Center for Pacific Islands Studies Newsletter

No. 4 October-December 2000


2001 Pacific Symposium at New York University
Pacific Second Language Research Forum
FLAS Fellowship Competition
Pacific Studies 2000: Wrap-up
UHM Library News
In Memoriam: Charles Lamoureux
Norman Meller Award at UHM
Finney and Kelly Retire
Report on Samoan Language Commission
Eighth Festival of Pacific Arts
Oceania on the Move
Pacific Films at HIFF 2000
PIC Media Fund 2000 Awards
Occasional Seminars
Faculty Activities
Students and Alumni
The Contemporary Pacific, 13:1
New PIMS Volume by Dinnen
Publications, Videos, and CDs
Bulletin Board


The Asian/Pacific/American Studies Program and Institute of New York University, in New York City, will host a Pacific studies symposium, “Pacific Islands, Atlantic Worlds,” 25–28 October 2001. The Center for Pacific Islands Studies will be a cosponsor of this symposium, which will also serve as the center’s twenty-sixth annual conference.

The NYU symposium will provide an introduction to Pacific Islands Studies and in particular to Pacific cultural production and cultural politics, to an East Coast audience. The symposium will bring together faculty from the Pacific region with Pacific Islands scholars and students on the US continent, as well as interested persons in ethnic studies, American Studies, anthropology, and history departments at various institutions in the New York area. The symposium convener is Adria L Imada (NYU American Studies); symposium co-organizers are J Kehaulani Kauanui (Wesleyan University) and Anne-Marie Tupuola (NYU and Columbia University).

Among the topics to be addressed at the symposium are the Pacific Islander diaspora on the US continent; the politics of contemporary cultural production in relationship to migration, globalization, and activism; Pacific collections in museums and archives on the East Coast; and strategies for teaching Pacific studies on the East Coast. A gallery exhibit, film, and cultural performances will augment the formal sessions. 

In taking a critical cultural studies and transnational approach, the symposium builds on other recent conferences at the center, and elsewhere, which have looked at issues for the future of Pacific studies, the Pacific diaspora, and representations of the Pacific in literature and film. The NYU symposium also follows on a symposium last year at the University of California, Santa Cruz, “Native Pacific Cultural Studies on the Edge,” convened by J Kehaulani Kauanui and Vicente M Diaz. The UCSC symposium examined the triangulation of native studies, cultural studies, and Pacific studies, and reconsidered indigeneity from multiple locations, including diasporic locations. 

In its emphasis on teaching and curricular strategies, the symposium also builds on the Pacific Studies Initiative (PSI), a joint East-West Center and CPIS endeavor, partly funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities, which has looked at ways of incorporating Pacific materials into undergraduate humanities curricula ( ).

For more information, contact Adria L Imada at or Fannie Chan, institute events coordinator, at, or  the NYU Asian/Pacific/American Studies Program & Institute, 269 Mercer St. Suite 609, New York, NY 10003; tel: (212) 998-3700; fax: (212) 998-4705.


Pacific Second Language Research Forum (PacSLRF) 2001 will be hosted by the University of Hawai‘i at Mnoa and cosponsored by the Center for Pacific Islands Studies. The conference will be held 4–7 October. Deadline for paper proposals is 30 April 2001. The PacSLRF organization was established in 1991 to provide a forum for dissemination of second language acquisition research in the Asia-Pacific region. Among the plenary speakers are Noeau Warner, of the Hawaiian language program at UH Manoa, and Karen Watson-Gegeo, University of California, Davis, a former affiliate faculty member of CPIS. For more information, including on-line proposal submission forms, see the PacSLRF website at


The center is soliciting applications for the Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS) Fellowships for 2001–2002 at UH Manoa. Applicants must be US citizens, nationals, or permanent residents; full-time graduate students; and enrolled in a program combining area studies and foreign language training in Samoan or Tahitian. The fellowship package includes an $11,000 stipend and tuition up to the amount of $10,000. Applications, which are available in Moore Hall 215, are due by 1 March 2001.



The center’s fiftieth anniversary conference, 14–18 November 2000, was a milestone for the center in several respects. The conference, convened by Vilsoni Hereniko, was the first to bring together representatives from Pacific studies programs in the region to discuss and debate critical issues for the future of these programs. The colleges and universities represented included American Samoa Community College, Brigham Young University—Hawai’i Campus, the University of Auckland, the Australian National University, the University of Canterbury at Christchurch, the University of Guam, the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo, the University of Hawai’i at Manoa, the College of Micronesia—Chuuk Campus, the National University of Samoa, the University of the South Pacific, and the Victoria University of Wellington. Steven Edmond Winduo, University of Papua New Guinea, was unable to attend, but sent a written contribution.

Willa J Tanabe, Dean of the School of Hawaiian, Asian & Pacific Studies, opened the conference, and Robert C Kiste, director of the center, gave the opening keynote address on the history of the center. Dr Kiste has been director of the center since 1978 and has been responsible for the tremendous growth in its programs. Other featured speakers included Konai Helu Thaman (University of the South Pacific) and David Hanlon (UH Manoa) addressing the decolonization of Pacific studies; Edvard Hviding (University of Bergen, Norway) and Vilsoni Hereniko (UH Manoa) addressing interdisciplinary approaches; and Marsha Kinder (University of Southern California) and Terence Wesley-Smith (UH Manoa) addressing new technologies and pedagogies. There was a recognizable coherence to the set of papers as a whole, with the comments of Thaman and Hanlon on decolonizing Pacific studies laying the foundational context for the papers that followed. The speakers were united in paying homage to the richness and dynamism of Pacific Islands knowledges, acknowledging the need to redress the imbalances that have historically characterized Pacific and western interactions, and identifying some of the obstacles and issues that will arise in redressing these imbalances.

