Contemporary Maori and Polynesian Art
Department of Art History
University of Auckland
Kia ora koutou, talofa lava, kia orana, malo e lelei, ni sa bula,
fakaalofa lahi atu.
He huruhuru te manu karere, he ao te ra uhia.
When the bird has feathers it flies away, when clouds come the sky is
Change is a very important component in Polynesian culture. This quality has only been acknowledged recently with greater scholarly attention being paid to the exciting diversity and rich permutations of cultural expression which have found expression around the Pacific rim most spectacularly since the arrival of palagi/pakeha. This course is one of a growing number being run within the context of tertiary institutions around Aotearoa addressing the work of First Nation artists. This new attention acknowledges the importance and uniqueness of our South Pacific cultural context and heritage. Because of the pioneering nature of this shift in focus the contributions of both student and lecturer are vital to it's ongoing development. With your kete and our kete of knowledge and experience, we will build something together.
The paper 'Maori and Polynesian Arts' was first taught in 1993 in the Art History Department. Introducing students to a range of current activity in Maori and Pacific Island visual arts, this paper encourages students to make connections between taonga and forms being produced today. It looks at major developments in the work of these artists since the 1950's and explores a range of ideological positions for reading current Maori and Pacific art.
The importance of cultural change as a survival mechanism, the traditional base leading artists have started, departed from or returned to; the cross cultural assimilation and redefinition involved in their work, First Nation art context and the implications of outside cultural definition and analysis. Historical models and contemporary theoretical positions will be referred to providing a context for the innovative work of contemporary artists operating within this paradigm. Social factors will also be examined to help account for new directions being taken.
The programme this year will focus on and develop
issues raised in the lectures. This will be a time for students to share
their views and explore the field of Contemporary Maori and Polynesian
arts. Some tutorials will be held within the context of the art gallery
or museum. Tutorials are optional but it is recommended that students attend
in order to gain an insight into the topic. The programme runs weekly starting
from the second week of term (30 July - 1 August) at the following times:
ASSESSMENT: CLASSWORK I EXAMINATION
The requirements of this paper are one 2,000 word essay and a three hour examination at the end of the semester.
The weighting of classwork to examination consists of two possible
In either case wherever the examination is higher than the coursework it will be the mark recorded. If you decide to take the test option, BOTH tests must be sat.
Note that in general students fare better in coursework than in the final examination.
ESSAY 1 & 2 TOPICS:
These will be given out in the first lecture on July 23, ALT 1.
Austin, M. "A Description of the Maori Marae", Thesis, School of Architecture, University of Auckland, c. 1980.
Brown, A. "Maori Art Today", Art New Zealand 45, Summer 1987/88, p. 52.
Burke, G. (ed.) Mana Tiriti, Wellington City Art Gallery, 1990.
Davis, F. Contemporary Maori Art, Waikato Museum of Art and History, 1977.
Dunn, Michael "HEADLANDS: Refiguring New Zealand Art", Art NZ 64,1992.
Ensign, Riemke "Telling Pictures: New Zealand Artists Response to New Zealand Writers", Art NZ 60.1991, p.58-62, (including Hotere and Kahukiwa).
Ford, J. Te koha 0 te Whenua; the Gift of the Land, Massey University, Palmerston North, 1988.
French, Blair "A Choreography of Form: The Paintings of Shane Cotton", Art NZ 60,1991, p.63-5.
George, Ta'i "Tivaevae", p.272-3, Standing in the Sunshine, Sandra Coney (ed.), Viking. Auckland, 1993.
Guerin, L. "Letting the Stone Speak". New Zealand Listener, 18/8/1984.
Habib, R. "Artists on the Marae", Te Maori, June, 1973. Vol. 5 (2)
Hemara, R. "Tapping the Springs of Creativity: New Maori Arts", Craft International, 1988: (vol. 6, 4): p.22-24
Hubbard, G. "Beyond Kia Ora: The Paraesthetics of Choice" Antic, December, 1990 (8) p.28-29.
Mane-Wheoki, Jonathan "Cultural Safety: Contemporary Art From New
Zealand", Art NZ 79, p.66-9. (including Peter Robinson, Jacqueline Fraser, Fiona Pardington. Michael Parekowhai).
