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The Politics of Culture and Identity:

Pacific Islands Perspectives

NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES SUMMER SEMINAR FOR COLLEGE TEACHERS

June 12 - August 4, 1995
East-West Center
Honolulu, Hawaii 96848

DIRECTORS:

Geoffrey M. White Tel: 808-944-7343
East-West Center Fax: 808-944-7070
1601 East-West Road Email: whiteg@ewc.hawaii.edu
Honolulu, HI 96848-1601

Lamont Lindstrom Tel: 918-631-2888
Department of Anthropology Fax: 918-631-2540
University of Tulsa Email: lindstroml@centum.utulsa.edu
Tulsa, OK 74104

Summer Institutes and Seminars supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) are designed to provide an opportunity for college faculty to pursue research and curriculum projects on selected topics in the humanities. In 1991, 1993 and 1995 Geoffrey White (East-West Center) and Lamont Lindstrom (University of Tulsa) codirected NEH Summer Seminars on "The Politics of Culture and Identity: Pacific Islands Perspectives." These Seminars were eight weeks in duration and encompassed a variety of topics related to cultural politics in the contemporary Pacific. The reading list for the 1995 Seminar is given here, with weekly readings organized into primary and secondary (optional) entries.

SEMINAR MATERIALS


You will find most of the "primary" selections listed below in your readings packet. Secondary selections are on reserve in the East-West Center collection. Other items distributed to all participants include the following two books and journal :

1. Packet of Readings

2. Lindstrom, L. and G. White, eds. 1994. Culture, Kastom, Tradition: Developing Cultural Policy in Melanesia. Suva, Fiji: Institute of Pacific Studies

3. Duff, Alan. 1995. Once Were Warriors. New York: Vintage

4. Public Culture vol. 7. April, 1995

Week 1: Clashes of Anthropology and Authenticity

Session 1: Introduction

Session 2: Anthropologists and Natives

Keesing, R. (1989). Creating the Past: Custom and Identity in the Pacific. The Contemporary Pacific 1&2: 19-42.

Trask, Haunani-Kay (1991). Natives and Anthropologists: The Colonial Struggle The Contemporary Pacific 3(1):159-67.

Keesing, Roger M. (1991). Reply to Trask. The Contemporary Pacific 3:168-171. Linnekin, Jocelyn (1991). Text Bites and the R-Word: The Politics of Representing Scholarship. The Contemporary Pacific 3:172-177.

Trask, Haunani-Kay (1993). What Do You Mean "We," White Man? From a Native Daughter. Pp. 161-178.

Hanson, A. (1989). The Making of the Maori: Culture Invention and Its Logic. American Anthropologist 91: 890-902.

Wilford, John (1990). Anthropology Seen as Father of Maori Lore. New York Times (February 20):C 1, C 12.

Levine, H. B. (1991). Comment on Hanson's The Making of the Maori. American Anthropologist 93:444-446.

Linnekin, Jocelyn (1991) Cultural Invention and the Dilemma of Authenticity. American Anthropologist 93:446-449.

Secondary:

Feinberg, R. (1994). Contested Worlds: The Politics of Culture and the Politics of Anthropology. Anthropology and Humanism 19(1): 20-35.

Jackson, Jean (1989). Is There a Way to Talk about Making Culture without Making Enemies? Dialectical Anthropology 14:127-143.

Spriggs, M. (1991). Facing the Nation: Archaeologists and Hawaiians in the Era of Sovereignty. The Contemporary Pacific 3:379-392.

Tobin, Jeffrey (1994). Cultural Construction and Native Nationalism: Report from the Hawaiian Front. In Asia/Pacific as Space of Cultural Production.

R. Wilson & Arif Dirlik, eds. Boundary 2 Special Issue: 111-133.

Turner, James W. (1997). Continuity and Constraint: Reconstructing the Concept of Tradition from a Pacific Perspective. Forthcoming in The Contemporary Pacific 9,2.

Webster, Steven (1993). Postmodernist Theory and the Sublimation of Maori Culture. Oceania 63:222-239.

