Robert Bidigare

Professor
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Education

Research Interests

Professional Service

Publications

Trapido-Rosenthal, H., and R. R. Bidigare. 2010. Magnification of risks: bioaccumulation/ biomagnifications in food chains. In: Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology (R. A. Meyers, Ed.), Springer, New York (in preparation)

Calil, P. H. R., K. J. Richards and R. R. Bidigare. 2009. On the importance of the wind forcing in the supply of new nutrients in the lee of Hawaii. J. Geophys. Res. (in preparation)

Landry, M. R., K. E. Selph, A. G. Taylor, M. Décima, W. M. Balch and R. R. Bidigare. 2009. Phytoplankton growth, grazing and production balances in the HNLC equatorial Pacific. Deep-Sea Res. II (submitted)

Selph, K. E., M. R. Landry, A. Taylor, E. J. Yang, C. I. Measures, J. Yang, M. Stukel, S. Christensen and R. R. Bidigare. 2009. Spatially-resolved taxon-specific phytoplankton production and grazing dynamics in the equatorial Pacific between 110°W and 140°W. Deep-Sea Res. II (submitted)

Bidigare, R. R., S. C. Christensen, S. B. Wilde and S. A. Banack. 2009. Cyanobacteria and BMAA: Possible linkage with avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM) in the southeastern United States? Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (in press)

Johnsen, G., A. Bricaud, N. Nelson, B. B. Prézelin and R. R. Bidigare. 2009. In vivo bio-optical properties of phytoplankton pigments. In: Pigments in Oceanography. UNESCO Publishing (in press)

Bidigare, R. R., F. Chai, M. R. Landry, R. Lukas, C. C. S. Hannides, S. C. Christensen, D. M. Karl, L. Shi and Y. Chao. 2009. Subtropical ocean ecosystem structure changes forced by North Pacific climate variations. J. Plankton Res. doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbp064.

Karl, D. M., R. R. Bidigare, M. J. Church, J. E. Dore, R. M. Letelier, C. Mahaffey and J. Zehr. 2008. The nitrogen cycle in the North Pacific trades biome: An evolving paradigm. In: Nitrogen in the Marine Environment (D. G. Capone, D. A. Bronk, M. R. Mulholland and E. J. Carpenter, Eds.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 705-769.

Erdner, D. L., J. Dyble, L. E. Brand, M. Parker, R. C. Stevens, S. K. Moore, Kathi LeFebvre, P. Bienfang, D. M. Anderson, R. R. Bidigare, P. Moeller, M. L. Wrabel and K. A. Hubbard. 2008. Centers for Oceans and Human Health: A unified approach to the challenge of harmful algal blooms. Environ. Health. 7: S2.

Buesseler, K. O., T. W. Trull, D. K. Steinberg, M. W. Silver, D. A. Siegel, S.-I. Saitoh, C. H. Lamborg, P. J. Lam, D. M. Karl, N. Z. Jiao, M. C. Honda, M. Elskens, F. Dehairs, S. L. Brown, P. W. Boyd, J. K. B. Bishop and R. R. Bidigare. 2008. VERTIGO (VERtical Transport In the Global Ocean): A study of particle sources and flux attenuation in the North Pacific. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1522-1539.

Lamborg, C. H., K. O. Buesseler, J. Valdes, C. H. Bertrand, R. R. Bidigare, S. Manganini, S. Pike, D. Steinberg, T. Trull and S. Wilson. 2008. The flux of bio- and lithogenic material associated with sinking particles in the mesopelagic “Twilight Zone” of the Northwest and North Central Pacific Ocean. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1540-1563.

Boyd, P. W., M. P. Gall, M. W. Silver, S. L. Coale, R. R. Bidigare and J. L.K.B. Bishop. 2008. Quantifying the surface-subsurface biogeochemical coupling during the VERTIGO ALOHA and K2 studies. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1578-1593.

Brown, S. L., M. R. Landry, K. E. Selph, E.-J. Yang, Y. M. Rii and R. R. Bidigare. 2008. Diatoms in the desert. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1321-1333.

