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HISTORY 284W -- Spring 2003

Kapi‘olani Community College

Sec. 34049 (T R  4:45-6:00 p.m.) Kalia 203


Instructor: Colette Higgins

Office: Olapa 228

Telephone: 734-9742

e-mail: chiggins@hawaii.edu

Sec. 34049 (T R  4:45-6:00 p.m.) Kalia 203                                  


website:  http://www2.hawaii.edu/~chiggins/index.html                         


PREREQUISITE:  Completion of ENG 100, 160, or ESL 100 with a grade of "C" or higher.


RECOMMENDED PREPARATION:  Completion of HIST 152; HWST 107 or HAW 101.



This course surveys the origins and evolution of the ancient Hawaiian society and culture, the rise of the Hawaiian monarchy, and the transformation of Hawai'i as an American territory and state.  This course also offers Service Learning and E-mail Correspondence opportunities to those students who want to incorporate community service or a “virtual” cross-cultural experience into their course work.



·  Critical Thinking (2, 5, 7, 9)

·  Information Retrieval & Technology (1, 4, 5)

·  Oral Communication (5, 6)                                       

·  Written Communication (1-9)

·  Understanding Self & Community (1-5)



Upon successful completion of this course, you should be able to:

·  Trace the origins and migrations of ancient Polynesians, culminating in their discovery and settlement of Hawai'i.

·  Describe the evolution of Hawaiian society; explain the mythological foundations for ancient Hawaiians’ world view; and describe the meaning of pono as a fundamental value of Hawaiian culture.

·  Analyze the role that population collapse and foreign influences played in the destruction of Hawaiian cultural practices.

·  Describe the cultural, social, political and economic changes that took place during the monarchical period of Hawaiian history.

·  Explain how and why the Hawaiian monarchy was overthrown, and how Hawai'i became a territory of the United States.

·  Trace significant developments of the Territorial era, and explain the significance of World War II in Hawaiian and Pacific history.

·  Express informed judgments and illustrate an historical understanding of issues such as the Hawaiian Renaissance, recent land struggles and Hawaiian sovereignty.



REQUIRED TEXTBOOKS & SUPPLIES (purchase at KCC bookstore)

·  Gavan Daws, Shoal of Time: A History of the Hawaiian Islands. Honolulu:  University of Hawaii Press, 1968.

·  Lilikala Kame'eleihiwa, Native Land and Foreign Desires: Pehea La E Pono Ai?  Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1992.

·  Three Scantron Forms, No. 883 - ES





             Examinations                                                    3 X 100 points each     =   300 (43%)

            Writing Project (3 parts)                                    (25 + 50 + 75)             =   150 (21%)

            Think/Writes                                                     6 X 15 points each       =     90 (13%)

            Class Assignments                                                                                 =   110 (16%)

            Attendance                                                       25 X 2 points each       =     50 (  7%)


                                                                                     Total points possible   =    700



EXAMINATIONS               Critical Thinking         Written Communication

            To measure knowledge and understanding of historical information, there will be three examinations that will include in-class objective questions (i.e. multiple choice, matching) and take-home essay questions.  By allowing essay questions to be taken home, the instructor hopes to promote a more critical analysis of course content.  The take-home essay questions will be given to students one class meeting prior to the objective exam, and your essay is due on exam day. I will not accept late essays. (see Class Schedule for exam dates.) Exam questions will be based on reading assignments and the material presented in class lectures.  To help you focus on the important concepts, terms and people in each unit, study guides will be provided at least one week before the scheduled exam date.  You must come prepared for each exam with your scantron form, #2 pencil, and an eraser.  Examinations cannot be made up without a good reason, and a student may be asked to provide written documentation to take a make-up exam (i.e. doctor's or employer's note).   Make-up xams are essay in nature and will be administered at Lama 101.


WRITING PROJECT          Critical Thinking        Written Communication                                

                                                 Understanding Self & Community

To teach writing as a process, there will be one writing project that must be done in three parts over the course of the semester to earn full credit.  Each part of the assignment will require you to submit a computer generated paper (see Writing Project handout for specific details).  You will need to meet specific deadlines for each part of this project (see Class Schedule). Late papers will not be accepted for Parts I & II because there will be in-class peer review sessions directly related to these.  Late papers will be accepted for Part III, but will be assessed a penalty of five points for each class day a paper is late.  You may submit drafts to the instructor for review and feedback, but drafts will only be accepted up to one week prior to a paper's deadline.  All papers should be given to the instructor directly.  Students who attempt to put their papers in the instructor’s mail tray, or send it via e-mail, will assume all risks and responsibilities inherent in those methods of submission.