Wesley-Smith, Terence (1995). Rethinking Pacific Islands Studies. In Pacific Studies 18,2:115-137.

Week 2: Discourses of Culture and Identity

Session 3: Theorizing Identity

Williams, Raymond (1976). Keywords (selections). New York: Oxford University Press.

Dominguez. Virginia (1992). Invoking Culture: The Messy Side of Cultural Politics. The South Atlantic Quarterly 91:1.

Hall, Stuart (1990). Cultural Identity and Diaspora. In Identity: Community, Culture, Difference. J. Rutherford, ed. London: Lawrence & Wishart. Pp. 222-237

Ang, Ien (1994). On Not Speaking Chinese: Postmodern Ethnicity and the Politics of Diaspora. New Formations 24.

Hereniko, Vilsoni (1994). Representations of Cultural Identities. In R. Kiste, K. Howe, and B. Lal (eds.), Tides of History: The Pacific in the Twentieth Century. Sydney: Allen and Unwin. Pp. 406-434.

hooks, bell (1990). marginality as site of resistance. In Ferguson et al. eds. Pp. 341-343.


Secondary

Featherstone, Mike (1992). Localism, Globalism and Cultural Identity. Unpublished ms. presented at Conference on Localism and Globalism, November, East-West Center, Hawaii.

Clifford, James (1988). Introduction: The Pure Products Go Crazy. In The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth-Century Ethnography. Literature. and Art, pp. 1-17. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Linnekin, J. (1992). On the Theory and Politics of Cultural Construction in the Pacific. Oceania 62:249-263.

Norton, R. (1993). Culture and Identity in the South Pacific Man 28: 741-759. Thomas, Nicholas (1994). The Primitivist and the Postcolonial. Colonialism's Culture: Anthropology, Travel, and Government. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Pp. 170-195.

West, Cornel (1990). The New Cultural Politics of Difference. In R. Ferguson et al. (eds.), Out There: Marginalization and Contemporary Cultures, Pp. 19-36. New York: New Museum of Contemporary Art.

Session 4: Anthropological Identities

Appadurai, A (1992) Global Ethnoscapes: Notes and Queries for a Transnational Anthropology. In R. Fox, ed. Recapturing Anthropology. Santa Fe: School of American Research.

Narayan, Kirin (1993). How Native is a Native Anthropologist? American Anthropologist 95: 671-686.

Kuper, Adam (1994). Culture, Identity and the Project of a Cosmopolitan Anthropology. Man 29: 537-554.

Keesing, Roger M. (1994). Responsibilities of Long-Term Research. In Culture, Kastom, Tradition Pp. 187-197.

Burt, Ben (1994). Cultural Development and Anthropology in Kwara'ae. In Culture, Kastom, Tradition Pp. 173-186.

Secondary

Clifford, James (1986). Introduction: Partial Truths. In J. Clifford and G. E. Marcus (eds.), Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography, pp. 1-26. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Lindstrom, Lamont (1990). Knowledge and Power in a South Pacific Society (selections). Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. Hau'ofa, Epeli (1975). Anthropology and Pacific Islanders. Oceania 45:283-289.

Billings, Dorothy K. (1992). Cultural Hegemony and Applied Anthropology. Canberra Anthropology 15:35-57.



Week 3: Ethnicity, Gender and the Politics of Tradition

Session 5: Ethnicity

Clifford, James (1989). Identity in Mashpee. In The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth- Century Ethnography. Literature. and Art, pp. 277-346. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Okamura, Jon (1994). Why There Are No Asian Americans in Hawai'i: The Continuing Significance of Local Identity. Social Process in Hawai'i 35. (18 pp.)

Simon, Liza (1992). Hawaii's Bountiful Ethnic Humor: Choke Jokes. Honolulu Weekly 2(49): 1, 4-7.

Linnekin, J (1990). The Politics of Culture in the Pacific. In Linnekin and Poyer eds. Cultural Identity and Ethnicity in the Pacific. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. Pp. 149-174.

