ORE seminar: Investigation on the runup of leading-depression N-waves

April 19, 3:30pm - 4:30pm
Mānoa Campus, Zoom Meeting Add to Calendar

Dr. Peter Lo, Assistant Professor Department of Engineering Science and Ocean Engineering National Taiwan University Solitary waves, widely used benchmark waves in hydrodynamic studies, had historically been implied as a suitable wave form for tsunamis. However, modern tsunami records reveal solitary waves to be an inaccurate model for real tsunamis. For example, before the arrival of a tsunami at shore, a significant recession of water is often observed. Solitary waves are incapable of capturing this drawdown phenomenon, and the leading-depression N-waves (LDNs) are often used instead. Due to the elusive nature of LDNs, to date a comprehensive study on LDNs is still lacking. In this study, we utilize a combination of laboratory experiments and numerical simulations to investigate the runup of LDNs. Emphasis is placed on comparing the runup process of an LDN to that of the solitary wave with the same wave height. The main findings are: 1) for non-breaking waves, a steeper wave front results in a larger runup; 2) for breaking waves, an LDN causes a lower runup than the corresponding solitary wave due to a more intense wave breaking process; 3) bore-like LDNs cause higher runup than solitary waves. Overall, the water drawdown phenomenon is found to have only mild effects on wave runup. Nonetheless, the water drawdown phenomenon tends to increase the intensity of wave breaking, thus potentially causing greater damage in the swash zone. Meeting ID: 961 6222 2366 Passcode: OREseminar https://hawaii.zoom.us/j/96162222366

Event Sponsor
Ocean and Resources Engineering, Mānoa Campus

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