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THE PACIFIC SINCE 1945

HUB 620 Summer January 2003

 

Credit Points 12 Points
Status Elective, Intensive, Summer School, 9.00-3.00pm, January 8, 13, 15, 20, 22 and 29th 2003
Pre-requisites Nil
Coordinator    Max Quanchi, School of Humanities and Human Services, Room E319, Tel:  07-38644519; Fax: 07-38644719; A/H: 07-32177565 or 0402042879

Email:m.quanchi@qut.edu.au

Location    Carseldine, C320

__________________________________________________________________________

 

1.              Rationale

 

The themes and phases identified by mostly imatang, haole, pakeha, papalagi, Euro-American historians to analyse events in the post-World War II Oceania are decolonization, neo-colonialism, independence and modernization. But are these the themes that Oceanic peoples acknowledge as important in their lives in the Pacific Islands? The unit will examine a range of conceptual approaches including reciprocity, kastom  (custom), tradition, mobility, governance, sustainability, agency and accommodation, and will build upon ideas that are central to the humanities, including assumptions of global or universal meaning, the impact of a western cultural heritage in a non-western setting and comparative analysis as a methodology for the study of contemporary events. Three main questions will be addressed;

 i.         How do Pacific Islanders view their position in the contemporary world?

ii          What structures, relationships and systems maintain power and authority in the

Pacific Islands today?

 iii.        What meaning does tradition have for Pacific Island peoples?

 

2.      Objectives

 

At the end of the unit the student should be able to;

i           critically analyse through the use of historical methodologies the factors shaping contemporary life in the Pacific Islands

ii           apply the techniques of historical research to the investigation of an issue

iii                 describe and make generalizations about contemporary life in the Pacific

iv          argue in a structured, coherent manner about their own and other cultures.

 

3.      Assessment

 

Assessment items offer an opportunity to present orally (in seminar format), write a research paper and short answer questions on specific readings and complete a summative written assessment (essay format). All assessment will be completed by January 29th 2003.  All items must be submitted to reach a grade of “4” or above. All items are an individual assignment.

 

Summary of assessment tasks

 

1                     Short answers; 5%; Questions on Raapoto, Winchup, Hekau and Plant

Due Monday 13th (Session 2)

2                     Short answers;            5%; Questions on Campbell, CAB and Oliver

Due Wednesday 15th (Session 3)

3          Short answers;            5%; Questions on Campbell, Nero and Lal

Due Monday 20th (Session 4)

4          Class presentation, 20%; 10 minutes on essay topic

Due Monday 20th or Wednesday 22nd (Sessions 4 and 5)

5          1500 word essay; 20%; See (9) below for the range of topics to choose from

Due; 29th January (handed in at Session 6 – Exam day)

6            Examination; 45%; Three essays from the special lecture topics (Weeks 4,5 and 6)  

                        Due; 29th Jan 2003 (9.00am -12.10pm)

 

ASSESSMENT PROFILE

 

N   Unsatisfactory                      M   Unsatisfactory - minimal performance

S   Satisfactory performance     C    Satisfactory - good performance

H   Satisfactory - very good       O    Satisfactory - outstanding performance

__________________________________________________________________________

SHORT CLASS PRESENTATION

 

(N)         (S)                                         Consultation prior to seminar (compulsory)

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)             Introduce the author's main assertions

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)                          Demonstrate knowledge of the topic

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)             Acknowledge evidence and historical approaches

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)                Offer personal response

__________________________________________________________________________

            ESSAY

 

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)                     Identify the subject and author

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)                     List the author’s main assertions

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)                     Demonstrate knowledge of the topic

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)                     Discuss holistic view of the historical context

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)                     Apply a range of sources and scholarly research

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)              Express an opinion/interpretation

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)                     Argue in a logical, structured and coherent manner

(N)        (S)                                           Utilize appropriate conventions of referencing

__________________________________________________________________________

            EXAM - SPECIAL LECTURE RESPONSES

 

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)             Identify the event, context and historical background

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)             Discuss in relation to the general themes of the course

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)                     Demonstrate knowledge of the topic

(N) (M) (S) (C) (H) (O)             Argue in a logical, structured and coherent manner

__________________________________________________________________________

                

 FINAL GRADE                             (1)     (2)     (3)     (4)     (5)        (6)     (7)

__________________________________________________________________________

 

 

5       ESSAY TOPICS

 

Choose one of the following articles and comment critically on the topic, the historian’s interpretation and the wider context– present your opinions in (a) a class presentation, and (b) a 1500 word essay. (also check criteria above)

 

The class presentation should cover (30 to 50 minutes depending on class size)

            i            identify the period, location and other wider historical contexts

            ii            identify the specific topic/theme

            iii            List assertions (on OHP)

            iv            Identify areas of dispute between historians

            v            Engage and lead the class in discussion

vi          Main conclusions (read the concluding paragraph of your essay, on OHP,     say 150 words)

 

The essay should cover the following; (1500 words)

            i.            The topic and its position in the wider chronology of Pacific relationships

            ii            The author's main assertions 

            iii            The evidence the author provides to support the assertions  

            iv            Supporting or contrary historical interpretations on the topic

            v            The author's contribution to historiographic debates

            vi            Appropriate footnoting, references and bibliography

 

Note; The essay should follow QUT conventions of footnoting, references and bibliography, faced by the standard Assignment Cover Sheet.