THINK/WRITES                    Understanding Self & Community Written Communication        

To help students make connections between their existing knowledge and the new information being learned in this class, six Think/Write assignments will be collected during the semester.  In these assignments I want you to share your experiences and point-of-view regarding the various issues raised in class.  At least one “Think/Write” question will be given for each lecture topic.  You will choose two questions to answer from each unit.  Each Think/Write essay should be 250-300 words in length (computer generated, double-spaced).  I will accept handwritten Think/Write assignments if they are written legibly.  If you choose either the SL or EMC option, you will submit Journals instead of Think/Writes (see pg. 4 of this syllabus).  Late Think/Writes will not be accepted (see Class Schedule).   


CLASS ASSIGNMENTS      Understanding Self and Community         Oral Communication

To encourage class participation, there will be a number of class assignments.  These include large class discussions, small group activities, answering questions based on a video presentation, and short free-writes.  A student must be in class and must participate in the planned activity to earn class assignment points.  These assignments vary in points (5 or 10 points) depending on the level of difficulty and the time needed to complete each assignment.  Occasionally, if time doesn’t permit completion of the assignment during class, students will be asked to complete the task as homework. 



To encourage regular and timely attendance, roll will be taken at the start of each class period (except exam days).  If you are in class when roll is taken, you will earn the two attendance points.  If you are late to class (i.e. tardy), you are responsible for notifying the instructor at the end of that class so you can earn one point for that day.  Based on 31 class meetings, minus two exam days and one field trip day, attendance will be taken 28 times during the semester.  Those with perfect attendance will earn the extra points.  If your pager or cell phone rings during class, you will forfeit your attendance points for that class day. 




Reading assignments should be completed before coming to class. Readings that are listed in bold italics in the Class Schedule can be found at the KCC Library on reserve under the instructor's name. The books on reserve cannot be checked out, but copies of each of these readings are also on reserve in folders which can be borrowed on a 2 day loan. You may also want to check the Hawaii Public Library System, since these are well known titles. Here's a list of the books where these readings can be found (with required readings in parenthesis).

Kamakau, S.M. Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii. Honolulu: Kamehameha Schools Press, 1992 (pp. 1-21).

Kirch, Patrick Vinton. Feathered Gods and Fishhooks. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1985 (pp. 52-66, 285-293).

Malo, David. Hawaiian Antiquities. Honolulu: Bishop Museum, 1951 (pp. 1-9, 27-30, 52-72).

Stannard, David E. Before the Horror: The Population of Hawaii on the Eve of Western Contact. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989 (pp. 3-31).



(maximum of 20 points)


Students are encouraged to watch for articles in newspapers & magazines, programs on television, and events around town for reaction paper topics. If you find anything relating to this history course and would like to write an extra credit reaction paper on it, you should consult with the instructor first to verify its relevancy.  You may also attend SOS Workshops and/or write additional "Think/Writes" for extra credit.  A typical extra credit assignment is worth 5 points and usually consists of a reaction paper (250-300 words in length).  Handwritten extra credit papers will be accepted only if they are written legibly.  You may turn these in throughout the semester.  See Class Schedule for the final extra credit deadline.

Secrets of Success Workshops

Various workshops are offered here at Kapi'olani Community College to assist students with their study skills. The Secrets of Success (SOS) series of workshops are strongly recommended to all college students, especially first year students who find it difficult to cope with the many challenges of college life. Attending and writing a reaction paper can earn you five extra credit points per workshop.  If you choose to attend these workshops you will need to write a reaction paper (250-300 words) explaining:

·  what you learned,

·  how you implemented the learning strategy,

·  your personal reactions to the workshop. 

All workshops meet from 12:15-1:15 p.m. in Lama 116 (Library) usually on a Monday or Wednesday.  For the complete Spring 2003 schedule and workshop descriptions please consult the web site at: http://library.kcc.hawaii.edu/~inaba/sos/2003s_schedule.html.  For easy reference, a link has been provided from the instructor's web site.




                        Understanding Self & Community                        Written Communication

                        Information Retrieval & Technology                    Critical Thinking


Service Learning (SL)

Kapi'olani Community College's Service Learning program encourages students to serve in the community as a way to integrate "real life" experiences with classroom learning.  It can be a very rewarding experience as you "learn to serve and serve to learn."  If you choose this option you will need to complete a minimum of 20 hours of service during the semester at one of these approved sites:


                        Place                                        Contact Person         Telephone

               Bishop Museum                                  Judi McClain                        848-4180

               Hawaii Maritime Center                      Carla Grace                         526-0906

               Hawaii Plantation Village                     Gary Tokuda                       677-0110

               lolani Palace                                       Cindy Grace                         522-0821

               Judiciary History Center                      Susan Shaner                       539-4999

               Mission Houses Museum                    Lynn Scaduto                       531-0481

*If you want to serve at a site that is not listed here, I am open to the possibility if we can determine its relevance to this class.