Although no concrete steps were taken at the conference toward formally initiating a regional consortium of Pacific Islands studies, Stewart Firth, University of the South Pacific, and Brij Lal, Centre for the Contemporary Pacific (CCP), ANU, gave talks that explored this concept. Firth described the different paradigms of Pacific studies, the tensions between them, and “the contemporary political background against which we must ponder the future of Pacific studies.” Lal followed with a description of the program of the CCP, of which he is the director. Although conference participants stopped short of convening a committee to work on plans for a consortium, a small group met on Saturday following the conference wrap-up to talk about further developing interactive Pacific studies modules that might connect and enhance communication among student and faculty at various Pacific studies programs. A pilot for this type of module was used at UH Manoa and the University of Canterbury (see the July-September newsletter) and Terence Wesley-Smith and Peter Hempenstall talked about their experiences with the module.

The conference was also the first opportunity for the center to explore the potential contribution of the arts in an interdisciplinary approach to under-standing the Pacific. One evening was devoted to an exciting development in the arts of the region, the work of the Oceania Centre for Culture and the Arts, in Suva, Fiji, and one of its components, the Oceania Dance Theatre. Centre Director Epeli Hau‘ofa, displayed paintings and drawings that were created at the centre by artists from across the Pacific working to express a sense of the region. One evening was devoted to “The Boiling Ocean,” a multi-media dance performance choreographed by Allan Alo, Artist in Residence at the Oceania Centre, and danced by Alo, Katerina Teaiwa, and Linda Savage. Another featured readings and performances by Sia Figiel, Teresia Teaiwa, and Richard Hamasaki. A reception hosted by the Pacific Islands Development Program, featuring island foods prepared by the Pan-Pacific Club, and the music of the Kava Boys, got the conference off to a great start. Dinner and dancing to the music of history graduate student Betty Ickes band, Te Hina o te Moana, on Friday evening rounded out the week.

One of the most exciting aspects of the conference, initiated by Hereniko, was the video-taping and showing of the conference over a local station by ‘Olelo Community Television. The approximately eighteen-hour program, produced by Dennis Ragsdale, has been shown repeatedly. It has not only enabled faculty and students to view parts of the conference they were unable to attend, but it has engaged Pacific Islanders and others in the community in a dialogue with the speakers.


UH Library Moves to New System

As of 8 January 2001, the University of Hawai‘i library system moved from the CARL library system (UHCARL) to the Endeavor system (Hawai‘i Voyager). The online catalog for the University of Hawai‘i at Manoa can now be accessed at the following site:

The following databases have not yet migrated to this new system, however, and can still be accessed from the old UHCARL website at Hawai‘i Pacific Journal Index, Trust Territory Archives, Bishop Museum, and the Hawaii State Archives.

The new Hawai‘i Voyager catalog is a shared database (combined system catalog) that includes holdings for University of Hawai‘i system libraries on all campuses. The holdings for Hamilton Library (including the Pacific Collection and the Hawaiian Collection) appear at the end of the list of sites.

Barnwell Joins Pacific Collection
In mid-March 2001 Jane Barnwell, formerly librarian of Palau Community College (PCC), will join the staff of the Pacific Collection at UH Library.  Ms Barnwell’s earlier work in Pacific studies at the University of Oregon, her development of the excellent PCC Library, her active role in the Pacific Islands Association of Libraries and Archives, and her participation in professional conferences have given her an extensive background in Pacific librarianship.  She will join Karen Peacock and Lynette Furuhashi in working on acquisitions, reference, and instruction for the Pacific Collection.

Effective 1 January 2001, Peacock became Head of Special Collections.  Although she will remain Curator of the Pacific Collection, her appointment means that she will spend half of her time on departmental affairs.  This development resulted in the creation of a new Pacific specialist position, which Jane Barnwell will fill.

UH Library Renovation

From May through August of 2001 the UH Hamilton Library will be undergoing renovation and asbestos removal. Temporary facilities will be available in the new wing of the library, but normal services and access to many collections will be curtailed. As there are not yet specific details on access for Pacific resources, researchers should contact Karen Peacock, Pacific Curator, before planning summer travel to Honolulu. She can be reached by e-mail at, by phone at (808) 956-2851, or by fax at (808) 956-5968.


The center lost a longtime member of its affiliate faculty with the death on 16 October of biologist and director of the University of Hawai‘i’s Harold L Lyon Arboretum, Charles H Lamoureux. A member of the university community for 41 years, Dr Lamoureux held many administrative roles, from chair of the botany department to associate dean for academic affairs in the UHM College of Arts and Sciences. For many years he and Dr Alison Kay, also a member of the CPIS affiliate faculty, have cotaught the popular course Natural History of the Hawaiian Islands. As a researcher, he did field work in American Samoa, Indonesia, and Micronesia. A world authority on plants, he was also a consultant to such agencies as the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Dr Lamoureux taught thousands of students over his long career and will be remembered for his enthusiasm, his scholarship, and his work on conservation and environmental projects as well as his encyclopedic knowledge of plants. A memorial service attended by many friends and colleagues was held 18 November at the Lyon Arboretum. The Charles H Lamoureux Memorial Fund has been established at the University of Hawai‘i Foundation. Contributions can be sent to UH Foundation, Bachman 101, University of Hawai‘i, Honolulu, Hawai‘i 96822.


As reported in the last newsletter, Dr Norman Meller, political scientist and former Director of CPIS, passed away in July 2000. Dr Meller bequeathed a gift of $5,000 to CPIS with its disposition left to the discretion of the center.

For most of his career, Meller was associated with the MA program in Pacific Islands studies, and it is appropriate to announce the creation of the Norman Meller Award for the best MA research paper of the year at the University of Hawai‘i. The award is $250, and both Plan A and Plan B students are eligible. Papers should be submitted to Robert C Kiste at the address on the masthead. Deadline for submissions is 30 April 2001.

To honor Dr Meller and insure the longevity of the award, contributions to the Meller fund are welcomed. Dr Kiste has made an initial gift. Checks should be made payable to the University of Hawai‘i Foundation and labeled “Meller Fund—Pacific Islands Studies.” Contributions should be mailed directly to the University of Hawai‘i Foundation, Bachman Hall 101, University of Hawai‘i, Honolulu, Hawai‘i 96822.


Ben Finney, Professor of Anthropology, and Marion Kelly, Professor of Ethnic Studies, have retired as members of the university faculty and the Center for Pacific Islands Studies affiliate faculty. Both have worked with CPIS for many years, teaching and researching contemporary as well as historical issues in Hawai‘i as well as other parts of the Pacific.