 

Topics;

 

Bensa A and Wittersheim E, 1998, “Nationalism and interdependence; the political thought of

Jean-Marie Tjibaou” The Contemporary Pacific, Vol 10, 2, 369-90

Bolton L, 1999, “Radio and the redefinition of kastom in Vanuatu”, The Contemporary Pacific,

Vol 11, 2, pp.335-60

Firth S, 1997, "The war in the Pacific", in Denoon D, ed, 1997, The Cambridge history of the

Pacific Islanders, Melbourne, CUP pp.291-323

Goddard M, “The rascal road; crime, prestige and development in Papua New Guinea, The Contemporary Pacific, 7, 1995, 55-80

Hereniko, V, 1996, "Representations of cultural identities" in Howe K, Kiste RC and Lal BV,

(eds) Tides of history, pp.406-34

Hviding E and Baines G, “Custom and complexity; marine tenure, fisheries management and

conservation in Morovo lagoon, Solomon Islands” in Howitt R, Connell J and Hirsch P, eds, Resources nations and indigenous peoples, Oxford University Press, 1996, 66-89

Jolly, Margaret, 1992, "Specters of inauthenticity", The Contemporary Pacific, 4 (1), 49-72

Lamour P, 1997, “Corruption and governance in the South Pacific”, Pacific Studies, Vol 20, 3,

pp.1-18

Osario JK, “What kine Hawaiian are you? A Mo’olelo about nationhood, race, history and the

contemporary sovereignty movement in Hawai’i”, The Contemporary Pacific, 13, 2 ,

2001, 359-80

Spickard P, “Introduction; Pacific diaspora?” in Spickard P, Rondilla JL and Wright DH, eds,

Pacific diaspora; Island peoples in the United States and across the Pacific, Honolulu, UH Press, 2002, 1-340

Va’ai, S, “Creative writing in west Polynesia; development themes and trends” in Lal BV and Nelson H, eds, Lines across the sea, Brisbane, 1995, 213-24

West J and Falgout S, “Time traces; cultural memory and World War 11 in Pohnpei”, The Contemporary Pacific, 14, 1, 2002, 101-132

 

6       TUTORIAL READING ASSIGNMENTS

 

6.1A    Raapoto, TA, 1979, "Maohi; on being Tahitian" Pacific Perspective, Vol 9/1, 3-5

 

1.      Why does Raapoto reject being called a "Tahitian"?

2.      What is the difference between a person who is "ma' and another who is "repo"?

3.      In your own words define being "Maori".

4.      In your own words define being "Ma-ohi".

5.      What does Raapoto mean by the phrase "we live next to our history"?

 

6.1B    Winchup T, (1979), "Introduction", in Nareau's Nation,  Stacey International, London, pp.14-18

 

1.      Between 1857 and 1979 what does Winchup suggest happened to traditional lifestyles?

2.      Why are the "unimane" so important?

3.      Why was the "maneaba" a focal point?

4.      What is the meaning of the phrase "affluent subsistence living"?

5.      List four examples of Kiribati culture which have retained their traditional meaning or

function?

6.      What are the four cultural characteristics upon which Winchup bases his prediction of

 Kiribati's future?

 

6.1c    Hekau, Maihetoe, (c1984) "Being Nieuan", Pacific Perspective, Vol 12/2, 11-12

 

1.      Why does Hekau relate the anecdote about takihi?

2.      What is language the compulsory characteristic of being Nieuan?

3.      Why is "taking part" so important?

4.      What importance is given to food - what anecdotes does the author use to support his

 claims for manners and gardening?

5.      Define what maturity means for a Nieuan woman.

6.      What western or introduced values or practices are considered important?

 

6.1d   Plant C, (ed), (1991) Rotuma; Precious island,  IPS, Suva,  pp.228-230

 

1.      Why was the D.O. clearly the Gagaj Pure?

2.      Why was the role of the District Chief "not very rewarding"?

3       What were the two main issues worrying Rotumans in 1959?

4.      How was a Rotuman's worth measured?

5.      What was the Kiu?

6.      Why was the author (the anthropologist Alan Howard) impressed by the level of village

 solidarity?

7.      Why does Howard argue that there was a strong interest by Rotumans in their past?

 

6.2a    Campbell IC, 1990, A history of the Pacific Islands, UQP, Brisbane, pp.168, 170-1 and 186-7.

 

1.      What were the features of "central authority" before WWI?

2.      What were the two doctrines affecting the Pacific as a result of the formation of the

 League of Nations?

3.      What was the Mandate system?

4.      What were the main interests of post-WWI colonial administrators?

5       Why does the author argue that colonial attitudes and policies were "ambivalent"?

6       Campbell claims that in the post war period reform was not a new idea - how does he

 substantiate this claim?

 

6.2b    Anon, (1953), The South Sea Islands, Current Affairs Bulletin, Vol 11, No 13

 

1.      In 1953 why had few bothered to "penetrate the veil woven of fact and fancy"?

2.      What was the alleged basic "economic pattern"?

3             After describing reactions to "incentive" why does the author qualify the text by saying

 "this is not an invariable rule" ?

4       On page 200 the author mentions "these few crudely drawn general traits" - what were

 the traits that Pacific islanders were alleged to share ?

5.      How was the "great problem" of obtaining labour solved, and why was it a problem?

6.      Why would the author want Asian immigration into the Pacific to be "held off"?

7.            Why is it alleged that the war years "created a ferment which will not quickly work itself

 out"?

8.            Why is the "internal revolution" more important than relations between native leaders

 and administering powers?

9.            Why does the author believe that giving independence (to a string of coconut republics)

was not a sensible policy?

10.        What is wrong with the author's argument that Islanders "have a long way to go before

 they could own and manage" their own economy?

11.        Why did the author argue that "Kanaka culture tends to be a mixture of the inferior and

 least desirable aspects" of western and traditional cultures?

 

6.2C    Oliver DL, (1951/1961) "Epilogue" in   The Pacific Islands, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, pp.423-26

 

1.      Writing in 1951-61 why was Oliver so concerned about communism?

2.      Which three groups did he identify as possible insurrectionists?

3.      What is Oliver’s "general problem"?

4.      What were "post-war nativist movements"?

5.      What outcome did Oliver predict should Armageddon come to the islands?

 

6.3a    Campbell IC (1990), "Looking back" in   A history of the Pacific Islands, UQP, Brisbane, pp. 226-8

 

1.      What does Campbell mean when he suggests western impact has been "localised"?

2.      Explain in your own words the phrase "the sentimental regrets of sympathetic outsiders"

3.      What is the meaning of the phrase "double helix"?

4.      Do you think Pacific Island peoples are "omnipotent and omniscient'?

5.      What problems does Campbell suggest arise from acculturation?

 

6.3b      Nero K, 1997, "The end of insularity" in Denoon D, ed, The Cambridge History of the Pacific Islanders, London, CUP, pp.439-67

 

1       Nero uses a long quote from Hau'ofa to begin her analysis - why?

2       Nero claims we must "look to Islanders for paradigms" (p.441) - why?

3       What does Nero mean when she claims "issues are negotiated according to customary

 practices" (p.440)

4       Why do islanders reject the MIRAB model?

5       What is wrong with the core-periphery model?

6       Who can be labelled a Pacific Islander and by what criteria?

7       After movement to other Pacific islands, what relationships have relocated communities

 had with their hosts?