E-Mail Correspondence (EMC)

Kapi'olani Community College is working in partnership with Palau Community College in Micronesia to incorporate a “virtual” cross-cultural experience among our students.  If you have an e-mail address and you enjoy using the internet to communicate with people from other cultures, you may find this electronic “pen-pal” partnership with another Pacific islander quite enriching.  If you choose this option you will need to correspond weekly with a student in Palau.  


If you choose to participate in either of these opportunities, you must:

·  inform the instructor by Tuesday, February 4th.

·  incorporate what you learned from this experience into your Writing Project.

·  substitute Journal Entries for Think/Write essays (worth 10 points each; 250-300 words in length) using these questions:

1. Why did you choose the SL or EMC option?  What do you hope to learn from this experience?

2. How do you think your SL or EMC experience will help you meet the course objectives and/or complement your Writing Project?

3. What have you learned about yourself and your SL site or EMC partner so far?

4. Discuss the new information you’re learning and/or the skills you’re acquiring from this SL or EMC experience.

5. Share specific instances that stand-out in your mind.  Why do you think they made such an impression on you?

6. How has this SL or EMC experience impacted you as a person and as a student of history?


·  submit a reflection essay (worth 30 points; 250-500 words in length) summarizing your experience and explaining how this SL or EMC experience helped meet at least one course objective/competency listed on page one of this syllabus.  Due: Tuesday, May 6th     





Don't miss class.  It is not possible to pass this college course by merely showing up for the examinations.  To pass this course you must make every effort to attend all the classes.  As an instructor, I have frequently observed the direct correlation between class attendance and a student's final grade in this course.  To successfully pass this class you need to attend regularly. 


Be mindful of deadlines.  Do not procrastinate!  Students are responsible for knowing when papers are due.  Failure, on the teacher's part, to announce when assignments are due, does not constitute a valid excuse for students.  It is your job to know.  It is not the instructor's job to remind you.  A Class Schedule has been provided to assist you in your time management.  Do not miss the due dates for the writing assignments in this course, since it is nearly impossible to make up the points.  Only 20 extra credit points are allowed in this course, therefore it is not practical to think that you can make up the missed points with extra credit.  As your instructor, I can tell you that this strategy rarely works.


Read the textbook assignments before class.  This will help you understand the lectures and will enable you to participate in class discussions.  You may want to attend the Secrets of Success Textbook Reading Strategies workshop to learn how to be an active reader (a video of this workshop is available for viewing at 'Iliahi 228). 


Take good notes.  While the instructor does provide outline notes during lectures, students are responsible for all supporting information as well.  If all you do is copy the teacher's outline, without additional notes based on what the teacher says, then you are not taking good notes.  The key to easy studying is good note taking.  You may want to attend the Secrets of Success Improve Your Lecture Notes workshop to learn how to take better notes (a video of this workshop is available for viewing at 'Iliahi 228).    


Ask questions.  Don't be afraid to ask questions.  All inquires will be welcomed by the instructor.  Please ask for clarification on information and assignments at the moment of confusion, even if it means "interrupting" the lectures.  It is the student's responsibility to let the instructor know when (s)he is confused.  If you say nothing, I will assume that you understand the material and assignments. 


Talk to the instructor.  I am here to assist you.  Feel free to talk to me if you are having any difficulties in class.  Even if you are not having difficulties, you are invited to visit with me in my office.  Let's get to know each other.


Be considerate.  It is pertinent that you listen to what is being discussed in class.  Be considerate of the instructor and your peers by refraining from any unnecessary talking.  During class, please put your pagers on vibrator and turn off your cellular phones to avoid any distractions.  Please make every attempt to be in class by the starting time.  If you are late, try to be as inconspicuous as possible when entering the classroom.  You are expected to stay in class for the duration of the class period.  If, for some unavoidable reason, you need to leave class early, please inform the instructor at the start of class and sit near the door to make for an easier exit.


Don't cheat or plagiarize.  "Academic dishonesty cannot be condoned by the University.  Dishonesty includes cheating and plagiarism; it is a violation of the Student Conduct Code and may result in expulsion from the University."  (KCC Catalog 2002-2003, pg. 29).  Students should consult the Student Conduct Code, which can be found in the college catalog and the schedule of classes, for specific examples of cheating and plagiarism.


Extended time for exams in a distraction-free environment is an appropriate accommodation based on a student's disability.  If you have a disability, but have not voluntarily disclosed the nature of your disability and the support you need, you are invited to contact the Special Student Services Office at 'Ilima 103, or call them at 734-9552. 