Howard, M. (1989). Ethnicity and the State in the Pacific. In M. Howard ed., Ethnicity and Nation-Building in the Pacific. Pp. 1-49. Tokyo: United Nations University.

Larmour, Peter (1992). The Politics of Race and Ethnicity: Theoretical Perspectives on Papua New Guinea. Pacific Studies 15(2):87-108.

Secondary

Chowning, Ann (1986). The Development of Ethnic Identity and Ethnic Stereotypes on Papua New Guinea Plantations. Journal de la Societe des Oceanistes 42:153-162.

Crocombe, R. (1993). Ethnicity, Identity and Power in Oceania. In G. Trompf, ed. Islands and Enclaves. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Ltd. Pp. 195-223.

Hollinsworth, David. (1992). Discourses on Aboriginality and the Politics of Identity in Urban Australia (plus comments and reply by Hollinsworth). Oceania 63:137-171.

King, Michael (1991). Being Pakeha. In M. King (ed.), Pakeha: The Quest for Identity in New Zealand, pp. 9-22. Auckland: Penguin Books.

Nash, Jill and Eugene Ogan. (1990). The Red and the Black: Bougainvillean Perceptions of Other Papua New Guineans. Pacific Studies 13(2):1-17.

Ward, Alan (1992). The Crisis of our Times: Ethnic Resurgence and the Liberal Ideal. Journal of Pacific History 27:83-95.

Session 6: Gender

Mascia-Lees, F., P. Sharpe and C. B. Cohen (1989). The Postmodernist Turn in Anthropology: Cautions from a Feminist Perspective. Signs 15:7-33.

Ralston, Caroline (1993). Maori Women and the Politics of Tradition: What Roles and Power Did, Do, and Should Maori Women Exercise? The Contemporary Pacific 5:23-44.

Zimmer, Laura (1993). Nationalism and Sexuality in Papua New Guinea. Pacific Studies 16(4).

Trask, Haunani-Kay (1993). Pacific Island Women and White Feminism. In From a Native Daughter, pp. 263-277. Monroe: Common Courage Press.

Bell, Diane and Topsy Napurrula Nelson (1989). Speaking About Rape is Everyone's Business. Women's Studies International Forum 12:403-416.

Larbalestier, Jan (1990). The Politics of Representation: Australian Aboriginal Women and Feminism. Anthropological Forum 6:143-157.

Bell, Diane (1990). A Reply from Diane Bell. Anthropological Forum 6:158-165.

Secondary

Trask, Haunani-Kay (1993). Women's Mana and Hawaiian Sovereignty. In From a Native Daughter, pp. 111-125. Monroe: Common Courage Press. Flinn,

Juliana (1993). Who Defines Custom? Dance and Gender in a Micronesian Case. Anthropological Forum 6:557-566.

Dominy, Michele (1990). Maori Sovereignty: A Feminist Invention of Tradition. In J. Linnekin and L. Poyer (eds.), Cultural Identity and Ethnicity in the Pacific, pp. 237- 257. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

O'Brien, D. (1984). "Women Never Hunt": The Portrayal of Women in Melanesian Ethnography. In D. O'Brien and S. Tiffany, eds. Rethinking Women's Roles: Perspectives from the Pacific. University of California Press. pp. 53-70. (17 pages).

Strathern, Marilyn (1988) Gender of the Gift. Ch 1-2, Pp. 1-40. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Week 4: Island Custom

Session 7: Melanesian Kastom

Narokobi, Bernard (1987). The Melanesian Way. In G. Powell (ed.), Through Melanesian Eves: An Anthology of Papua New Guinean Writing, pp. 155-163. Melbourne: Macmillan.

Minol, Bernard (1987). Melanesian Way? In G. Powell (ed.), Through Melanesian Eves, pp. 164-166. Melbourne: Macmillan.

Babadzan, Alain (1988). Kastom and Nation-Building in the South Pacific. In R. Guidieri, F. Fellizzi and S.J. Tambiah (eds.), Ethnicities and Nations: Processes of Interethnic Relations in Latin America, Southeast Asia. and the Pacific, pp. 199-228. Houston: Rothko Chapel and University of Texas Press.