8       Where have islander migrated to on the Pacific rim?

9       Nero claims "gender is always a complicating factor " in resettled communities - why?

10      Why have 85% of Niueans abandoned their ancestral home?

11      What is a "trans-Pacific constituency"?

12      Nero describes the Pacific as a "trans-national Pacific" - what does this mean?

13      The metaphor of "the tree and the canoe" is referred to several times - why is it useful

for describing the post-1945 Pacific?

 

6.4c     Lal, B, (1994) "The passage out" Chp 18 in Howe K, Kiste RC  and Lal BV, (eds), Tides of history; the Pacific Islands in the twentieth century,  Allen and Unwin, Sydney, pp.435-363.

 

1.      List the key events of the 20th C identified by Lal.

2.      List Pacific Islanders mentioned by name.

3.      List researchers/social scientists mentioned by name.

4.      List three types of history/historical approaches noted by Lal.

5.      What are the three broad issues or themes of the 20th C ?

6.      What are the four problems faced by 20th C Pacific Islanders ?

 

 

7      Journal cources

 

i.       For all topics students should consult recent issues of the journals; Journal of Pacific History (JPH), JPH  Annual Bibliography, The Contemporary Pacific  (TCP),  Pacific Studies (PS),  Isla; A Journal of Micronesian Studies (defunct),  Islands Business and Nuclear Free and Independent (NFIP) Newsletter.

ii.     Both JPH  and TCP have a regular "Chronicle" section on recent events.

iii.    Other periodicals and magazines such as Pacific Research (discontinued), Pacific Issues (a monthly clipping service, now discontinued), TOKSPFF, Pacific Islands Monthly (discontinued), Pacific News (weekly newspaper) Impact  and numerous smaller, irregular newsletters also provide details of recent events.

iv      There are many internet www addresses where current information may be accessed.  A list is available on the E Building, Level 3 noticeboard.

 

8.             General references

 

Borofsky R (1987) Making history;  Pukapukan and anthropological constructions  of knowledge , Cambridge, CUP

Borofksy R, ed, 2000, Remembrances of Pacific pasts; an invitation to remake history, Honolulu, UH Press

Buck E, 1993, Paradise remade; the politics of culture and history in Hawaii, Philadelphia, Temple University Press

Busch, Werner vom, 1994, ed, et.al., New politics in the South Pacific, Suva,  IPS/USP

Callick R, 1993, "A doomsday scenario", in Rodney Cole, ed, Pacific 2010; challenging the future, Canberra, NCDS, pp.1-11

Campbell IC, (1990), A history of the Pacific Islands, Brisbane, UQP

Campbell IC, Island kingdom; Tonga ancient and modern, Christchurch, Canterbury University Press 1992

 "The region in review: International issues and events", The Contemporary Pacific;

        1989-1990     1 (1-2) and 2 (2), Richard Herr

        1991-1993    3 (2), 4 (2) and 5 (2), Greg Fry

        1994-1995      6 (2) and 7 (2), Stephen Henningham,

        1996-1997      8 (2), 9 (2) and 10 (2) Karen von Strokirch, 

1998-1999     11 (2)  and 12 (2) Stewart Firth

2000-2002            13 (2) and 14 (2) Karen von Strokirch

 

NB; Journal of Pacific History also has an annual "Bibliography and Political Chronicle"

         NB; The Contemporary Pacific also has annual Melanesia/Polynesia/Micronesia political reviews

 

Connell J and Howitt R, eds, 1991, Mining and indigenous peoples in Australiasia, Sydney, Sydney University Press

Crocombe R,  et.al., (eds), (1992), Culture and Democracy in the Pacific , Suva, Institute of

Pacific Studies.

Crocombe RG, The Pacific Islands, Suva, IPS, 2000

De Ishtar, Zohl, 1994, Daughters of the Pacific, Melbourne, Spinifex.

Dening G, 1996, Performances, Melbourne MUP

Denoon D, ed, 1997, The Cambridge history of the Pacific Islanders, Melbourne, CUP

Denoon D and J Shanahan, eds, 1997, Emerging from empire; decolonization in the Pacific,  Canberra Australian National University.

Denoon D, 1999, Getting under the skin; the Bougainville copper agreement and the creation of Panguna mine

Docker J and Fisdcher G, eds, 2000, Race, colour and identity in Australia and New Zealand, Sydney, UNSW Press

Duff A, (1990), Once were warriors, Brisbane, UQP.

Gewertz DB and Errington FK (1991) Twisted histories, altered contexts, Cambridge, CUP

Fraser H, (1990), Your flag's blocking our sun, Sydney, ABC Enterprises.

Firth S, "Sovereignty and independence in the contemporary Pacific", The Contemporary Pacific, 1 (1-2), 1989, 75-96

Fischer SR, A history of the Pacific Islands, London, Palgrave 2002

Greenwood E, Neumann K and A Satori, eds, 1995, Work in flux, Melbourne, Melbourne

 University History Deparetment

Hanlon D, 1998, Remaking Micronesia; discourses over development in a Pacific territory 1944-1982, Honolulu, UH Press

Hanlon, David and White, Geoff, eds, Voyaging through the contemporary Pacific, Rowan and Littlefield, Lanham, Maryland USA 2001

Hau'ofa Epeli, 1994, "Our sea of islands", The Contemporary Pacific, 6 (1), 147-62.

Helu F, 1999, Critical essays; cultural perspectives from the South seas

Henningham S, 1995, The Pacific Island States; security and sovereignty in the post-cold war world,  London, Macmillan.

