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ES 320: HAWAI‘I AND THE PACIFIC (H/W)

George 301 • TR 1:30-2:45 pm

Instructor: Ty P. Kāwika Tengan

Office hours: George 308, Wed 9:30-10:30 or by appointment (ttengan@hawaii.edu; 956-5144)

 

This course critically examines the historical and contemporary experiences of various peoples of Hawai`i and the Pacific. Though typically perceived as small, isolated, and relatively insignificant, Oceania’s sea of islands covers one-third of the globe.  Far from being “pacific” (i.e., calm and peaceful), the region encompasses some of the most destructive/productive eruptions of cultural and political activity: struggles for land and sovereignty, state and national political restructurings, and global flows of knowledge, capital and bodies.  In this course we will examine a number of these Oceanic “hot spots,” as well as those sites that are perhaps less volatile but nonetheless churning and teaming with mana.  We will focus on the ways that individuals come to see, know, enact, and practice their membership in larger collectivities that are both institutionally and self-defined along the lines of race, ethnicity, culture, language, gender, sex, class, land, residence, and nation.  We will also look at the ways in which the media, scholars, and others represent such island peoples.

 

Required readings are included in a course reader available after the first week of classes for purchase at Professional Image (2633 S. King St.; call first to order: 973-6599).  Articles from the reader may also be downloaded as pdfs or borrowed in hard copy from Sinclair Reserves <http://uhmanoa.lib.hawaii.edu/>.  Students will purchase a $3 set of maps of the Pacific Islands in class and A Pocket Style Manual 4th ed. (Hacker 2004) available a the UH Bookstore or a comparable writing manual with APA style guidelines.

 

My philosophy towards teaching and learning sees all participants in the classroom as teachers-students and promotes active dialogue.  Education and all forms of knowledge sharing need to be liberating, empowering, and applicable to daily life outside of the classroom.  Students will attend class regularly and actively participate in discussions; any more than three non-health related or otherwise excused absences or tardies will result in a deduction of your attendance grade; failure to demonstrate preparedness to engage in class discussions (or you didn’t do the readings) will result in a deduction of your participation grade.  There will be a map identification quiz on the Pacific Islands on September 15.  In preparation for the short summary essays and final written project, all students will attend a mandatory in-class writing workshop in which they will need to bring their copy of Hacker (2004) and work with writing partners.  Throughout the course, students will write eight 1-2 page summaries that are summaries and discussions of readings each designated week.  Rewrites on summaries are allowed and due the following class period after the originals have been handed back.  Students will also complete four 1 page film reviews of any four films viewed in class, which will include citation of the article assigned with the film; these reviews are due on November 22.

 

The final project (10-12 pages) will be an independent research paper or a journal and summary/evaluation of an service learning project, such as the Adopt an Ahupua‘a program or Micronesians United.  Before the final draft, students will turn in a project statement (10/6) and first draft (11/10). Each student will pair up with a writing partner who will review and comment on the working draft of the paper in the week of 11/29-12/1.  In the last week of classes, students will give a short 5-minute presentation on and submit their final papers. 

 

Extra credit opportunities are marked in the syllabus as EC and require attendance and a 1-2 page summary reaction paper to be turned on the next class meeting following the event.  Students may receive up to 2 points for each write-up, and a total of 5 points (1/2 grade) overall. Also marked on the syllabus are community events (Comm) related to topics covered that interested students may take part in (no extra credit points for these). Other EC or Comm events will be announced if and when appropriate.  Grading breaks down as such:

Attendance:  5 pts Final project topic statement (2-3 page):  5 pts   
Participation: 5 pts   Final project first draft report: 5 pts
Map quiz:10 pts    Final project partner grade: 5 pts
Summaries (8 x 4 pts): 32 ptsFinal project write-up (10-12 pages): 25 pts
Film reviews (4 x 2 pts): 8pts       Extra credit 5 max

 

TOTAL: 105 PTS

105-98 = A+                     

97-92   =  A                                                       

91-90   =  A- 

89-88 = B+  

87-82 = B           

81-80 = B-  

79-78 = C+   

77-72 = C            

71-70 = C-

69-60 = D

59-0   = F


ES 320 HAWAI‘I AND THE PACIFIC FALL 2005 COURSE OUTLINE (SUBJECT TO CHANGE)

 

I. PACIFIC WORLDS

T 8/23: Oceania: an introduction.  Check Sinclair reserves for first 2 weeks of reading.

Comm: Akaka Bill Forum, Japanese Cultural Center Hawai'i, 8/23, 5-7pm

R 8/25: History re-membered. Video: Navigators: Pathfinders of the Pacific. Read: Kiste (1994).