Keesing, Roger M. (1982). Kastom in Melanesia: An Overview. Mankind 13:297-301. Tonkinson, Robert (1982) Kastom in Melanesia: Introduction. Mankind 13:302-305.

Keesing, R. M. (1993). Kastom Re-Examined. Anthropological Forum 6:587-596.

Tonkinson, R. (1993). Understanding Tradition-Ten Years On. Anthropological Forum 6:597-606.

Gegeo, D. (1994). Kastom Nao Stretem Iumi: Views from Kwara'ae on Cultural Policy in Melanesia. In Lindstrom & White. Pp. 43-54.

Secondary

Hobsbawm, Eric J. (1983). Introduction: Inventing Traditions. In E. Hobsbawm and T. Ranger (eds.), The Invention of Tradition, pp. 1-14. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Howard, Michael C. (1983). Vanuatu: The Myth of Melanesian Socialism. Labour, Capital and Society 16:176-203.

Thomas, N. (1992). The Inversion of Tradition. American Ethnologist 19:213-232. White, G. M. (1992). The Discourse of Chiefs: Notes on a Melanesian Society. The Contemporary Pacific 4:73-108

Jolly, M. and N. Thomas (1993). The Politics of Tradition in the Pacific: Introduction. Oceania 62:241-248.

Lindstrom, L. and G. White (1993). Introduction: Custom Today. Anthropological Forum 6:467-473.

Lindstrom, L. (1993). Cargo Cult Culture: Toward a Genealogy of Melanesian Kastom. Anthropological Forum 6: 495-514.

Lindstrom, L. and G. White (1995). Anthropology's New Cargo: Future Horizons. Ethnology Special Issue on The Politics of Culture in the Pacific. R. Feinberg, ed. (in press, 14 pp.)

Session 8: Culture, Authenticity, Commodity

Hau'ofa, Epeli (1993). Our Sea of Islands. In E. Waddell, V. Naidu & E. Hau'ofa, eds. A New Oceania: Rediscovering Our Sea of Islands. Pp. 2-16. Suva: USP

Jolly, Margaret (1992). Specters of Inauthenticity. The Contemporary Pacific 4:49-72. Ross, Andrew (1993). Cultural Preservation in the Polynesia of the Latter Day Saints. In D. Bennett, ed. Cultural Studies: Pluralism and Theory. Pp.

Jolly, Margaret (1994). Kastom as Commodity: The Land Dive as Indigenous Rite and Tourist Spectacle in Vanuatu. In Culture, Kastom, Tradition. Pp. 131-146.

Trask, Haunani-Kay (1993). Lovely Hula Hands: Corporate Tourism and the Prostitution of Hawaiian Culture. In From a Native Daughter. Pp. 179-197.

Secondary

Harrison, Simon (1993). The Commerce of Cultures in Melanesia. Man 28:139-158.

Ingram, Takiora (1992). The Culture of Politics and the Politicization of Culture in the Cook Islands. In R. Crocombe et al. (eds.), Culture and Democracy in the South Pacific. Suva: Institute of Pacific Studies pp. 153-167.

Linnekin, Jocelyn (1983). Defining Tradition: Variations on the Hawaiian Identity. American Ethnologist 10:241-252.

Meleisea, Malama (1980). We Want the Forest, Yet Fear the Spirits: Culture and Change in Western Samoa. Pacific Perspective 9:21-29.

Sissons, Jeffrey (1993). The Systematisation of Tradition: Maori Culture as a Strategic Resource. Oceania 64: 97-116

Webb, T. D. (1994). Highly Structured Tourist Art: Form and Meaning of the Polynesian Cultural Center. The Contemporary Pacific 6(1): 59-86.



Week 5: National Identity in New Pacific States

Session 9: Bougainville

Anderson, Benedict (1991). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (second edition, selections), pp. 1-46. London: Verso.

