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CONTEMPORARY AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND 

INTERNATIONAL STUDIES 258-3

 

 

University of Northern British Columbia

International Studies Program

3333 University Way

Prince George, B.C.

Canada V2N 429

Professor: Geoffrey R Weller (weller@unbc.ca)

Term: Fall Term 1998

Course Time: T-Th 11:30-12:50

COURSE OUTLINE



Culture and Identity
 

1. Th 10 Sept Oceania: The Nature of the Region
2. T 15 Sept The Populations of Oceania
3. Th 17 Sept The Economies of Oceania
4. T 22 Sept Cultural and National Identities in Oceania


 

History
 

5. Th 24 Sept Discovery and Colonisation
6 T 29 Sept Decolonisation


 

Politics
 

7. Th 1 Oct The Australian Federal System
8. T 6 Oct Republicanism
9. Th 8 Oct Executives and Legislatures
10. T 13 Oct Political Parties and Electoral Politics
11. Th 15 Oct Pauline Hanson and One Nation
12. T 20 Oct Bureaucracy


 

Foreign Affairs and Defence
 

13. Th 22 Oct Regional Cooperation
14. T 27 Oct Foreign Policies
15. Th 29 Oct Australia as an Asian Nation
16 T 3 Nov Defence and Intelligence Policies
17. Th 5 Nov The Nuclear Issue


 

Society
 

18. T 10 Nov Economic Policy
19 Th 12 Nov Health Policy
20. T 17 Nov Education Policy
21 Th 19 Nov Social Welfare Policy
22. T 24 Nov Religion and Society


 

Issues
 

23. Th 26 Nov Immigration
24 T 1 Dec The Status of Indigenous Peoples
25. Th 3 Dec Environmental Policy
26. T 8 Dec Canada and Oceania


 
 
 
 
 

ASSIGNMENTS

There are two assignments for this course as follows,
 
 

1. A Essay/Seminar Paper

Length: 5,000 words (20 pages at 250 words per page)

Due Date: Thursday 12 November 1998.

Essays must be handed to me personally at the beginning of the lecture scheduled for this date.

Topic: Any one of the following,

1. Why has the decolonisation of the Pacific remained incomplete?

2. How successful have Pacific regional intergovernmental organisations been in promoting regional identity and economic development?

3. Should Australia become a Republic?

4. Is Australia an Asian nation?

5. Compare and contrast the treatment of indigenous peoples in Australia and New Zealand.

6. How successful was New Zealand's "economic revolution."
 
 

2. A Final Examination

This will be of three hours duration.

It will be held during the regular examination period after the end of lectures.

You will be asked to answer any four (4) essay type questions from a list of between 12 and 14 questions.
 
 

MARKING

The marks to be given to each assignment are,
 

Essay/Seminar Paper 40%
Final Examination 60%
Total 100%


 
 
 
 
 

Reading List





There is no one book about all of Oceania and no one book that deals with all of the topics in this course. To get adequate coverage several books would have to be purchased and books published in Australia and New Zealand are very expensive. Therefore, I do not expect you to purchase any text books for this course. Instead I have put a number of books on 2 hour reserve in the Library for you to consult on a chapter by chapter, topic by topic basis. I have simplified this list by referring only to the author's name and the relevant chapter number or numbers. The key to the abbreviations is as follows,

Campbell = I. C. Campbell, A History of the Pacific Islands Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.

Colbert = Evelyn Colbert, The Pacific Islands Boulder: Westview Press, 1997,

Fairbairn = Te'o I. J. Fairbairn, Charles E. Morrison, Richard W. Baker, and Sheree A. Groves (eds), The Pacific Islands: Politics, Economics, and International Relations Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1991.

Gold = Hyam Gold, New Zealand Politics in Perspective Auckland: Longman Paul Ltd, 1992.

Hancock = Keith Hancock, Australian Society Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Headon = David Headon, James Warden and Bill Gamage (eds), Crown or Country: The Traditions of Australian Republicanism Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1994.

Henningham = John Henningham (ed), Institutions in Australian Society Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Howe = K. R. Howe, Robert. C. Kiste, and Brij V. Lal (eds), Tides of History Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994.

Hudson = Wayne Hudson and David Carter (ed), The Republican Debate Kensington NSW: New South Wales University Press, 1992.

