Hawaiian Diacritics

Overview

On June 12, 1992, Governor Waihe‘e signed a bill relating to the Hawaiian language that essentially authorizes and encourages the use of macrons and glottal stops whenever words or terms in the Hawaiian language are used in documents prepared by or for state or county agencies and officials. Requested for the Hawaiian language faculty by Dr. Emily Hawkins, assistant Professor of Indo-Pacific Languages and drafted by Rep. Brian Taniguchi's office, this Act 169 has been incorporated as an amendment to our University of Hawaii Procedures Business Circular 835. This circular essentially states that all information on letterheads, envelopes and business cards will include the appropriate Hawaiian diacritical marks. Other documents can be converted if desired. The office of University and Community Relations can advise you if you have questions regarding this business circular.

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS


Enabling Hawaiian Diacritics on Windows

Hawaiian diacritics can be produced using the Hawaiian keyboard built into the Windows operating system in Windows 10, 8/8.1 and Windows 7. (Note: Hawaiian diacritics my not be available in all applications)

Enabling Diacritics on Windows 10

  1. Open the start menu
  2. Click on the gear icon to enter settings
  3. Click on the Time & language option
  4. On the left hand side, select Region & language
  5. Under Languages click the Add a language button
  6. From the list select Hawai’i (Hawaiian)
  7. The Hawaiian keyboard should now be enabled

Using Diacritics on Windows 10

  1. The active keyboard (ENG or HAW) should appear in the lower right next to Date and Time
    1. ENG is for the English (US) keyboard
    2. HAW is for the Hawaiian keyboard
  2. Press Windows key + space to switch to a different keyboard
    1. To input the`okina, hold down the ALT key on the right side of your keyboard and the apostrophe key (`) on the top left, just to the left of the number 1 key
    2. To input the kahako (line above a vowel), hold down the Alt key on the right side of your keyboard and press the vowel key

Enabling Diacritics on Windows 8/8.1

  1. Press Windows key + C key to open the Charms bar
  2. Click Settings
  3. Click PC Settings
  4. Click Time and Language on the left
  5. Click Region and Language
  6. Under Languages, click Add a language
  7. Click Hawaii (Hawaiian)
  8. The Hawaiian keyboard should now be enabled

Using Diacritics on Windows 8/8.1

  1. The active keyboard (ENG or HAW) should appear in the lower right next to Date and Time
    1. ENG is for the English (US) keyboard
    2. HAW is for the Hawaiian keyboard
  2. Press Windows key + space to switch to a different keyboard
    1. To input the`okina, hold down the ALT key on the right side of your keyboard and the apostrophe key (`) on the top left, just to the left of the number 1 key
    2. To input the kahako (line above a vowel), hold down the Alt key on the right side of your keyboard and press the vowel key

Enabling Diacritics on Windows 7

  1. Press Start circle icon on the bottom right
  2. Click Control Panel then Region and Language
  3. Click the Keyboards and Languages tab
  4. Click Change keyboards
  5. Click Add
  6. Scroll down and click on English (United States) then check the box next to Hawaiian (Eng)
  7. Click OK then Apply
  8. The Hawaiian keyboard should now be enabled

Using Diacritics on Windows 7

  1. Click the keyboard icon on the bottom right of your screen
  2. Select Hawaiian (Eng) for the Hawaiian keyboard
    1. To input the`okina, hold down the ALT key on the right side of your keyboard and the tilde key (~) on the top left, just to the left of the number 1 key
    2. To input the kahako (line above a vowel), hold down the Alt key on the right side of your keyboard and press the vowel key


Enabling Hawaiian Diacritics on macOS

 

Hawaiian diacritics can be produced using the Hawaiian keyboard built into macOS in macOS 10.11 and above. (Note: Hawaiian diacritics my not be available in all applications)

Enabling Diacritics on macOS 10.11 and above

  1. Open system preferences
  2. Select Language & Region
  3. Click the + button on the bottom left of the page
  4. Select ‘Olelo Hawai’i - Hawaiian from the menu and click Add
  5. In the menu that appears select Use English (U.S.) to keep english as the primary language
  6. In the next menu, select Add Input Source to add the Hawaiian keyboard layout
  7. The Hawaiian keyboard should now be enabled

