ED 122 introduces students to the historical, philosophical, economic, legal, socio-cultural, and curricular foundations of education. A brief overview of the teaching profession, and teachers’ qualifications, roles, and responsibilities will be discussed. The pioneers of education and the major philosophies that guide education will be presented. Students will explore how the education system is governed, administrated, and financed by local, state, and federal entities. The rights of teachers and students and how to establish equal educational opportunities for all learners will be addressed. Cultural, social, and gender influences on student achievement will be examined, as well as related issues that impact students’ learning. Students will also develop and use appropriate curriculum and instructional approaches with diverse learners in the classroom.
Education in the U.S. and other countries will be researched and the commonalities and differences will be analyzed. Future perspectives of the teaching profession and the field of education will be considered.