Mataira, K. "The Arts of the Maori", (review). Te Ao Hou, March 1968 (38), p.25-28.
McDonald, Ewen "HEADLANDS: Pacifically Speaking". Art NZ 64, 1992. p.59-61.
McDonald, L. "Ragged House Photographs: Ans Westra's 'Washday at the Pa'," Photofile South Pacific, Spring. 1988.
McLaughlin, A. "Cliff Whiting: Art is Part and Parcel of his Life-Style", Te Maori, October, 1974, Vol. 6 (6). p.25.
Mendelssohn, Joanna "HEADLANDS: The Sydney View", Art NZ 64,1992.
Nicholas, D. "Weaver of Lines, History and Genealogy". Art NZ 49, Summer 1988/1989. p.51-53.
O'Regan, S. Te Wehenga o Rangi raua ko Papa: na Cliff Whiting, National Library of New Zealand, Wellington, C. 1987.
Panoho, Rangihiroa "Haonga te Taonga", Art NZ Spring 1986, p.31-33,82.
Panoho, Rangihiroa "Another View of the Photographs of Laurence Aberhart", Antic, December 1990, (8), p.22-27.
Simmons, W. "The Parihaka Paintings", New Zealand Listener, 20 December, 1975.
Te Waka Toi, Catalogue, Wellington, 1992.
Te Waka Toi, Creative New Zealand Taiarotia, Contemporary Maori Art to the USA,
Waikato Art Museum Contemporary Maori Art: Waikato Art Museum.
Walker, Tim "Everything is Connected - The Art of Michel Tuffery", Art NZ 70,1994, p.64-7.
Wedde, I. And Matchitt, P. "People are amazed. So am I", Paratene Matchitt, Now See Hear! Art, Language and Translation, Wellington City Art Gallery, (ed. Greg Burke), 1990, p.238-249.
Wheoki, J. Three Contemporary Maori Artists, Robert McDougall Art Gallery, Christchurch, June, 1990.
Zelenka, Gloria "HEADLANDS: Utopia: A Discreet Investigation", Art NZ 64, 1992, p.62-3.
GENERAL - MAORI
Awatere, D. Maori Sovereignty, Auckland, 1984.
Barlow, C. Tikanga Whakaaro: key Concepts in Maori Culture, Oxford University Press, 1991.
Blakely, R. "The Exhibitions of Maori Art in Auckland 1884-1885", (documents the New Zealand Art Student Association), Antic, November 1987(3), p.116-122.
Bosworth, R. Whanganui: Photographs of a River, Anne Noble, Sarjeant Gallery, Wanganui Photoforum, (51/52), September, 1982.
Brougham, A. Maori Proverbs, Auckland, 1963.
Buck, P. The Coming of the Maori, Christchurch, 1966.
Castleberg, J. Maori is my Name. Historical Writings in Translation, (ed.), Dunedin, 1975.
Goodall, M. "Translation and the Treaty", Now See Hear! Art, Language and Translation, Wellington City Art Gallery, (ed. Greg Burke), 1990, p.23-4.
Hamilton, A. Ma on Art, Wellington, 1901.
Kawharu, H. Waitangi: Maori and Pakeha Perspectives of the Treaty of Waitangi, Oxford University Press, Auckland, 1989.
Mataira. K. Maori Artists of the South Pacific, Raglan, 1984.
Nicholas, D. Seven Maori Artists, Wellington, 1986.
Orange, C. The Treaty of Waitangi, Wellington, 1987.
Salmond, A. Eruera - The Teachings of a Maori Elder, Wellington, 1980.
Schwimmer, E. (Ed.) The Maori People in the Nineteen-Sixties, Auckland, 1968.
Scwimmer, E. The World of the Maori, Wellington, 1977.
Taiapa, P. "Tukutuku", (1953), Marae, 1, 2, 1974, p.11-16.
Te Awekotuku, N. "The Sociocultural Impact of Tourism on the Te Arawa People of Rotorua, New Zealand", Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Waikato, 1981.
Thompson, P. Maori Rock Art An Ink That Will Last Forever, Wellington, 1989.
Williams, H. A Dictionary of Maori Language, Wellington, 1975.