Comm: Makua EIS hearings at Wai‘anae District Park (8/23, 7-10pm; 8/27 2-6pm) and Nānāikapono School (8/25, 7-10pm).  For more info, see www.makuaeis.com

T 8/30: Voyaging to the Northwest Hawaiian Islands. Guest speaker: Scott Kekuewa Kikiloi.  Read: Finney (2003).

R 9/1: Our Sea of Islands.  Read: Hau‘ofa (1993). Sum #1 due: bring 2 copies.

Comm: Kū i ka Pono, 9/4.  For more info, see www.ilio.org

 

II. HAWAI‘I: INDIGENEITY, NATION, LAND AND RACE

T 9/6: Kanaka Maoli and national identity. Writing workshop.  Video: Akaka Bill Forum.  Read: Osorio (2003). Bring Hacker (2004) and partner’s paper with comments.

R 9/8: ‘Aina: nationhood, land and community. Service learning info.  Read: Hasager and Kelly (2001). Sum #2 due.

EC: 9/10: Service Learning trip to Mäkua Valley, 7:30am-3:00pm.

T 9/13: Eracing entitlements: US law, race, and Hawaiians.  Read: Kauanui (2005).

 

III. MILITARIZED ISLANDS

R 9/15: DMZ Hawai‘i: Mākua Valley, Stryker, and UARC. Guest speaker: TBA. Read: DMZ packet. Map quiz (10 pts).

T 9/20: Nuclear Pacific.  Video: Half Life.  Read: Teaiwa (2000).

R 9/22: Kaho‘olawe: Rebirth of the sacred. Read: McGregor (2002). Sum #3 due.

 

IV. GLOBAL IMPERATIVES/LOCAL ARTICULATIONS

T 9/27: Global Pacific.  Read: Lockwood (2004).

R 9/29: Globalization and Hawai‘i. Video: Global Impact. Read: Aoudé (2004). Sum #4 due.

EC: 9/29: Tarcisius Kabutaulaka, “Land and development in Solomon Islands,” Crawford 115, 3:00pm.

T 10/4: Global imperatives, economics, environment. Video: Since the Company Came.  Read: Macintyre and Foale (2003).

R 10/6: Discussion of previous readings and videos, project talk, midterm assessment. Final project statement due (2-3 pgs, 5 pts).

 

V. (POST)COLONIAL STATES

T 10/11: Natives and nations: Solomon Islands.  Guest speaker: Geoffrey White.  Read: White (2001).

R 10/13: Killing Time in Vanuatu.  Video: Kilim Taem. Read: Mitchell (2004). Sum #5 due.

EC: 10/13: Barry Rollett, “Cultural revitalization in the Marquesas,” Crawford 115, 3:00pm.

T 10/18: Constituting nation in Fiji. Read: Kaplan (2004).

R 10/20: Reflections on the coups.  Video: Race for Rights. Read: Lal (2003).  Sum #6 due.

 

VI. IDENTITIES AND REPRESENTATIONS: CULTURE, GENDER, AND NATION

T 10/25: PNG: From the ground up.  Video: Cannibal Tours pt. 1.  Read: Gewertz and Errington (2004).

R 10/27: Cannibalizing, commodifyng, or creating culture? Video: Cannibal Tours pt. 2. Read: Silverman (2004). Sum #7 due.

EC: 10/28: Inaugural AQ lecture, 11:30-1:00, Crawford 105

T 11/1: Eroticism and exoticism in representations of the Pacific.  Video: Velvet Dreams.  Read: Jolly (1997).

R 11/3: Placing Tahitian identities.  Read: Kahn (2004).  Sum #8 due.

T 11/8: Sporting Indigeneity.  Read: Diaz (2002).

R 11/10: Re-membering masculinities: Gender, nation and empire in Hawai‘i and the Pacific. Final project first draft due (5 pts).

 

VI.  INDIGENOUS WRITING AND RESEARCH IN OCEANIA

T 11/15: Politics and poetry in Polynesia.  Guest lecture: Robert Sullivan.  Readings: TBA.

R 11/17: Indigenous anthropologists in Oceania.  Guest panel: Tevita O. Kā‘ili and Mark Henare. Readings: TBA.

T 11/22: Indigenous politics, race and religion.  Guest lecture: Hōkūlani Aikau. Readings: TBA.  Film reviews due (8 pts).

 

R 11/24: Thanksgiving/La K‘oko‘a Holidays

 

VII. FINAL PROJECTS

T 11/29, R 12/1: Finalize writing on final projects. Meet in class to exchange, critique, and comment on papers.

T 12/6, R, 12/8: Final presentations, class evaluation, conclusions.  FINAL PROJECTS DUE ON DATE OF PRESENTATION.