Hezel FX, The new shape of old island cultures; a half century of social change in Micronesia, Honolulu, UH Press 2001

Hooper A, et.al., (eds), (1987), Class and culture in the South Pacific , Suva,  Institute for Pacific Studies.

Howe K, Kiste RC and Lal BV, (eds), (1994), Tides of history; The Pacific Islands in the Twentieth Century,  Sydney,  Allen  and Unwin.

Howe KR, Nature culture and history; the knowing of Oceania, Honolulu, UH Press, 2000

Jolly, Margaret, 1992, "Specters of inauthenticity", The Contemporary Pacific,  4 (1), 49-72

Lal BV,(ed),(1992),Pacific Islands History; Journeys and Transformations, Canberra, ANU.

Lal B and Nelson H, eds, 1995, Lines across the sea; colonial inheritance in the post-colonial Pacific, Brisbane PHA

Lal BV and Fortune K, eds, The encyclopaedia of the Pacific islands, Honolulu, UH Press 2000

Linnekin J, 1997, "Contending approaches" (historiography) in Dennon D, ed, 1997, The Cambridge history of the Pacific Islanders, Melbourne, CUP pp.3-36

Moore C and D Munro, 1996, "The nature of Pacific History; a bibliography", The Journal of Pacific Studies, Vol 20 pp.155-60

Munro D, ed, 1996, Reflections on Pacific Historiography" a special issue of The Journal of

Pacific Studies, Vol 20

Nile R and Clerk C, 1996, Cultural atlas of Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands, Surrey Hills, RD Press

Oliver D, (1961, rev 1991), The Pacific Islands, Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press.

Patterson CB, 1986, "New nations in the Pacific", National Geographic, Vol 170 (4), 460-500.

Penders CLM, The West New Guinea debacle; Dutch decolonisation and Indonesia 1945-1962, Honolulu, UH press 2002

Quanchi M and Adams R, (eds), (1992), Culture contact in the Pacific, Melbourne,       Cambridge University Press.

Quanchi M, The atlas of the Pacific Islands, Brisbane, Jacaranda Wiley, 2002

Rappaport M, ed, 1999, The Pacific Islands; environment and society, Honolulu, Bess Press

Robertson, R and Tamanisau A, 1992, "Pacific overview; not so new world order", in Robie D

ed, Tu Galala; social change in the Pacific, Wellington, Pluto Press,  pp.23-38.

Robie D, 1990, Blood on their banner;  nationalist struggles in the South Pacific, Sydney, Pluto Press.

Robie D, (ed),(1992),Tu Galala; Social change in the Pacific, Sydney, Pluto Press.

Rubinstein D, (ed), (1992),Pacific History; Papers of the 8th Pacific History Conference,  Guam, University of Guam.

Scarr D, (1990),  The history of the Pacific Islands,  Sydney, Macmillan.

Scarr D, Gunson N and Terrell J, eds, 1998, Echoes of Pacific war; papers from the 7th Tongan History conference, Canberra.

Smith LT, 1999, Decolonising methodologies; research and indigenous people, Dunedin, University of Otago Press

Spickard P, Rondilla JL and Wright DH, eds, Pacific diaspora; Island peoples in the United States and across the Pacific, Honolulu, UH Press 2002

Talu A and Quanchi M, eds, 1995, Messy entanglements; Papers of the 10th Pacific        History Conference, Brisbane, Pacific History Association.

Thakur R, ed,1992,The South Pacific; Problems, Issues and Prospects,

London, Macmillan.

Thompson R (1994) The Pacific basin since 1945, Sydney, Longmans.

Thomas N and losche D, eds, 1998, Double vision; art histories ans colonial histories in the Pacific

Vaai S, 1999, Literary representations in Western Polynesia; colonialism and indigeneity, Apia, NUS Press

Wendt A, 1995, Nuaua; Pacific writing in English since 1980, Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press

 

9             SELECTED TOPICS AND READINGS

 

WWII in the Pacific

 

Firth S, 1997, "The war in the Pacific", in Denoon D, ed, 1997, The Cambridge history of the

 Pacific Islanders, Melbourne, CUP pp.291-323

Higuchi W, 1995,  "Japan and war reparations in Micronesia", JPH,  Vol 30, 1 pp.87-98

Laracy H (1994) "World War Two" in Howe K, Kiste RC and Lal BV, (eds) Tides of history ...

Laracy H, ed, 1983, The Maasina Rule movement; Suva, IPS

Mackay R (1992) "The war years; Methodists in Papua 1942-45" JPH,  Vol 27/1

Peattie M, 1988, Nanyo; The rise and fall of the Japanese in Micronesia 1885-1945, Honolulu, UH Press

Ravuvu A, 1974, Fijians at war 1939-45, Suva, SPSSA

Robinson N, 1981, Villagers at war; Papua New Guineans in World War Two, Canberra ANU Press

Scheps L, 1995, "Chimbu participation in the Pacific War", JPH,  Vol 30, 1, pp.76-86

Taem blong faet; World War Two in Melanesia, special issue of  O'O; A journal of Solomon Island studies   Vol 4, 1988

Weeks CJ, 1987, "The United States occupation of Tonga 1942-45; the social and economic impact", Pacific Historical Review, Vol 56, 3, pp.403-5

White G, et.al., eds, 1988, The big death; Solomon Islanders remember World  War Two, Suva, IPS

White G and L Lindstrom, eds, 1989, The Pacific theater;  Island representations of  World War II, Honolulu, UH Press

White G, ed, 1991, Remembering the Pacific war, Honolulu, UH Press

 

Independence, Colonialism

 

Alley RM (1970) "Independence for Fiji...." Australian Outlook Vol 24/2

Bain A (1992) "Fiji; women, poverty and post-coup pressure" in Robie D (ed) Tu galala....

Bain A (1994) "The status of Fiji women"  Pacific Islands Monthly   May 1994 p.32.

