J., and Au, W. W. L. (2001). Target strength measurements of Hawaiian mesopelagic boundary community animals, 110: 812-819.

Benoit-Bird, K. J., Au, W. W. L., Brainard, R. E., Lammers, M. O. (2001), Diel horizontal migration of the Hawaiian mesopelagic boundary community observed acoustically, Mar. Ecology Progress Series, 217: 1-14.

Au, W. W. L., Frankel, A., Helweg, D. A., and Cato, D. H. (2001). Against the humpback whale sonar hypothesis, IEEE J. Oceanic Engr., 26: 295-300.

Au, W. W. L. (2000). Bioacoustics Animal McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, in 9th edition , edited by M. Licker, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Au, W. W. L., Mobley, J., Burgess, W. C., Lammers, M. O., Nachtigall, P. E. (2000). Seasonal and Diurnal Trends of Chorusing Humpback Whales Wintering in Waters off W. Maui, Mar. Mamm. Sci. 16: 530-544.

Nachtigall, P. E., Au, W. W. L., Pawloski, J. L., and Andrews, K. (2000). Measurements of the low frequency components of active and passive sounds produced by dolphins. Aquatic Mammals, 26: 167-175.

 

[ Top of the page ]