Martin, J. H. Magiciens de la Terre, Editions du Centre Pompidou, Paris, 1989.
McEvillery, T. Fusion: West African Artist at the Venice Biennale, New York, 1993.
Simons, S and H. Stevenson
Luk Luk Gen! Look Again, Perc Tucker Regional Gallery, Townsville, 1990.
Wright, R. Stolen Continents, The Indian Story Pimlico, London, 1992.
Adams, Mark. Land of Memories. A Contemporary View of Places of Historical Significance in the South Island of New Zealand. Whenua I Maharatia Haehae Nga Tangata. Land of Memories Scarred by People. Tandem Press, Auckland, 1993.
Clifford, J. 'Histories of the Tribal and the Modern", Art In America, April 1985, p.164-77,215.
Corbett, J. "Te Maori: and the Middle Ground", Metro, November 1989, p. 186-99.
McDonald, R. "'The Ongoing Relation Between Maori and the Art World", Listener, March 25, 1991: p.48-9.
Mead, S. Te Maori: Maori Art from New Zealand Collections, Auckland, 1984.
Mead. S. Magnificent Te Maori, Auckland, 1986.
Neich, R. "The Veil of Orthodoxy: Rotorua Ngati Tarawhai Woodcarving Art", MA Thesis, University of Victoria, Wellington, 1977.
Schulz, D. "'The Gallery at It's Limits: Whatu Aho Rua and Te Ao Maori at the Sarjeant Gallery", Art NZ 52, Spring 1989, p.56-61
Sciascia, Piri "Ka Pu te Ruha, Ka Hao te Rangatahi", Te Maori, Hirini Moko Mead (ed.), 1984.
Tamehana Te Ao, N. "'Who Owns Our lmages", AGMANZ Journal, 1989:20(1), p.17-18.
PACIFIC - GENERAL
Art and Asia Pacific Pacific Art, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1995.
Barr, J. And M. Mau Mahara: Our Stories in Craft, Auckland, 1990.
Bell, L. Colonial Constructs, European images of Maori 1840-1914, Auckland University Press, 1992.
Cross, Mark "Liku and the New Hiapo of John Pule", Art NZ 66, 1993, p.43-5.
George, Ta'i "Tivaevae", p.272-3, Standing in the Sunshine, Sandra Coney (ed.), Viking, Auckland, 1993.
Griffin, Jane "'Southern Presence - Meetings with Five Pacific Artists", Art NZ 64, 1992, p.85-9, (including Lily Laita, Fatu Feu'u, Jim Vivieaere and Ioane Ioane).
Hanson, A. (Ed.) The Art of Oceania, Boston, 1984.
McDonald, Ewen "'HEADLANDS: Pacifically Speaking", Art NZ 64, 1992, p.59-61.
Mead, S. The Art and Artists of Oceania, Palmerston North, 1983.
Rongokea, L. Portraits of Cook Island Quilting, Daphne Brasell Associates Press, 1995.
Thomas, Nicholas Oceanic Art, Thames and Hudson, London, 1995.
Vivieare, J. The Island Race in Aotearoa, ArtLInk, 1996.
Walker, Tim "'Everything is Connected - The Art of Michel Tuffery", Art NZ 70,1994, p.64-7.
Wendt, A. (Ed.) Nuanua: Pacific Writing in English Since 1980, Auckland University Press, 1995.
Wolfe, Richard "'Primitive Perceptions. Changing Attitudes Towards Pacific Art", Art NZ 69, p.76-81.
Aotearoa Moananui a Kiwa Weavers Nga Nui o te Ra, Te Waka Toi Arts Council, 1993.
Aotearoa Moananui a Kiwa Weavers Pingao: the Golden Sand Sedge, Nga Puna Waihanga, 1991.
Aotearoa Moananui a Kiwa Weavers Quarterly Periodical.
Johnson, L. Nga Taonga a o Tatou Kuia, Govett Brewster Art Gallery, New Plymouth.
Mead, S. The Art of Taniko Weaving, Wellington, 1968.
Mead, S. Traditional Maori Clothing.' A Study of Technological and Functional Change, Wellington, 1969.