Bennett J (1988)   Wealth of the Solomons, Honolulu, UH Press

Bennett J (1993) "We do not come here to be beaten...." in Lal BV, Munro D and  Beechert D (eds) Plantation workers; resistance and accommodation

Bensa and Wittershen, 1998, “Nationalism and interdependence; the political thought of Jean-

Marie Tjibaou” The Contemporary Pacific, Vol 10, 2, 369-90

Bugotu, Francis, 1973,  "Decolonizing and recolonising; the case of the Solomons", Pacific Perspective, Vol 2 (2), pp.77-80 (in LAC)

Connell, John, 1991, "The new Micronesia; pitfalls and problems of dependent  development", Pacific Studies, 14 (2), 87-120.

Crocombe R, 1995, The Pacific Islands and the USA,  Suva, IPS/USP

Davidson JW (1961) "The transition to independence; the example of Western Samoa"  AJPH Vol 7/1

Davidson JW (1973) "From dependency to independence"  JPH Vol 8

Frazer, Ian, 1995, "Decentralization and the postcolonial state in Solomon Islands",  in Lal and Nelson, ibid., pp.95-110

Frazer I (1992) "Solomon Islands labour history and Maasina Rule" in Moore C,  Leckie  J and Munro D (eds) Labour in the South Pacific.,

Gaffaney, TJ, 1995, "Linking colonization and decolonization; the case of Micronesia",  Pacific Studies, 18 (2), pp.23-59

Hanlon David (1994) "Patterns of colonial rule in Micronesia" in Howe KR, Kiste RC, Lal BV (eds)  Tides of history

Hughes, Tony, 1978, "Solomon Islands; economic growth and independence", Pacific Perspective, Vol 7 (1), pp.36-41 (in LAC)

Ishtar Zohl (1994) 'We have only one Belau" in Daughters of the Pacific Nth Melbourne, Spinifex

Knapman B, 1994, “Economic development and dependency” in  Kiste R, Howe K and Lal B,

eds, Tides of History; the Pacific Islands in the twentieth century, Sydney, Allen and

Unwin, pp.325-99

Lal, BV, 1995, "Rabuka's Republic; The Fiji snap elections of 1994", Pacific Studies, 18 (1), 44-77.

Lal, BV ,1992, Broken waves; a history of the Fiji Islands....  Chp 4

Lal, BV, 1990, ed,  “As the dust settles; impact and implications of the Fiji coup”,  special issue of The Contemporary Pacific, 2 (1), 1990.

Macdonald, B (1994) "Britain" in Howe K, Kiste RC and Lal BV, (eds) Tides of history....

Lamour P, 1997, “Corruption and governance in the South Pacific”,Pacific Studies, Vol 20, 3,

pp.1-18

Leckie, Jacqueline, 1995, "The colonial inheritance and labour; structure, conditions   and identity in Fiji" in Lal and Nelson, Ibid., pp.185-98.

Leckie, Jacqui, 1994, "Trade union rights, legitimacy and politics under Fiji's post-   coup interim administration", Pacific Studies,  16 (3),87-113.

Leckie J (1990) "Workers in colonial Fiji" in Moore C, Leckie J and Munro D (eds),  Labour in the South Pacific

Macdonald B (1982) "Self determination and self government" JPH Vol 17/1-2.

Malcolmson SL (1990) "America at sea; Palau" in Tuturani; a political journey in the Pacific islands, New York, Simon and Schuster

Mason, Leonard, 1990, "A Marshallese nation emerges from the political fragmentation of American Micronesia", Pacific Studies,  13 (1), 1-46

May R, 1997, "Nugget, Pike and boys in Papua New Guinea" in Denoon D and J Shanahan

eds, Emerging from empire; decolonization in the Pacific, Canberra, ANU Press.

Michal, Ed, 1993, "Protected states; the political status of the FSM and the Republic of  the Marshall Islands" , The Contemporary Pacific, 5 (2), 303-32.

Nelson H, 1997, "The talk and the timing ...." in Denoon D and J Shanahan, eds, Ibid.,

Parker, Richard, 1995, "Appraising the colonial record; Australia in Papua New Guinea", in Lal and Nelson, ibid., pp.9-24.

Peacock A, 1995, "Ministerial memior; Papua New Guinea's transition to independence"  in Lal and Nelson, ibid., pp1-8.

Petersen, Glenn, 1995, "Why is Micronesian 'independence' an issue ?"  in Lal and Nelson, ibid., pp. 69-82.

Pollock, Nancy, 1992, "The mining of Nauru and its aftermath ..." in Don Rubinstein,  ed, Pacific history….., Guam, University of Guam, pp.281-92.

Pollock, Nancy, 1995, "Nauru's post-independence struggles",  in Lal and Nelson, ibid., pp.49-56.

Pollock N, 1997, "Nauru; decolonising; recolonising - but never a colony" in Denoon D and J Shanahan, eds, Emerging from empire ... , 102-6

Pouwer J, 1999, “The colonisation, decolonisation and recolonisation of West New Guinea’

JPH, 33, 2, 157-80

Rae, Pramod, 1979, "Ethnic factors in trade unionism in Fiji", Pacific Perspective, Vol 8 (1), pp.32-37 (in LAC)

Rampell E (1992) "Belau; nuclear free islands under seige" in Robie D (Ed) Tu Galala; social change in the Pacific

Regan AJ, 1998, “Causes and course of the Bougainville agreement”, Journal of Pacific History, Vol 33, 3, pp.269-86

Robie David  (1989) "Belau; trust betrayed" in Robie D,  Blood on their banner; nationalist struggles in the South Pacific, London, Zed Books

Robertson R, 1995, "Pathway to modernization; Fiji's garment revolution" in Lal and Nelson, eds, Ibid., pp.145-60

Rogers, Robert, 1989, "Guam's quest for political identity", Pacific Studies, 12 (1), 49-70.

Scarr D, 1984, Fiji; a short history, Sydney, Macmillan, Chp 4

Schwalbenberg HM and Hatcher T (1994) "Micronesian trade and foreign      assistance; contrasting the Japanese and American colonial periods" JPH, Vol 29/1

Tagupa, William, 1989, "The 1987 Westminster constitutional crisis in Fiji", Pacific Studies,  12 (1), 97-151.

