You can use the Error-checking tool to check for file system errors and bad sectors on your hard disk.
- Click on Start, the open My Computer and then click on the icon for the local disk you want to check.
- Go to the File menu at the top of the My Computer window and select Properties.
- On the Tools tab, under Error-checking, click Check Now.
- Under Check disk options, select the Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors check box.
- All files must be closed for this process to run. If the hard disk is currently in use, a message box will appear prompting you to indicate whether or not you want to reschedule the disk checking for the next time you restart your system. If you choose to reschedule, the next time you restart your system the disk checking will run. Your hard disk will not be available to perform other tasks while this process is running.
- If your hard disk is formatted as NTFS, Windows automatically logs all file transactions, replaces bad clusters, and stores copies of key information for all files on the NTFS volume.
Note that this information comes from the Microsoft Windows XP Help files.