Description: This small to large, spreading tree is often noticeable because of its shiny obovate leaves (leaves with the widest part of the leaf toward the tip), which turn red or yellow as they age. The many tiny, unbranched white flowers of kotōl grow in spiked clusters. The green fruits are oval-shaped and somewhat flattened.
Distribution: It is believed that the Japanese introduced this plant to the Marshall Islands, where it is now common in some areas, especially in the littoral (coastal) forest.
Uses: The tree is planted for its ornamental value and is sometimes used for firewood. Children extract edible seeds from the fruit. The cover of the seed is sometimes eaten also. The leaves are cut up and boiled for a medicinal tea.