Thompson, Roger, 1992, "Edge of empire; Australian colonization in Nauru 1919-39" in Don Rubinstein, ed, Pacific history….., ibid., pp.273-80

Thompson R, 1995, "Messy entanglements in British and Australian decolonisation in the

         Pacific" in Talu A and M Quanchi, Messy entanglements,  Brisbane, PHA, pp.167-74

Turner M, 1990, Papua New Guinea; the challenge of independence, Ringwood,  Penguin.

Vasil R (1972) "Communalism and constitution making in Fiji" Pacific Affairs  Vol 45/1

Weeramantry, Christopher, 1992, Nauru; environmental damage under international trusteeship, Melbourne, OUP

Waiko, John, 1993, A short history of Papua New Guinea, Melbourne, OUP.

Wesley-Smith T, 1996, "Australia and New Zealand" in Howe K, Kiste RK and Lal BV,       eds, Tides of History ....pp.195-99 and 211-17

Wilkinson MJ and Boneparth E, 1995, "Terminating trusteeship for the Federated States of Micronesia ...." Pacific Studies, 18 (2) 61-77

Willens HP and Siemer DC, An honorable accord; the covenant between the Northern Marianas Islands and the United States, Honolulu, UH press 2002

.

Nuclear Pacific

 

Danielsson B and  M-T Danielsson, Poisoned reign; French nuclear colonialism in the Pacific,  Ringwood, Penguin

Firth S, 1996, "Strategic and nuclear issues" in Howe K, Kiste RK and Lal BV, eds, Tides of History pp.300-24

Firth S, 1987,  Nuclear playground,  Allen and Unwin, Sydney

Firth S and K von Strokirch, 1997, "A nuclear Pacific" in Denoon D, ed, The Cambridge   history of  the Pacific Islanders   Melbourne, CUP, pp.324-358

Henningham S, 1995, "Environmental, resource and nuclear issues" in The Pacific Island States; security and sovereignty in the post-cold-war World  London, Macmillan, pp.71-90

Robie D, 1989, Blood on their banner; nationliast struggles in the South Pacific, London, Zed Books, Chps 1,  and 8-10

Herr R, 1996, "Regionalism and nationalism" in Howe K, Kiste RC and Lal BV, (eds)  Tides of history....,  283-99

Fry G, 1997, "The South Pacific experiment" in JPH,  Vol 32 (2) pp.180-202

Henninghan S, 1995, "Introduction; diversity but common interests" in The Pacific Island States; security and sovereignty in the post-cold-war World, London, Macmillan, pp.1-15

Waddell E, et.al., A new Oceania; rediscovering our sea of islands, Suva, IPS. (see articles by Borer, Bryant, Kabutaulaka, Ratuva and Plange)

 

Literature

 

Sharrard, Paul, 1995, "Literary legacies; faltering feet, dancing a pen to a national beat", Lal and Nelson, ibid.,, pp.199-212.

Arvidson, Ken, 1976 "The emergence of a Polynesian literature", Mana Review,  Vol 1 (1), pp.28-48 (in LAC)

Gorle, Gilian, 1995, "The theme of social change in the literature of Papua New Guinea", Pacific Studies, 18 (2) 139-49.

Gorle, Gilian, 1994, "Singing with a straitjacket on; interviews with ...", Meanjin, 53  (4), 637-48

Gorle G, 1996, “The second decade; the theme of social change in Papua New Guinea

Literature 1979-1989”, Pacific Studies, Vol 19, 1, 53-90

Hereniko Vilisoni (1994) “Representations of cultural identities" in Howe K, Kiste RC   and Lal BV, (eds) Tides of history...,  pp.406-34

Hereniko, Vilisoni, 1993, "Pacific Island literature” 5 (1); Manoa; a Pacific journal of international writing, pp.47-66

Sharrard, Paul, 1990, "Imagining the Pacific", Meanjin, 49 (4), 597-606

Sinclair, Karen, 1993, "Maori literature; protest and affirmation", Pacific Studies, 15 (4), 283-309.

Subramani, 1992, South Pacific literature; from myth to fabulation, Suva, IPS/USP.

Va'ai, Sina, 1995, "Creative writing in west Polynesia- development, themes and trends", Lal and Nelson, eds, ibid.,  pp.213-24.

 

Tradition and representation

 

Bolton L, 1999, “Radio and the redefinition of kastom in Vanuatu”, The Contemporary Pacific,

Vol 11, 2, pp.335-60

Borofsky R, “An invitation” in Borofsky R, ed, Remembrance of Pacific pasts; an invitation to

remake history, Honolulu, UH Press, pp.1-29

Dureau C, 1999, “Decreed affinities; nationalism and the Western Solomon Islands” JPH, Vol

33, 2, 197-220

Hereniko, V, 1996, "Representations of cultural identities" in Howe K, Kiste RC and Lal BV,

(eds) Tides of history, pp.406-34

Hereniko V, 2000, “Indigenous knowledge and academic imperialism” in Borofsky, op.cit.,

pp.78-91

Jolly M and N Thomas, eds, 1992, The politics of tradition in the Pacific, a special  issue of Oceania, Vol 62 (4)

Keesing R, 1989, "Creating the past; custom and identity in the contemporary Pacific" in TCP,  Vol 1 (1-2) pp.19-42

Linnekin J, 1990, "The politics of culture in the Pacific" in Linnekin J and L Poyer,   eds, Cultural identity and ethnicity in the Pacific,Honolulu, UH Press, pp. 149-174

Linnekin J, 1997, "The ideological world remade" in Denoon D, ed, The Cambridge history of  the Pacific Islanders   Melbourne, CUP, pp.397-437

Nero K, 1997, "The end of insularity" in Denoon D, ed, Ibid.,  pp.439-467

Ravuvu A, 1992, "Culture and traditions; implications for modern nation building" in Crocombe R, et,al, eds, Culture and democracy in the South Pacific, Suva, IPS  pp.57-66

Stevenson K, 1990,  "Heiva; continuity and change of a Tahitian celebration"  TCP,  Vol 2 (2) , pp.255-78

Ward A, 2000, “Treaty-related research and versions of New Zealand history” in Borofsky R,

 ed, op.cit., pp.401-19

 

Pro-democracy movement in Tonga

 

Campbell IC., “The democracy movement and the 1999 Tongan elections” JPH, Vol 34, 3, pp.265-72

Campbell IC (1994) "The doctrine of accountability…"  JPH Vol 29/1

Campbell, IC, 1993, "The emergence of parliamentary politics in Tonga", Pacific Studies, 15 (1), 77-97

Campbell IC (1992) Island kingdom; Tonga ancient and modern  Chp 15.