Pendergrast, M. Te Aho Tapu. The Sacred Thread.' Traditional Maori Weaving, Auckland 1987.
Pendergrast, M. Feathers and Fibre.' A Survey of Traditional and Contemporary Maori Craft, Penguin, 1984.
Pendergrast, M. Raranga Whakairo.' Ma on Plaiting Patterns, Coromandel Press, no date.
Puketapu-Hetet, Maori Weaving, Pitman, 1989.
Erenora Reid, M. Ngaa Kakahu Tuku Iho.' Garments From the Past, Taranaki Museum, New Plymouth.
Te Kanawa, Diggeress Weaving a Kakahu, Bridget Williams Books, 1992.
Angas, G. F. Portraits of the New Zealand Ma on Painted
Best, Elsdon The Maori, Vols 1 and 2
Brown, Elaine C. Maori Moko, an Ethnohistorical Reconstruction
Cowan, J. "Maori Tattooing Survival. Some Notes on Moko", JPS, 84: 431-40,1975.
Ellis, Elizabeth Mountain "Te Kauae o nga Wahine Maori", Standing in the Sunshine, p.264-265, Sandra Coney (ed.), Viking, Auckland, 1993.
Gell, Alfred Wrapping in Images - Tattooing in Polynesia, 1993
Graham, Pita Maori Moko or Tattoo
Hiroa, Te Rangi Coming of the Maori
Wearing Ink, David Bateman, 1994
"Kauae Moko, 1996" (visual)
Journal of the Polynesian Society "Moko and C. F. Goldie", JPS, 84: 431-40,1975.
"Tattooing", JPS, 84: 431 - 40; 85: 551
Te Puea, Hodder and Stoughton, Auckland, 1977.
King, Michael and Marti Friedlander
Moko.' Maori Tattooing in the 20th Century, Alister Taylor, 1972
"Derek Lardelli: Tohunga-ta-Moko" (visual)
Laugsen, Carl T. Te Ahua - Maori Portraits by Laugsen.
Mead, H. M. "Introduction", Faces From the Past, Zambucka, Kristin (ed.)
New Zealand Heritage "Maori Tattooing in the 2Oth Century", Vol. 5, p.1937.
Nicholas, Anne The Art of the New Zealand Tattoo, Tandem, 1994
Nicholas, Thomas "The Art of the Body". Oceanic Art, p.98 - 114,1995
Oldman, Maori. G., "Skilled Handiwork of the Maori", JPS, 14, 1946.
O'Regan, S. "Tattooing", JPS; 85: 550-1.
Palmer, J. B.
"Tattoo in Transition", Journal of the Polynesian Society, 67, 4.
"Post-European Tattooing", JPS, 67: 387-93.
Phillipps, W. J. "Moko or Maori Tattoo", Te Ao Hou, 9:26
Prager, Emily Tatau Maohi Tatau, Tupuna Productions
Moko, or Maori Tattoo, Southern Reprints, 1987
"Tattooing Patterns", JPS, 40: 44 - 6.
Moko: an Exhibition of 19th Century Portraiture
Ta Moko - The Art of Maori Tattoo, Reed Methuen, Auckland, 1986.
Roth, Henry Ling "Maori Tatu and Moko," Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 33, 1901.
Simmons, D. R. Ta Moko: The Art of Maori Tattoo
Zambucka, Kristin Faces From the Past, AH and AW Reed Ltd, Wellington, 1971.
NGATA AND HIS LEGACY
Boon, Kevin Apirana Ngata, 1993, Nelson Price Milburn, Petone.
Butterworth, G. V. Sir Apirana Ngata, 1968, AH and AW Reed, Wellington, Auckland, Sydney.
King, Michael Apirana Ngata, E Tipu E Rea, 1988, Department of Education, Wellington.
Journal of the Polynesian Sir Apirana Ngata Memorial Tribute, 1951.
Apirana Turupa Ngata, 1966.
Na To Hoa Aroha, 1986.
Nga Moteatea, 1988.
Rauru-nui-a-Toi lectures, 1972.
Ta Apirana: Nga Taonga Tuku Photographs., 1994.
Ramsden, Eric Sir Apirana Ngata and Maori Culture 1948, A.W. and A.H. Reed, Wellington.
