Pacific Studies Initiative Syllabi & Bibliographies



Syllabi & Bibliographies

Internet Resources

Plants in the Hawaiian Environment


Spring 1997


Instructor: Mrs. Priscilla Millen Phone: 808-455-0285

Leeward Community College Fax: 808-455-0473

96-045 Ala Ike Email:

Pearl City, HI 96782


Sections 2381 & 2381

Broadcast 5-6:15 pm

Testing in Rm. BE 103, Lab MS l05

Cable Channels 55 & 3




1 1/13-15 Introduction and the Kingdoms of Life


2 1/20-22 Mon. HOLIDAY,

Wed : Plant Groups & Plant Names Quiz A


3 1/27-29 Roots, Stems and Leaves Quiz B


4 32/3-5 Flowers, Fruits, and Plant Reproduction Quiz C


5 3/10-12 Important Processes in Plants Learn. Log #1


6 2/17-19 Mond. Holiday, Wednesday exam. EXAM #2


7 2/24-26 Island Formation, Physical Aspects of Quiz D

the Environment


8 3/3*-5 Origin of Flora and Dispersal Learn. Log #2


9 3/10-12 Disharmonic Flora and Colonist Chars. Quiz E


10 3/17-19 Probs. In Island Living & Solutions Quiz F




12 3/31-4/2 Monday exam, Hawaiian Pl. Adapt.



13 4/7**-9 Plant Adaptations Quiz G


14 4/14-16 Vegetation Zones Learn. Log #3


15 4/21-23 Hawaiian Cult. & Plants: Ethnobotany Quiz H


16 4/28-30 Hist. of Human Impact on Hawn. Pl no quiz


17 5/5-7 History of Human Impact no quiz


EXAM THREE - May 12, 5:45-7:45pm, BE l03. One third on previous material, two thirds on last third of course.


* Last day to drop without grade penalty (erase): Feb. 3, Monday

** Last day to withdraw from course: April 8, Tuesday.



I. General Purpose of the Course

  • This introductory science course includes principles of dispersal of native plants to Hawai'i and their evolution and the subsequent impact of human activity. Laboratory activities include basic plant structure and function, identification of native and introduced plants, and importance of tropical plants. Field trips are to botanical gardens and natural sites of interest.
  • II. Course Goals

  • To have an understanding of the basic structure of the higher plant forms: leaf, root, stem and flower and how they function the plant's life.

    To have some understanding of plant genetics and evolution which underlie the changes in plant forms.

    To be able to define the terms of native and introduced, as they apply to plants and be able to identify about 100 significant plants of Hawai'i.

    To be able to explain how the Hawaiian island chain developed, and the impact of plant dispersal which determined the types of plant life found on the islands.

    To be able to describe some of the significant environmental factors in Hawaii, the resulting vegetation zones and how they influenced the adaptations and distribution of native plants.

    To learn about the history of human activity on the islands, starting with the Polynesians progressing to later-arriving western peoples and its impact on plant life in the islands.

    To be to identify significant Polynesian Introduced plants and how they were used in the Hawaiian culture.

    To study present environment issues involving plant resources and to develop strategies for their preservation.

  • III. Course Objectives.

  • A. To learn certain factual materials:

    The above list outlines the major topics covered in the course. A detailed list of learning objectives will be provided which determines of the sequence of study and provides a guide for testing. Since the course is based on a number of written references and no single text, the list of learning objectives forms a concrete base around which the course is organized.

    B. To develop the use of writing as a tool in learning and reflecting:

    Writing is a powerful tool in learning and opportunities to write are provided in the essay and short answer test questions, and learning logs.

    C. To develop critical thinking skills on scientific issues:

    Opportunities to think critically are built into the course by test questions, presentation different views and learning logs. Understanding the way scientific information is obtained and evaluated provides learning about scientific progress.

  • IV. Texts.

  • There are three required books for the course:
  • Plants and Flowers of Hawai'i by Sohmer and Gustafson

    Hawaiian Coastal Plants by Mark David Merlin

    Botany 130 Lecture Notes by Priscilla Millen.