Finney has taught at UHM for 30 years and was chair of the Department of Anthropology from 1986 to 1995. In 1997 he received the UH Regents’ Medal for excellence in research. One of his main interests has been applying anthropological perspectives to exploring, using, and living in space. In 1995 he was awarded the Tsiolkovsky Medal, in Russia, for his contributions to the study of cosmonautics. Another long-term interest has been experimental voyaging in the Pacific. For his contributions to the revival of traditional canoe voyaging and the study of Polynesian culture, he was awarded the French University of the Pacific Medal in 1995.

Marion Kelly was the first graduate of the UHM Pacific Islands studies program (MA 1956). After serving in the anthropology department at Bernice P Bishop Museum, she joined the Ethnic Studies Program at UH Manoa. She has been active on behalf of Hawaiian land issues for many years, and although her research interests are wide-ranging she is probably best known for her research and writing on the Mahele of 1848. She has been honored by the Association for Asian American Studies as well as Hawai‘i’s Thousand Friends and the Hawaiian Historical Society.


Fale‘ula o Fatua‘iupu

Samoan Language International Commission

and First Academic Conference

National University of Samoa


by Luafata Simanu-Klutz


From precontact times to the first half of the twentieth century, Samoan chiefs held a fale‘ula o fatua‘iupu on a regular basis to construct and challenge new knowledge and information on language and culture. Fale (house) and ‘ula (garland or beautiful), was a gathering place where matai (chiefs) came to initiate new ones and to fatu (create new ‘upu, or words). In addition (according to Reverend and Senator Fa‘ivae Galeai of Leone, American Samoa, who grew up in Manu‘a) a fale‘ula o fatua‘iupu was an exclusive occasion when an untitled man could be initiated into chieftainship through a sponsor (a chief or matai) based on the aesthetics and accuracy of his oratorical performance. No one became chief if they failed the oratorical test. The first fale‘ula were apparently run by aitu, supernatural beings, and were held in the wee hours of the morning.

On 8 and 9 December 2000, two CPIS affiliates attended the first meeting of a modern fale‘ula o fatua‘iupu, a language commission recently formed in Apia, Samoa, with a vision of working together to oversee trends, issues, and policies affecting and governing the acquisition and application of the Samoan language wherever it exists. John Mayer, coordinator of the Samoan Language program at the University of Hawai‘i and I, a graduate assistant at CPIS, joined representatives from Samoa, American Samoa, New Zealand, Hawai‘i, and California at this landmark event. The major outcome of the meeting was the approval of a constitution.

The international fale‘ula will function primarily as a forum for discussing and monitoring trends and issues of the Samoan language and culture wherever Samoans reside. It will have no jurisdiction over who becomes a chief; however, it will forge an understanding among the general Samoan public of the value and validity of both similarities and particularities that exist among and at the various locations. For instance, Samoan spoken in Samoa will not be superior to the version used in Hawai‘i, but a different version. Needless to say, it is the intention of the group to make clear that no entity can claim linguistic or cultural superiority over another.

Understanding that language evolves and changes in its border crossings, the fale‘ula will not impose policies, but will recommend and reconcile content and form considered necessary for the survival and maintenance of the Samoan language wherever it travels. A secondary function of the fale‘ula will be to oversee curricula and instructional development in the schools. Its next task will be to prioritize issues and needs in respective countries and then pool appropriate expertise from among Samoans and others around the world to facilitate development and maintenance of research, curricula, and public and private fale‘ula.

The meeting was hosted by the Samoan Language Department at the National University of Samoa, and cosponsored by the American Samoa Humanities Council, the Samoan Department at the National University of Samoa, American Samoa Community College, the Departments of Education in both Samoa, and the Samoan Language Department at the University of Hawai‘i at Manoa. The group will meet annually at a location approved at a previous meeting and will be hosted by the entity where the president and chair resides at a particular time. Currently, Aiono Dr Fanaafi Le Tagaloa, president of the AMOSAAcademy in Samoa, is the first president and chair. Samoa will again host the 2001 meeting. The secretariat of the fale‘ula is currently at the American Samoa Community College under the leadership of Dr Salu Hunkin, president of the college.

The pioneers of this effort have been coordinators of Samoan language programs at institutions of higher learning and include Galumalemana Alfred Hunkin and Muliagatele Vavao from Victoria University of Wellington and Auckland University respectively; Dr Salu Hunkin of American Samoa Community College; Maulolo Le‘aula Tavita, coordinator of the Samoan Language Program at the National University of Samoa; Lui Tuitele, past chair of the American Samoa Humanities Council; and John Mayer. John and I have also been actively involved as members of a planning task force. We hope to host a fale‘ula in Hawai‘i in the near future.

In our opinion, Samoa is the natural setting for this critical forum. The governments of both Samoa and American Samoa have mandated support of the international body through either law or policy. Moreover, both entities have mandated the formation of local language commissions.
After the fale‘ula,
I was able to stay on and participate in the first ever academic conference hosted by the National University of Samoa from 11–14 December 2000. Called Measina a Samoa, the conference attracted many voices from around the Pacific. (Measina is Samoan for the “jewels” of a culture. A fine mat or tapa cloth is a measina, as are local knowledge and practices, chiefs, women, and so forth.) The conference, convened by Dr Asiata Vaai, director of the Institute of Samoan Studies, was a coordinated effort among all the faculties of the university. Deans of various faculties attended, and many of them presented papers—in Samoan or English or both. No one seemed put off by not understanding a paper delivered in Samoan. Apologies and offers for private discussions with nonvernacular speakers were announced in advance. A booklet of abstracts was made available.

Prominent scholars such as Aiono Fanaafi Le Tagaloa from AMOSA, Albert Wendt and Reina Whaitiri from Auckland University, and Elise Huffer from the University of the South Pacific provided leadership and inspiration. Aumua Mataitusi Simanu from the Manoa Samoan language department also attended and enjoyed the food and papers. My own paper addressed some of the issues of Samoan migration to Hawai‘i, including the challenges that the matai face there: from the lack of a land base and daily access to an extended family, to having their pule (authority) supplanted by the church; the Samoan matai has become a “rusty” measina in need of a polish.

