|New CPIS home page.|
The Center for Pacific Islands Studies is pleased to announce that we have a new website, at the old address— www.hawaii.edu/cpis. We invite you to take a look at the new site and send us your feedback. Stacey Leong, of Stacey Leong Design, is responsible for the site’s new look. Stacey also designs the stunning covers for The Contemporary Pacific, which features the work of Pacific artists. We look forward to adding to the site and hope that the more easily navigable structure will help students, faculty, and the general public access information on the center and its programs.
|Dr Leonard Mason.|
The center lost a mentor and a good friend with the passing of Dr Leonard (Len) Edward Mason in October of this year at the age of ninety-two. An anthropologist known for his extensive work in Micronesia, Len earned a doctorate from Yale and taught at the University of Hawai‘i from 1947 to 1969. According to Robert C Kiste, former director of the Center for Pacific Islands Studies and a close friend and colleague of Len’s, Len belonged to a core of dedicated faculty whose efforts and commitments shaped the University of Hawai‘i that we have today. Len was also the founder of the forerunner of the Center for Pacific Islands Studies and a tireless supporter and attender of center programs and events until his passing.
As Bob Kiste has noted, while Len was interested in the entire Pacific, almost all of his research was in Micronesia. He made over two dozen research trips to the region, and his bibliography lists scores of items on Micronesia, particularly on the cultural ecology of atoll social organization and studies of Micronesian art. His strongest connections were probably with the Bikini Islanders, with whom he began a relationship in the 1940s. In 1948, the high commissioner of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands asked Len, who was familiar with the Marshalls, to go to Rongerik to try “to learn the reasons for the Bikinians’ failure to adjust to their new environment and to ascertain their outlook on the future.” Len spent eight days on Rongerik and wrote a detailed and moving account of the plight of the Bikini Islanders, who had been removed from their home island to make way for nuclear tests and who, despite their remarkable adaptive skills, were close to starvation on Rongerik.
Len’s many friends and colleagues will miss his positive presence and the “enormous good will, sensitivity, and commitment” that anthropologist Glenn Petersen cited in a tribute to Len at the 1997 meeting of the Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania. Len’s most important contributions may be best summed up by CPIS alumnus (MA 1994) Jojo Peter, currently director of the College of Micronesia–Chuuk Campus: “Micronesians, generations of us, who studied in Pacific studies and related fields, have lost a great elder, a true friend, and a fine person in Mr Mason. He touched our lives in so many ways, and he will live on in the work and careers of many islanders. We are deeply grateful. Killisou chappwur, Mr Mason.”
|Morvin Simon, Kaumatua (Te Papa), leads the pōwhiri (traditional Māori welcome) on Te Marae. (Photo courtesy of Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa).|
Over 200 panelists and performers participated in Culture Moves! Dance in Oceania from hiva to hip hop, the center’s 2005 conference in Wellington, Aotearoa New Zealand, cosponsored with Victoria University of Wellington and Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa and generously hosted by Te Papa. The conference opened with the pōwhiri (formal traditional Māori cultural welcome) of all conference participants on the musuem’s marae, overlooking Wellington harbor. The visitors’ response was led by kumu hula Vicky Holt Takamine and Karl Veto Baker, along with kumu hula Michael Lanakila Casupang and his hula troupe, Pūpūkahi I Ke Alo O Nā Pua, from Mid-Pacific Institute’s School of the Arts.
The panels examined a wide variety of aspects of dance in Oceania, emphasizing dance as integral to Pacific cultures and identities in the present, as well as in the past. The presence of performers and choreographers, as well as dance scholars, on the panels, provided for lively dialogue that included personal reflections on the meaning of dance as knowledge production, everyday practice, art form, and cultural process in a variety of contexts.
The two sold-out public evening performances, superbly emceed by veteran performers Eteuati Ete and Tofiga Fepulia‘i (The Laughing Samoans), featured twenty-three traditional, modern, hip hop, and funk performances by groups from Australia, New Zealand, Tokelau, New Caledonia, Guam, Kiribati, Fiji, California, and Hawai‘i (see www.hawaii.edu/cpis/dancefor full performance program). Master classes by SugaPop, Neil Ieremia, and Future were also filled to capacity, and dancers as well as dance scholars took advantage of the rare opportunity to learn dance notation from notation experts Judy Van Zile and Jennifer Shennan.
The marae was again filled with dance and music on Saturday, 13 November, as Karen Lowe, Te Papa events coordinator, presented a full program of traditional and hip hop dance groups from the Fijian, Tongan, Samoan, and Tokelauan communities in Wellington. A showing of Pacific dance films, and kōrari, Cook Islands drumming, and ‘ukelele workshops rounded out the day’s program. The conference was followed on Sunday, 14 November, with Culture Moves On, a Pacific dance seminar organized by Jennifer Shennan. Throughout the week participants also had opportunities to view Te Papa’s Culture Moves! Dance Costumes of the Pacific exhibition, curated by Kolokesa Māhina.
|Karl Veto Baker and Vicky Holt Takamine lead the members of Pūpūkahi I Ke Alo O Na Pua in the visitors' response at the pōwhiri. (Photo courtesy of Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa)|
The Center for Pacific Islands Studies is indebted to the many people whose efforts made this conference possible, in particular our co-conveners, Sean Mallon and April Henderson. We are also grateful for the generous sponsorship of Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Victoria University of Wellington, the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa’s Chancellor’s Office, Creative New Zealand, Pacific Cooperation Foundation, and the New Zealand National Commission for UNESCO. Special thanks to Te Whaea: National Dance and Drama Centre for providing studios for the workshops; to Karen Lowe and the Te Papa events staff; to Belinda Findlay-Weepu and the Victoria University volunteers; to our keynote speakers, Epeli Hau‘ofa and Adrienne Kaeppler; and to the performing groups who made an early commitment to the conference, raising funds and traveling long distances to contribute to everyone’s experience and knowledge of dance in Oceania. We would also like to acknowledge the support of former UH Mānoa Vice Chancellor Peter Englert and Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs, Neal Smatresk, who enthusiastically made the journey to Wellington to participate in Culture Moves!
