Colloquium Series, Fall-Spring 2005

Spring 2005 Lectures

Thoughts on the Creative Process from a Video Artist, February 10, 2005 - Thursday 10:30-11:45 am, Moore Hall 319 (Tokioka Room).

Paul Pfeiffer, a visual artist raised in Hawaii and the Philippines and now based in New York City, who has won several international prestigious awards, will talk about his work, particularly as a video artist and will attempt to answer the following questions: Can video be used as a medium for art making? Can it speak to the complex realities of living in our era of globalized culture? He will reflect on his experiences as an artist using video as a medium to create art. How is it different from the more conventional forms, such as painting and sculpture?

Pfeiffer as an artist has been experimenting in recent years with non-traditional forms like video, and more broadly, digital media. He also makes sculptures, and has made extensive use of photography as a medium to reflect artistic themes. He has been invited all over the world to exhibit his works of art.

His most recent solo shows, all in 2004, include The Project, New York City and Los Angeles, and Gargosian Gallery in New York City; K21, Dusseldorf, Germany; Thomas Dane Gallery, London; Melina Mercouri Center, Athens Greece; and the Cairo Biennial, Egypt. He is currently a visiting fellow at the UH Manoa Department of Art and Art History. More...

Philippine Feminist Writings, April 14, 2005, 3:00-4:30 pm, Center for Korean Studies Auditorium.

Speaker: Benilda Santos, PhD
Professor of Literature, Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines

Women's writings in the Philippines are metaphorizations of the body and self of woman as performative subversions of patriarchal domination. Once pledged to a life of obedience to the demands of patriarchal upbringing to become what Trinh Minh-ha called the "made- woman," women writers in the Philippines now choose to transgress representations of themselves in the canons of Filipino literature written by male authors by turning to their lived experience as an alternative mode of radical subjectivity. First, they discover the language they use need not be institutionalized language. Second, they re-define the old myths to distinguish between situated and universal language. And, third, they revolt from Hymen or against being an object of man's desire. More...

Capturing the Huk Amazon: Battles over Representations of the Filipina Warrior, April 29, 2005, 12:00-1:30 pm, Sakamaki Hall A201

Speaker: Vina Lanzona, PhD
Assistant Professor, UHM Department of History

In the 1940s and 1950s, at the height of the peasant-based Huk rebellion in the Philippines, major newspapers reported the capture of "Huk Amazons" on an almost daily basis. Virginia was a gun-totting college student captured during military operations against the Huks; Liwayway was a former beauty pageant winner who swore to the authorities that she was "merely the wife" of a Huk commander. All of these Huk women were indiscriminately labeled as "Amazons" in the press and in the popular imagination. But what did the term actually mean in the context of the Huk rebellion, and more generally, in Philippine revolutionary history? My talk explores the contested representations of these Filipina women warriors. More...

Krishnamurti: Its Impact on Major Philippine Religions, June 3, 2005, 2:00-4:00 pm, Moore Hall 319 (Tokioka Room).

Speaker: Arturo M. Perez, PhD
Associate Professor, University of the Philippines

The Philippines is the only Christian country in Asia. About 92% of Filipinos embrace Christianity (87% Roman Catholics; 7% Protestants). Christian Missionaries remain very active to this day - be they Mormons, Jehovah's Witnesses, Mennonites, Baptists, or Presbyterians. Two independent Filipino churches have attracted substantial numbers of adherents, totaling about 6% of the population: Iglesia Filipina Independiente (founded in 1902) and the Iglesia ni Kristo (in 1914). The country has many other sects, cults, and revivalist movements (there are an estimated 350 of such religious organizations registered at The National Council of Churches in the Philippines). Other major religions in the Philippines include Islam, Buddhism & Taoism, and indigenous beliefs (animism). About 5% of the country's population are Moslems. Manila and Cebu have significant numbers of devotees to Buddhism and Taoism. Buddhism in the Philippines has blended to some extent with Catholicism. Beneath the veneer of dominant Christianity, however, strong animist beliefs and customs continue to lurk - a phenomenon known as folk Catholicism. Enter J. Krishnamurti. His masterly descriptions of the inner workings of the mind appeal to Filipinos who turn to faith in times of trouble. The Krishnamurti Center of the Philippines, The Krishnamurti Committee of the Phlippines, and The Krishnamurti Publishing Company maintain a regular cable TV and radio program airing Krishnamurti's talks and dialogues. Since 1970 we have an estimated 100,00 Filipinos who have been inquiring about K's approach to life. More...

Fall 2005 Lectures

Clinging to the Presidency: Can Arroyo Hold On? September 8, 2005 12:00-1:30 pm, East West Center Burns Hall Room (4th floor), 1601 East-West Road

Speaker: Belinda A. Aquino, PhD
Director, Center for Philippine Studies & Professor of Asian Studies

This July political turmoil in the Philippines followed allegations of corruption and cheating in the 2004 elections against President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Demands for her resignation and impeachment proceedings in the Philippine Congress emerged while supporters proposed a constitutional change to replace the current presidential system to a parliamentary one. Rather than impeachment, this option would cut short Arroyo's legal term, which expires in 2010.

