ORE Seminar: Bioinspired Propulsion and Sensing Systems Enabling Next Generati

April 21, 3:30pm - 4:30pm
Mānoa Campus, Zoom Meeting, Please see description for Meeting ID and Passcode Add to Calendar

Even the most robust and sophisticated underwater robots pale in comparison to the performance of the ocean’s natural inhabitants, as many of which seem to traverse turbulent environments with ease and also demonstrate effective long range migration patterns. This talk analyzes a novel propulsion mechanism inspired by the locomotion of squid and jellyfish; whereby, finite fluid jets are ejected from a flexible internal cavity in a periodic fashion. Vortex ring formation, which is associated with expelled jets starting from rest, causes the thrust associated with this novel locomotion to be fundamentally different from that of continuous propulsive jets. As a result unsteady jets can nearly double hydrodynamic impulse relative to steady jets with equivalent mass flux. Furthermore, models for unsteady pressure in the thruster derived from the vorticity dynamics are used to explain recent observations of propulsive efficiency in live squid that are higher than previously thought possible. Similarly, a sensory system inspired by the lateral line in fish was designed to fit over the surface of a prototype autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). Much like the actual lateral line, this system consists of hydrodynamic (pressure) sensors strategically distributed over the surface of the vehicle, and allows the AUV to sense its hydrodynamic surroundings. By using this system to directly measure complex hydrodynamic disturbance forces in real time for controller compensation, a prototype AUV shows a reduction in position tracking error of more than 70% compared to traditional state feedback controllers. Biological systems have had millions of years to evolve an optimal morphology; they have lessons to teach if we work hard enough to find them. Speaker Bio: Prof. Krieg received his B.S. and PhD degrees in Aerospace Engineering Sciences from the University of Colorado Boulder in 2006 and 2012 where he began studying bioinspired propulsion. He continued this work as a PostDoc/Research Scientist at the University of Florida, until joining the Ocean and Resources Engineering department here at University of Hawaii Manoa in Fall 2019. ***Please join us ten minutes early for a virtual coffee hour hosted by Dr. Ellen Briggs.*** Michael Krieg, PhD Assistant Professor Department of Ocean & Resources Engineering University of Hawai’i at M?noa Zoom Meeting ID: 944 3679 2959 Passcode: ore792

Event Sponsor
Ocean & Resources Engineering, Mānoa Campus

More Information
(808) 956-7572, http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/ore/event/seminar_210421/

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