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Pacific Island Language Issues

(Proposed course)

Joel Bradshaw Tel: 808-956-6389
Centre for Korean Studies Fax: 808-956-2213
University of Hawai'i Email: bradshaw@hawaii.edu
1881 East-West Road  
Honolulu, HI 96822  

Introduction to the linguistic history of the Pacific Islands and the resulting issues now facing individuals, families, schools, nations, and economies in the region.

WEEK TOPICS READINGS
1 3 major regions, 3 waves of settlement maps
2 Papuan languages Foley 1986:1 - 30, 269 - 283
3 - 4 Austronesian settlement

Methodology of reconstructing prehistory

Oceanic languages

Bellwood 1991

Pawley & Ross 1993

Pawley & Ross 1995

5 Melanesians

archaeology & linguistics; language contact

Spriggs 1995

Dutton 1995

6 Micronesians

sailing; archaeology & linguistics

Horridge 1995

Rehg 1995

7 Polynesians

sound correspondences, sound systems

Clark 1979

Schütz 1994:322 - 338

8 catch-up, review, and evaluation  
9 - 10 Europeans

writing systems, standardization, literacy

Rensch 1991

Schütz 1994:98 - 133, 185 - 205

10 - 11 Pacific pidgins & creoles

linguistic identities

Crowley 1990:1 - 33, 369 - 405
12 - 13 language policy, planning, & power Romaine 1992:1 - 98, 318 - 343

Kulick 1992:1 - 25, 248 - 267

14 language endangerment & survival Mühlhäusler 1992

Crowley 1995

15 catch-up, review, and evaluation  

Readings

Bellwood, Peter. 1991. The Austronesian dispersal and the origin of languages. Scientific American, July, 88 - 93.

Clark, Ross. 1979. Language. In The prehistory of Polynesia, ed. by J. D. Jennings, 249 - 270. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Crowley, Terry. 1990. Beach-la-Mar to Bislama: The emergence of a national language in Vanuatu. Oxford Studies in Language Contact. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Chapters:

  1. 1. The language and its name, 1 - 33;
    7. Lukluk bak: Recurrent themes, 369 - 405.

---. 1995. Melanesian languages: Do they have a future? Oceanic Linguistics 34:327 - 344.

Dutton, Tom. 1995. Language contact and change in Melanesia. In BFT, 192 - 213.

Foley, William A. 1986. The Papuan languages of New Guinea. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Chapters:

  • 1. Introduction, 1 - 14; 2. Language in its social context, 15 - 30;
    8. Papuan languages and New Guinea prehistory, 269 - 283.

Grimes, Joseph E. 1995. Language endangerment in the Pacific. Oceanic Linguistics 34:1 - 12.

Horridge, Adrian. 1995. Austronesian conquest of the seañupwind. In BFT, 134 - 151.

Kulick, Don. 1992. Language shift and cultural reproduction: Socialization, self, and syncretism in a Papua New Guinea village. Studies in the social and cultural foundations of language, 14. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Chapters:

  • Introduction: Papua New Guinea and the study of language shift, 1 - 25;
    Conclusion: The process of language shift, 248 - 267.

Mühlhäusler, Peter. 1992. Preserving languages or language ecologies? A top-down approach to language survival. Oceanic Linguistics 31:163 - 182.

Pawley, Andrew, and Malcolm Ross. 1993. Austronesian historical linguistics and culture history. Annual Review of Anthropology 22:425 - 459.

---. 1995. The prehistory of Oceanic languages: A current view. In BFT, 39 - 74.

Rehg, Kenneth L. 1995. The significance of linguistic interaction spheres in reconstructing Micronesian prehistory. Oceanic Linguistics 34:305 - 326.

Rensch, Karl H. 1991. The language of the noble savage: Early European perceptions of Tahitian. In Currents in Pacific linguistics: Papers on Austronesian languages and sociolinguistics in honour of George W. Grace, ed. by Robert Blust, 403 - 414. Canberra: Australian National University.

Romaine, Suzanne. 1992. Language, education, and development: Urban and rural Tok Pisin in Papua New Guinea. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Chapters:

  • 1. Introduction, 1 - 22;
    2. Historical development of Tok Pisin, 23 - 54;
    3. Language, education, and development: From precolonial to postcolonial society, 55 - 98;
    9. Tok Pisin i go we?, 318 - 343.

Schütz, Albert. 1994. The voices of Eden: A history of Hawaiian language studies. Honolulu: University of Hawaiëi Press. Chapters:

  • 7. Fixing the letters, 98 - 133;
    10. Take my word for it, 185 - 205;
    15. Hawaiian and Polynesian, 322 - 338.

Spriggs, Matthew. 1995. The Lapita culture and Austronesian prehistory in Oceania. In BFT, 112 - 133.

Note: BFT = Bellwood, Peter, James J. Fox, and Darrell Tryon, eds. 1995. The Austronesians: Historical and comparative perspectives. Canberra: Australian National University.

[Subject: Pacific/Comparative, Language]

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