Landry,M. R., S. L. Brown, Y. Rii, K. E. Selph, R. R. Bidigare, E. J. Yangand M. P. Simmons. 2008.Depth-stratified phytoplankton dynamics in Cyclone Opal, a subtropical mesoscale eddy. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1348-1359.

Chen, F., W.-J. Cai, Y. Wang, Y. M. Rii, R. R. Bidigare, and C. R. Benitez-Nelson. 2008.Biogeochemical cycling of the carbon dioxide system and net community production estimation within a cold-core cyclonic eddy in the lee of Hawaii. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1412-1425.

Nencioli, F., V. S. Kuwahara, T. D. Dickey, Y. Rii and R. R. Bidigare. 2008. Physical dynamics and biological implications of a mesoscale eddy in the lee of Hawaii: Cyclone Opal observations during E-Flux III. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1252-1274.

Kuwahara, V. S., F. Nencioli, T. D. Dickey, Y. M. Rii and R. R. Bidigare. 2008. Physical dynamics and biological implications of cyclone eddy Noah in the lee of Hawaii during E-Flux I. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1231-1251.

Mahaffey, C., C. Benitez-Nelson, R. R. Bidigare and D. M. Karl. 2008. Nitrogen dynamics within a wind-driven eddy. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1398-1411.

Maiti, K. C. R. Benitez-Nelson, Y. Riiand R. R. Bidigare. 2008. The influence of a mature cyclonic eddy on particle export. . Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1445-1460.

Rii, Y., S. L. Brown, F. Nencioli, V. Kuwahara, T. Dickey, D. M. Karl and R. R. Bidigare. 2008. The transient oasis: Nutrient-phytoplankton dynamics and particle export in Hawaiian lee cyclones. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1275-1290.

Calil, P. H. R., K. Richards, Y. Jia and R. R. Bidigare. 2008. Eddy activity in the lee of the Hawaii Islands. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1179-1194.

Dickey, T. D, F. Nencioli, V. Kuwahara, C. L. Leonard, W. Black, R. R. Bidigare, Y. Rii and Q. Zhang. 2008. Physical and bio-optical observations of oceanic cyclones west of the Island of Hawaii. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1195-1217.

McAndrew, P., R. R. Bidigare and D. M. Karl. 2008. Effects of nutrient enrichment and mesoscale eddies on metabolic balance in the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Deep-Sea Res. II 55: 1300-1309.

Bienfang, P. K., M. L. Parsons, R. R. Bidigare, E. A. Laws and P. D. R. Moeller. 2008. Ciguatera fish poisoning: A synopsis from ecology to toxicity. In: Oceans and Human Health: Risks and Remedies from the Seas (P. J. Walsh, S. L. Smith, L. E. Fleming, He Solo-Gabriele and W. H. Gerwick, Eds.), Elsevier, New York, pp. 257-270.

Hiscock, M. R., V. P. Lance, A. M. Apprill, R. R. Bidigare, Z. I. Johnson, B. G. Mitchell, W. O. Smith Jr. and R. T. Barber. 2008. Photosynthetic maximum quantum yield increases are an essential component of Southern Ocean phytoplankton iron response. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105: 4775-4780.

Lance, V. P., M. R. Hiscock, A. K. Hilting, D. A. Steube, R. R. Bidigare, K. O. Buesseler, W. O. Smith, Jr. and R. T. Barber. 2007. Primary productivity, differential size fraction and pigment composition responses in two Southern Ocean in situ iron enrichments. Deep-Sea Res. I 54: 747-773.

Apprill, A. M., R. R. Bidigare and R. D. Gates. 2007. Visibly healthy corals display photosynthetic pigment and symbionts population variability. Coral Reefs 26: 387-397.

Corno, G., D. M. Karl, M. J. Church, R. M. Letelier, R. Lukas, R. R. Bidigare and M. R. Abbott. 2007. The impact of climate forcing on ecosystem processes in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. J. Geophys. Res. 112: C04021.