Hau'ofa, Epeli (1994)  "Thy Kingdom Come; the democratization of aristrocratic Tonga"

        TCP,  Vol 6/1

Helu, F (1992) "Democracy bug bites Tonga" in Crocombe R, et.al., Culture and democracy in the South Pacific

Hills RC, 1994, "Predicaments in Polynesia; culture and constitutions. PS Vol 16/4

Hoponoa, L (1992) "Pro-democratic movement in Tonga ...." in Rubinstein D (ed) Pacific history; Papers....

James KE, 1994, "Tonga's pro-democracy movement" in Pacific Affairs, Vol 67, (2), pp.242-63

Lamour  P, 1994, "A foreign flower ? Democracy in the South Pacific" Pacific Studies, 17 (1), 45-77

Latukefu S, 1995, "Tonga at independence and now",  in Lal and Nelson, eds, ibid., pp.57-68.

Latukefu S, 1993, "The pro-democracy movement in Tonga" JPH  28/3

Pohiva, SA, 1992, "Tonga; the day of reckoning" in Robie D (ed) Tu Galala... Ibid.

 

Oceanic identities and the Hokule’a voyage

 

Amadio N, 1993, “A member of the family; the canoes of Kiribati” in Pacifica, Sydney, Angus and Robertson,  pp.86-89

Andrew S, 1997, “Sailing the big canoes’, Pacific Islands Monthly (Sept), pp.51-2

Anon, 1999, “A boat fit for the King”, Islands Business, (Sept), p.42

Davis T (1992) Vaka Suva, Suva, IPS/USP

Feinberg, Richard, ed, 1995, Seafaring in Contemporary Pacific Islands; studies in continuity and change, Dekalb, Northern Illinois University Press

Finney, Ben, 1994, Voyage of discovery; a cultural odyssey through Polynesia, University of California Press, Berkeley

Finney B (1979) Hokule'a; the way to Tahiti New York, Dodd Mead

Gladwin, Thomas, 1970, East is a big bird; navigation and logic on Puluwat atoll, Cambridge, Harvard University Press

Goetzfriot N, 1992, Indigenous navigation and voyaging in the Pacific, Westport, Greenwood

Haddon AC and Hornell J, 1936-38/reprint 1975/1991), The canoes of Oceania, (3 Vols), Honolulu, Bishop Museum Press

Johnson G, 1999, “Marshallese canoe fleet to herald millennium dawn in New Zealand”, Pacific Islands Monthly (Oct), pp.20-1

Jonassen, Jon, 1995,“The politics of culture; the case of voyaging canoes”, Mana, 11, 1, 66 (also reprinted in vom Busch, Werner, et.al., eds, 1994, New politics in the South Pacific, Suva, IPS, 305-17) 

Jourdain, P, 1970, Ancient Tahitian canoes, Paris, Société des Océanistes

Kane H (1976) "A canoe helps Hawaii recapture her past", National Geographic April 1976

Lewis, David, 1972, We the navigators; the ancient art of landfinding in the Pacific, Australian National University Press, Canberra

Lewis, David, 1977, From Maui to Cook; the discovery and settlement of the Pacific, Sydney, Doubleday

Markowitz B, 2000, “Hokule’a’s return; epic protocol schizophrenia” Pacific Islands Monthly, (April) pp.48-9

Pacific Islands Monthly 

May 1974, 

Aug, Nov and Dec 1976,

May 1977

Jun 1980

Quanchi M, 1990,  People and change; the Pacific in the 20th Century,  Melbourne, CUP, Chp 7

Ridgell R, Ikea M and Urou I, 1994, “The persistence of central Carolinian navigation” Isla; A Journal of Micronesian Studies, Vol 2, No 2, pp.181-206

Siers J (1977) Taratai; a Pacific adventure, Wellington, Millwood

Thomas SD, 1987, The last navigator, London, Hutchison

 

Logging in Melanesia

 

Barsh, Russel, 1990, "Indigenous peoples, racism and the environment", Meanjin,  49 (4), 723-72.

Bennett, Judith, 1995, "Forestry, public land and the colonial legacy in Solomon Islands", The Contemporary Pacific, 7 (2), 243-76.

Clarke, William, 1990, "Learning from the past; traditional knowledge and sustainable development", The Contemporary Pacific, 2 (2), 233-54.

Connell J and Howitt, R, eds, 1991, Mining and indigenous peoples in Australasia, Sydney, Sydney University Press

Devoe, Nora, 1994, "Mangrove exploitation and conservation in the FSM", Isla,  2 (1), 67-82.

Fergusen, Roy, 1991, "Environmental problems in the Pacific island region...." in Ramesh Tahkur, ed, The South Pacific; problems, issues and prospects, London, Macmillan, 65-80.

Howitt R, J Connell and P Hirsch, eds, Resources, nations and indigenous peoples, Melbourne, Oxford University Press,

"Logging the South western Pacific; perspectives from Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu", Special issue of The Contemporary Pacific, Vol 9, 1, 1997

McNeill, JR, 1994, "Of rats and men; a synoptic environmental history of the Island Pacific" in Journal of world history, 5, 2, 299-349.

Mitchell, Andrew, 1989, A fragile paradise; nature and man in the Pacific, London, Collins.

Nero K, 1997, "The material world remade" in Denoon D, ed, 1997, The Cambridge history of the Pacific Islanders,  Melbourne, CUP pp.359-396

Thomas, Pamela, et.al., eds, 1994, Managing resources in the South Pacific, a special  issue of Development Bulletin, Vol 31.