Arroyo has become the second president in five years to face impeachment. It is expected that the case may be debated for several months. Can she still govern effectively?

Dr. Belinda Aquino, who was in Manila attending a conference on constitutional reform in early July when "Gloriagate" started will discuss the various forces, factors and issues involved in this latest political crisis in the Philippines. Dr. Aquino was in the Philippines for three weeks and will share her first-hand impressions of the political crisis that still grips the country. More...

The Filipino Centennial in Hawaii and the Politics of Remembering , September 30, 2005, 12:00-1:30pm, Center for Korean Studies Auditorium.

Speaker: Dean T. Alegado, PhD
Associate Professor & Chair, UHM Department of Ethnic Studies

The debate over what the past is to mean in the present, particularly to non-white ethnic and immigrant communities in the United States, is central to this presentation. Why are we celebrating and putting so much energy to honor and validate our history and contributions in Hawaii and the U.S.? How is historical narration aligned with the politics of nation formation (in the case of the U.S., the politics of incorporation and assimilation)? More specifically, the talk will deal with historical narratives of Filipino- Americans as dominated by desires for inclusion into the general history of the U.S. as a nation of immigrants. What kinds of stories are we forgetting? How have U.S. policies like the 1947 US-RP Military Bases Agreement and the 1965 Immigration Law resulted in "waves" of Filipino immigration, notably at the height of the Vietnam war? The politics of remembering has also the effect of forgetting and distorting the past. As a master historical narrative of the nation emerges, the little known episodes (native American Indians, Asian immigrants, etc.) are obscured or taken to the sidelines. More...

Why are they Killing Journalists? October 20, 2005, 4:00 pm, Sacred Hearts Academy, 3253 Waialae Avenue, Honolulu.

Speaker: Luisita Cruz-Valdez
Vice President for Current Affairs, ABS-CBN, Manila

In 2004, more than 55 journalists were killed while on the job. Visiting Filipino journalist Luisita Cruz-Valdez will talk about the threat to press freedom. More ...

America's Leap into Imperialism: 1898, Hawaii and the Philippines, Oct. 25, 2005, Tuesday, 12:00-2:00pm, Center for Korean Studies Auditorium, University of Hawaii at Manoa.

Speaker: Tom Coffman
Independent Researcher & Filmmaker

Virtually unknown to the American people, the Spanish-American War of 1898 and the closely associated Philippine-American war reconfigured the USA into a far-flung imperial power. The event assured America's annexation of the Kingdom of Hawaii. It reduced the Philippines to a US colony for 48 years and virtually assured an eventual Pacific war between imperial Japan and the United States.

[Tom Coffman is an independent researcher, writer and filmmaker. His "Nation Within" -- in PBS documentary film and a 400-page book -- developed a new understanding of the centrality of Hawaii to America's design on the Pacific. In the process, the nation of Hawaii was destroyed in 1898; the Spanish empire was commandeered, to the disastrous long-term interests of both the Philippines and the US. Coffman is also the author of the much-acclaimed Catch a Wave and other publications including America's Island Edge.] More...

Demonized to Death: Filipino Men and Capital Punishment in Territorial Hawaii, Center for Korean Studies Auditorium, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Nov. 3, 2005, CKS, 12:00-2:00pm

Speaker: Jonathan Y. Okamura
Associate Professor, UHM Department of Ethnic Studies

This presentation is concerned with the social and political causes and consequences of the execution of Filipino men during the Territorial period in Hawai'i from 1898 until capital punishment was abolished in 1957. During this period the 24 Filipinos hanged at O'ahu Prison constituted a majority of the 46 persons executed, although Filipinos were never more than 17 percent of Hawaii's population (1930). The murder trials and hangings of these Filipinos were highly publicized, if not sensationalized, events in the Honolulu daily newspapers, and this media publicity contributed substantially to the extreme racist representation of Filipino men as sexually deviant, prone to violence, emotionally volatile, and criminally inclined during the 1920s through the 1950s. These prevalent stereotypes in turn very likely contributed to the high rate of conviction and sentencing to death of Filipinos as a means of ridding society of an unwanted and seemingly dangerous presence. The paper also will argue that contemporary racist representations of Filipino young men as sexual predators and violent gang members can be traced to their demonization during the Territorial period. More...

Filipino-American Lawyers in Hawaii: Status and Challenges, Nov. 17, 2005, 12:00-2:00pm, Center for Korean Studies Auditorium, University of Hawaii at Manoa.

Speaker: Abelina Madrid Shaw
Practising Lawyer, Honolulu

This lecture seeks to examine the development of the legal profession in the Filipino-American community, since the 1950s, when there were only a few graduates of law schools until today when at least 150 Filipino- Americans have become lawyers in Hawaii. Specifically, it will look into how many men and women of Filipino ancestry have entered the legal profession and the obstacles they faced as well as their accomplishments and future challenges. More...