Jaensch = Dean Jaensch, Parliament, Parties, and Politics: Australian Politics Today (2nd ed) Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1994.

Lovell = David W. Lovell, Ian McAllister, William Maley and Chandran Kukathas, The Australian Political System Melbourne: Longman, 1995.

MacGillivray = Mark McGillivray and Gary Smith (eds, Australia and Asia Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Mulgan = Richard Mulgan, Politics in New Zealand Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1994.

Spoonley = Spoonley Paul, David Pearson and Ian Shirley (eds), New Zealand Society (2nd ed) Palmerston North: The Dunmore Press Ltd, 1994.

Thakur = Ramesh Thakur, The South Pacific: Problems, Issues and Prospects, New York: St Martin's Press, 1991.
 
 


Topic List
 
 

Culture and Identity
 

1. Th 10 Sept:  Oceania: The Nature of the Region
    Fairbairn Chp. 1.
    Thakur Chp. 1.
2. T 15 Sept:  The Populations of Oceania
    Gold Chp. 1.
    Spoonley Chp. 19.
    Thakur Chp. 8.
3. Th 17 Sept: The Economies of Oceania
    Fairbairn Chp. 3.
    Gold Chp. 1.
4. T 22 Sept:  Cultural and National Identities in Oceania
    Howe Chp. 17.
    Mulgan Chp. 2.
    Gold Chp. 2.
    Jaensch Chp. 1.


 

History
 

5. Th 24 Sept: Discovery and Colonisation 
    Howe Part. 1. Chps. 1-6.
    Colbert Chps. 1 & 2.
    Cambell Chps 1-13.
6. T 29 Sept:  Decolonisation
    Howe Part. 2. Chps. 7-11.
    Colbert Chps. 4 & 5.
    Campbell Chps. 14-17.


 

Politics
 

7. Th 1 Oct:  The Australian Federal System
    Henningham Chp. 1.
    Jaensch Chp. 10.
    Lovell pp. 37-41 and pp. 23-28.
8. T 6 Oct:  Republicanism
    Hudson
    Headon
    Lovell pp. 547-552.
9. Th 8 Oct: Executives and Legislatures
    Howe Chp. 16
    Mulgan Chps. 4 and 5.
    Gold Chps 6,10,11,14,15.
    Fairbairn. Chp. 2.
    Jaensch Chp. 8.
    Lovell pp. 44-56.
    Colbert Chps. 6 & 7.
10. T 13 Oct:  Political Parties and Electoral Politics
    Mulgan Chps. 10 and 11.
    Gold Chps. 16,17,18, and 19.
    Fairbairn Chp. 2.
    Jaensch Chps. 2,3,4,5, and 7.
    Lovell pp. 269-279, pp. 399-437, pp. 236-247.
11. Th 15 Oct:  Pauline Hanson and One Nation
    See file of newspaper clippings on reserve. 
12. T 20 Oct:  Bureaucracy
    Mulgan Chp. 6
    Gold Chps 12 and 13.
    Jaensch Chp. 9.
    Lovell pp. 262-269.


 

Foreign Affairs and Defence
 

13. Th 22 Oct:  Regional Cooperation
    Howe Chp. 12
    Fairbairn Chps 4 and 6.
    Thakur Chp. 11.
    Colbert Chp. 8.
14. T 27 Oct:  Foreign Policies
    Fairbain Chp. 5.
    Thakur Chp. 3.
    Colbert Chp. 9.
15. Th 29 Oct: Australia as an Asian Nation
    MacGillivray Chps. 2, 4 and 6.
16. T 3 Nov:  Defence and Intelligence Policies
    Lovell pp. 552-554.
17. Th 5 Nov: The Nuclear Issue
    Howe chp. 13


 

Society
 

18. T 10 Nov: Economic Policy
    Howe Chp. 14
    Henningham Chp. 5.
    Fairbairn Chp. 3.
    Thakur Chp. 12.
    Hancock Chp. 7 & 8.
19. Th 12 Nov:  Health Policy
    Henningham Chp. 9.
    Spoonley Chp. 10.
20. T 17 Nov:  Education Policy
    Henningham Chp. 8.
    Spoonley Chp. 11.
    Hancock Chp. 4.
21. Th 19 Nov:  Social Welfare Policy
    Henningham Chp. 10.
    Spoonley Chp. 9.
    Hancock Chp. 3.
22. T 24 Nov:  Religion and Society
    Henningham Chp. 11.
    Spoonley Chp. 18.