Foster, Robert J. (1991). Making National Cultures in the Global Ecumene. Annual Review of Anthropology 20:235-260. (25 pp.)

Lindstrom, L. (1992) Pasin Tumbuna: Culture and Nationalism in Papua New Guinea. In V. Dominguez and D. Wu, eds. From Beijing to Port Moresby: The Politics of National Cultural Policies. NY: Gordon & Breach (in press). (63 pp.)

Havini, Moses (1992). A Bougainvillean Perspective on the Crisis. In M. Spriggs and D. Denoon (eds.), The Bougainville Crisis: 1991 Update, pp. 161-169. Canberra: Department of Political and Social Change, Research School of Pacific Studies. Australian National University; Bathurst: Crawford House Press. (8 pp.)

Lepani, Charles W. (1992). Statement to the United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations. The Contemporary Pacific 4:360-367. (7 pp.)

Spriggs, M. (1992). Alternative Prehistories for Bougainville: Regional, National, or Micronational. The Contemporary Pacific 4:269-298. (29 pp.)

Secondary

Handler, R. (1988). Nationalism and the Politics of Culture in Quebec. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. (Introduction)

Fox, Richard G. (1990). Introduction. In R. G. Fox (ed.), Nationalist Ideologies and the Production of National Cultures, Pp. 1-14. American Ethnological Society Monograph Series Number 2. Washington: American Anthropological Assn.

Crocombe, R., U. Neemia, A. Ravuvu and W. vom Busch (1992). Achievements and Directions. In R. Crocombe et al. (eds.), Culture and Democracy in the South Pacific, pp. 239-261. Suva: Institute of Pacific Studies, USP.

Wesley-Smith, T. (1992). A Legacy of Development: Three Years of Crisis in Bougainville. The Contemporary Pacific, Special Issue.

Filer, Colin (1990). The Bougainville Rebellion, The Mining Industry and the Process of Social Disintegration in Papua New Guinea. In R. May and M. Spriggs (eds.), The Bougainville Crisis, Pp. 73-112. Bathurst: Crawford House Press. (39 pp.)

Griffin, James (1990). Bougainville is a Special Case. In R. May and M. Spriggs (eds.), The Bougainville Crisis, Pp. 1-15. Bathurst: Crawford House Press. (15 pp.)

Session 10: Fiji

Dean, Eddie and Stan Ritova (1988). Rabuka: No Other Way (selections), pp. 33-43, 121- 131. Sydney: Doubleday. (20 pp.)

Ravuvu, Asesela (1992). Culture and Traditions: Implications for Modern Nation Building. In R. Crocombe et al. (eds.), Culture and Democracy in the South Pacific, Pp. 57-65. Suva: Institute of Pacific Studies, USP. (8 pp.)

Kaplan, Martha (1993). Imagining a Nation: Race, Politics, and Crisis in Postcolonial Fiji. In V. Lockwood, T. Harding, and B. Wallace (eds.), Contemporary Pacific Societies: Studies in Development and Change, Pp. 34-54. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Rutz, Henry J. (1991). Political Ideology and the Fijian Nation. Paper presented at Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania meetings, New Orleans.

Secondary

Lal, Brij V. (1992). Rhetoric and Reality: The Dilemmas of Contemporary Fijian Politics. In R. Crocombe et al. (eds.), Culture and Democracy in the South Pacific, Pp. 97- 116. Suva: Institute of Pacific Studies, USP.

Rutz, Henry J. and Erol M. Balkan (1992). Never on Sunday: Time-Discipline and Fijian Nationalism. In H. Rutz, ed. The Politics of Time. AES Monograph No. 4. Pp. 62-85.

Goldsmith, M. (1991). Speech Acts, Silence and Myth: Rhetorical Dimensions of the Fiji Coup. Unpublished ms. presented to Pacific Islands Political Studies Conference, December, Melbourne, Australia.

Week 6: Constructing History

Session 11: Histories of/in Conjuncture

Sahlins, M. (1994). Goodbye to Triste Tropes: Ethnography in the Context of Modern World History. In R. Borofsky (ed.), Assessing Cultural Anthropology. New York: McGraw-Hill. Pp. 377-394.