Other themes throughout the week included Samoa  and other Pacific cultures; society, environment, and the economy; literature, art, and education; Samoan women and theology; and the future. Presentations took various forms—from oratory to sermon to Power Point slides, and all in the cool of an air-conditioned conference facility. Participants also enjoyed cultural activities in the evenings, such as an ‘ava ceremony, a hotel dinner, and an opera performed by the students of the National University.

The Measina a Samoa conference may become a Christmas special for all those interested in a mixture of academics and fun in Samoa in December. For more information, contact Asiata Saleimoa Vaai at the National University of Samoa:



Eighth Festival of Pacific Arts


by Barbara B Smith


The 8th Festival of Pacific Arts, held in New Caledonia 23 October—3 November 2000, brought together c. 2500 participants from almost every country in the Pacific plus perhaps 1000 others who attended to enjoy—and many to document for study purposes—this celebration of the artistry of the peoples of the Pacific Islands. Among those from UHM were CPIS affiliate music faculty members Dr Jane Moulin and Professor Emeritus Barbara Smith, and Haili‘opua Baker and Keliko Hoe, Hawaiian language lecturers and halau members of the official Hawai‘i delegation.

Hawai‘i was represented by the organization Halau Haloa, an umbrella organization whose Director is Kalani Akana.  The male dancers were drawn from Ka Pa Hula Hawai‘i, under the direction of Kaha‘i Topolinski.  Female dancers were from Halau Mohala ‘Ilima, under the direction of Mapuana deSilva.

The first festival (then called the South Pacific Festival of Arts) was held in Fiji in 1972, initiated by the South Pacific Commission to encourage respect for, and appreciation of, the traditional arts— especially dance. Subsequent festivals, each in a different country, have been held at four-year intervals (except for 1984 when the festival was scheduled for New Caledonia but aborted due to civil unrest and rescheduled for Tahiti in 1985). The major concentration of activities has taken place in large centers—Rotorua, New Zealand in 1976; Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea in 1980; Papeete, Tahiti in 1985; Townsville, Australia in 1988, Rarotonga, Cook Islands in 1992, Apia, Western Samoa  (now
Samoa) in 1996—with tours to and other activities in smaller centers in the country.

Each host country has chosen a theme, and introduced or given special prominence to one or another of the arts (eg, voyaging, tattoo, fashion show, etc). As subsequent festivals have tended to retain previous additions, the scope of activities has continued to expand with the variety and number of presentations from each country requiring an increased number of venues to showcase them. Particularly appropriate to the year 2000, the theme of the Festival in New Caledonia was “Words of the Past, Words of the Present, Words of the Future,” with presentations at fifteen venues in Noumea plus venues in Koné and Poindimié (both in the north of the Grande Terre) and on Lifou (one of the Loyalty Islands).

As in most previous festivals, a Festival Village, with a thatched kiosk for each participating country (and other kisoks for ticket sales, stamp exhibit, book exhibit, etc) was constructed for the display (and in most cases also for sale) of each country’s distinctive arts and crafts. In Noumea, the Festival Village was also a venue for almost continuous performances from 10 am to 10 pm (or even later). Cuisines of the Pacific (at the Festival Village), choral singing (at several venues), and contemporary plastic arts (the Melanesian Biennial at the strikingly beautiful and functional Tjibaou Cultural Centre that was built in anticipation of this festival) were given more prominence than in previous festivals. New musics in popular idioms, and new dramas for Western-style theaters, were extensively presented. Nevertheless, exceptionally fine performances of both traditional dance (eg, that of Kiribati) and new choreographies (eg, that of the Wetr group from Lifou) received enthusiastic acclaim and the “Tahitian Spectacular” introduced most of those in attendance to sophisticated new lighting effects and incorporation of a simultaneously screened film as backdrop for basically traditional-style dance.

The Palau delegation, led by Faustina Rehuher (MA 1989) was prominent in official functions and demonstrated the republic’s readiness to host the 9th festival in 2004.


During fall semester 2000, CPIS students worked with counterparts at Canterbury University in Aotearoa/New Zealand in a unique experiment in collaborative teaching and learning. The four-week interactive module on migration, called Oceania on the Move, used e-mail and web-based technology to link UH students in PACS 491 The Contemporary Pacific with students in a Pacific history course at Canterbury. Participants on both campuses were enthusiastic about Oceania on the Move, which will be offered again in 2001. The module was developed by CPIS faculty member Terence Wesley-Smith and Canterbury’s Peter Hempenstall as part of the Ford Foundation–funded Moving Cultures project. Similar collaborative teaching ventures are being developed with the University of the South Pacific in Fiji, Ateneo de Zamboanga in Mindanao, The Philippines, and The National University of Singapore.


The Pacific was represented by a number of films at the November 2000 Hawai‘i International Film Festival (HIFF). The twentieth annual festival was notable, among other things, for the first ever full-length feature film to be Hawaiian acted and produced and in the Hawaiian language. Ka‘ililauokekoa (80 min) relates the legend of Kaua‘i Chiefess Ka‘ililauokekoa. Among other Pacific films at the twentieth anniversary festival were:

·       Compassionate Exile (59 min) is a film that explores, through oral histories, life on Makogai, in Fiji, an island that served as a leprosarium for a number of Pacific Islands countries from 1911 to 1969. The film documents both the personal histories of its subjects and the wider social history of Makogai. (Reviewed in The Contemporary Pacific, Spring 2001.)

·       The Feathers of Peace (35 mm, 88 min) is a documentary based on Michael King’s novel, Moriori, the Feathers of Peace, about the Moriori people of the Chatham Islands. Directed by Barry Barclay, the film exposes the tragedy that befell a group of people who lived and died by their tradition of peace.

·       Tu Tangata: Weaving for the People (68 min) explores the artwork and ideology of the women weavers of the Waiwhetu Maori community in Aotearoa/New Zealand. It weaves together cultural identity, family, community, and spiritual values, along with respect for natural resources.