Everyone who attended or presented at the conference is invited to contribute a reflection, review, or related item for a Culture Moves! postconference publication. Reflections may be in the form of interviews, essays, research articles, dialogue pieces, creative pieces, visual montage, photo-graphs, or edited digital video (up to two minutes for the Web). The deadline for submissions is 10 March 2006. We also welcome contributions to the Culture Moves! Oceania Dance Resources Web Site, which is under construction at <www.hawaii.edu/cpis/dance>. Please submit all materials to Katerina Teaiwa at the address on the masthead or e-mail her at email@example.com.
The UHM English Department is pleased to announce that noted Māori writer Patricia Grace will be a Distinguished Visiting Scholar in the Liberal Arts with the department during the first part of February 2006. Grace’s latest book is Tu: A Novel, a story of the Māori battalion in Italy during World War II, published by UH Press. While she is in residence she will give a reading that is open to the public, take part in a panel presentation with Pacific and Hawai‘i writers, and visit classes.
The Center for Pacific Islands Studies recently welcomed three UH faculty members as affiliate members. Jon Goss, professor in the Department of Geography, is a cultural geographer with interests in urban geography, tourism, and Asia Pacific migration. Naomi Losch is an associate professor and chair of the Department of Hawaiian and Indo-Pacific Languages and Literatures. Ms Losch teaches Hawaiian language classes and Introduction to Polynesian Languages and Cultures and has worked closely with the center on the recent development of Māori and Tongan language offerings. Robert Sullivan, an assistant professor in the Department of English, is a well-known poet and anthologist from New Zealand. In addition to teaching creative writing, Mr Sullivan teaches Māori literature and culture.
Center affiliate faculty members teach courses of relevance to students of Pacific Islands studies and help set directions for the center. They also work with center students and serve on the center’s executive, personnel, curriculum and student affairs, and outreach committees.
Center faculty and staff join with the Department of Hawaiian and Indo-Pacific Languages and Literatures in welcoming Māori instructor Mr Jamie Tuuta, who will be joining the department on an interim basis in January 2006. Robert (Rapata) Wiri, assistant professor of Māori in the Department of Hawaiian and Indo-Pacific Languages and Literatures, is resigning and returning to Aotearoa New Zealand to become the director of the Māori language program at his tribal college, Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuirangi, in Whakatane. There he will continue the development of Māori curriculum resources that he started at UH Mānoa. While he looks forward to the challenges in Aotearoa New Zealand, Rapata says he will miss Hawai‘i, where he has many friends and has come to feel at home.
Mr Tuuta (Ngāti Mutunga, Ngāti Tama, Te Ati Awa, Taranaki Tuturu), a lawyer, has been a political reporter for Māori Television Service and a heritage advisor for the New Zealand Historic Places Trust. He has also been active in negotiating with the Crown (Office of Treaty Settlements) on behalf of Ngāti Mutunga. Aloha and best wishes, Rapata, and aloha and welcome, Jamie!
Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL) has received a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services to address the continuing education needs of library staff in the US-affiliated region: American Sāmoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau. The program will provide summer institutes for selected segments of the region’s pre-professional staff. Each institute will include traditional classroom instruction and a practicum for the participants. These activities will be supplemented by distance-learning support for participants after they have completed the session and a follow-up workshop held as part of the annual Pacific Islands Association of Libraries and Archives (PIALA) conference.
UH Pacific Curator Dr Karen Peacock will conduct the first three-week institute in summer 2006, which is geared for academic and public libraries. University of Guam will be the site of the 2007 session for school librarians, and in summer 2008 Peacock will run the program for special libraries (archives, museum, government agencies) to be held again at UH Mānoa. Peacock will accompany Project Director Franda Liu to the PIALA conference in November 2005 to introduce the program and offer information on applications for Island librarians. PREL is undertaking this work in conjunction with the University of Guam and the UH Library and Information Science Program.
There’s a lot of writing going on in Hawai‘i, with Hawaiian and Pacific writers celebrating their unique places, cultures, and voices. Pacific Writers’ Connection contributed to expanding this regional focus when it held its second Language of the Land (LOL2005) writing program in Honolulu in August, an event sponsored by the Charles Engelhard Foundation, the Prop Foundation, the UH Center for Pacific Islands Studies, and Honolulu Weekly magazine.
Pacific Writers’ Connection (PWC) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to encouraging writers and strengthening a network of global citizens who share concerns about their environments, communities, people and cultures. The four-day writing program included public readings and conversations with writers about place, culture, and landscape. As part of PWC’s mission to take writers to the wider community, the LOL guest writers gave a public reading and conducted a one-day writing workshop in Hāna, Maui.
This year’s program theme was Ka Wai, Ka ‘Aina a me Na Loina—Water, Land, and Values, a celebration of writers and writing giving voice to the living kinship of landscape, place, environment, humanity, culture, and the spirit of sacred places. A large audience joined the exciting program of literature, writing, and writers launched at the Honolulu Academy of Arts’ Doris Duke Theatre. The launch featured keynote speaker Eric Enos, program director of Ka‘ala Farm, who was awarded the first Language of the Land Award for Excellence in Caring for the Land. Ka‘ala Farm is a native Hawaiian cultural education and environmental conservation organization in Wai‘anae Valley. The launch also included Larissa Behrendt, guest Aboriginal writer, reading from her novel Home, as well as chanting and hula by Manu Boyd and his hālau.
