Fresh Water Animals
Titcomb (1972) reports: "It can climb a vertical stone jar or wall by
moving slightly it suction disc, first on one side then the other...
The Nopili was greatly relished as food and also a favorite food with
the priests. As the Nopili clings so will luck."
It often has a distinct black line running from the mouth to the
tail. The very high first dorsal fin is the best positive identifying
characteristic. This is a small (up to 7 inches; 18 cm), endemic
herbivorous fish, found in all areas of the stream, but more abundant
in the middle and higher reaches.
This is a rare goby, found only in the middle and upper reaches of
pristine streams. The Hawaiian name, O'opu alama'o, refers to the
belief that they represented two species. The female is olive to
brownish all over, while the male is brownish on the head and pale
yellow to bright red on the tail.
"Lentipes is diadromus as are most other prominent Hawaiian stream
animals. Only postlarvae and small juveniles appear to actively
migrate upstream. These migrants demonstrate superb climbing ability
and are known to surmount single waterfalls 100 meters high, as well
as a series of six falls surpassing 300 meters in combined drop.
Mature Lentipes characteristically reside in the middle to upper
reaches at elevations from about 50 to more than 500 meters"
(Maciolek, 1977). These gobies may reach 6 inches in length.
This is the largest of the stream gobies, reaching 14 inches (35cm)
in length and weighing up to 1/2 a pound. It is endemic to Hawai'i,
omnivorous in it's eating habits and found in middle to lower
reaches. The color pattern is distinctive. The dorsal fins are
yelowish with black bars and the base of the tail is dark in color.
This species occurs on all the larger Hawaiian islands. Probably
becaus of it's large size and abundance, O'opua Nakea was a popular
food fish among the Hawaiians.
This species is indigenous but not endemic, which means that it is
naturally in Hawai'i, but is also found in other islands in the
It is omnivorous and found only in the lower reaches of the stream
estuaries. The head is marked by a dark band that extends under the
and on to the cheeck, and the body may be marked with 12 vertical
Large specimens reach 6 inches (15 cm) in length.
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Last update= July, 1997 (Capers)