Alexander, J. "Maungapohatu: An Epoch in History", Te Ao Hou, (26), December, 1959, p.34-38.
Binney, Judith, Gillian Chaplin and Craig Wallace Mihaia: The Prophet Rua Kenana and His Community at Maunga Pohatu, Oxford University Press, Wellington, 1976.
Binney, Judith Redemption Songs - A Life of Te Kooti Rikirangi Te Turuki, 1995.
Brown, D. And McKay, B. Buildings of the Morehu: Te Ao Hou, Interstices, 2, A Journal of Architecture and Related Arts, University of Auckland, 1992, p.113-133.
Chapman, R. "Concerning Te Kooti Rikirangi Te Turuki", Dominion Museum, Wellington, 1972.
Eady, R. "The Visions of Alan Taylor", Art NZ, Summer, 1988/1989, p.44-45.
Greenwood, W. "The Upraised Hand or the Spiritual Significance of the Ringatu Faith", Polynesian Society Memoir, (21) Wellington, 1942
McLintock, A. "Maori Flags", Auckland Institute and Museum, R. F. 427.
Neich, R. "Early Maori Figurative painting", Art NZ, Summer, 1987/1988, p.70-74.
Neich, R. "The Veil of Orthodoxy: Rotoruia Ngati Tarawhai Woodcarving in a Changing Context", Te Maori: Maori Art from New Zealand Collections, (ed.), S. Mead, Auckland, 1984, p. 63-75.
Taylor, A. Maori Folk Art, Century Hutchinson, Auckland, 1988.
Bacon, R. The Boy and the Taniwha, (Matchitt), Auckland, 1966.
Bacon, R. Rua and the Sea People, (Matchitt), Auckland, 1968.
Mataira, K. Te Atea, School Publications Branch, Department of Education, Wellington, 1975.
Panoho, Rangihiroa "The Principle of Change in Maori Art", Art NZ 45, Summer 1987/1988, p.63-67.
Ritchie, J. "Windows on a Maori World", Art NZ 45, Summer 1987/1988, p.67-69.
Daley, D. (Ed.) The 1950's Show, New Zealand Home and Building Souvenir Edition, Auckland City Art Gallery, 1992.
McCaughy, P. Picasso, National Art Gallery of Victoria, 1984.
Moore, H. My Ideas, Inspiration and Life as an Artist, London, 1986.
Porzio, D. Pablo Picasso: Man and his Work, New Jersey, 1973.
Read, H. Barbara Hepworth: Carvings and Drawings, London, 1952.
Russell, F. Picasso's Guernica - The Labyrinth of Narrative and Vision, London, 1980.
Austin, M. "A Description of the Maori Marae", Thesis, School of Architecture, University of Auckland, c. 1980.
Barrow, T. Maori Wood Sculpture of New Zealand, Rutland, Vermont, 1969.
Cooper, W. "Photography in Maori Society", Photofile South Pacific, Spring 1988.
Fowler, L. Te Mana o Turanga, New Zealand Historic Places Trust, Wellington.
Ivory, Susan The Maori Meeting House: a Reflection of Cultural Stability and Change, 1982.
Jenner, A. And N. Ryan (eds) Interstices 1: a Journey of Architecture and Related Arts, Auckland, 1991.
Mead, S. Te Toi Whakairo: The Art of Maori Carving, Auckland, 1986.
Phillipps, W. Maori Carving, Wellington, 1949.
Phillipps, W. Maori Carving Illustrated, (1955), Wellington, 1981.
Simmons, D. Whakairo: Maori Tribal Art, Auckland, 1985.
Thompson, A. "Architecture and Translation", Now See Hear! Art, Language and Translation, Wellington City Art Gallery, (ed. Greg Burke), 1990, p.223-228.
Baritone, T. After McCahon: Some Configurations h Recent Art, Auckland City Art Gallery, 1989.
Bell, L. Colonial Constructs, European Images of Maori 1840-1914, Auckland University Press, 1992.
Brown, G. Colin McCahon: Artist, Wellington, 1984.
Cartwright, G. "Recent Work by Tony Fomison", Art NZ 52, Spring 1989, p.66-69.
