Hawley and His Collection - Written by Dr. Manabu Yokoyama

Dr. Manabu Yokoyama
ManabuYokoyamaDr. Manabu Yokoyama is a notable Hawley scholar at the Notre Dame Seishin University, Okayama, Japan. The following article was written for the Japanese Studies (British Library Occasional Paper II), British Library, 1990. The permission of reprinting and editing the article was granted by the author. Should you have any questions regarding the content, please contact Dr. Yokoyama directly.

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The Frank Hawley Collection

The Frank Hawley collection is very important for those who are interested in the study of Ryukyu or Okinawa. The collection, which is now housed in the University of Hawaii at Manoa Library, contains books and documents related to Ryukyu from Hawley's originally larger collection. These books and documents were transferred to the University of Hawaii after Hawley's death in 1961.

Who was Frank Hawley?

1906 - 1930
Frank Hawley was born on 31 March in 1906 in Norton, Stockton-on-Tees, Durham, in the north of England. In 1924, he entered Liverpool University, where he majored in comparative philology and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1927. From that time, remaining enrolled in Liverpool University, he also studied at Berlin University and Cambridge University as a research fellow. In 1930, he became a lecturer at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London University.

1931 - 1941
hawleyIn the summer of 1931, Hawley became acquainted with a Japanese philologist. He traveled to Japan as an English teacher for the Tokyo College of Foreign Studies from 17 September 1931 to 31 March 1934, serving concurrently as an English teacher at Tokyo Higher Normal School. On 11 April 1934, he married Minoda Toshiko, and taught English at the Third Higher School in Kyoto for one year. When the contract with the school expired, he returned to Tokyo, where he engaged in editing dictionaries as well as in some translation work. In 1941, he was serving as Managing Director of the British Library of Information and Culture.

1941 - 1945 (World War II period)
On 8 December, 1941, with the outbreak of the war, he was detained in Sugamo Prison. He was released on 29 July 1942 and the following day he left Yokohama for England aboard the repatriation ship, Tatsuta-maru, via Lourenco Marques. The Tatsuta-maru arrived in Liverpool on 10 October. At the time of his repatriation, almost all of his books, plus 383 books belonging to the British Library of Information and Culture were seized under the Enemy Property Administration Law. They were later purchased by Keio University through the Mitsui Trust Company. On returning to England, Frank Hawley was employed as a lecturer in Japanese at London University and was also involved in establishing the Japanese Language Section of the BBC.1 After that, he worked for the British Foreign Office.

1946 - 1961
hawleyIn February 1946, Hawley joined The Times, and in July that year he left for an assignment in Japan as its special correspondent. He arrived in Japan in August and worked for The Times until February of 1952. He then accepted a position with The London Daily Telegraph for about six months as a special correspondent. In the autumn of the same year, he moved to Yamashina in Kyoto and devoted his time entirely to research work and writing. At the time of his death on 10 January 1961, he had published two books at his own expense.

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Contact: Tokiko Y. Bazzell, Japan Specialist Librarian
Asia Collection, University of Hawaii at Manoa Library
2550 McCarthy Mall, Honolulu, HI 96822 U.S.A
Email: tokiko@hawaii.edu phn: 808-956-2315