Benitez-Nelson, C. R., R. R. Bidigare, T. Dickey, M. R. Landry, C. L. Leonard, S. L. Brown, F. Nencioli, Y. M. Rii, K. Maiti, J. W. Becker, T. S. Bibby, W. Black, C. Carlson, F. Chen, V. S. Kuwahara, C. Mahaffey, P. M. McAndrew, P. D. Quay, M. S Rappé, K. E. Selph, M. E. Simmons and E. J. Yang. 2007. Mesoscale eddies drive increased silica export in the subtropical Pacific Ocean. Science 316: 1017-1021.

Buesseler, K. O., C. H .Lamborg, P. W. Boyd, P. J. Lam, T. W. Trull, R. R. Bidigare, J. K.B. Bishop, K. L. Casciotti, F. Dehairs, M. Elskens, M. Honda, D. M. Karl, D. Siegel, M. W. Silver, D. K. Steinberg, J. Valdes, B. Van Mooy and S. Wilson. 2007. Revisiting carbon flux through the ocean’s twilight zone. Science 316: 567-570.

Dupont, C. L., R. R. Bidigare, J. W. Moffett and B. A. Ahner. 2006. Distributions of dissolved and particulate biogenic thiols in the subarctic Pacific Ocean. Deep-Sea Res. 53: 1961-1974.

Carr, M-E, M. A. M. Friedrichs, M. Schmeltz, M. N. Aita, D. Antoine, K. R. Arrigo, I. Asanuma, O. Aumont, R. Barber, M. Behrenfeld, R. Bidigare, E. Buitenhuis, J. Campbell, A. Ciotti, H. Dierssen, M. Dowell, J. Dunne, W. Esaias, B. Gentili, W. Gregg, S. Groom, N. Hoepffner, J. Ishizaka, T. Kameda, C. LeQuéré, S. Lohrenz, J. Marra, F. Mélin, K. Moore, A. Morel, T. Reddy, J. Ryan, M. Scardi, T. Smyth, K. Turpie, G. H. Tilstone, K. Waters and Y. Yamanaka. 2006. A comparison of global estimates of marine primary production from ocean color. Deep-Sea Res. II. 53: 741-770.

Toledo, G., W. Green, R. A. Gonzalez, L. Christoffersen, M. Podar, H. W. Chang, T. Hemscheidt, H. Trapido-Rosenthal, J. M. Short, Robert R. Bidigare and E. J. Mathur. 2006. Case Study: High throughput cultivation for isolation of novel marine microorganisms. Oceanography 19: 120-125.

Popp, B. N., R. R. Bidigare, B. Deschenes, E. A. Laws, F. G. Prahl, J. Tanimoto and R. Wallsgrove. 2006. A New method for the growth rates of alkenone-producing haptophytes. Limnol. Oceanogr.: Methods 4: 114-129.

Cooney, M., W. Johnston, S. Pohl and R. R. Bidigare. 2006. Influence of photoperiod on the pigmentation and metabolic efficiency of the marine aerobic anoxygenic photosynthetic bacterium Erythrobacter longus (strain NJ3Y). Aquat. Microbiol. Ecol. 43: 303-309.

Hochberg, E. J., A. M. Apprill, M. J. Atkinson and R. R. Bidigare. 2006. Bio-optical modeling of photosynthetic pigments in corals. Coral Reefs 25: 99-109.

Bidigare, R. R. 2005. High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of algal chlorophylls and their degradation products. In: Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, Section 10200 H, 21st Edition, American Public Health Association, Washington, D. C., pp. 10–21-23.

Bidigare, R. R. and M. Latasa. 2005. High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of algal chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments. In: Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, Section 10200 H, 21st Edition, American Public Health Association, Washington, D. C., pp. 10–23-26.

Cox, P. A., S. A. Banack, S. Murch, P. Nunn, W. Bradley, D. Mash, S. Papapetropoulos, L. Olaf, S. Conradi, B. Bergman, U. Rasmussen, R. Bidigare, G. Codd, J. S. Metcalf, H. Johnson, R. Speth and J. H. Weiss. 2005. Reply to “Lack of b-methylamino-L-Alanine in brain from controls, AD, or Chamorros with PDC” Neurology www.neurology.org/cgi/eletters/65/5/768.