 

Issues
 

23. Th 26 Nov:  Immigration
    MacGillivray Chp. 3.
24. T 1 Dec:  The Status of Indigenous Peoples
    Gold Chps. 8 and 22.
    Spoonley Chp. 6.
25. Th 3 Dec:  Environmental Policy
    Thakur Chp. 4.
26. T 8 Dec:  Canada and Oceania
    Nothing on reserve


 
 
 
 
 

If you want to pursue any one of the above topics in greater detail, or if you are writing an essay related to one of them, please consult the detailed Book List which follows.
 
 




BOOK LIST



This book list supplements the reading list for International Studies 258-3. It is intended as a resource for those writing essays or wanting to read more deeply in a particular area. It is restricted largely to books published since 1990.
 
 
 
 

1. GENERAL: SOUTH PACIFIC

Werner vom Busch et al (eds), New Politics in the South Pacific Suva, Fiji: Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific, 1994. ISBN 982-02-0115-2.

Evelyn Colbert, The Pacific Islands: Paths to the Present Boulder: Westview Press, 1997. ISBN 0-8133-3286-9.

Ealston, Dawson and McNamara (eds), The Asia-Pacific Profile London: Routledge, 1998. ISBN 0-415-17280-2.

Te'o I. J. Fairbairn, Charles E. Morrison, Richard W. Baker, Sheree A. Groves, The Pacific Islands: Politics, Economics, and International Relations Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1991.

Epili Hau'ofa, A New Oceania: Rediscovering our Sea of Islands Suva, Fiji: University of the South Pacific, 1993.

Stephen Henningham, The Pacific Island States: Security and Sovereignty in the Post-Cold War World New York: St Martin's Press, 1995. ISBN 0-312-12513-5.

South Pacific Policy Review Group, Towards a Pacific Island Community Wellington: South Pacific Policy Review Group, 1990. ISBN 0-477-01547.

Ramesh Thakur (ed), The South Pacific London: MacMillan, 1991.

Roger C. Thompson, The Pacific Basin Since 1945: A History of the Foreign Relations of the Asian, Australasian and American Rim States and the Pacific Islands London: Longman, 1994.
 
 
 
 

2. THE POPULATIONS OF OCEANIA

Australia

Sean Bowley, The White Peril: Foreign Relations and Asian Immigration to Australia and North America 1919-1986 Sydney: University of New South Wales Press, 1995.

Ann-Mari Jordens, Redefining Australians: Immigration, Citizenship and National Identity Sydney: Hale and Iremonger, 1995.

James Jupp and Marie Kabola (eds), The Politics of Australian Immigration Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service, 1993.
 
 

Nancy Viviani, The Indochinese in Australia, 1975-1995: From Burnt Boats to Barbecues Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1996. ISBN 0-19-553968-0.
 
 

New Zealand

D. C. Pitt and J.C. Macpherson, Emerging Pluralism: The Samoan Community in New Zealand Auckland: Longman Paul, 1974.
 
 

Pacific Islands

Martin L. Bakker, Populations of the South Pacific: An Overview of Demographic Levels, Patterns and Trends Suva: United Nations Fund and the University of the South Pacific, 1990.

John Connell, Migration, Employment and Development in the South Pacific Noumea: South Pacific Commission, 1984.
 
 

3. THE ECONOMIES OF OCEANIA

Australia

Evatt Foundation, The State of Australia Sydney: Evatt Foundation, 1996. ISSN 1321-19838.
 
 

Richard Eckersley, (ed), Measuring Progress: Is Life Getting Better? Collingwood, Victoria, CSIRO Publications, 1998. ISBN 0-643-06296-3.
 
 

Peter Kreisler (ed), The Australian Economy: The Essential Guide Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1995. ISBN 1-86373-758-8.

Michael Johnson, Peter Kreisler and Anthony Owen (eds), Issues In Australian Economics Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1995. ISBN 1-86373-600-X.
 
 

New Zealand

G. R. Hawke, The Making of New Zealand: An Economic History Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Chris Rudd and Brian Roper (eds), The Political Economy of New Zealand Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-19-558331-0.
 