Cartwright, G. "Chris Booth", Art NZ 56, Spring 1990, p. 60-2.
Dunn, M. Gordon Walters, Auckland City Art Gallery, 1983.
Dunn, M. "The Art of Theo Schoon", Art in New Zealand, 1982, (25), p 22-23.
Dunn, M. "Theo Schoon, Photographs of the Thermal Regions", Art NZ, Spring, 1984, p.46-49.
Leonard, R. "No Good Going to Bed With Cold Feet: Ans Westra's 'Washday at the Pa' and the Debate Surrounding It", Photofile South Pacific, Spring, 1988.
Mackle, T. "E. Mervyn Taylor (1906-1964)", Art NZ 49, Summer, 1988/1989, p.72-5.
Main, W. (ed.) The Maori, Millwood Press, Wellington, 1976.
Main, W. "Burton's Maori at Home: Notes Towards an Analysis and Interpretation of Nineteenth Century Concepts and Concerns", Art NZ 451, Summer, 1987/1988, p.78-81.
Maitland, G. Whakaahua: Photographic Images of Maori Life 1860's - 1930's From the Auckland Institute and Museum, Auckland Museum, 1987.
Panoho, Rangihiroa "Maori at the Centre/on the Margins", Headlands, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, 1992.
Pound, Francis The Space Between - Pakeha Use of Maori Motifs in Modernist New Zealand Art, Workshop Press, Auckland, 1994.
Reed, A. (Ed.) Early Paintings of the Maori: Illustrated and Described by George French An gas, Wellington, 1979.
Salmond, A. Two Worlds: First Meetings Between Maori and Europeans 1642-1772, Penguin Books, Auckland, 1991.
Simmons, D. Gordon Walters: Order and Intuition, Auckland, 1989.
Thomas, Nicholas Colonialism's Culture, Anthropology, Travel and Government, Polity Press, Oxford, 1994.
Waaka, P. "The Grand Pattern of Life" (Schoon), New Zealand Listener, 31 July 1982.
Batcock, G. Minimal Art: A Critical Anthology New York, 1968.
MAORI AND POLYNESIAN WOMEN'S ART
Aotearoa Moananui a Kiwa Weavers Amokura o te Maori, National Museum and Hawkes Bay Museum.
After McCahon, (including Emare Karaka), 1989, ACAG.
Black and White: Dealing with Differences, (including Kura Te Waru Rewiri), 1994,
Brown, Amy Mana Wahine: Women Who Show the Way, Reed, 1994.
Eastmond, Elizabeth and Penfold, Merimeri Women and the Arts in New Zealand: Forty Works 1936-1986, Penguin, 1986.
Grace, P. Wahine Toa: Women of Maori Myth, Auckland, 1984.
Fisher Gallery Karanga, Karanga, an exhibition of contemporary creations by Maori women, 1986.
Govett Brewster Gallery Nga Taonga a o Tatou Kuia: Treasures of Our Grandmothers, , New Plymouth, 1987.
Kahukiwa, Robyn Robyn Kahukiwa: Works from 1985-1995, 1995, Bowen Galleries, Wellington.
Kirker, Anne New Zealand Women Artists: A Survey of 150 Years, Reed Methuen, 1986.
Ihimaera, Witi "Karaka", Art NZ 60, 1991, p.78-81, 109.
Mane-Wheoki, Jonathan "Robyn Kahukiwa" Art NZ 75,1995, p.61-3.
Mane-Wheoki, Jonathan "Mana Tiriti - The Art of Protest and Partnership - A Review" Art NZ 6O, 1991.
Marshall Seifert Gallery Women Artists Respond: They who do not hear must be made to respond, (including Robyn Kahukiwa), 1989, Dunedin.
McQueen, Cilia "Notes on the Work of Marilyn Webb", Art NZ 69, 1993, p.48-51.
Museum of New Zealand Nga Puna Roimata o te Arawa, 1993.
Pitts, Priscilla "Karanga, Karanga", Art NZ 40, 1986, p.28-9.
Pound, Francis "Jacqueline Fraser", Distance Looks Our Way 1992, Sarjeant Gallery, Wanganui, p.47-54.
