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Sakamaki Hawley Collection Digital Archives
Genres: Scrolls l Books l Woodblock Prints l Maps l Manuscripts l Journals

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The University of Hawaii at Manoa Library and the University of the Ryukyus Library are pleased to announce the availability of the digital archives site for the Sakamaki/Hawley Collection. Over hundred items of 218 digitized titles are now online at the University of the Ryukyus Library Ryukyu/Okinawa Special Collections Digital Archives. In addition to content summaries & explanations in English & Japanese, special features such as a glass view function, modern language translations, and text reprints of the original language will be added at a later date. Please stay tuned for the rest of the digitized titles to be online early 2015.

List of the titles of the Sakamaki/Hawley Collection online
The University of the Ryukyus Special Collections Archives

Five scrolls and two books are currently available in digitaized format.
Please be aware that using any materials of our digital archives without permission is prohibited by law.


Chuzan Kaboku-zu
(Drawings of flowers and trees in Chuzan)

By Kaisai, Guki, based on the original drawings by Kimura, Tangen Hand scroll; ink, color, gold on washi Silk string (70.7cm) 31.2cm X 986.5cm

Kimura Tangen (1679-1767) originally dedicated two scrolls early 1700s: one was for Konoe-ke (Konoe Clan) and the other to Shimazu-ke (Shimazu Clan). However, these originals do not exist anymore. Based on these scrolls, some hand copied drawings were made. There are seven such scrolls identified: one is in Okinawa, one in Nishio-city, four at the private library run by the Takeda Science Foundation in Osaka, and in the Hawley Collection.

The Hawley collection's scroll contains 16 plants. We believe but have not confirmed yet that this scroll might have been copied from the both the Shimazu Clan's scroll and the Konoe Clan's scroll. In order to confirm this hypothesis, we need to examine the remaining scroll at the Takeda Science Foundation in Osaka, Japan. Related Article Shibata, Mitsuhiko, A New study of the Chuzan Kaboku-zu: on the poetry of Tei Junsoku-From the book of the Sakamaki/Hawley Collection held at the University of Hawaii at Manoa Library and the book of properties of the Shuri Castle Park. In Okinawagaku, vol. 10, March 2007. See also more detailed description at the Library Treasures site.

Ryukyu-jin tojo no gyoretsu 

(Procession of Ryukyuans Enroute to Edo Castle)

Unknown artist. Two scrolls. 27x1,975 cm & 27x1,867 cm

The restoration work was conducted by the museum’s conservator in Japan. To learn about preservation effort on this scroll, please take a look at Preservation Efforts article.

Ryukyu Shisha Kin Oji Shusshi no Gyoretsu

(Procession of the Ryukyu Kingdom’s Prince Kin to the Edo Castle.)

Unknown artist. 216 inch long scroll

The restoration and digitization of the over three centuries old scroll was conducted through the collaboration between Hawaii and Okinawa Prefectural Museum & Art Museum in Okinawa. To learn about preservation effort on this scroll, please take a look at Preservation Efforts article.

Hakutokurei Kinento Takuhon (Rubbing of Monument to Bettelheim)
Hanging scroll; ink Frame size: 219.5cm X 128cm Rubbing size: 175cm X 93.5cm Roller stick size: 150cm X 10cm (diameter)

Bernard J. Bettelheim worked in Okinawa from 1846 to 1854 as a missionary, doctor, translator of the Bible, and interpreter to Commodore Perry. In 1926, the Monument for Bettelheim was erected at Gokokuji, where he lived for eight years. The monument was destroyed during World War II.

According to the Japan Advertiser, the monument was 14 feet high. It included 10 stones, which were sent by the countries in which Bettelheim worked during his life. In the language of each country was inscribed the country's name, and at the top was a stone containing a verse from his Ryukyuan translation of the Gospel of St. John.

This rubbing provides a rare physical representation of a structure that can no longer be directly studied.

Ryukyu Ran shaseizu
(Ryukyuan Orchid)

Year: unknown
Drawing and text by Udagawa, Yoan (1798 - 1846)
Hanging scroll; ink, color, gold on washi Frame size: 152cm X 49.3cm Drawing size: 78.8cm X 37cm Roller stick size: 55cm X 2.5cm (diameter)

Udagawa Yoan was a natural scientist and linguist. Since a child, he had developed a keen interest in plants and insects. he mastered Dutch and briefed with a Dutch scientist, Philipp Franz von Siebold (1796-1866). Yoan also mastered English, German, Latin, and Russian. He was an accomplished writer and painter as well as medical doctor, and published numerous books on plants, dictionaries, medicine, herbs, etc.

In this hanging scroll, he described a unique orchid in Ryukyu, which was brought to Edo (ancient capital) in classical Dutch.

See more details and the English translation of the classical Dutch inscription at the Library Treasure Digital Exhibit site: Click Here.

Genres: Scrolls l Books l Woodblock Prints l Maps l Manuscripts l Journals
Okinawa fuzoku no zu 

(Drawings of Okinawa Manners and Customs)

By Shozan, Sahiretsu or Nakasone, Shozan (1843-?) Accordion book with woodboard covers; ink, color on washi, 14 leaves 35.2 cm X 21.5 cm
Shozan was born in Shuri and started serving as a painter for the Shuri Kingdom in 1865. He was famous for painting Shuri Castle. Okinawa manners and customs were drawn vividly in this book.

Gozen Honzo (or Gyozen Honzo) - Nakagusuku-bon

(Edible Plants of Ryukyu)

The original written by Tokashiki, Pechin, Tsukan (1794-1849)

Manuscript; ink on washi
20.5 cm X 28.0 cm, 138 leaves, 2 book seals

"The Gozen Honzo explains the types and uses of edible plants and animals, including grains, fruits, vegetables, melons, fungi, seaweeds, fowl, wild game, domesticated and wild animals, fishes, shellfish and other marine creatures. A number of sections describe methods of preparing foodstuffs, alcoholic beverages, sauces, etc....." (description paraphrased from work of Shunzo Sakamaki in Ryukyu: a bibliographical guide to Okinawan studies.Z3307.R9.S3)

Two editions of the "Gozen Honzo" are in the Hawley Collection. This book belonged to the Lord of Nakagusuku (Nakagusuku odon) and the other was owned at one time by Mosei Sueyoshi. Scholars distinguish these two as"Nakagusuku bon" and "Mosei bon." They were hand copied from the original but these two are not exactly the same when you examine both.

Hand written copies of manuscripts have been created over the years by various authors. Often during this process, additional, inaccurate, and revamped text was inserted. In some cases text was even deleted entirely. Scholars research and attempt to reconcile different copies of manuscripts, which tend to be scattered around the world because the original no longer exists. Having two editions at the same location will be of great value to scholars.

For a reprint with an interpretation of Gozen Honzo, Yokoyama, Managu "Ryukyukoku Shokuryo sho" in Seikatsu bunka kenkyujo nenpo vols 1 & 2, 1987, Notre Dame Seishin Joshi Daigaku. 横山学著「琉球国食療書 御膳本草」生活文化研究所年報。第1巻および2巻。ノートルダム清心女子大学。

Genres: Scrolls l Books l Woodblock Prints l Maps l Manuscripts l Journals

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Contact: Tokiko Y. Bazzell, Japan Specialist Librarian
Asia Collection, University of Hawaii at Manoa Library
2550 McCarthy Mall, Honolulu, HI 96822 U.S.A
Email: phn: 808-956-2315