  • All above available at the LCC Bookstore.

    Two books: highly recommended but not required:

  • Hawaii: A Natural History by Sherwin Carlquist: several copies at most libraries.

    200 Tropical Plants of the Caribbean by John Kingsbury.



    V. Learning by televised instruction.


  • A. Plusses and Minuses of Televised Courses.
  • 1. As an instructor for televised courses, I have become aware of some of the strengths and weaknesses. Some conveniences to you is that you may "attend lectures" without leaving your living room, and if taped, at any convenient time, plus the ability to review the entire lecture.

    2. Weaknesses are that you won't have the classroom interaction with the instructor and classmates. You need to be disciplined about regular viewing of the presentations.

    3. For the instructor there are the negatives of not "getting to know the student" as well, not being able to adjust the presentation to needs of the class, or having the interaction with students during the presentation. The instructor has the heavy demand of making a acceptable presentation that viewers will expect to be somewhat polished like those of more experienced television presenters, without as much time or training. It is helpful to look on the presentation as a lecture situation, not as a polished documentary.

  • B. Suggestions for Students.

  • 1. It is highly recommended that you watch the presentations as regularly as possible, especially since quizzes or learning log assignments are given each Monday and a response must be sent in by the next presentation, Wednesday.

    2. If for some reason, you miss the presentation, tapes are available at the circulation desk at LCC the following day.

    3. Some suggestions for successful viewing of the presentations. View it when you are fresh and alert. If not, try to split the session into two, if you are taping it and watch them separately. Try to be an active learner. Ask yourself questions as you go along. If you have questions: write them down and contact your instructor for the answers.

  • C. E-mail Connections.

  • 1. One way to sent in assignments and to ask questions about procedures or content of the course, is to use your e-mail account. Each student will receive this free account at the beginning of the semester, and training for its use.

    2. It will be very convenient for you if you have a reliable access to a computer hooked up by a modem to the internet and can check your e-mail frequently. If you are interested in getting a home computer hooked up, you can get some suggestions from computer lab personnel. It is also very useful in many school related ways as well as in personal applications.

    If you don't have access except through the Community College system (see handout booklet), it still may be possible to make effective use of the e-mail. It can be quite busy at peak times, and computers are always in demand, but you may be able to find good times to access them by scheduling carefully times you are free and the labs are not too busy.

    3. Since using computers to communicate (e-mail systems) and to get information (internet) are basic skills everyone needs in the workplace, this is a great opportunity to start learning and using these technologies. Also you'll discover, they stimulating and fun in their own right!

  • D. Web Connections.

  • 1. The Botany 130 lecture note text is at a Website on the internet with the addition of many photos and LINKS (intra-connections with the WEB on related topics) which are not available in the printed form. It can be accessed by the following address:

    2. This provides an enriched resource for your benefit. 3. You may also want to access another WEBSITE in connection the native Hawaiian flora called SOS (Save Our Special) Hawaiian flora. It is at

  • E. Evaluations.

  • 1. Trailers. These are "added ons" following the televised lecture presentations. It will appear that the lecture is finished and credits have rolled, but ALWAYS wait (and if taping, allow an extra 15 minutes to be safe) for another section of the presentation to appear. It will usually be the quiz for the week - given on Monday, or the discussion of the quiz on Wednesday. Other assignments or information may be given at this time.

    2. Weekly quizzes: These are open book, usually about one full page or more. The questions will involve some interpretation of materials presented to you, and answers will not be "in the book" so to speak. Also, they should be your own work.

    Quizzes are given on Monday and are due BEFORE Wednesday broadcast at five pm. They can be sent by e-mail, regular mail postmarked before 5pm, dropped off in the Educational Media Center, L-116, or at my office, BS 205.

    3. Learning Logs: Learning Logs # 1 and 3 are based on reading assignments from books are all available at the LCC library reserve desk and many also are available at your local branch library.

    Learning Log #2 will be from research from the part of the internet called the World Wide Web (WWW) on some botanical topic. The report will be sent to the instructor by e-mail, and returned graded by e-mail.