·       Rising Waters: Global Warming and the Fate of the Pacific Islands (57 min) looks at the consequences of rising sea levels and travels to the Pacific to interview government officials and NGO personnel working to deal with this problem. This film will be shown on public television in the United States later in the year.

·       Since the Company Came (52 min) is the story of a community in the Solomon Islands as it tries to come to terms with the social, cultural, and ecological disruption caused by logging.

·       Conserving Pacific Heritage (34 min) shows the biological diversity of the islands and introduces the South Pacific Biodiversity Conservation Programme.

·       Cross the Rainbow Bridge: Our Story (29 min) looks at historical connections between Hawaiian voyagers and Native Americans and documents internet contacts between Sherman Indian High School in Riverside, California, and the Anuenue Hawaiian Language Immersion School in Honolulu.

·       Te Pito O Te Henua: Rapa Nui (60 min) tells a story of Rapa Nui and explores the close ties between Rapa Nui people and the people of Hawai‘i brought about by the voyaging canoe Hokule‘a.

·       Pacific Passages (30 min) is designed for secondary school classroom use. It interweaves contemporary footage of life cycle ritual events with daily activities of Islanders from across the Pacific and with artwork from the Honolulu Academy of Arts and the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum.

·       Aloha Quest: Parts 1 & 2 (120 min) is based on a six-hour educational television, and simultaneous webcast, presentation that took place on 19 December 1999. It features live interviews, musical performances, and pre-recorded segments focusing on Hawaiian sovereignty.

·       Taro Roots (29 min) tells the story of a young Hawaiian man trying to survive and raise a daughter in the urban center of Honolulu who inherits family lands on rural Moloka‘i. The film won the Blockbuster Video Audience Award for best short.

·       Hokule‘a: Guiding Star (56 min) tells a story of the voyaging canoe and the trip to Rapa Nui.

·       Kumu Hula: A Tradition of Teachers (30 min) uses interviews to explore all aspects of the teaching of hula, including apprenticeships and the relationship of students to their teachers.

·       He‘eia: Where Two Waters Meet (40 min) is the story of the fishpond He‘eia and the commitment of the people who live and volunteer at the pond.

·       May Earth Live: A Journey Through the Hawaiian Forest (57 min) is the story of Hawai‘i’s native forests: are they being saved or are they being destroyed? The video was shown on Hawai‘i Public Television and will be distributed nationally during the first half of 2001.

·       A Mau A Mau: To Continue Forever (60 min) focuses on John Ka‘imikaua’s gifts as a historian, storyteller, visionary, kumu hula, and chanter.

The twenty-first annual Hawaii International Film Festival will be held 2–11 November 2001. For information on the festival, and for more information on the films listed above, see the HIFF website at


Pacific Islanders in Communications (PIC) has announced its latest awards for funding for video programming in the categories of research and development, production, and completion. Among the film subjects are Hawaiian sovereignty, the political evolution of American Samoa, Maori participation in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century American whaling, a Hawaiian-coached youth football team in Guam, and the preservation of Hawai‘i’s cultural landscape. CPIS members, Terence Wesley-Smith and Luafata Simanu-Klutz were a part of the Media Fund panel.

The deadline to apply for Media Fund 2001 is 3 August 2001. The fund for 2001 has doubled to $200,000. Applications are available on-line at or by contacting PIC at 1221 Kapi‘olani Boulevard, Suite 6A-4, Honolulu, Hawai‘i 96814-3513 or by e-mail at


Konai Helu Thaman, Head of the School of Humanities, and Randy Thaman, Professor of Pacific Islands Biogeography, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji, were visiting scholars at CPIS during September and October. On leave from USP, they were working on various writing projects and doing research in Hamilton Library. They also gave a talk at the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo on circumstances surrounding the recent coup in Fiji.

Christiane Brosius, DFG-Projekt Theatralität und Kolonialismus, in the Institut für Theaterwissenschaft, Universität Mainz, Germany, visited the center in October to talk to Vilsoni Hereniko and to pursue research in the Wong Audiovisual Collection on the representation of the Pacific in early films.


Betty P Ickes, a doctoral student in the UHM Department of History, gave a talk on Expanding a Colonized Landfall: Relocating Olohega in the History of Tokelau on 17 October. Ickes research looked at oral traditions and histories, manuscripts, and missionary journals relating to the history of Olohega (Swain’s Island) and competing claims of Tokelau and American Samoa.

Jean Louis Rallu, National Institute for Population Studies, Paris, and Visiting Fellow in the Population, Society, and Development Studies Program, East-West Center, gave a talk on 31 October on Population and Social Change in New Caledonia following the Matignon Agreements. While the Matignon Agreements in 1988 were intended to reduce inequalities between regions and communities, high immigration from mainland France has followed the flow of cash generated by the agreements, increasing imbalances in some sectors.

David Earle, manager of Program and Service Evaluation in Te Puni Kokiri—Ministry of Maori Development, Government of New Zealand, gave a talk on 6 November on Kia Tu Rangatira Ai Te Ao Maori—Reinventing Government Responsiveness to Maori. Earle, a graduate of the Pacific Islands studies program at UHM (MA 1993), talked about how the Labour government’s focus on building the capacity of Maori communities through local development initiatives will potentially affect the way government services are perceived, delivered, and evaluated.

Adria Imada, graduate student in American studies at New York University, presented her video, Aunty Betty, at a seminar on 21 November. Imada is researching the lives of Hawaiian entertainers touring on the US continent and in the Pacific Islands in the twentieth century. Betty Puanani Makia, a Native Hawaiian, who has made her home in New York City since 1938 and who entertained in floorshows and national television in the 1940s and 1950s, is the focus of Imada’s first video.

David Chappell, Associate Professor of History at UHM, gave a report on the thirtieth meeting of the Committee of Representatives of Governments and Administrations (CRGA), held in Noumea, 20–24 November 2000. The CRGA, the annual business meeting of the Pacific Community (formerly the South Pacific Commission) hears reports of programs dealing with marine, social, and land resources in addition to dealing with the budget and other business. Chappell represented UH Manoa and the Center for Pacific Islands Studies at the meeting.