If the instructor is not in class within 15 minutes of the scheduled start of class, then class is considered canceled.



This sheet has been provided for your convenience.  Recording your points as you get the results can be very useful in determining your grade for this course.  You may ask the instructor about your grade at any time during the semester.  For individualized grade advising, please make an appointment. 

Last day to withdraw from this class with a "W" is Friday, March 21, 2003.


ATTENDANCE (2pts. ea.)                            **Attendance will not be taken on exam days.**


________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________


________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________


________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________


________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________        ________


CLASS ASSIGNMENTS (110 points total)


#1________    #2________    #3 ________   #4________    #5_________ 


#6________    #7________    #8________    #9________    #10________


#11________  #12________  #13 ________ #14________  #15________



            EXAMS                                  THINK/WRITES                   (or)      SL/EMC JOURNALS                       (100 points each)                      (15 points each)                                    (10 points each)           


            #1        _______                      #1_____          #2_____                      #1_____          #2_____


            #2        _______                      #3_____          #4_____                      #3_____          #4_____


            #3        _______                      #5_____          #6_____                      #5_____          #6_____                                                                                 

                                                                                                                        + SL/EMC REFLECTION

                                                                                                                        (30 points)        ________

WRITING PROJECT (150 points total)


Part  I (25 points)         _______                                  EXTRA CREDIT

                                                                                    (5 points each)                          description

Part II (50 points)         _______                                                                                                                                                                                                          #1        _______          _______________________

Part III (75 points)        _______

                                                                                    #2        _______          _______________________

                        GRADE SCALE                                           

                          A = 630 - 700                                    #3        _______          _______________________                            B = 560 - 629                       

                          C = 490 - 559                                    #4        _______          _______________________

                          D = 420 - 489

                          F = Below 420                                                                                                                                                                                                           Photo (5 bonus points)  ________






This schedule is tentative, but will be followed as closely as possible.  The instructor reserves the right to alter this schedule.  If changes are made, students will be informed.


Daws = Gavan Daws' Shoal of Time

Bold italicized = KCC Library Reserve (See page 3 of your syllabus for authors & titles.)

L.K. = Lilikala Kame'eleihiwa's Native Land and Foreign Desires


  **If I am not in class within 15 minutes of the scheduled start of class, class is considered canceled.**













UNIT ONE: Hawaiian Metaphors

Understanding Source, Bias, & Perspective



Readings #1-5 (handouts)



Understanding Source, Bias, & Perspective (cont.)

L.K. (pp1-8)

“History in the Pacific” (handout)



Origins of Hawaiians

Malo (pp 1-9)



Origins (cont)

Kirch (pp 52-66)



Environmental Impact

Kirch (pp 285-293)



Traditional Hawaiian Metaphors

L.K. (pp 19-33)



Metaphors (cont.)

L.K. (pp 33-49)



Writing Project (Part I) Due

Pre-Contact Hawaiian Society


Malo (pp27-30, 52-57)



Pre-Contact Hawaiian Politics

“The Story of Umi”


Kamakau (pp 1-21)



Captain Cook

“Death of Cook” (handout)

Daws (Ch 1)







Think/Writes #1 & 2 Due

UNIT TWO: Hawaiian Metaphors Under Attack

Rise of Kamehameha




L.K. (Ch 3)



Kamehameha (cont.)

Daws (Ch 2)



Disease & Depopulation

Stannard (pp 3-31)



Missionaries & Merchants

Daws (pp 61-81)



M & M (cont)

Daws (pp 82-105)



Transformation of Pono

L.K. (Ch 4)



Writing Project (Part II) Due

Transformation (cont.)


L.K. (Ch 6)



Big Fish, Little Fish

Daws (pp 106-120), L.K. (Ch 7)











Think/Write #3 & 4 Due

UNIT THREE:  A Different World

Great Mahele




Daws (pp 124-131)



Mahele (cont.)

L.K. (pp 8-16, Ch 8)



Later Monarchs & Rise of Sugar


Daws (pp 173-197)




Daws (pp 197-206, 213-264)



Video: Hawai‘i’s Last Queen

Daws (pp 264-292)



Writing Project (Part III) Due

Plantation Economy


Daws (pp 293-317)



Militarization: Race Relations

Daws (pp 317-327)



Militarization: World War II

Daws (pp 339-357)




Daws (pp 328-338, 381-391)



Extra Credit Due

Hawaiian Renaissance

Sovereignty Movement


(in-class video)




NO CLASS (Finals Week)





Think/Write #5 & 6 Due



Upload: 10/31/2003

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