REFERENCES

 

Aoudé, Ibrahim G.

            2004    Globalization in Hawai'i:  The Promise of Globalism and the Reality of Capitalism. In Rethinking Globalism. M. B. Steger, ed. pp. 243-253. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Diaz, Vicente M.

            2002    Fight Boys, 'til the Last...': Islandstyle Fooball and the Remasculinization of Indigeneity in the Militarized American Pacific Islands. In Pacific diaspora : Island peoples in the United States and across the Pacific. P. R. Spickard, J. L. Rondilla, and D. Hippolite Wright, eds. pp. 169-194. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.

Finney, Ben

            2003    With Myth As Their Inspiration.  Paper delivered at the 2003 meeting of the Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania, Vancouver, Canada.

Gewertz, Deborah, and Frederick Errington

            2004    Toward an Ethnographically Grounded Study of Modernity in Papua New Guinea. In Globalization and Culture Change in the Pacific Islands. V. S. Lockwood, ed. pp. 273-284. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Hasager, Ulla, and Marion Kelly

            2001    Public Policy of Land and Homesteading in Hawaiōi. Social Process in Hawai'i 40:190-232.

Hau'ofa, Epeli

            1993    Our Sea of Islands. In A New Oceania:  Rediscovering Our Sea of Islands. E. Waddell, V. Naidu, and E. Hau‘ofa, eds. pp. 2-16. Suva: School of Social and Economic Development, The University of the South Pacific.

Jolly, Margaret

            1997    From Point Venus to Bali Hai: Eroticism and Exoticism in Representations of the Pacific. In Sites of desire, economies of pleasure: sexualities in Asia and the Pacific. L. Manderson and M. Jolly, eds. pp. 99-122. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Kahn, Miriam

            2004    Placing Tahitian Identities:  Rooted in Land and Enmeshed in Representations. In Globalization and Culture Change in the Pacific Islands. V. S. Lockwood, ed. pp. 285-306. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Kaplan, Martha

            2004    Fiji's Coups:  The Politics of Representation and the Representation of Politics. In Globalization and Culture Change in the Pacific Islands. V. S. Lockwood, ed. pp. 72-85. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Kauanui, J. Khaulani

            2005    Precarious Positions: Native Hawaiians and US Federal Recognition. The Contemporary Pacific 17(1):1-27.

Kiste, Robert

            1994    Pre-Colonial Times. In Tides of History: The Pacific Islands in the Twentieth Century. R. Howe, R. Kiste, and B. Lal, eds. pp. 406-434. Honolulu: University of Hawaiōi Press.

Lal, Brij V.

            2003    Heartbreak Islands:  Reflections on Fiji in Transition. In Law and empire in the Pacific : Fiji and Hawai'i. S. E. Merry and D. Brenneis, eds. pp. 261-280. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press.

Lockwood, Victoria S.

            2004    The Global Imperative and Pacific Island Societies. In Globalization and Culture Change in the Pacific Islands. V. S. Lockwood, ed. pp. 1-39. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Macintyre, Martha, and Simon Foale

            2004    Global Imperatives and Local Desires:  Competing Economic and Environmental Interests in Melanesian Communities. In Globalization and Culture Change in the Pacific Islands. V. S. Lockwood, ed. pp. 149-164. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

McGregor, Davianna Pömaika'i

            2002    Kaho'olawe: Rebirth of the Sacred. Amerasia Journal 28(3):68-83.

Mitchell, Jean

            2004    "Killing Time" in a Postcolonial Town:  Young People and Settlements in Port Vila, Vanuatu. In Globalization and Culture Change in the Pacific Islands. V. S. Lockwood, ed. pp. 358-376. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.


Osorio, Jonathan Kamakawiwo'ole

            2003    K' and k'oko'a: History, law, and other faiths. In Law and empire in the Pacific: Fiji and Hawai'i. S. E. Merry and D. Brenneis, eds. pp. 213-238. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press.

Silverman, Eric Kline

            2004    Cannibalizing, Commodifying, or Creating Culture?  Power and Art in Sepik River Tourism. In Globalization and Culture Change in the Pacific Islands. V. S. Lockwood, ed. pp. 339-357. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Teaiwa, Teresia K.

            2000    bikinis and other s/pacific n/oceans. In Voyaging through the Contemporary Pacific. D. Hanlon and G. White, eds. pp. 87-109. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

White, Geoffrey M.

            2001    Natives and Nations: Identity Formation in Postcolonial Melanesia. In Places and Politics in an Age of Globalization. R. Prazniak and A. Dirlik, eds. pp. 139-166. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

 

 

 


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