CPIS bids aloha and best wishes to Michael Ogden, former affiliate faculty member in the UHM Department of Communication, who resigned to take a position at Central Washington University. Ogden is helping launch a film and video studies major at CWU while working on other information technology projects. He plans to maintain his Pacific Islands Internet Resources website ( en/piir/index.html) and eventually move it to CWU. He can be contacted at

David Chappell, John Mayer, and Terence Wesley-Smith are enjoying sabbaticals during spring semester 2001. All will return to teaching duties in August 2001. Chappell will be in New Caledonia February through April, examining 1970s Kanak and Caledonian student radicalism. Mayer and Wesley-Smith are working on writing projects.

Vilsoni Hereniko has been invited to talk to the Native Hawaiian Bar Association on 22 February about “Literature, Cultural Politics, and Identity in the New Pacific.”

Caroline Sinavaiana-Gabbard and Haunani-Kay Trask have articles in the current issue of Amerasia Journal, Vol 26, No 2. They are, respectively, “John Kneubuhl’s ‘Polynesian’ Theater at the Crossroads: At Play in the Fields of Cultural Identity” and “Settlers of Color and Immigrant Hegemony: ‘Locals’ in Hawai‘i.”

Terry Hunt is running archaeological field schools in Fiji and Rapa Nui in June-July 2001. For information see his website at http://www2.s


Kamalu DuPreez-Aiavao has been awarded an internship with NAGPRA (Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act) at Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum. The internship, which runs from 20 January to 26 May 2001, is directed by Dr Guy Kaulukukui. The internship is open to Native Hawaiian undergraduate and graduate students who have a background in Hawaiian studies or anthropology and who are interested in learning about the museum’s responsibilities regarding the NAGPRA law. Two students were selected for the spring internship, and two more students will be selected for summer 2001. Applications for the summer internships will be accepted in May 2001. Interested students should contact Dr Kaulukukui at 847-8274. Students who are selected are paid a stipend, attend 15 hours of instruction a week, and contribute to ongoing repatriations being conducted by the museum during their training period. Part of their coursework includes Culture and History of Traditional Hawai‘i taught by Kumu John Keola Lake.

Anne Perez Hattori (MA 1995) was awarded her doctorate in Pacific history from UHM in 1999 and is now an assistant professor in the Division of Humanistic Studies at the University of Guam where she is teaching world history and history of Micronesia. She has a chapter, “Feminine Hygiene: Chamorro Women’s Health and the US Navy,” forthcoming in Engendering Health in the Pacific: Colonial and Contemporary Perspectives, edited by Margaret Jolly and Vicki Lukere.

J Kalani English (MA 1995) has been elected to the Senate in the Hawai‘i State Legislature. He represents Wailuku, Kahului, and Upcountry Maui.


Issue 13:1 of the center’s journal, The Contemporary Pacific, includes:



From Rolling Thunder to Reggae: Imagining Squatter Settlements in Papua New Guinea

      Michael Goddard


Academic Responsibilities and Representation of the Ok Tedi Crisis in Postcolonial Papua New Guinea

      David Hyndman


“How We Know”: Kwara‘ae Rural Villagers Doing Indigenous Epistemology

David Welchman Gegeo and Karen Ann Watson-Gegeo


Creating Options: Forming a Marshallese community in Orange County, California

Jim Hess, Karen L Nero, and Michael L Burton



Our Own Liberation: Reflections on Hawaiian Epistemology

Manu Aluli Meyer


The Oceanic Imaginary



David and Goliath

Vilsoni Hereniko


Response to “The Oceanic Imaginary”

Caroline Sinavaiana-Gabbard


(Re)visioning Knowledge Transformation in the Pacific: A Response to Subramani’s “The Oceanic Imaginary”

David Welchman Gegeo


An Interview with Subramani

Vilsoni Hereniko


Political Reviews

Micronesia in Review: Issues and Events, 1 July 1999 to 30 June 2000

Joakim Peter, Gonzaga Puas, Donald R Shuster, Julie Walsh


Polynesia in Review: Issues and Events, 1 July 1999 to 30 June 2000

Kerry James, Keli Kalolo, Steven Levine, Margaret Mutu, Asofou So‘o, Karin von Strokirch


Sinclair Dinnen’s Law and Order in a Weak State: Crime and Politics in Papua New Guinea is the seventeenth volume in the center’s Pacific Islands Monograph Series. The following is taken from series editor David Hanlon’s editor’s note:

“Twenty-five years after securing independence, the government of Papua New Guinea struggles to make a nation out of the many diverse communities within its borders. This predicament mirrors the dilemma facing many postcolonial governments where the creation of the state has preceded the development of any real national consciousness. Securing a diverse population’s allegiance to a national ideology is compounded in Papua New Guinea by a host of interrelated social and economic problems, not the least of which are a stagnant economy, a young, expanding, and increasingly frustrated population, and crime. The illegal, sectarian, and violence-promoting activities of some politicians further strain the credibility, even viability, of Papua New Guinea’s government. The totality, complexity, and richness of the country certainly cannot be reduced to the issue of public order. Nonetheless, lawlessness has become a measure for the performance and future prospects of the government.”

In his book, Dinnen focuses on three case studies involving urban gangs, mining security, and election-related violence, “charting not only the problems and complexities of crime, but the possibilities for constructive, pragmatic solutions.” His findings challenge the findings of much of the existing literature on law and order in Papua New Guinea.

Sinclair Dinnen is a fellow in the Department of Political and Social Change, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University and former senior researcher in the Crime Division of the National Research Institute in PNG. The book is published by CPIS and University of Hawai‘i Press (ISBN 0-8248-2280-3, 248 pages, US$40 cloth).

Law and Order in a Weak State marks a change of editorship for the Pacific Islands Monograph Series (PIMS). David Hanlon, Professor of History at UHM and former editor of The Contemporary Pacific, succeeds CPIS Director Robert C Kiste in this position. Hanlon can be contacted at the Department of History, University of Hawai‘i at Mnoa, Sak A-203, 2530 Dole Street, Honolulu, Hawai‘i 96822 or by e-mail at


UH Press Publications

Ethnographic Artifacts: Challenges to a Reflexive Anthropology, edited by Sjoerd R Jaarsma and Marta A Rohatynskyj, examines anthropological practice and product, confronting issues of representation and the power of discourse in the lives and practice of both those doing research and of those being researched. The book consists of eight case studies by ethnographers with extensive research experience in the Pacific. The contributors, in addition to Jaarsma and Rohatynskyj, are Niko Besnier, Jonathan Friedman, Michael Goldsmith, Grant McCall, Mary N MacDonald, Judith Macdonald, and Toon van Meijl. ISBN 0-8248-2302-8 (paper), 280 pages, US$27.95.