Diaz, Vicente (1994). Simply Chamorro: Telling Tales of Demise and Survival in Guam. The Contemporary Pacific 6(1): 29-58.

Friedman, Jonathan (1992). The Past in the Future: History and the Politics of Identity. American Anthropologist 94:837-859.

Wendt, A. (1987) Novelists and Historians and the Art of Remembering. In A. Hooper et al. (eds.), Class and Culture in the South Pacific, pp. 78-91. Suva: Institute of Pacific Studies.

Hezel, Francis (1992). Recolonizing Islands and Decolonizing History. In D. Rubinstein, (ed.) Pacific History. Mangilao: University of Guam. Pp. 63-67.

Hau'ofa, Epeli (1994). Pasts to Remember. Paper given at East-West Center and University of the South Pacific.

Secondary:

Biersack, A. (1991). Introduction: History and Theory in Anthropology. In A. Biersack (ed.), Clio in Oceania. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Borofsky, R. (1989). Introduction. Making History: Anthropological and Pukapukan Constructions of Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 1-17.

Dirks, N. B. (1992). Is Vice Versa? Historical Anthropologies and Anthropological Histories. In T. McDonald (ed.), The Historic Turn in the Human Sciences.

Kammen, Michael (1991) Introduction. In Mystic Chords of Memory: The Transformation of Tradition in American Culture. New York: Knopf. Pp. 3-14.

White, G. M. (1991). Identity through History: Living Stories in a Solomon Islands Society, Ch. 1-2. Pp. 1-29. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Session 12: Politics of Memory

Errington, F. and D. Gewertz (1994). From Darkness to Light in the George Brown Jubilee: The Invention of Nontradition and the Inscription of a National History in East New Britain. American Ethnologist 21(1): 104-122.

Boyarin, J. (1994). Space, Time, and the Politics of Memory. In J. Boyarin, ed. Remapping Memory: The Politics of TimeSpace. U. of Minnesota Press. Pp. 1-37.

Kelly, John (1995). Diaspora and World War, Blood and Nation in Fiji and Hawai'i.. Public Culture 7: 475-497.

Yoneyama, L. (1995) Memory Matters: Hiroshima's Korean Atom bomb Memorial and the Politics of Ethnicity. Public Culture 7: 499-527.

White, G. M. (1995). Remembering Guadalcanal: National Identity and Transnational Memory-Making. Public Culture 7: 529-555.

Secondary

Norkunas, Martha K. (1994). The Politics of Public Memory: Tourism, History, and Ethnicity in Monterey, California. Albany: SUNY Press. Pp. 1-21.

Lindstrom, L. and G. White (1989) War Stories. In White & Lindstrom, (eds.) The Pacific Theater: Island Representations of World War II. Honolulu: U. of Hawaii Press.

White, G. M. (1989). The Politics of Remembering: Notes on a Pacific Conference. Cultural Anthropology 4: 194-203.

Week 7: Writing Identity: Pacific Literature

Session 13: Cultural Criticism and Its Critics Stead, C.K., ed. (1994). The Faber Book of Contemporary South Pacific Stories. Introduction‚ and Note on Absences.‚ Pp. x-xvii.

Williams, Mark (1994). C.K. Stead and the New Literary Order. Meanjin 53: 695-713. Wendt, A. (1993) Towards a New Oceania. In P. Sharrad, ed. Readings in Pacific Literature. Wollongong: New Literatures Research Ctr. Pp. 9-19.

Hereniko, V. and T. Teaiwa (1993) Last Virgin in Paradise: A Serious Comedy. Manoa 5(1): 193-203 (excerpt from the play, Last Virgin in Paradise).

Secondary

Hereniko, Vilsoni (1992). The Monster (A Fantasy). Pacific Studies 15(4):177-197.

Mita, Merata (1993). Indigenous Literature in a Colonised Society. In Te Ao Marama: Regaining Aoteaora. Maori Writers Speak Out. Auckland: Reed. Pp. 310-314.

