UNIVERSITY OF AUCKLAND
DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY
105.204: ETHNOGRAPHY OF ISLAND POLYNESIA
2003 Summer School
Lecturers: Associate Professor Judith Huntsman
Office HSB 837 (by appointment)
Office hours: Mondays 3:15-4.00
Guest lecturers (in order of appearance):
Dr Judith Macdonald
Dr Tupeni Baba
Dr Melani Anae
Tutor: Marama Muru-Lanning
Lectures: Mondays 10:00-12 noon (OCH2)
Tuesdays 10:00-11:00 (OCH2)
Thursdays 10:00-12 noon (OCH2)
Tutorials: HSB 411/OCH2
NB tutorials start 7 January
Readings: A book of readings is available at cost from HSB 855
Coursework: In order to pass this paper, all coursework must be submitted and the examination attempted.
Map test―pass required; the first opportunity will be during the test.
Test (15%)―16 January, 10:00-11:00am
Essay (25%) based on book from list provided of ethnographies and related books on Polynesia ―Due10am, 3 February.
Examination (60%)―18 February, 2:15-5:30pm
1. Lecture/Tutorial Schedule
6 January Introduction to Polynesia. (Judith Huntsman)
7 January Introduction to Polynesia. (Judith Huntsman)
8 January Introduction to Polynesia. (Judith Huntsman)
9 January Tikopia. (Judith Macdonald)
Tutorial 1: Polynesia. (Marama)
Tutorial 2: Ethnography. (Helen)
Reading: *Chapter one (see reader) and one other chapter to be selected in class from We the Tikopia.
Bellwood, P. 1979. The Oceanic context. In J. Jennings (ed.), The Prehistory of Polynesia.
Burrows, E. 1940. Culture areas of Polynesia. Reprinted in Vayda (ed.) 1968, Peoples and Cultures of the Pacific. An Anthropological Reader. American Museum of Natural History.
Clark, R. 1979. Language. In J. Jennings (ed.), The Prehistory of Polynesia.
13 January The atolls of Tokelau. (Judith Huntsman)
14 January The atolls of Tokelau. (Judith Huntsman)
15 January The atolls of Tokelau. (Judith Huntsman)
16 January Test 10:00-11:00
Tutorial 3: Discussion of: We the Tikopia
Tutorial 4: Test preparation
Reading: *Wessen, et al. 1992. The neo-traditional social order in Tokelau. Ch. 4 of Migration and Health in a Small Society: The Case of Tokelau. Oxford: Clarendon.
Huntsman, J. 1971. Concepts of kinship and categories of kin in Tokelau, Journal of the Polynesian Society, 80: 317-54.
Wessen et al., 1992. Ch. 3: The history of Tokelau: 1841-1948.
20 January Samoa: Complications. (Judith Huntsman)
21 January Samoa: Complications. (Judith Huntsman)
22 January NZ-born identity journeys. (Melani Anae)
23 January Tonga: Rank and gender. (Helen Mavoa)
Tutorial 5: Tokelau and Samoa. (MML)
Tutorial 6: Tongan ethnographers. (HM)
Reading: *Shore, B. 1982. The matai system. Excerpt from Sala‘ilua:A Samoan Mystery. Columbia University Press.
*Melesia, M. 1995. “To whom gods and men crowded”: chieftainship and hierarchy in ancient Samoa. In J. Huntsman (ed.), Tonga and Samoa: Images of Gender and Polity. Chistchurch: Canterbury University
*Readings for Dr Anae’s lecture will be distributed in class.
*Cummins, H. 1977. Tongan society at the time of European contact. In N. Rutherford (ed.), The Friendly Islands. Melbourne: University of Melbourne.
Bott, E. 1982. Tongan Society at the time of Captain Cook’s visits: Conversations with Her Majesty Queen Sālote Tupou. Polynesian Society Memoir 44.
Marcus, G. 1978. The Nobility and the Chiefly Tradition in the Modern Kingdom of Tonga. Polynesian Society Memoir No.42.
27 January Public Holiday—no lecture
28 January Fiji. (Helen Mavoa)
29 January Fiji. (Tupeni Baba)
30 January Fiji. (Tupeni Baba)
Tutorial 7: Fiji. (Marama)
Tutorial 8: Essay preparation. (Helen)
Reading: *Nayacakalou, R. 1975. The structural basis of traditional leadership. Ch. 2 of Leadership in Fiji.
*Baba, T. 1997. From mill pond to main stream- challenges to Fiji leadership. In Chand and Naidu (eds), Fiji: Coups, Crises, and Reconciliation, 1987-1997.
Sahlins, M. 1962. Moala: Culture and Nature on a Fijian Island.
France, P. 1969. The Charter of the Land. Oxford University Press
Groves, M. 1963. The nature of Fijian society. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 72: 272-291.
3 February Ethnography and gender. (Helen Mavoa)
4 February Ethnography and gender. (Helen Mavoa)
5 February Ethnography and children. (Helen Mavoa)
6 February Waitangi Day—no lecture
Tutorial 9: Gender. (Marama)
Tutorial 10: Children. (Helen)
Reading: *Huntsman and Hooper 1975. Male and Female in Tokelau Culture. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 84: 415-30.
*Schoeffel, P. 1978. Gender, status and power in Samoa. Canberra Anthropology, 1.
*Morton, H. 1996. Children’s everyday lives. Ch. 3 Becoming Tongan: An Ethnography of Childhood.
Week Six: Polynesian narratives and cultural constructions
10 February Fiji and Tonga. (Judith Huntsman)
11 February Tikopia. (Judith Huntsman)
12 February Samoa. (Judith Huntsman)
13 February Tokelau. (Judith Huntsman)
Tutorial 11: Myths and ethnography.(MML)
Tutorial 12: Exam preparation.(HM)
Readings: *Excerpt from: R. Firth, History and Traditions of Tikopia. Polynesian Society Memoir 33..
*Excerpt from: P. Schoeffel, 1987, Rank, gender and politics in Samoa. Journal of Pacific History, 22(3-4): 178-83.
*Excerpt from: J. Huntsman and A. Hooper, 1996. Tokelau: A Historical Ethnography. Ch. 4.
*Excerpt from: E. Bott, 1982. Tongan Society at the time of Captain Cook’s visits: Conversations with Her Majesty Queen Sālote Tupou. Polynesian Society Memoir 44.
*Excerpt from Sahlins, M. 1983. Raw women, cooked men, and other ‘great things’ of the Fiji islands. In P. Brown and D. Tuzin (eds), The Ethnography of Cannibalism.
Bott, E. Power and rank in the kingdom of Tonga. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 90:7-81.
Hooper, A. 1981. Why Tikopia has Four Clans. Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Occasional Paper No. 38.
Huntsman, J. and A. Hooper 1985. Structures of Tokelau history. In A. Hooper and J. Huntsman (eds), Transformations of Polynesian Culture. Polynesian Society Memoir 45, pp. 33-49.
Sahlins, M. 1981. The Stranger-king or Dumézil among the Fijians. Journal of Pacific History, 16:107-32.
Schoeffel, P. 1987. Rank, gender and politics in Samoa. Journal of Pacific History, 22(3-4): 174-94.
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