Emplaced Myth: Space, Narrative, and Knowledge in Aboriginal Australia and Papua New Guinea, edited by anthropologists Alan Rumsey and James F Weiner, situates the ethnography of the two areas within a comparative framework and examines the relationship between indigenous systems of knowledge and “place.” The contributors, in addition to the editors, are Lissant Bolton, Andrew Lattas, Anthony Redmond, Deborah Rose, Eric Silverman, Pamela J Stewart, Andrew Strathern, Roy Wagner, and Jürg Wassman. ISBN 0-8248-2389-3 (paper), 328 pages, US$27.95 paper, US$55.00 cloth.

Samoa: Pacific Pride, text by Graeme Lay, writer of fiction and nonfiction, and photographs by Evotia Tamua, explores the origin of the land and its people, the fauna and flora, climate, agriculture, and food. It also describes village life and recounts events from the ancient past to European contact, including the emergence of the two political states of American Samoa  and Samoa. The book is distributed outside the Pacific for Pacifika Press. ISBN 0-908597-19-3, 96 pages, US$25.00 paper.

Isles of Refuge: Wildlife and History of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, by Mark J Rauzon, is the first book solely devoted to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. In the book, biologist and photographer Rauzon shares his first-hand knowledge of their natural history and provides a narrative of his travels and conservation efforts. ISBN 0-8248-2330-3 (paper), 272 pages, US$29.95 paper, US$60.00 cloth.

UH Press books can be ordered through the Orders Department, University of Hawai‘i Press, 2840 Kolowalu Street, Honolulu, HI 96822-1888. Website:

Other Publications

Islands of Rainforest: Agroforestry, Logging and Eco-tourism in Solomon Islands, by Edvard Hviding (an anthropologist at University of Bergen, Norway) and Tim Bayliss-Smith (a geographer at University of Cambridge, UK), is an analysis of modern initiatives in the tropical rainforests of the Solomon Islands. The authors consider issues such as logging, eco-timber, and eco-tourism from the local people’s viewpoint, in terms of a long history of rainforest uses. It reveals how processes of “impact” are actually two-way interactions, as local communities incorporate industries like logging into a rapidly evolving postcolonial society and economy. The book is published by Ashgate ( ISBN 0-7546-1233-3, 404 pages, pounds 47.50 cloth.

Art and Culture of Micronesian Women is the catalog for an interpretive exhibition presented by the Isla Center for the Arts and the Women and Gender Studies Program at the University of Guam, 13 April–22 May 2000. The 34-page catalog, edited by Kimberlee S Kihleng and Nancy P Pacheco, contains photographs of weavings, body ornamentation, and plaited work, as well as visual images taken over the past 100 years showing examples of the art in context. Additional contributors to the text include Anne Perez Hattori (MA 1995), Donald Rubinstein, and Judy Flores. The cover art is by Margo Vitarelli (MA 1985). The catalog is available from the Women and Gender Studies Program, University of Guam, UOG Station, Mangilao, Guam 96923. US$15 paper.

No Te Parau Tia, No Te Parau Mau: For Justice, Truth and Independence, a report on the eighth Nuclear Free and Independent Pacific (NFIP) conference in Tahiti, has been published by the Pacific Concerns Resource Centre, in Suva, Fiji. F$20 includes postage. More information is available on the website or by e-mail at

Pacific Postmodern: From the Sublime to the Devious, Writing the Experimental/Local Pacific in Hawai‘i, by Rob Wilson, has been published in an edition of 200 by Tinfish, 47-391 Hui Iwa Street, #3, Kane‘ohe, Hawai‘i 96744. 30 pages.

The Language of the Noble Savage: The Linguistic Fieldwork of Reinhold and George Forster on Cook’s Second Voyage to the Paific 1772-1775, by Karl H Rensch, has been published by Archipelago Press. ISBN 0957731515, 349 pages, US$40.00. Order through Archipelago Press, Box 274, Mawson 2607, Australia. Fax 61-2-62916455.


Chea’s Great Kuarao (57 min), a video by Edvard Hviding, Rolf Scott, and Trygve Tollefsen, focuses on the everyday lives of the Marovo people of the Western Province, Solomon Islands. It follows the Chea villagers through five days of a ritualized communal fishing expedition known as kuarao. The film, made in collaboration with the Solomon Islands National Museum and the Chea villagers, was made to document the art of kuarao fishing as well as to convey Chea villagers’ pride in their way of life and their kastom (custom) and its uses in a changing world. For information, contact Professor Edvard Hviding by e-mail at or by fax at (47) 55 58 92 60.

Kula—Ring of Fire (52 min) tells the story of a Trobriand Islands chief, Nalabatau, and his visition of kula, the elaborate exchange cycle that links the islands. The video is directed by Michael Balson and produced by Sky Visuals with national Geographic Explorer, ZDF Germany, and the Finnish Broadcasting Corporation. VHS, 0-8248-2313-3, US$30. It is available from University of Hawai‘i Press.


Anthology of Pacific Music—Rabi is the fifteenth in a series of Pacific music CDs produced by the Mundo Etnico Foundation in the Netherlands. Other volumes include music of Tonga, Samoa, Tuvalu, Hawai‘i, Cook Islands, Rapa Nui, Rotuma, and Fiji. More information is available on the website at The price outside Europe is Euro 21.60.