Using Diacritics on macOS 10.11 and above

  1. Click on the flag icon located on the right side of the menu bar at the top of the screen
  2. Check Hawaiian for the Hawaiian keyboard
    1. To input the`okina, use the single quote (‘) on the right, next to the return key
    2. To input the kahakō (line above a vowel), hold down the option key and press the vowel key

 


Hawaiian Diacritics and Microsoft Word for Windows

Installing the Normal.dotm Template File

The Normal.dotm file is a Microsoft Word template file that saves your personal settings. Settings like margins, default font and other personalized settings are kept in this file. Macros are kept in this file as well. The Normal.dotm file provided for Hawaiian diacritics support contains macros which:

  1. Assign keystrokes to diacritical marks
  2. Input commonly used Hawaiian words into the Autocorrect dictionary

NOTE: You will need to reset any personalized settings you have already saved when replacing your current Normal.dotm file with the one provided by ITS. Make a backup copy of your current Normal.dotm file just in case you need to revert back to the old file

Windows 10 Installation

  1. Enable the Show hidden files, folders and drives option
    1. Go to File Explorer
    2. Click on the View tab and click on Options
    3. Click on the tab labeled View
    4. In the Advanced Settings window, scroll down until you see the option named Show hidden files, folders and drives and select it.
    5. Click on Apply then OK to finish
  2. Download the Normal.dotm file from http://www.hawaii.edu/its/micro/pc/files/Normal.dotm
  3. Save or copy the file into the C:\Users\Username\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Templates directory
    1. (Optional) You can backup the old Normal.dotm file by renaming the existing file to Normal-old.dotm
  4. Launch Microsoft Word and open a new blank document
  5. In Microsoft Word, click on View in the toolbar, then choose Macros then View Macros option
  6. Look for the macro called diacritics and double-click on it to run it

Windows 8/8.1 Installation

  1. Enable the Show hidden files, folders and drives option
    1. Press the Windows key + C key, click Settings then click on Control Panel
    2. Choose Appearance and Personalization, if you are using Category View
    3. Double-click on Folder Options
    4. Click on the tab labeled View
    5. In the Advanced Settings window, scroll down until you see the option named Show hidden files, folders and drives and select it. If you are using Internet Explorer to download the Normal.dotm file you will also need to uncheck the box next to Hide extensions for known file types
    6. Click on Apply then OK to finish
  2. Download the Normal.dotm file from http://www.hawaii.edu/its/micro/pc/files/Normal.dotm
  3. Save or copy the file into the C:\Users\Username\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Templates directory
    1. (Optional) You can backup the old Normal.dotm file by renaming the existing file to Normal-old.dotm
  4. Launch Microsoft Word and open a new blank document
  5. In Microsoft Word, click on View in the toolbar, then choose Macros then View Macros option
  6. Look for the macro called diacritics and double-click on it to run it

Windows 7 Installation

  1. Enable the Show hidden files, folders and drives option
    1. From the Start menu click on Control Panel
    2. Choose Small icons from the upper right-side of the screen
    3. Double-click on Folder Options
    4. Click on the tab labeled View
    5. In the Advanced Settings sub-window, select the radio-button named Show hidden files, folders and drives. If you are using Internet Explorer to download the Normal.dotm file you will also need to uncheck the box next to Hide extensions for known file types
    6. Click on Apply then OK to finish
  2. Download the Normal.dotm file from http://www.hawaii.edu/its/micro/pc/files/Normal.dotm
  3. Save or copy the file into the C:\Users\Username\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Templates directory
    1. (Optional) You can backup the old Normal.dotm file by renaming the existing file to Normal-old.dotm
  4. Launch Microsoft Word and open a new blank document
  5. In Microsoft Word, click on View in the toolbar, then choose Macros then View Macros option
  6. Look for the macro called diacritics and double-click on it to run it

Using Macros in Microsoft Word for Windows

The macro will list all the Hawaiian words that were added to the Autocorrect dictionary as well as list the keystroke shortcuts it has created. You may save the document for future reference.