In addition to Larissa Behrendt, the featured writers at LOL2005 included
· Ku‘ualoha Ho‘omanawanui, writer and editor of ‘Oiwi
· Mark Tredinnick, nature writer and creative writing teacher from Sydney, Australia
· Kim Stafford, Director of the Northwest Writing Institute and the William Stafford Center at Lewis & Clark College in Oregon
· Debra Magpie Earling, a member of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of Montana and a teacher of creative writing at the University of Montana
Each of our cultures has special ways of respecting water and land. Our strong connection with the land and water is the basis for our values of sharing, caring for each other and our natural world. Nature writers have an extremely important role: they record our relationship with nature—with land and water—and reinforce our relationships with each other and our connection with nature, place, and landscape.
Frank Stewart, professor of English at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, has described nature writing as a literary conversation. Modern nature writers, such as the distinguished writers in the LOL2005 program, are reshaping this art form through vigorous experimentation and greater inclusiveness, with increasingly cultural approaches and voices, and diverse definitions of nature.
As nature writers, Henry Thoreau, Rachel Carson, and Mary Kawena Pukui have inspired us all. The Language of the Land program brought together guest writers with their stories about water, land, and values, and reminded us that we are all stewards of this sacred ecosystem.
A Report by Will McClatchey, UHM Department of Botany
Over thirty-four hundred people attended the Hawai‘i Pacific Islands Kava Festival on 8 October 2005 on the UH Mānoa campus. The festival was organized by the ‘Awa Development Council (ACA) and a variety of nonprofit community organizations (see <kavafestival.org>). Participants came to listen to Hawaiian music, visit craft and organizational vendors, eat good food, and enjoy a day of celebrating kava cultures.
|Dr Sam Gon, III, director of science for the Nature Conservancey of Hawaii, takes part in the opening ceremony for the 2005 Kava Festival. (Photo by Kim Bridges)|
Kava (Piper methysticum) is a plant domesticated in the islands of the Western Pacific region. A beverage made from the roots of the plant has long been used for ceremonial, therapeutic, political, and social activities by many Melanesian and Polynesian communities as well as by the Micronesian communities of Pohnpei. ‘Awa (the Hawaiian word for kava) was probably one of the earliest plant introductions brought to Hawai‘i by early Polynesian colonists. The importance of ‘awa in Hawai‘i is illustrated by the number of cultivated varieties (greater than 45), which rivals food crops such as kalo, ‘uala, and mai‘a. A similar situation exists in several other Pacific Island cultures. Among the major crops of Polynesia, kava is the only one that is unique to the tropical Pacific region. Because of its status as an important crop of social significance, kava may be seen as a symbol of the uniqueness of Pacific Island cultures.
In the 1990s the Association for Hawaiian ‘Awa (AHA) was developed as an organization of kava growers, distributors, researchers, and Hawaiian cultural advocates. Over the last ten years AHA has sponsored a series of crop development workshops, research projects, and collaborations with other Pacific Island communities, and worked to increase public awareness of the traditions and benefits of kava consumption. The ‘Awa Development Council (ADC) emerged as a branch of AHA with the focus of developing periodic events that would provide education about kava and cultures that traditionally use kava.
AHA and the ADC produced and promoted the first kava festival in 2003 in conjunction with the Lyon Arboretum Association. The festival was held at Lyon Arboretum with over 2,400 participants. Each of the festivals has featured formal and informal kava ceremonies and other cultural practices (food preparation, dance, crafts, art, games, medicine, massage, etc.). During the festivals, participants have had the opportunity to try different varieties of kava in order to start to develop an appreciation for the diversity of this beverage. (Some have compared kava diversity to the diversity of wines. Others have compared the diversity to that of tea or coffee. Probably the comparison with tea is more appropriate since kava is not an alcoholic beverage and serves social roles that more resemble those of the tea-cultures of Asia.)
The ADC is planning the next festival for 7 October 2006.
An open invitation is extended to cultural practitioners and others who are
interested in participating in future festivals. The ADC is particularly
interested in featuring demonstrations of cultural practices by many different
Pacific Island communities. The ADC website, which has photos from this year’s
festival, is <awadevelopment.org>. Those interested in participating in
the planning process for next year’s festival should contact Jonathan Yee at
CPIS (MA 1995) and UHM Department of History alumna Anne Perez Hattori gave a talk, “Deporting the ‘Moral Lepers’: Examining US Naval Expulsion of Guam’s Spanish Priests, 1898–1899,” on 22 July. Hattori’s talk reviewed some of the political, social, and cultural issues that informed the expulsion. Dr Hattori is currently an associate professor of history and Micronesian studies at the University of Guam.
Fulbright–Creative New Zealand Pacific Writer in Residence at the center for 2005, poet, performer, and children’s book author Tusiata Avia was featured in “Wild Dogs and Other Dangers” on 26 September. She performed excerpts from her one-woman show, “Wild Dogs Under My Skirt,” and read new work. Ms Avia was resident at the center for three months, working on a new collection of poetry and a new one-woman show. Her first collection of poetry, Wild Dogs Under My Skirt, was published to critical acclaim in 2004. “Wild Dogs and Other Dangers” was cosponsored by the UHM Department of English and taped by UHM Distributed Learning and User Services for showing in the UHM Department of English ‘Ōlelo Community Television series Bibliovision.