Native Hawaiian Education Conference

The Native Hawaiian Education Association (NHEA) announces its second annual education convention at Kapi‘olani Community College in Honolulu, 30–31 March 2001. Convention highlights include addresses by Jon Osorio and Manu Meyer, workshops on topics such as Hawaiian language, charter schools, leadership programs, Hawaiians in graduate programs, and technology. The convention is open to all educators. To request a registration packet, send an e-mail to

Tongan History Conference

The biennial Tongan History Association Conference will be held 2–6 April 2001 at the University of Utah. The theme is Tonga and its diasporic communities in the twenty-first century. The conference is sponsored by the University of Utah, the Pacific Islander Student Association, the Center for Ethnic Student Affairs, and the National Tongan-American Society. Information and a registration form are available on the website at http://sunsite.anu

Symposium on Asia-Pacific Architecture

A symposium on Asia-Pacific Architecture, “Sensible Design and Smart Practice,” will be held 5–7 April at the University of Hawai‘i School of Architecture. Speakers will join in three sessions that focus on how to improve buildings, cities, and the living environment in the region. The website is http://web1.arch.hawaii.ed u/events/symposium4/.

Second European Colloquium on Micronesia

The second European Colloquium on Micronesia, sponsored by the Department of Philosophy of Values and Social Anthropology of the University of the Basque Country, Centre de recherche et documentation sur l’Océanie (CREDO), and Institute de recherche pour le développement (IRD) will be held in San Sebastian, Spain, 17–20 April 2001. Proposals for papers will be accepted until 5 March. For more information contact the organizers by e-mail at

CORAIL Symposium in December 2001

The CORAIL Association, in conjunction with the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) and the Institute of Agronomy of New Caledonia (IAC), is organizing a multi-disciplinary symposium in Noumea and Koné, New Caledonia, 3–5 December 2001. The theme is “Culture and Nature in the Pacific,” which embraces every aspect of Islanders’ relationships with nature (literary, scientific, technical, philosophical, anthropological, medical, and artistic). Proposed papers with a 500-word summary should be sent by 30 June 2001 to Hamid Mokaddem by e-mail at

Conferences Announced in Previous Newsletters

Building Bridges with Traditional Knowledge II: An Exploration of Issues Involving Indigenous Peoples, Conservation, Development and Ethnosciences for the New Millennium, will be held 28 May–3 June 2001 in Honolulu. Website:

The Tenth Pacific Science Inter-Congress will be held at the University of Guam, 1–6 June 2001. The theme is “The Integration of Natural and Social Sciences in the New Pacific Millennium.” For information, contact Joyce Marie Camacho at or view the website at http://www.10psicguam.html.


Micronesian Seminar Library Online

Fifteen thousand titles of the Micronesian Seminar library in Pohnpei, one of the best specialized collections on Micronesia, are now searchable online at The collection can be searched by author, title, subject, category, and year of publication. Users can e-mail the Micronesian Seminar library to request copies of publications.

Oral History in the Pacific

The Alexander Turnbull Library, in conjunction with its Oral History Centre, would like to work with Pacific Islands nations, through training and workshops, to advance oral history and its preservation. The library would like to hear from those engaged in oral history work in the Pacific if the sponsoring organization did not already receive a questionnaire from the library. For information contact Diane Woods, Librarian, Research Centre, Alexander Turnbull Library, e-mail:

On-line Index of New Zealand and Pacific Websites

Te Puna Web Directory, an on-line index of selected New Zealand and Pacific Islands websites, has been launched by the National Library of New Zealand. It is available at directory.

Position of Dean of Student Programs at EWC

The position of Dean of Student Programs in the Education Program at the East-West Center in Honolulu is being advertised. Complete information about the position is available on-line at about-eo.asp. Applications received by 15 March 2001 will receive full consideration.

Position of Dean, Learning Resources, UOG

The University of Guam is looking for a skilled administrator for its Learning Resources Unit, the university’s central library facility. Qualification requirements include an ALA-accredited master’s degree and an earned doctorate in any field from an accredited institution. The deadline for applications is 15 April 2001. Information is available on the RFK Library website at or contact Suzanne T Bell at

Position for Cultural Anthropologist in Palau

The Palau Historic Preservation Program in the Ministry of Community and Cultural Affairs, Government of the Republic of Palau, seeks a cultural anthropologist/ethnographer to codirect the Oral History and Ethnography Program. The contract position is renewable annually and is funded by the National Park Service, US Department of Interior.  Position starting date is 15 May and closing date for applications is 15 March. An application and further information is available from Vicky N Kanai, Palau Historic Preservation Program, PO Box 535, Koror, PW 96940; e-mail:

Seeking Papers on Pacific Cross-Cultural Contacts

Mark Allen, editor of Mains’l Haul: A Journal of Pacific Maritime History, is interested in putting together a special issue on cross-cultural contacts in the Pacific. He can be contacted by e-mail at or at the San Diego Maritime Museum, 1306 N Harbor Drive, San Diego, California 92101.

Hawaiian Production at Hawai‘i Theatre

The Natives are Restless, the critically acclaimed theatrical dance production directed by Patrick Makuakane of Na Lei Hulu I Ka Wekiu in San Francisco, returns to the Hawai‘i Theater in Honolulu, 23–25 March 2001. Natives explores, in traditional and contemporary hula, the impact of the missionaries and the resilience of the Hawaiian culture. For tickets, call the Hawai‘i Theater box office at (808) 528-0506.

Transcripts Available for Na Maka Videos

Na Maka o ka ‘Aina (The Eyes of the Land), an independent video production team that focuses on the land and the people of Hawai‘i and the Pacific, now makes transcripts of some of their videos available. For a list of transcripts see their website at or send an e-mail to They can also be reached at PO Box 29, Na‘alehu, Hawai‘i 96772-0029.

Pacific News from Manoa
is published quarterly by
The Center for Pacific Islands Studies
School of Hawaiian, Asian and Pacific Studies
University of Hawai‘i at Manoa
1890 East-West Road
Honolulu, HI 96822 USA
Phone: (808) 956-7700
Fax: (808) 956-7053

Robert C Kiste, Director
Letitia Hickson, Editor

Items in this newsletter may be freely reprinted.
Acknowledgment of the source would be appreciated. To receive the
newsletter electronically, contact the editor at the e-mail address above.

The University of Hawai‘i at Manoa is an
Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Institution

Top of page
Center home page
SHAPS homepage
University home page