Dickey, T. D. and R. R. Bidigare. 2005. Interdisciplinary oceanographic observations: The wave of the future. Sci. Mar. 69 (Suppl. 1): 23-42.

Johnston, W., A. Schorlemmer, S. Pohl, D. M. Karl, R. R. Bidigare and M. J. Cooney. 2005. Carbon mass balance methodology to characterize the growth of pigmented marine bacteria under conditions of light cycling. Bioprocess Biosyst. Eng. 27: 163–174.

Cox, P. A., S. A. Banack, S. J. Murch, U. Rasmussen, G. Tien, R. R. Bidigare, J. S. Metcalf, L. F. Morrison, G. A. Codd and B. Bergman. 2005. Diverse taxa of cyanobacteria produce -N-methylamino-L-alanine, a neurotoxic amino acid. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102: 5074-5078.

Wang, G. Y., W. P Tang and R. R. Bidigare. 2005. Terpenoids as therapeutic drugs and pharmaceutical agents. In: Natural Products as Therapeutical Drugs and Preventive Medicines (L. Zhang and A. L. Demain, Eds.), Humana Press, New Jersey, pp. 191-221.

Bidigare, R. R., L. Van Heukelem and C. C. Trees. 2005. Analysis of algal pigments by high-performance liquid chromatography. In: Algal Culturing Techniques (R. A. Andersen, Ed.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 327-345.

Sakamoto, C. M., D. M. Karl, H. W. Jannasch, T. Houlihan, R. R. Bidigare, R. M. Letelier, P. Walz, J. P. Ryan, P. S. Polito and K. S. Johnson. 2004. In situ nitrate measured on the HALE ALOHA open ocean mooring: Influence of mesoscale eddies and Rossby waves on nutrient variability and ecosystem response. J. Geophys. Res. 109 (C5): 1-12.

Cassar, N., E. A. Laws, R. R. Bidigare and B. N. Popp. 2004. Bicarbonate uptake by Southern Ocean phytoplankton. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 18: 1-10.

Letelier, R. M., D. M. Karl, M. R. Abbott and R. R. Bidigare. 2004. Light driven seasonal patterns of chlorophyll and nitrate in the lower euphotic zone of the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. Limnol. Oceanogr. 49: 508-519.

Coale, K. H., K. S. Johnson, F. P. Chavez, K. O. Buesseler, R. T. Barber, M. A. Brzezinski, W. P. Cochlan, F. J. Millero, P. G. Falkowski, J. E. Bauer, R. H. Wanninkhof, R. M. Kudela, M. A. Altabet, B. E. Hales, T. Takahashi, M. R. Landry, R. R. Bidigare, Z. Chase, P. G. Strutton, G. E. Friederich, M. Y. Gorbunov, V. P. Lance, A. K. Hilting, M. R. Hiscock, M. Demerest, W. T. Hiscock, K. A. Sullivan, S. J. Tanner, R. M. Gordon, C. L. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, S. E. Fitzwater, D. Timothy, S. L. Brown, K. E. Selph, C. C. Sheridan, B. S. Twining and Z. I. Johnson. 2004. Southern Ocean Iron Enrichment Experiment (SOFeX): Iron, silicon and light interactions in Antarctic waters. Science 304: 408-414.

Landry, M. R., S. L. Brown, J. Neveux, C. Dupouy, J. Blanchot, S. Christensen and R. R. Bidigare. 2003. Phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing in high nutrient, low chlorophyll waters of the equatorial Pacific: Community and taxon-specific rate assessments from pigment and flow cytometric analyses. J. Geophys. Res. 108 (C12): 7, 1-14.

Koblížek, M., O. Béjà, R. R. Bidigare, S. Christensen, B. Benitez-Nelson, C. Vetriani, P. G. Falkowski and Z. Kolber. 2003. Isolation and characterization of Erythrobacter sp. strains from the upper ocean. Arch. Microbiol. 180: 327-338.