Tarcisius Tara Kabutaulaka, research fellow at the Pacific Islands Development Program, East-West Center, gave a talk, “Blessing or Curse? Natural Resources and Social Conflicts in Melanesia,” on 29 September. In his talk, Dr Kabutaulaka examined some of the historical, social, and governance issues that underlie the relationship between natural resource development and conflicts in Melanesia. The talk was part of the Department of Anthropology Colloquium Series.
· Noelani Arista, Department of History, Brandeis University
· Victoria Barber, International Samoan Language Commission Member, Seattle Branch
· Katherine Creely, Melanesian Studies Collection, University of California at San Diego
· Vicente Diaz, Asian/Pacific Islander American Studies Program, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
· Greg Dvorak, Department of Anthropology and Gender Relations Project, Australian National University
· Frederick Harrington, Vice Chairperson, Odawa Institute, Michigan
· Anne Perez Hattori, Department of History and Micronesian Studies Program, University of Guam
· T K Jayaraman, School of Social and Economic Development, University of the South Pacific
· Marilyn Lashley, Department of Political Science, Howard University
· John Low, Tribal Lawyer, Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Southwest Michigan
· Hap McCue, Ojibwe Language Instructor, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
· Junko Obayashi, Information and Public Relations Office, Association of Medical Doctors of Asia
· Veronica Pasfield, Journalist/Videographer, Bay Mills Band of Odawa, Michigan
· Joakim Peter, Director, College of Micronesia–Chuuk Campus
· Daniel Rapp, Tribal Council, Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Southwest Michigan
· Senator Pulefa‘asisina Palauni Tuiasosopo, Director, Samoan and Pacific Studies Program, American Sāmoa Community College
· Scott Wright, Carl Vinson Institute of Government, University of Georgia.
Congratulations to Robert Sullivan, assistant professor in the Department of English, whose fifth book of poetry, Voice Carried My Family, has been published by Auckland University Press (see Publications). Robert has just returned from readings at three prestigious literary festivals in Canada: WordFest 2005—Banff-Calgary International Writers Festival, the Vancouver International Writers and Readers Festival, and Toronto’s Harbourfront International Festival of Authors.
Associate professor of botany Will C McClatchey is a Fulbright Scholar this year, lecturing and conducting research on ethnobiology and community enhancement at Khon Kaen University in Khon Kaen, Thailand.
Heather Young Leslie, assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology, conducted research at Langimalie Medical Clinic in Auckland this summer and attended the Pacifica Medical Association/Tongan Medical Association conference in Tonga in August. She is currently a visiting research scholar at the Macmillan Brown Centre for Pacific Studies, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, Aotearoa New Zealand.
Congratulations to Sa‘iliemanu Lilomaiava-Doktor, CPIS alumna (MA 1993) and lecturer in the UHM Department of Geography, who has been awarded the 2005 Pacific Islands Emerging Researcher of the Year award from the International Council for the Study of the Pacific Islands (ICSPI). Sa‘ili received the award for research undertaken for her UH Mānoa geography doctoral dissertation, “‘Fa‘a-Sāmoa’ and Population Movement from the Inside Out: The Case of Salelologa, Savai‘i.”
Geoffrey White, professor of anthropology and senior fellow in the Pacific Islands Development Program, East-West Center, was in Canberra on 30 October. He was invited to write a background paper for a one-day seminar, “Customary Modes of Governance in Melanesia,” sponsored by the State, Society, and Governance in Melanesia project at Australian National University. About fifteen people participated in the seminar, which was convened by David Hegarty.
Pacific Islands studies professor Vilsoni Hereniko was interviewed by Linda Wertheimer on National Public Radio. His film The Land Has Eyes has been nominated by Fiji for an Oscar. This is the first time that Fiji, Iraq, and Costa Rica have nominated films in the Best Foreign Film category. The Land Has Eyes is competing against 57 other films. Wertheimer’s interview with Hereniko could be heard and may still be available at <www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4990901>.
Michael Graves, professor and chair of the Department of Anthropology, is part of a research team that has been awarded a $100,000 grant to conduct archaeological research on Kamehameha the Great. Graves and Kēhaulani Cachola-Abad, cultural specialist at Kamehameha Schools, were awarded the grant by the National Endowment for the Humanities. The grant is part of a special program, “We the People,” which promotes knowledge and understanding of American history and culture.
Rapata Wiri, assistant professor of Māori in the Department of Hawaiian and Indo-Pacific Languages and Literatures, is the author of two new interactional educational DVDs and books about Māori culture (details will be in the next issue of the newsletter).
Kanalu Young, associate professor of Hawaiian studies, is about to begin filming Pidgin: Language and Identity in Hawai‘i . Kanalu is working with Lee Tonouchi, author of Living Pidgin, to make this hour-long documentary focusing on Hawai‘i Creole English and the role it plays in the lives of Hawai‘i’s people. The documentary is being funded by research and development and production grants from Pacific Islanders in Communications.
Congratulations to our newest graduate, Aurelia A Kinslow. Aurelia’s portfolio was “‘Ori Tahiti as a Tool of Resistance.” In October, following graduation, Aurelia won a first-place dance award at the Hilo-Tahiti fete. She is now living in Honoka‘a, on the Big Island, teaching Tahitian dance, tutoring elementary and high school students, and helping run a caf�(c) that will offer special arts events in the evenings.
Congratulations, and apologies, to Kaleialoha Lum-Ho, whose graduation in May 2005 we failed to recognize! Her Plan B paper was “Displacement and Population Decline in Rural Valleys: A History of Hālawa Valley, Moloka‘i.”
