Today: Land
In the ahupua'a system of land management, the konohiki was responsible for the sustainability and production of land and water resources from mauka to makai. In this section, we look at the new konohiki. Who is responsible for managing the land and water resources in the ahupua'a of Nawiliwili Bay? Today: Land uses the General Plan, County of Kaua'i and The ahupua'a concept: learning coastal resource management from ancient Hawaiians by M.K. Smith and M. Pai as resources.
Today there is no clear line of responsibility for the conservation of land and water resources. Instead, this responsibility is divided among multiple private, County, State, and Federal agencies. The boundaries for their responsibilities do not run from mauka to makai. For example,, one agency may be in charge of the coastal zone, one may approve new development, another may be in charge of water, one in charge of wildlife, etc.. (Smith and Pai) Therefore, any one agency does not know what is happening in the rest of the ahupua'a, or in some cases, doesn't care. The head is still not connected to the tail.

At the County level, the Planning Commission decides the ultimate use of the land. It doesn't matter what the zoning is, today it takes four votes out of seven to approve a use permit. Zoning changes depend on a majority of the County Council.

William Hyde Rice, contemplating land use at Nawiliwili Bay. Photo courtesy of Cheryl Lovell-Obatake, private collection.
What are some of the current land uses in the ahupua'a of Nawiliwili Bay? Check out these helicopter shots, courtesy of pilot Casey Riemer of Jack Harter Helicopters, and David Boynton, daring photographer.
The first picture, Resort: Hotel is courtesy of Randy Wichman.
Photo courtesy of Randy Wichman

Golf Course



Residential Community

Urban Center
Urban Center: Chiefess Kamakahelei School

Urban Center:
Power Generation



Tree Farming
on the left of the highway

Rock Quarry,
with a special use permit, on the right

Hule'ia Stream flows in between the two.

Agriculture: Papayas

Agriculture: even some kalo
Urban Center:
Solid Waste

Wildlife Refuge

Nawiliwili Valley

Residential Community:
Golf Course at Ulu Ko

Heritage Resource:
Cultural and Scenic Sites
Alekoko Fishpond
Hawai'i now ranks among the highest in the nation for its levels of pollution, endangered species, and disappearing habitats. In the next section, we will take a closer look at the effects of past and current land use on Nawiliwili Bay. Land, water, and sustainability are all part of 'Ainakumuwai.
Created June 2001