 

Pacific Islands

Hiroshi Kaluzu, Sustainable Development of Small Island Economies Boulder: Westview Press, 1994.
 
 

Thomas Kemper Hitch and Robert M. Kamins, Islands in Transition: The Past, Present and Future of Hawaii's Economy Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993. ISBN 0-8248-1498.
 
 

4. CULTURAL AND NATIONAL IDENTITIES IN OCEANIA

Australia

J. Beaumont (ed), Where to Now? Australian Identity in the Nineties Sydney: The Federation Press, 1993.
 
 

Philip Drew, The Coast Dwellers Melbourne: Penquin, 1994.

John Fiske, Bob Hodge, and Graeme Turner, The Myths of Oz Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1987.

Ratih Hardjano, The White Tribe of Asia: An Indonesian View of Australia Melbourne: Hyland House, 1993.

Donald Horne, The Lucky Country (5th ed) Ringwood, Victoria: Penguin, 1998. ISBN 0-14-027139-2. Originally published in 1971.

Donald Horne, Death of the Lucky Country Ringwood Victoria: Penguin Australia, 1976.

Robert Manne, The Way We Live Now: The Controversies of the 90's Melbourne: The Text Publishing Company, 1998. ISBN 1-875847-70-7.

Hugh McKay, Reinventing Australia: The Mind and Moods of Australia in the 1990's Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1993.

John Rickard, Australia: A Cultural History (2nd Edition) London: Longman, 1996.

Geoffrey Stokes, The Politics of Identity in Australia Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-521-58672-0.
 
 

New Zealand

Roslie Capper, Amy Brown, and Witi Ihimaera (eds), Vision Aotearoa: Kaupapa New Zealand Auckland: Bridget Williams Books, 1996. ISBN 0-908912-50-1.
 
 

Colin James, New Territory: The Transformation of New Zealand 1984-1992 Wellington: Bridget William Books, 1992.

H. Gold and A. Webster, New Zealand Values Today Palmerston North: Alpha, 1990.

Paul Spoonley, David Pearson and Ian Shirley (eds), New Zealand Society (2nd ed) Palmerston North: Dunmore Press, 1994.
 
 

Pacific Islands

Jocelyn Linnekin and Lin Poyer (eds), Cultural Identity and Ethnicity in the Pacific Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1990.
 
 

Paul Theroux, The Happy Isles of Oceania : Paddling the Pacific New York: G. P. Putnam's, 1992.

Bernard Smith, European Vision and the South Pacific: 1768-1850: A Study in the History of Art and Ideas Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1989.
 
 
 
 

5. DISCOVERY, COLONISATION AND HISTORY

Australia

Geoffrey Blainey, The Tyranny of Distance: How Distance Shaped Australia's History (rev ed) Sydney: Sun Books, 1983.

Geoffrey Blainey, A Shorter History of Australia Melbourne: Heinemann, 1994.

Manning Clark, A Short History of Australia (4th rev. ed.) Ringwood, Vic.: Penguin Australia, 1995.

F.G. Clarke, Australia: A Concise Political and Social History Sydney: Harcourt Brace, 1992. ISBN 0-7295-1309-2.

David Day, Claiming a Continent: A History of Australia Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1996. ISBN 0-207-19670-2.

Wayne Hudson and Geoffrey Bolton, Creating Australia: Changing Australian History Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1997. 1-86373-560-7.

Robert Hughes, The Fatal Shore London: Pan Books, 1988.

Alan Powell, Far Country: A Short History of the Northern Territory (New Edition) Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1996. ISBN 0522-84689-0.
 
 

New Zealand

Judith Bassett, Judith Binney, and Erik Olssen, The Land and the People: Te Tangata me Whenua: An Illustrated History of New Zealand 1820-1920 Auckland: Bridget Williams Books, 1996. ISBN 0-04-614013-1.

G. R. Rice, Oxford History of New Zealand Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Keith Sinclair, A History of New Zealand (rev ed) Auckland: Penquin, 1990.
 