Congratulations to Kuki Tuiasosopo, who graduated in August with a MA in music, with an emphasis on ethnomusicology. His thesis was “Pese Ma Viiga I le Atua: The Sacred Music of the Congregational Church of Jesus in Sāmoa.” Kuki was the inaugural instructor for the very successful Samoan ensemble while he was a student here. He is currently the director of the choir at American Sāmoa Community College.
Best wishes to Rochelle Fonoti, also an August graduate, who earned an MA in American Studies and is now in the sociocultural anthropology PhD program at University of Washington. Rochelle’s MA thesis was “Tau Ave i le Mitai, Tau Ave i le Mamao: Mapping the Tatau-ed Body in the Samoan Diaspora.”
Congratulations to Dr Patrick Cerf, who in addition to a medical degree now has a doctorate in social anthropology from the University of French Polynesia. Patrick was awarded the highest rating, mention tres honorable et felicitations du jury, for his thesis, “Women’s Domination in Tahiti: From Violence Against Women to Matriarchy Discourse.” In addition to turning his thesis into a book, he is currently working with the Ministre de la Famille et de la Condition Feminine in Papeete on the elaboration of the local Convention for the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).
Current Department of Anthropology student Guido Pigliasco has been engaged in a pilot project in Fiji, on Beqa Island. The “Sawau Project: An Indigenous Response to the Protection of Cultural Heritage in Beqa,” is part of the Institute of Fijian Language and Culture, Department of Culture and Heritage, Ministry of Fijian Affairs, Culture and Heritage (Provincial Department). Guido has been working with Ratu Felix Colatanavanua and others to develop a multimedia interactive DVD through which community members can collect and access information about land and cultural heritage. According to Guido, it is hoped that this project will “enhance in situ preservation, the preservation of cultural expressions as a living evolving body of knowledge.”
Congratulations to Pulefa‘asisina Palauni Tuiasosopo (MA 1994), who has just been elected senator from Alataua in American Sāmoa. Pulefa‘asisina is the director of the Samoan and Pacific Studies Program at the American Sāmoa Community College. His Institute of Samoan Studies has just been approved for funding for two years by the US Administration for Native Americans.
Alumna Junko Obayashi (MA 2000) recently visited the center. She is a public relations officer in the Information and Public Relations Office of the Association of Medical Doctors of Asia (AMDA) where she is responsible for international communication as well as public relations. AMDA, headquartered in Okayama, responds to urgent needs of disaster victims throughout the world. Junko has had a busy last several months, working on the logistics of organizing support for mission teams responding to Katrina and the Pakistan earthquake.
Congratulations to alumnus Keith Lujan Camacho (MA 1998), who earned a PhD in history from UH Mānoa in August. His dissertation, “Cultures of Commemoration: The Politics of War, Memory and History in the Mariana Islands,” addressed the issue of Pacific Islander representation in the historical record of World War II. The dissertation focused on the indigenous Chamorro people of the Mariana Islands and their experiences with and memories of Japanese and American colonialism in the twentieth century. In whirlwind fashion, Keith left several days after graduation to take up a position as assistant professor in the Department of History at the University of Guam.
A story by author and alumnus Matthew Kaopio (MA 2004) was featured in the 13–19 July 2005 issue of Honolulu Weekly. “Healing Toa’s Horse,” about a Hawaiian grandfather’s wisdom, was inspired by Matthew’s grandmother’s recollections of growing up with her hānai (adoptive) family in 1920s Honolulu.
Alumna and Honolulu resident Margo Vitarelli (MA 1985) has been doing a monthly page for Pacific Magazine, focusing on Pacific arts. In addition, Margo is the curator at the Mission Houses Museum. The online edition of Pacific Magazine can be accessed at <www.pacificislands.cc>.
Congratulations to alumna Kerry Crouch Panui (MA 2003) and husband Henry on the birth of their daughter, Elena Makalapua Panui, born on 7 July on Kaua‘i! And congratulations to Hinanui Cauchois, graduate student in the UHM Department of Anthropology, and husband Christopher DeBrum, on the birth of their son, Roonui Juronae David DeBrum, in Honolulu, on 1 August. All are busy and doing well.
Texts and Contexts: Reflections in Pacific Islands Historiography, edited by historians Doug Munro and Brij V Lal, examines the foundational texts that pioneered and consolidated Pacific Islands historiography and served as the building blocks and stepping-stones for further developments in the field. The contributing authors examine thirty-five texts, all of which represent defining points in the development of Pacific Islands historiography. 2005, 264 pages. ISBN 0-8248-2942-5, cloth, US$47.00.
UH Press books can be ordered through the Orders Department, University of Hawai‘i Press, 2840 Kolowalu Street, Honolulu, HI 96822-1888; website <www.uhpress.hawaii.edu>.
Also available from UH Press are
· Bougainville Before the Conflict, edited by Anthony Regan and Helga Griffin—essays for a generalist audience, combining aspects linguistic, geological, environmental, archaeological, ethnic, ethnological, and historical. 2005, 300 pages. ISBN 1-74076-138-3, paper, US$60. Published by Pandanus Books.
· Ombudsmen and Leadership Codes in the Pacific, edited by Anthony Regan and Raymond Apthorpe—a study of the unique Pacific approach to vesting responsibility for “oversight” of governance in a multi-function body. 2005, 300 pages. ISBN 1-74076-138-3, paper, US$60.00. Published by Pandanus Books.