Vaillancourt, R. D., J. Marra, M. P. Seki, M. L. Parsons and R. R. Bidigare. 2003. Impact of a cyclonic eddy field on phytoplankton community structure and photosynthetic competency in the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Deep-Sea Res. I 50: 829-847.

Bidigare, R. R., C. Benitez-Nelson, C. L. Leonard, P. D. Quay, M. L. Parsons, D. G. Foley and M. P. Seki. 2003. Influence of a cyclonic eddy on microheterotroph biomass and carbon export in the lee of Hawaii. Geophys. Res. Letters 30 (6): 51, 1-4.

Bidigare, R. R., L. Van Heukelem and C. C. Trees. 2003. HPLC phytoplankton pigments: Sampling, laboratory methods, and quality assurance procedures. In: Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, Volume V (J. L. Mueller, G. S. Fargion and C. R. McClain, Eds.), NASA Technical Memorandum 2003-211621, pp. 5-14.

Trees, C.C., R. R. Bidigare, D. M. Karl, L. Van Heukelem and J. Dore. 2003. Fluorometric Chlorophyll a: Sampling, laboratory methods, and data analysis protocols. In: Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, Revision 4, Volume V (J. L. Mueller, G. S. Fargion and C. R. McClain, Eds.), NASA Technical Memorandum 2003-211621, pp. 15-25.

Campbell, J. W., D. Antoine, R. Armstrong, K. Arrigo, W. Balch, R. Barber, M. Behrenfeld, R. Bidigare, J. Bishop, M.-E. Carr, W. Esaias, P. Falkowski, N. Hoepffner, R. Iverson, D. Kiefer, S. Lohrenz, J. Marra, A. Morel, J. Ryan, V. Vedernikov, K. Waters, C. Yentsch, and J. Yoder. 2002. Comparison of algorithms for estimating ocean primary productivity from surface chlorophyll, temperature, and irradiance. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 16 (3): 9, 1-15.

Lomas, M. W., N. R. Bates, A. H. Knap, D. M. Karl, R. Lukas, M. R. Landry, R. R. Bidigare, D. K Steinberg and C. A. Carlson. 2002. Modernization of our understanding of oceanic biogeochemistry and ecosystem functioning. EOS 83: 559, 566-567.

Dickson, A., R. Bidigare, J. Hedges, K. Johnson, D. LeBlanc, C. Lee, A. McNichol, F. Millero, J. Moffet, W. Moore, E. Peltzer and S. Van Den Berg. 2002. Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 130 p.

Brown, S. L., M. R. Landry, S. Christensen, D. Garrison, M. Gowing, R. R. Bidigare, and L. Campbell. 2002. Microbial community dynamics and taxon-specific phytoplankton production in the Arabian Sea during the 1995 Monsoon seasons. Deep-Sea Res. II 49: 2345-2376.

Seki, M. P., J. J. Polovina, D. R. Kobyayashi, R. R. Bidigare and G. T. Mitchum. 2002. An oceanographic characterization of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) longline fishing grounds in the springtime subtropical North Pacific. Fish. Oceanogr. 11: 251-266.

Kawachi, M., I. Inouye, D. Honda, C. J. O'Kelly, J. C. Bailey, R. R. Bidigare and R. A. Andersen. 2002. The Pinguiophyceae classis nova, a new class of photosynthetic stramenopiles whose members produce large amounts of omega-3 fatty acids. Phycol. Res. 50: 31-47.

Cassar, N., E. A. Laws, B. N. Popp and R. R. Bidigare. 2002 Sources of inorganic carbon for photosynthesis in a strain of Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Limnol. Oceanogr. 47: 1192-1197.

Karl, D. M., R. R. Bidigare and R. Letelier. 2002. Sustained and aperiodic variability in organic matter production and phototrophic microbial community structure in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. In: Phytoplankton Productivity - Carbon Assimilation in Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems (P. J. le B. Williams, D. R. Thomas and C. S. Reynolds, Eds.), Blackwell Publishers, London, pp. 222-264.

Johnson, Z., R. R. Bidigare, R. Goericke, J. Marra, C. C. Trees and R. T. Barber. 2002. Photosynthetic physiology and physicochemical forcing in the Arabian Sea, 1995. Deep-Sea Res. II 49: 412-436.

