About General Education

Teacher Resources





Hawaiian or Second Language

Faculty Committees & Boards

Articulation & Transfer


Search UHM

Foundations - Global & Multicultural Perspectives (FG)

Global and Multicultural Perspectives courses provide thematic treatments of global processes and cross-cultural interactions from a variety of perspectives. Students will gain a sense of human development from pre-history to modern times through consideration of narratives and artifacts of and from diverse cultures. At least one component of each of these courses will involve the indigenous cultures of Hawai'i, the Pacific, and Asia.

Jump to a section:
FG Hallmarks and Explanatory Notes
FG courses

Related links:
Foundations articulation
Foundations assessment

FG Hallmarks and Explanatory Notes

(Foundations Board approved 01/27/06)

To satisfy the Global and Multicultural Perspectives (FG) requirement, a course will (Hallmarks in bold; Notes in italics): 

    1. provide students with a large-scale analysis of human development and change over time. (Note: the two FG courses will together cover the whole time period from pre-history to present.

      • The course must fall into one of the following categories: Group A (content primarily before 1500 CE), B (content primarily after 1500 CE), or C (pre-history to present)

    2. analyze the development of human societies and their cultural traditions through time in different regions (including Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania) and using multiple perspectives.

      • Students will study multiple perspectives across time, space, and cultures. Some of the cultural material studied should reflect cultural differences.

      • The course should not be solely about a people or a country; it needs to be a global course.

      • Clear emphasis on multiple ideologies and methodologies (e.g., capitalism vs. socialism, individualism vs. communalism, globalism vs. protectionism, or humanistic vs. scientific).

    3. offer a broad, integrated analysis of cultural, economic, political, scientific, and/or social development that recognizes the diversity of human societies and their cultural traditions.

      • The course should offer an integrative perspective on global change and diverse cultural traditions.

      • The course should identify common themes across multiple cultures.

      • The course should recognize diversity (examples could include within and between cultures and religions, subcultures within political units, or socio-economic class differences).

    4. examine processes of cross-cultural interaction and exchange that have linked the world's peoples through time while recognizing diversity.

      • The course should address how processes of interaction have shaped the world’s cultural mosaic through time.

      • The course should convey an understanding of how unique cultural traditions have survived cross-cultural interactions as well as how cultures have been changed through interaction.

      • The proposal should clearly identify the parts of the course that are cross-cultural, rather than isolating cultural groups or characteristics.

      • Dimensions of cross-cultural interaction such as religion should be examined as well as modes of interaction, e.g., migration, conquest, and trade.

    5. include at least one component on Hawaiian, Pacific, or Asian societies and their cultural traditions.

      • Students will study the development of unique cultural traditions and cross-cultural interactions from a wide variety of regions including Hawaii, the Pacific, or Asia.

    6. engage students in the study and analysis of writings, narratives, texts, artifacts, and/or practices that represent the perspectives of different societies and cultural traditions.

      • Students will gain an appreciation of the multiplicity of sources; there should be some balance between western and non-western sources of information (e.g., documents and text, oral traditions and performances, art, archaeological artifacts at different scales, paleontological remains, paleoenvironmental materials, or cultural landscapes).

      • Students will learn how to identify, assess, and analyze various sources of information on cultural behaviors, to organize them into systems of meaning, and to evaluate conclusions relative to the kinds of information available.

      • Students will learn how different materials can reveal different aspects of contemporary and past human development.


    Approved FG Courses at UHM

    Effective term=Fall 2002 unless otherwise noted.

    NOTE: Courses taken must be from different groups.

    Group A: FGA (covers the time period prehistory to 1500)

    • Anthropology 151 [effective F02-SS18]
    • Anthropology 151A  [effective F09-SS18]
    • Art 175 [effective F02-SS17]
    • History 151 [effective F02-SS17]
    • History 161A [effective F02-SS17]
    • Languages & Linguistics of Europe & the Americas 151 [effective F14-SS17]
    • Oceanography 105 [effective F15-SS18]
    • Women's Studies 175 [effective F07-SS18]

    Group B: FGB (covers the time period 1500 to modern times)

    • American Studies 150 [effective F03-SS17]

    • Anthropology 152 [effective F02-SS18]

    • Anthropology 152A [effective F09-SS18]

    • Art 176 [effective F02-SS17]

    • Food Science and Human Nutrition 141 [effective SS11-SS21]

    • Geography 102 [effective F02-SS17]

    • Hawaiian 100 [effective F12-SS17]

    • History 152 [effective F02-SS17]

    • History 155 [no longer offered]

    • History 162A [effective F02-SS17]

    • Linguistics 105 [effective F12-F17]

    • Political Science 150 [effective F15-SS18]
    • Political Science 160 [effective F15-SS17]

    • Social Sciences 180 [effective F14-SS17]

    • Travel Industry Management 102
    • [effective F11-SS21]
    • Travel Industry Management 102A [effective S13-SS21]

    • Women's Studies 176 [effective F08-SS18]

    Group C: FGC (covers the time period prehistory to modern times)

    • Botany 105 [effective F07-SS12 and S14-F18]

    • Botany 105A [effective F09-SS12 and S14-F18]

    • Geography 151 [effective F02-SS17]

    • Geography 151A [no longer offered, FG effective F02-F06]

    • History 156 [effective F13-SS18]

    • Languages, Linguistics, & Literature 150 [effective F04-SS16]

    • Music 107 [effective F02-SS18]

    • Religion 150 [effective F02-SS17]

    • Religion 150A [no longer offered, FG effective F02-F06]

    "A" courses are offered by the Honors Program.

    External transfer students who transfer a Western Civilization course to UHM may take one FG course to satisfy the FG requirement. If the transfer course covered a particular time period, their FG course must cover a different time period. [This is a change from the 2002-03 policy which stated that HIST 155 was an option for students with a 2-semester sequence in Western Civilization.]

    Effective March 2007, students may take Diversification courses from the same department as their Foundations Global & Multicultural courses. Please note that the 2007-08 Catalog is incorrect. Students may take ANTH 151 and ART 176 to meet FG requirements and take other ANTH and ART courses to satisfy Diversification requirements.


    last revised June 14, 2016; report errors to gened@hawaii.edu