    4. Reading Assignments.

    The student should read ahead in the Lecture Notes booklet since almost all the presentation is in order of the 30 Learning Objectives. Also, outside references and assignments in the Sohmer-Gustafson text are given in the lecture notes. It will be the responsibility of the students to complete these assignments.

  • VI. Grading


  • A. If the student has any doubt about dates of any testing, the provided schedule should be consulted and testing expected on dates assigned.

    B. Testing.

  • 1. Exams are given at 5 pm. on LCC campus, room BE -103. The option of taking the exam on the Wai'anae campus can be arranged.

    2. Quizzes can be submitted in the following ways: Mailed to the instructor, Mrs. Millen, Math/Science Department, Leeward Community College, 94-045 Ala Ike, Pearl City, HI 96782, postmarked BEFORE Wednesday. 5 pm. Also, you may transmit them by FAX or by email.

    3. Eight quizzes are given and there is no make-up. However the two lowest are dropped. Learning Log assignments are due on dates indicated. Exams include objective questions as well as short answer/essay.

  • C. Points for Course Work:

  • Two exams, each worth 75 points 150

    Final exam worth 100 points 100

    Six quizzes (2 dropped), each 6 points 36

    3 Learning Logs, each 8 pts. 24

    Lab points 145


  • D. Grading Scale.

  • Grades are determined by how many of the total points you get, not on a curve, therefore everyone may get an "A". You will receive a current grade update for the course after the first exam, and several other times during the semester. The software, Micrograde, is quite effective in giving you a complete record of all your work and how you are progressing.

    "A" grade = 455 to 410: 100-90% of total possible points

    "B" grade = 409 to 364: 89 to 80%

    "C" grade = 363 to 319: 79 to 70%

    "D" grade = 318 to 273: 69 to 60%

    "F" grade = 272 and below: 59%

  • E. Extra credit points may be given for attending certain workshops, or attending designated outside activities, like field trips and service projects. There is a maximum of extra credit points of 15.

    Ways to get extra credit are:

  • 1. Attend a current SQ workshop. Complete schedule available from the LRC (Learning Resource Center at the ground level of library facing Pearl Harbor) or check out taped ones from the circulation desk of the library. Especially recommended are the two on TAKING TESTS IN THE SCIENCES and READING IN THE SCIENCES.

    You must turn in a one page with your notes and comments on the value of the workshop and sign the attendance sheet. In the case of taped SQ, notes are also required, and signature of librarian who checks out the tape for you. There are VCRs available for viewing. 2. Attend a MOPS (Marine Option Program) seminar. There are usually five or so given during the semester. Guest lecturers describe some aspect of the marine environment or study.

    3. Other extra credit will be field trips and work projects which will be announced. If you are interested, times can be set up for work in the teaching gardens at LCC which always can use some care.

  • F. Test Make-ups.

  • 1. The times for quizzes and exams are clearly indicated in the schedule. If you miss for any reason, you must contact the instructor BEFORE the test is given to determine if you will be allowed to take the test before the next class period. The only automatic excuse is a doctor's note.

    2. With voice mail on the LCC phone system, messages may be left day or night. If you are allowed to make-up the test, it must be before the next class session.

    3. In some cases, you will have to wait until the last two weeks of the semester for a make-up. It is the student's responsibility to initiate requests for make-ups at that time.

  • G. Possibility of Attending the Other Lab Session.

  • 1. There are two lab sessions, Wednesdays 1 to 4 pm and Saturdays, 9 to noon. You will be signed up for one of them. but have the possibility of attending the other lab if you have a some conflict. Please let your lab instructor know, so they can anticipate your attendance and to be sure it is the lab you need.

    2. See separate lab schedule for details of this part of the course.

  • *****************************

    Web site for Botany 130: PLANTS IN THE HAWAIIAN ENVIRONMENT:


    Web site for SOS (Save Our Special) Hawaiian Plants:


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    [Subject: Polynesia, Natural Sciences]

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