 

Pacific Islands History: General

I. C. Campbell, A History of the South Pacific Islands Christchurch: University of Canterbury Press, 1989.

A. G. Day, Explorers of the Pacific New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1966.

Donald Denoon (ed), The Cambridge History of the Pacific Islanders Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Herman Hiery and John Mackenzie (eds), European Impact and Pacific Influence: British and German Policy in the Pacific Islands and the Indigenous Response New York: St Martin's Press, 1997. ISBN 1-86064-059-1.
 
 

K. Howe, Robert C. Kiste, and Brij V. Lal, Tides of History: The Pacific Islands in the Twentieth Century Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994.
 
 

Australia in the Pacific

G. McCall, Sydney Talk: Australia in the South Pacific Kensington: University of New South Wales Centre for South Pacific Studies, 1990.
 
 

France in the Pacific

Robert Aldrich, France and the South Pacific Since 1940 Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993.

Robert Aldrich and Isabelle Merle (eds), France Abroad: IndoChina, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna Sydney: University of Sydney Press, 1997.

Stephen Henningham, France and the South Pacific: A Contemporary History Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1992. ISBN 0-04442327-6.

Nic McLennan and Jean Chesneaux, After Moruroa: France in the South Pacific Melbourne: Ocean Press, 1998. ISBN 1-876175-05-2.
 
 

Germany in the Pacific

Peter Hempenstall, Pacific Islanders Under German Rule: A Study in the Meaning of Colonial Resistance Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1978.
 
 

Japan in the Pacific

M. R. Peattie, Nan'yo: The Rise and Fall of the Japanese in Micronesia Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1988.
 
 

New Zealand in the Pacific

P. Alley (ed), New Zealand and the South Pacific Boulder: Westview Press, 1984.
 
 

United Kingdom in the Pacific

W. P. Morrell, Britain in the Pacific Islands Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1960.

John M. Ward, British Policy in the South Pacific, 1786-1893 Sydney: The Australian Publishing Company, 1948.
 
 

United States in the Pacific

Richard Budnick, Stolen Kingdom: An American Conspiracy Honolulu: Aloha Press, 1997. ISBN 0-944081-02-9.

Ron Crocombe, The Pacific Islands and the U. S. A. Honolulu: East-West Center, University of Hawaii, 1995.

Arthur Power Dudden, The American Pacific: From the Old China Trade to the Present Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-19-505821.

John C. Durrance, The United States and the Pacific Islands Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1992. ISBN 0-275-94472-7.
 
 

Eni F. H. Falemavaega, Navigating the Future: A Samoan Perspective on US-Pacific Relations Suva, Fiji: University of the South Pacific, 1995. ISBN 0-9644426-1-2.

Roger W. Gale, The Americanisation of Micronesia: A Study of the Consolidation of US Rule in the Pacific Washington D. C.: University Press of America, 1979. ISBN 0-8191-0703-4.

David Hanlon, Remaking Micronesia: Discourses over Development in a Pacific Territory 1944-1982 Honolulu: University of hawaii Press, 1998. ISBN 0-8248-2011-8.

F. Hezel, Strangers in Their Own land: A Century of Colonial Rule in the Caroline and Marshall Islands Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1998. ISBN 0-8248-2011-8.

Donald D. Johnson, The United States in the Pacific: Private Interests and Public Policies, 1784-1899 Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1995. ISBN 0-275-95055-7.

6. DECOLONISATION

D. Robie, Blood on Their Banner: Nationalist Struggles in the South Pacific London: Zed Books, 1989.

T. M. Chapman, The Decolonisation of Nieu Wellington, Victoria University Press, 1976.

Dame Rachel Cleland, Papua New Guinea: Pathways to Independence Perth: Artlook Books, 1983. ISBN 0-86445-041-9.

M. Boyd, New Zealand and Decolonisation in the South Pacific Wellington: New Zealand Institute of International Relations, 1987.

J. W. Davidson, Samoa Mo Samoa: The Emergence of the Independent State of Western Samoa Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1967.

A. H. Liebowitz, Embattled Island: Palau's Struggle for Independence Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1996.
 
 

7. THE AUSTRALIAN FEDERAL SYSTEM

Brian Galligan, Owen Hughes and Cliff Walsh, Intergovernmental Relations and Public Policy Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1991

Martin Painter, Collaborative Federalism: Economic Reform in Australia in the 1990's Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-521-59071-X.

Neil A. Warren, Reshaping Fiscal Federalism in Australia Sydney: Australian Tax Research Foundation.

 



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