 

Unity and fragmentation in the Solomon Islands

 

TBA

 

The Fiji coups of 1987 and 2000

 

Frankel J, “The clash of dynasties and the rise of demagogues; Tauri Vakaukauwa of May 2000”, JPH, 35, 3, 2000, 295-308

Kurer O, “Land and politics in Fiji; of failed land reforms and coups”, JPH, 36, 3, 2001, 299-316 

Lal BV, “In George Speight’s shadow; the Fiji general elections of 2001”, JPH, 37, 1, 2002, 87-102

Lal BV, “Chiefs and thieves and other people besides”; the making of George Speight’s coup”, JPH, 35, 3, 2000, 281-94

Lal BV, “Rabuka of Fiji; coups, constitutions and confusion; review and reflection”, JPH, 35, 3, 2000, 319-26

Lal BV, “Making history, becoming history; reflections on Fijian coups and constitutions”, TCP, 14, 1, 2002, 148-67

Norton R, “Chiefs for the nation; containing ethnonationalism and bridging the ethnic divide in Fiji”, Pacific Studies, 22, 1, 1999, 21-50

 

10            Schedule of lectures, seminars and tutorials

 

SUMMARY            All sessions 0900-1500

 

Weds 8 Jan            Overview, Introductory lecture, Film, Media Issues; Assessment, Tasks

Mon 13 Jan            Discuss Questions; Film 1; Film 2; Topic 1 (Tonga)

Wed 15 Jan            Discuss Questions; Film 3; Topic 2 (Solomons) and Topic 3 (Hokule’a)

Mon 20 Jan            Discuss questions; Topic 4 (Logging); Student presentations (part A, B and

 C); Film 4

Wed 22 Jan       Topic 5 (Fiji coup); Student presentations (part D, E and F); Review 1945-2002

Mon 27 Jan             Australia Day vacation

Wed 29 Jan             Examination

 

10         FULL PROGRAM AND STUDENT TASKS

__________________________________________________________

 

Wed 8 Jan            Session 1       0900-1500hrs

 

9.00 - 10.30            Program, topics, assessment, texts, access, tasks

10.30 -11.00            Break

11.00 - 12.00            Film; "Man without pigs" and discussion

12.00 – 1.00            The Pacific – issues, dialogue and debates as seen in the media

1.00 – 1.30            Break

1.30 – 2.30            Film “Doomsday scenario”; Discussion of post-WWII events

2.30 - 3.00            Allocation of tasks for session 2

 

Independent tasks between before Monday Jan 13th

 

1.         Complete questions on Raapoto, Winchup, Hekau and Plant and bring to class on Monday 13th Jan

2            Select topic for essay

3          Select five readings on the topic - copy, read and make notes.

            4            Read two or three references on Topic 1 (Tonga)

 

Mon 13 Jan            Session 2       0900-1500hrs

 

9.00 - 10.30            Topic 1 – The pro-democracy movement in Tonga

10.30 -11.00            Break

11.00 - 12.00            Film; "Bikfela canoe” and discussion

12.00 – 1.00            Answers and discussion on questions (Raapoto, Winchup, Hekau and Plant)

1.00 – 1.30            Break

1.30 – 2.30            Film “I can get another wife but I can’t get more parents” and discussion

2.30 - 3.00            Allocation of tasks for session 3

 

Independent tasks before Wednesday 15th

 

1.         Complete questions on Campbell, CAB and Oliver and bring to class on Wednesday 15th Jan

2            Continue background reading on essay

3            Prepare first outline of class presentation

4            Read two references each on Topic 2 (Solomons) and Topic 3 (Hokule’a)

 

Wed 15 Jan            Session 3       0900-1500hrs

 

9.00 - 10.30            Topic 2; The decline into Civil unrest in the Solomon Islands

10.30 -11.00            Break

11.00 – 12.00            Answers and discussion on questions (on Campbell, CAB and Oliver)

12.00 - 1.00            Film “Logging in the Solomon islands”

1.00 – 1.30            Break

1.30 – 3.00            Topic 3; Hokule’a and Oceanic voyaging and identity

           

 

Independent tasks before Monday 20th January

 

1            Complete questions on Campbell, Nero and Lal and bring to class on

Monday 20th Jan

2            Finalise draft of presentation and Email outline to m.quanchi@qut.edu.au             for comments before Saturday 18th (if presenting in part a, b or c)

3.            Continue reading on essay topic

4            Read two references on topic 4 (Logging).

           

Mon 20 Jan            Session 4       0900-1500hrs

 

9.00 - 10.30            Student presentations (a)

10.30 -11.00            Break

11.00 - 12.00            Topic 4: Resource development and Logging in Melanesia

12.00 – 1.00            Student presentations (b)

1.00 – 1.30            Break

1.30 – 2.30            Student presentations (c)

2.30 - 3.00            Film; “Advertising missionaries”

 

Independent tasks before Wednesday 22nd January

 

i.            Complete final Draft of essay

ii            Revise timeline of key events 1945-2002

iii            Read at two references on Special topic 5 (Fiji coups)

iv            Finalise draft of presentation and Email outline to m.quanchi@qut.edu.au for comments before Tuesday 21st (if presenting in part d, e or f)

 

Wed 22 Jan            Session 5       0900-1500hrs

 

9.00 - 10.30            Student presentations (d)

10.30 -11.00            Break

11.00 - 12.00            Topic 5; The Fiji coups of 1987 and 2000

12.00 – 1.00            Student presentations (e)

1.00 – 1.30            Break

1.30 – 2.30            Student presentations (f)

2.30 - 3.00            Course review 1945-2002

 

Independent tasks before Examination

 

i            Read  at one additional reference each on special topics 1, 2 3, 4 and 5

ii            Revise notes on each special lecture topic (choose 3 of the 5)

            iii            Draft practice answers on 3 of the five topics

 

Wed 29 Jan            Session 6       0900-1215hrs

 

09.00 - 09.10            Reading Time

09.10 - 12.10            Examination

 

END

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