Session 14: Literature to Film

Duff, A. (1995). Once Were Warriors.

Thompsen, C. (1994). In Whose Face?: An Essay on the Work of Alan Duff. The Contemporary Pacific 6(2):397-413.

Interviews with Alan Duff in Meanjin and The Contemporary Pacific.

Film Reviews for Once Were Warriors

Week 8: The Politics of Public Culture

Session 15: Museums as Site of Cultural Production Lavine, S. and I. Karp (1991). Introduction: Museums and Multiculturalism. In I. Karp and S. D. Lavine (eds.), Exhibiting Cultures: The Poetics and Politics of Museum Display, pp. 1-9. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Karp, I. (1992). Introduction: Museums and Communities: The Politics of Public Culture. In I. Karp, C. Kreamer and S. Lavine (eds.), Museums and Communities: The Politics of Public Culture, pp. 1-17. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Handler, Richard (1994). Lessons from the Holocaust Museum. American Anthropologist 96:674-678.

Kaeppler, A (1994). Paradise Regained: The Role of Pacific Museums in Forging National Identity. In F. Kaplan, ed. Museums and the Making of „Ourselves, Pp. 19-44. London: Leicester University Press.

Rodman, M. (1993). Social Landscapes, Representation, and Irony: A Critique of "Place" through Field Museum's Pacific Exhibits. The Contemporary Pacific 5(2):243-274.

Kahn, M. (1995) Heterotopic Dissonance in the Museum Representation of Island Cultures. American Anthropologist 97(2): 1-15.

Secondary

Clifford, J. (1990). On Collecting Art and Culture. In R. Ferguson et al. (eds.), Out There: Marginalization and Contemporary Cultures, pp. 141-169. New York: New Museum of Contemporary Art.

Kelly, Marjorie (1994). Scholarship Versus Showmanship at Hawaii's Bishop Museum: Reflections of Cultural Hegemony. Museum Anthropology 18(2): 37-48.

Lattas, A. (1991). Nationalism, Aesthetic Redemption and Aboriginality. TAJA 2:307-324

Nero, K. (1992). Introduction: Challenging Communications in the Contemporary Pacific. Pacific Studies 15(4): 1-12.

Kaeppler, A. L. (1992). Ali'i and Maka'ainana: The Representation of Hawaiians in Museums at Home and Abroad. In I. Karp, C. Kreamer and S. Lavine (eds.), The Politics of Public Culture, Pp. 458-475. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Geertz, C. (1991). The Year of Living Culturally. The New Republic (October 21):30-36.

Buck, B. (1993). Contending Representations of Hawaiian Culture. In Paradise Remade: The Politics of Culture and History in Hawai'i, Pp. 163-191. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Stevenson, K. (1992). Politicization of La Culture Ma'ohi: The Creation of a Tahitian Cultural Identity. Pacific Studies 15(4):117-136.

Session 16: Reflections Back Home

Cheney, Lynne V. (1992). Telling the Truth: A Report on the State of the Humanities in Higher Education. Washington: National Endowment for the Humanities.

NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS FILE (selections) 1990/91 H-K Trask/J. Carter commentary.

Trask, H-K (1993) The Politics of Academic Freedom as the Politics of Racism. In From a Native Daughter. Pp. 225-246.

Secondary

Kipnis, K. (1991). Remarks on the Limits of Academic Freedom. In M. Tehranian (ed.), Restructuring for Ethnic Peace, Pp. 4-10. Honolulu: Spark M. Matsunaga Institute for Peace, UH.

Ferguson, K. E. (1991) Discursive Politics. In M. Tehranian (ed.), Restructuring for Ethnic Peace, Pp. 23-27. Honolulu: Spark M. Matsunaga Institute for Peace, UH.

Manicas, P. (1991). The Responsibilities of the Academic. In M. Tehranian (ed.), Restructuring for Ethnic Peace, Pp. 28-34. Honolulu: Spark M. Matsunaga Institute for Peace, UH.

[Subject: Pacific/Comparative]



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