Ramsden, Irihapeti "Robyn Kahukiwa and Diane Prince: After Mana Tiriti", Art NZ 59, 1991, p.72-5.
Ritchie, Jim "Kura Rewiri-Thorsen talks to Art New Zealand", Art NZ 45, 1987, p.56-9.
Rowe, Neil "Robyn Kahukiwa", Art NZ 45, 1987, p.60-2.
Sanderson, Anna "Maureen Lander", Art NZ 75, 1995, p.72-3, 98.
Dayle, Jane "Theoretically Speaking - Alter/Image in Suffrage Year", Art NZ 70, (including Robyn Kahukiwa), 1994, p.49-51.
Sotheran, Cheryll "Shona Rapira Davies at the Govett-Brewster", Art NZ 45,1987, p.45-7.
Tamati-Quennell, M. Pu Manawa: a Celebration of Whatu, Raranga and Taniko, 1993, Wellington, Museum of New Zealand.
Taranaki Museum Nga kakahu Tuku Iho: Garments From the Past, 1987.
Te Ao, Ngapine Tamihana, "Pu Manawa: The Heart on the Margins", Art NZ 68, 1993, p.58-61.
Te Awekotuku, Ngahuia
"He Wahine, He Whenua: Maori Women and the Environment", Mana Wahine Maori, 1991, p. 66-70, New Women's Press.
"Te Pa Harakeke", Standing in the Sunshine, p.278-9, Sandra Coney (ed.), Viking, Auckland, 1993.
Wellington City Art Gallery Whakamamae, 1988, Wellington.
FILM AND VIDEO
Alter/Image: Feminism and Representation in New Zealand Art 1973-1993.
Blythe, Martin J. Naming the Other: Images of the Maori in Film and Television, 1994, The Scarecrow Press, New York and London.
Bobo, Jacqueline Black Women as Cultural Readers.
Edwards, S. "Cinematic Imperialism and Maori Cultural Identity", Illusions, March 1989.
Hawkes Bay Cultural Trust Te Atea: Katarina Mataira/Paratene Matchitt
Kaplan, E. A.
Women and Film: both sides of the Camera, 1983, Garland, New York.
Maori and Pacific Films from New Zealand.
Mita, Merata "The Soul and the Image", Film in Aotearoa New Zealand, 1992, Dennis J. And J. Bierenga (eds.), p.36-56.
Nia, Eruera Nga Tai o Makiri, Rangiatea Films.
Nia, Eruera Huakina, National Art Gallery.
Parekowhai, C. "Te Poho o Paikea: Barry Barclay and Ngati", Art NZ 45, Summer 1987/1988, p.75-77.
Point of View Productions Pleasures and Dangers, Artists of the 1990's, 1991.
Reihana, Lisa "Lisa Reihana", p.116-128, Pleasures and Dangers: Artists of the 90's, Longman Paul, Auckland.
Reihana, Lisa Shared Techlines: video art from the Pacific Rim, 1993, Artspace, Auckland.
Reihana, Lisa Struggle and Celebration, kit, 1991, Learning Media, Wellington.
Reihana, Lisa Tauira
Te Awekotuku, Ngahuia "He Take Ano: Another Take - Conversations with
Lisa Reihana", Art NZ 68,1993, p.84-7.
Te Awekotuku, Ngahuia "Kura Te Waru Rewiri", Art NZ 68,1993, p.91-3.
Adams, M. Pakeha/Maori. A Conjunction. Documentary Photographs Taken in the Rotorua Region 1978-1986., The Bathouse, Rotorua, 1986.
Bois, Y. "La Pensee Sauvage", Art in America, April 1985, p. 178.
McEvillery, T. Art and Otherness, Crisis in Cultural Identity, McPherson and Company, New York, 1992.
Said, E. Culture and Imperialism, Vintage, London, 1994.
Said, E. Orientalism, Vintage, New York, 1978.
Teilhet, J. "The Influence of Polynesian Vulture and Art on the Works of Paul Gauguin", Unpublished PhD thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, 1975.
Bastion Point Day 507
Four Frames. Women Film-Makers in Aotearoa.
Kohia Ko Taikaka Anake.
New Zealand Animation.
Pleasures and Dangers: Artists of the 90's.
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