Voice Carried My Family is a new collection of poetry by Robert Sullivan, assistant professor of English at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. The collection combines the rewriting of New Zealand myths from a Polynesian perspective with other poems, including some beautiful love poems, and engages with the complexity and moral ambiguity of the modern world. 2005, 72 pages. ISBN 1-86940-337-1, paper, NZ$21.99. Published by Auckland University Press.
Mana Tuturu: Māori Treasures and Intellectual Property Rights, by noted filmmaker Barry Barclay, is a “meditation on the complex and difficult problems that arise when the treasures of indigenous peoples, especially Māori, enter the commercial world which seeks to reproduce and disseminate them.” 2005, 276 pages. ISBN 1-86940-350-9, paper, NZ$44.99. Published by Auckland University Press.
Historical Frictions: Māori Claims and Reinvented Histories, by Michael Belgrave, examines Waitangi Tribunal findings as part of a much longer tradition of reinterpreting the Treaty of Waitangi. Belgrave argues that “inquiries and settlements have always been important in dealing with conflict in the present, allowing adjustment to the changing relationship between Māori and the state and keeping alive Māori customary relationships.” 2005, 300 pages. ISBN 1-86940-320-7, paper, NZ$49.99. Published by Auckland University Press.
The Making of Global and Local Modernities in Melanesia, edited by anthropologists Joel Robbins and Holly Wardlow, examines the kinds of efforts that have been made to adopt Western modernity in Melanesia and explores the reasons for the varied outcomes. 2005, 246 pages. ISBN 0-7546-4312-3, cloth, US$94.95. The book is part of the Anthropology and Cultural History in Asia and the Indo-Pacific series, published by the Ashgate Publishing Group.
Sovereignty Matters: Locations of Contestation and Possibility in Indigenous Struggles for Self-Determination, edited by Joanne Barker, “investigates the multiple perspectives that exist within indigenous communities regarding the significance of sovereignty as a category of intellectual, political, and cultural work.” The book includes chapters dealing with Hawaiian, Samoan, Chamorro, and Māori issues. 2005, 236 pages. ISBN 0-8032-6251-5, paper, US$29.95. Published by University of Nebraska Press.
New books by Institute of Pacific Studies (IPS) at the University of the South Pacific include
Kama‘atu: Verses of Wisdom, a collection of
contemporary and traditional verses from the Cook Islands, compiled by Jon
Tikivanotau M Jonassen, head of Pacific studies at Brigham Young University—
Hawai‘i Campus. 2005, 238 pages. ISBN 982-02-0349-X, paper, US$20.00.
· Pacific Voices: Equity and Sustainability in Pacific Island Fisheries, a collection of case studies highlighting challenges facing small-scale commercial fisheries and fish processing in the Pacific, edited by Irene Novazek, Jean Mitchell, and Joeli Veitayaki. 2005, 246 pages. ISBN 982-02-0372-4, paper, US$25.00.
· Polynesian Paradox: Essays in Honour of Futa Helu, writing on Helu’s life and times, edited by Ian Campbell and Eve Coxon. 2005, 250 pages. ISBN 982-02-0371-6, paper, US$30.00.
· A Shaking of the Land: William Cross and the Origins of Christianity in Fiji, by Andrew Thornley, focuses on the religious dialogue between Fijian traditional beliefs and new Christian ideas. 2005, 474 pages. ISBN 9789820203747, paper, US$25.00.
· Tama‘ita‘i Sāmoa: O A Latou Tala, edited by Peggy Fairbairn-Dunlop and first published in 1996, has been translated into Samoan by Faaliliuina e Noumea Simi. Evocative stories and photographs tell of the lives of a wide range of women in Sāmoa. 2005, 168 pages. ISBN 982-010370-8, paper, US$30.00.
IPS books are available through the USP Book Centre at <www.uspbookcentre.com>. Also available from the book centre are
· Women and Men of Fiji Islands: Gender Statistics and Trends, by Dhamra Chandra and Vasemaca Lewai, published by the Population Studies Programme, University of the South Pacific. 2005, 176 pages. ISBN 9820106419, paper, US$17.95.
· Palms of the Fiji Islands, by Dick Watling, describes the thirty-one species of palms that grow wild in Fiji, including twenty-five native species. 2005, 192 pages. ISBN 9829047024, paper, US$20.00. Published by Environmental Consultants, Fiji.
· Nutrition Hand Book for the South Pacific Islands, by Susan Parkinson, published by the National Food & Nutrition Centre. 2005, 178 pages. ISBN 2770000012010, paper, US$7.50.
· Stolen Worlds: Fijiindian Fragments, edited by Kavita Ivy Nandan, is a collection of writing commemorating the 125th anniversary of Indian presence in the South Pacific. All the storytellers spent their formative years in the Fiji archipelago until they left for other destinations, including Australia, Canada, England, India, New Zealand, and the United States. 2005, 353 pages. ISBN 0975722301, paper, US$20.00. Published by Ivy Press International.
Making Black Harvest: Warfare, Filmmaking and Living Dangerously in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea, by Bob Connolly, sheds light on the award-winning film made by Connolly and his late wife, Robin Anderson. It also recounts Connolly and Anderson’s moral dilemmas as they question how much responsibility they must bear for what is going wrong in the lives of the Ganiga tribespeople. 2005, 388 pages. ISBN 0733315747, paper, A$32.95. Published by ABC Books and Audio.
A Trial Separation: Australia and the Decolonisation of Papua New Guinea, by historian Donald Denoon, is a history that treats PNG “independence” as an ongoing project. 2005, 240 pages. ISBN 1-74076-171-5, paper, A$40.91. Published by Pandanus Books.