Landry, M. R., S. L. Brown, K. E. Selph, M. R. Abbott, R. M. Letelier, S. Christensen, R. R. Bidigare and K. Casciotti. 2001. Initiation of the spring phytoplankton increase in the Antarctic Polar Front Zone at 170oW. J. Geophys. Res. 106: 13,903-13,915.

Selph, K. E., M. R. Landry, C. B. Allen, A. Calbet, S. Christensen and R. R. Bidigare. 2001. Microbial community composition and growth dynamics in the Antarctic Polar Front and Seasonal Ice Zone during late spring 1997. Deep-Sea Res. II 48: 4059-4080.

Leonard, C. L., R. R. Bidigare, M. P. Seki and J. J. Polovina. 2001. Interannual mesoscale physical and biological variability in the North Pacific Central Gyre. Prog. Oceanogr. 49: 227-244.

Ondrusek, M. E., R. R. Bidigare, K. Waters and D. M. Karl. 2001. A predictive model for estimating rates of primary production in the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Deep-Sea Res. II 48: 1837-1863.

Karl, D. M., R. R. Bidigare and R. M. Letelier. 2001. Long-term changes in plankton community structure and productivity in the subtropical North Pacific Ocean: The domain shift hypothesis. Deep-Sea Res. II 48: 1449-1470.

Seki, M. P., J. J. Polovina, R. E. Brainard, R. R. Bidigare, C. L. Leonard and D. G. Foley. 2001. Biological enhancement at cyclonic eddies tracked with GOES thermal imagery in Hawaiian waters. Geophys. Res. Letters 28: 1583-1586.

Barber, R. T., J. Marra, R. R. Bidigare, L. Codispoti, D. Halpern, Z. Johnson, M. Latasa, R. Goericke and S. Smith. 2001. Primary productivity and its regulation in the Arabian Sea during 1995. Deep-Sea Res. II 48: 1127-1172.

Laws, E. A., B. N. Popp, R. R. Bidigare, U. Riebesell, S. Burkhardt and S. G. Wakeham. 2001. Controls on the molecular distribution and carbon isotopic composition of alkenones in certain haptophyte algae. Geochem. Geophys. Geosys. 2: Paper number 2000GC000057 (http://146.201.254.53/publicationsfinal/reviews/2000GC000057/fs2000GC000057.html).

Sweeney, C., W. O. Smith, B. Hales, R. R. Bidigare, C. A. Carlson, L. A. Codispoti, L. I. Gordon, D. A. Hansell, F. J. Millero, M.-O. Park and T. Takahashi. 2000. Nutrient and carbon removal ratios and fluxes in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Deep-Sea Res. II 47: 3395-3422.

Bidigare, R. R., C. L. Leonard, M. P. Seki, J. J. Polovina and D. G. Foley. 2000. Eddy formation and new production rates in the vicinity of the Hawaiian Islands. Proc. Ocean Optics XV Conference, Prestige Publishing, CD-ROM.

Trees, C. C., D. K. Clark, R. R. Bidigare and M. E. Ondrusek. 2000. Chlorophyll a versus accessory pigment concentrations within the euphotic zone: A ubiquitous relationship? Limnol. Oceanogr. 45: 1130-1143.

Landry, M. R., M. E. Ondrusek, S. J. Tanner, S. L. Brown, J. Constantinou, R. R. Bidigare, K. H. Coale and S. Fitzwater. 2000. The biological response to iron fertilization in the equatorial Pacific (IronEx II). I. Microplankton community abundances and biomass. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 201: 27-42.

Landry, M. R., J. Constantinou, M. Latasa, S. L. Brown, R. R. Bidigare and M. E. Ondrusek. 2000. The biological response to iron fertilization in the equatorial Pacific (IronEx II). III. Dynamics of phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 201: 57-72.

Marra, J., C. C. Trees, R. R. Bidigare and R. T. Barber. 2000. Pigment absorption and quantum yields in the Arabian Sea. Deep-Sea Res. II 47: 1279-1299.

 

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