The template creates the following shortcut keys for each mark:

    okina Ctrl-Shift-y
    ā small "a" with kahako Ctrl-Shift-a
    Ä“ small "e" with kahako Ctrl-Shift-e
    Ä« small "i" with kahako Ctrl-Shift-i
    ō small "o" with kahako Ctrl-Shift-o
    Å« small "u" with kahako Ctrl-Shift-u
    Ā capital "a" with kahako Alt-Ctrl-Shift-a
    Ä’ capital "e" with kahako Alt-Ctrl-Shift-e
    Ī capital "i" with kahako Alt-Ctrl-Shift-i
    Ō capital "o" with kahako Alt-Ctrl-Shift-o
    Ū capital "u" with kahako Alt-Ctrl-Shift-u

To use the shortcut keys, e.g., to type "Manoa" with the correct diacritical marks:

  1. Type the "M"
  2. Hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys and press the letter "a"
  3. Type "noa"

Adding New Words to the Autocorrect List

  1. Open a new document
  2. Type out the new Hawaiian word with the proper diacritical marks in the document
  3. Highlight the word and press Ctrl + c on your keyboard to copy the word into the clipboard
  4. Click File, Options and Proofing (In Office 2007, click Microsoft Office Button, Word Options and Proofing)
  5. Choose Autocorrect Options
  6. In the Replace box type the Hawaiian word without the proper diacritics
  7. The With box should contain the proper spelling. If it does not, click once in the With box and press Ctrl + v on your keyboard to paste the correct spelling into the box
  8. Click on OK to finish


Hawaiian Diacritics and Google Docs

ITS has created a Google Docs template called "Hawaiian Words" with selected Hawaiian words and their appropriate diacritical marks. After you add the words to your Autocorrect dictionary in Google Docs, the Hawaiian diacritics will be quickly created for you as you type in your Google Docs document. You may also add your own frequently used Hawaiian words or phrases to customize your Autocorrect dictionary.

Adding Hawaiian Diacritic Symbols to Google Docs

  1. Open a Google doc
  2. Position the cursor where you wish to insert a Hawaiian diacritic symbol
  3. Click Insert | Special Characters
  4. In the hex input box, type the hex code from the table corresponding to the vowel or okina
  5. The hex code is specific for upper and lowercase vowels
  6. Click the Insert button

Table of Hex Codes for Hawaiian Diacritics

    Capital Letters Hex Code Small Letters Hex Code
    Ā 0100 ā 0101
    Ä’ 0112 Ä“ 0113
    Ī 012A ī 012B
    Ō 014C ō 014D
    Ū 016A ū 016B
    ‘(okina) 02BB    

Adding Hawaiian Words to Autocorrect in Google Docs

  1. In Google Docs, click the Create button then click From template
  2. In the University of Hawaii Templates tab, scroll down to "Hawaiian Words" and click the use this template button next to the document
  3. "Copy of Hawaiian Words" will open
  4. Highlight a Hawaiian word on the list and press Ctrl + C keys to copy the entry
  5. Click Tools | Preferences
  6. Click in the blank box in the "With" column. Press Ctrl + V keys to paste the entry
  7. Click in the blank box in the "Replace" column and type the word without the Hawaiian diacritics
  8. Click the OK button
  9. Repeat steps 4-8 for each word

When adding your own Hawaiian words to your Autocorrect dictionary, you must first create a document in Google Docs with a list of Hawaiian words with their appropriate diacritics. Follow the directions above to add your Hawaiian words to customize your Autocorrect dictionary.

Using Autocorrect in Google Docs

In your Google doc, simply type the Hawaiian word without the diacritic symbols. The word will be auto-corrected with the proper Hawaiian diacritics.

For example, type "Manoa" (without the quotes) and "Mānoa" will replace it.

 

 

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Article ID: 1767
Created: Thu, 07 Jun 2018 9:22pm
Modified: Tue, 26 Jun 2018 4:43pm