Vision and Reality in Pacific Religion, edited by Phyllis Herda, Michael Reilly, and David Hilliard, explores the religious history of the Pacific Islands, including the indigenization of Christianity and other faiths. 2005, 343 pages. ISBN 1740761197, paper, US$25.00. Published by the Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.
The Bible is now available in Chamorro. Y Santa Biblia, Palabran Jesucristo Sija Gui Tinige Agaga, Chamorro is available for US$30.00. 2005, cloth, 316 pages. It is published by Robert Joseph and Rlene Santos Steffy. A free pdf download of the Chamorro Bible is available at <chamorrobible.org>. For more information, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Love and Money, a novel by Sāmoa’s deputy prime minister, H T Retzlaff (Misa Telefoni), is a cross-cultural love story concerning “New Zealand’s most eligible bachelor, James, and a Samoan girl, Sieni.” 2005, 228 pages. ISBN-9829071162, paper, US$20.00. Published by Niu Leaf Productions.
Journal of Pacific History, volume 40, number 3 (2005) is now available online at <journalsonline.tandf.co.uk>. The issue contains articles on gender and space in the Marquesas, 1833–1834; Australia’s governance of Papua New Guinea; early forest surveys in Papua and New Guinea; and history and traditions in ‘Utulau, Tongatapu.
Also online at <journalsonline.tandf.co.uk> is volume 15, number 3 (November 2005) of Anthropological Forum, a special issue, Critical Ethnography in the Pacific: Transformations in Pacific Moral Orders. The issue contains articles on epistemology, the critical ethnographer as trickster, the aesthetics of ethnographic labor, Tongan doctors and critical medical ethnography, ethnography and the Fiji garment industry, and the usefulness of critical ethnography.
The September 2005 (volume 114, number 3) issue of The Journal of the Polynesian Society contains articles on animal designs on Samoan siapo, Sāmoa’s precontact connections in West Polynesia and beyond, and a computerized system for recording the excavation of a nineteenth-century Māori village.
Volume 4, issue 1, 2005 of the Micronesian Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences is online at <marshall.csu.edu.au/MJHSS>. It contains articles on the role of the Pampangos in the Mariana Mission, an evaluation of Guam’s history textbooks, youth theatre in the revitalization of Marshallese culture, and traditional and nineteenth-century communication patterns in the Marshall Islands.
The Hawai‘i issue (volume 45, number 3, fall 2004) of American Studies contains articles on Kanaka Maoli national identity; a Polynesian case of selective assimilation; globalization, Native resistance, and cultural production; Japanese tourist discourse about Hawai‘i; coercion of Filipino workers in prewar Hawai‘i; and the Korean immigrant experience before World War II.
Minagahet, a zine published by the Chamorro Information
Early New Zealand Books digital collection—
Twenty-One Years in Papua: A History of the English
Church Mission in New Guinea (1891–1912), by Arthur Kent Chignell, and The
Light of Melanesia, by Bishop H H Montgomery, are new in the
Anglicanism in Oceania section of the Project Canterbury website—
· An Annotated Bibliography of German Language Sources on the Mariana Islands, a virtual digital library online at <marshall.csu.edu.au/CNMIBIB>.
Bitter Sweet Hope (2005, 50 minutes, DVD), by Larry Thomas, is the story of sugar in Fiji. The commentary of indigenous landowners, Indo-Fijian cane farmers, cane cutters, and millers provides the backdrop to an ailing industry and its impact on a quarter million of Fiji’s population. Available from the USP Book Centre <uspbookcentre.com> for US$20.00. Larry Thomas, who directed Race for Rights and codirected Compassionate Exile, is news director of the Regional Media Centre, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, in Suva.
Birds of Fiji (2005, DVD), by Ian Morley, is about the variety of birds in Fiji and the challenges they face with a rapidly shrinking rainforest and feral predators. Forty-six percent of Fiji’s birds are found only in Fiji, Available from the USP Book Centre <uspbookcentre.com> for US$20.00.
The 2006 meeting of the Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania will be held in San Diego, California, 8–11 February. For registration and session information, see the ASAO website at <www.soc.hawaii.edu/asao/pacific/hawaiki.html>.
Divine Word University, in Madang, Papua New Guinea, is planning a conference on “Sector-Wide Approach in PNG: Opportunities and Challenges for National Development,” 10–11 February 2006. They are seeking informed persons to speak on international perspectives on donor funding; the language, concepts, and components of aid; and aid and its effect on education. Please contact Annie Manango at email@example.com.
“Sustaining a Resilient Asia Pacific Community: Issues and Solutions” is the fifth East-West Center International Graduate Student Conference, 16–18 February 2006. The conference is intended to appeal broadly to students in the social sciences and humanities, as well as policy-oriented applied sciences such as environmental science, health, and population studies. Please see the website at <www.eastwestcenter.org/studentconference/>.
The seventeenth annual Symposium on Maritime Archaeology and History of Hawai‘i and the Pacific will be held 18–20 February 2006 on the Big Island of Hawai‘i. The theme is “Voyaging Ancestors.” There will be two student scholarships awarded to cover the registration fee. For more information, see the website at <www.mahhi.org>.
The thirteenth annual conference of the New Zealand Studies Association (NZSA), together with the Centre de Recherche sur les Identités Culturelles et les Langues de Spécialités (CICLaS), is “New Zealand, France, and the Pacific.” It will be held at the University Paris Dauphine, 29 June–1 July 2006. Proposals for papers of 20 minutes should be sent by 6 January to Ian Conrich at firstname.lastname@example.org or Martine Piquet at email@example.com. Abstracts should be 250–300 words and should be accompanied by bio sketches of 100–150 words.
· The inaugural conference of the Australian Association for the Advancement of Pacific Studies will be held on the Carseldine Campus, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, 24–27 January 2006.
· “Vaka Vuku: Navigating Knowledges”—A Pacific Epistemologies Conference will be held 3–7 July 2006 at the University of the South Pacific. For information, see <www.usp.ac.fj/index.php?id=1351>.
· “Sustainable Islands—Sustainable Strategies,” the ninth conference of the International Small Islands Studies Association (ISISA), will be held in Kahului, Maui, Hawai‘i, 29 July to 3 August 2006. For information, see the website at <maui.hawaii.edu/isisa2006>.
The Palau Historic Preservation Program is seeking a cultural anthropologist/ethnologist to assist the oral history/ethnography component of the program to record and index the oral histories and traditional laws of Palau, among other tasks. The contract is for two years, renewable annually. An applicant must have a graduate degree in anthropology with a specialization in applied cultural anthropology or a closely related field, plus a minimum of two years full-time professional experience dealing with cultural properties. For more information and application requirements, e-mail histpres@palaunet. The application deadline is 31 December 2005.
Imi H‘ola, at the John A Burns School of Medicine, is a twelve-month program that offers a wide range of educational experiences to prepare participants for the challenges of medical school. The program is aimed at individuals from Hawai‘i, Guam, Micronesia, and American Sāmoa who are from a disadvantaged background but are highly motivated. The application deadline for the 2006–2007 class is 13 January 2006. For more information, contact Dr Nanette Judd at 808-692-1030, or write to UHM John A Burns School of Medicine, Imi Ho‘ola Post-Baccalaureate program, 651 Ilalo Street MEB, 3rd Floor, Honolulu, HI 96813.
“Turning Tides: Gender in Oceania Art,” will run at the University of California San Diego Graduate Gallery and Performance Space, 7–10 February 2006. The exhibition will be curated by San Diego–based Samoan artist and professor of studio arts, Jewel Castro, with the assistance of Dr Pamela Rosi and Samoan artist Dan Taulapapa McMullin. It will feature artists representing Papua New Guinea, Sāmoa, Tonga, Hawai‘i, and the Māori.
Palau Community College (PCC) seeks an experienced full-time faculty member to teach and serve as a mentor for students in their new associate of science degree program in library and information services. Applicants must have a master’s of library and information science from an ALA-accredited program, or equivalent, and at least five years of library work experience. Teaching experience is preferred, as is knowledge of Pacific cultures and familiarity with Pacific information resources. The position will be open until filled. For information, e-mail Karen Mobel at firstname.lastname@example.org, fax (680) 488-2447.
The Asian Pacific American Studies (APAS) program and the new School of Social and Family Dynamics at Arizona State University–Tempe invite applications for a tenure-track, assistant professor position beginning fall 2006. Candidates must hold a PhD in social sciences at the time of appointment and have quantitative research experience, an active research agenda that focuses on Asian Americans and/or Pacific Islanders, and evidence of publication activity. Files that are submitted and complete by 15 January 2006 will be given full consider-ation. Questions may be directed to Karen J Leong, APAS, PO Box 874401, Tempe, AZ 85287-4401.
The Political Science Department at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa has been invited by the editors of Alternatives: Global, Local, Political to edit three special issues (2006, 2007, and 2008). All three issues will focus on the overarching theme of indigenous politics. Using the question “What is indigenous politics?” the three issues will theoretically and empirically explore the political economy of development, governance (law/politics), and migration/citizenship/cyberspace. The deadline for submission for the first issue, Indigenous Politics: Political Economy and Development, is 30 April 2006, with a 200-word abstract due by 9 January, sent to either Hokulani Aikau (email@example.com) or Jim Spencer (firstname.lastname@example.org). The second and third issues will be Indigenous Politics: Law, Policy and Governance and Indigenous Politics: Migration/Citizenship/Cyberspace.
The Library of Congress has added fifteen historic maps of Hawai‘i to its American Memory website. The maps were scanned at approximately 300 DPI and in 24-bit color. The collection includes four general maps of the islands, plus maps of O‘ahu, Hawai‘i, Kaho‘olawe, Kaua‘i, Lana‘i, Maui, Moloka‘i, and Ni‘ihau. The website is <memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/gmdhome.html>.
The UHM Department of Anthropology will again offer an archaeological field school on Easter Island (Rapa Nui) in 2006. There will be two sessions, 5 June to 5 July and 10 July to 9 August. For details, see the website at <www.anthropology.hawaii.edu/projects/rapanui/index.html>. Application should be made through the UH Study Abroad Program. The application deadline is 17 February 2006; see <www.studyabroad.org/rapanui.htm>.
Guam Memorial Hospital has been given a grant from the US Administration for Native Americans to conduct a three-year program of one-month residency rotations, with the objectives of recruiting physicians to Guam and ultimately developing a full residency program for the region. The program targets persons native to Guam, as well as other American Pacific Islanders, but allows for participation by non-native persons. For full information, contact Dr James Stadler, Guam Memorial Hospital Authority Medical Director, e-mail email@example.com, or June Perez, grant coordinator, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
News from Mānoa
is published quarterly by
The Center for Pacific Islands Studies
School of Hawaiian, Asian and Pacific Studies
University of Hawai'i at Mānoa
1890 East-West Road
Honolulu, HI 96822 USA
Phone: (808) 956-7700
Fax: (808) 956-7053
Letitia Hickson, Editor
Items in this newsletter may be freely reprinted.
Acknowledgment of the source would be appreciated. To receive the
newsletter electronically, contact the editor at the e-mail address above.
The University of Hawai'i at Mānoa is an
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