copyright 2004
An Online Introductory Pediatrics Textbook

Department of Pediatrics, University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine
Kapiolani Medical Center For Women And Children
1319 Punahou Street, Honolulu, HI 96826


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Test your knowledge: Questions and answers at the end of each chapter.
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I. Office Primary Care:
Section Editor - Jeffrey K. Okamoto, MD
1. Pediatric Primary Care - Melinda J. Ashton, MD
2. Growth Monitoring - Vince K. Yamashiroya, MD
3. Developmental Screening of Infants, Toddlers and Preschoolers (2nd edition chapter) - Jeffrey K. Okamoto, MD
4. Immunizations (2nd edition chapter) - Dennis A. Conrad, MD
5. Hearing Screening (2nd edition chapter) - Yusnita Weirather, AuD, CCC-A & Lynn M. Iwamoto, MD
6. Anticipatory Guidance - Corinne C. Chan-Nishina, MD
7. Common Behavioral Problems in Toddlers and Young Children - Sharon M. Tisza, MD
8. Disabilities and Physician Interactions with Schools (2nd edition chapter) - Jeffrey K. Okamoto, MD
9. Autism and Language Difficulties - Mai Anh K. Nguyen, MD
10. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder - Jeffrey K. Okamoto, MD
11. Medical Insurance Basics - Richard Y. Mitsunaga, MD
12. Pediatric Dental Basics - Cindy W. Yang

II. Nutrition:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Nutrition Overview - Caron M. Hong
2. Breast Feeding - Meta T. Lee, MD, MSEd
3. Infant Formulas - Nadine Tenn Salle, MD
4. Fluids and Electrolytes - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
5. Failure to Thrive - Anthony P. S. Guerrero, MD
6. Malnutrition and Vitamin Deficiencies - Adeline Winkes, MD

III. Neonatology:
Section Editor - Mary Elaine Patrinos, MD
1. Routine Newborn Care - Joan Ceccarelli Meister, MD
2. Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia - Carol Hirai, MD
3. Newborn Resuscitation - Sheree Kuo, MD
4. High Risk Pregnancy - Mary Elaine Patrinos, MD
5. Common Problems of the Premature Infant - Venkataraman Balaraman, MBBS
6. Respiratory Distress in the Newborn - Daniel T. Murai, MD
7. Cyanosis in Newborns - Kenneth Ash, MD
8. Neonatal Hypoglycemia - Joel Ruff, MD
9. Neonatal Seizures - Lynn M. Iwamoto, MD
10. Neonatal Sepsis - Sherry W.H. Loo, MD
11. Congenital and Perinatal Infections - Sheree Kuo, MD
12. Necrotizing Enterocolitis - Kelly S. Yamasato

IV. Genetics:
Section Editor - Mary Elaine Patrinos, MD
1. Prenatal Genetic Screening and Testing - Greigh I. Hirata, MD
2. Congenital Malformation and Teratogenesis - Greigh I. Hirata, MD
3. Common Chromosomal Abnormalities - Julie Won Ireland, MD
4. Inborn Errors of Metabolism - Catherine Y.H. Wagoner, MD
5. Inherited Connective Tissue Disorders - Steven C. Crook, MD
6. Genetic Testing and Gene Therapy - Steven C. Crook, MD
7. Basic Genetics Principles - Bryan O. King, MS

V. Allergy and Immunology:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Common Allergies and Allergy Management - Akaluck Thatayatikom, MD
2. Anaphylaxis and Other Acute Allergic Reactions - Todd T. Kuwaye, MD, MS
3. Food Allergies - Akaluck Thatayatikom, MD
4. Corticosteroids - M. Scott Hickman, MD
5. Immune Deficiency - Akaluck Thatayatikom, MD
6. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and Graft Versus Host Disease - Jocelyn M. Sonson

VI. Infectious Disease:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Virology - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
2. Bacteriology - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
3. Fever - Marian E. Melish, MD
4. Inhibitory and Bactericidal Principles (MIC & MBC) - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
5. Antibiotics - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
6. Otitis Media and Otitis Externa (2nd edition chapter) - Vince K. Yamashiroya, MD
7. Sinusitis - Kathleen Morimoto, MD
8. Mastoiditis - Kathleen Morimoto, MD
9. Oral and Upper Respiratory Infections (2nd edition chapter) - Aaron Hoo
10. Pertussis - Leo U. Pascua, MD
11. Pulmonary Infections - Kimberly N. Otsuka, MD
12. Croup and Epiglottitis - Paul J. Eakin, MD
13. Cellulitis (2nd edition chapter) - James C. Lin, MD
14. Meningitis - Raul Rudoy, MD, MPH
15. Encephalitis - Jonathan K. Marr, MD
16. Sepsis - Guliz Erdem, MD
17. Kawasaki Disease - Kara S. Yamamoto, MD & Marian E. Melish, MD
18. Staphylococcal and Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndromes - Judy Makowski Vincent, MD
19. Tuberculosis - Wallace J. Matthews, Jr., MD
20. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infections - Guliz Erdem, MD & Cecilia Shikuma, MD
21. Sexually Transmitted Infections - Reina M. Ahern, MD
22. Common Viral Exanthems - Kalamaoka'aina Kil Soon Niheu, MD
23. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections - Jhoanna D. Mabutas, MD
24. Polio - Rodney K. Yamaki
25. Rabies - Grant L.Y. Chen, MS
26. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever - Douglas K. Kwock, MD
27. Lyme Disease - Judy Makowski Vincent, MD
28. Leptospirosis - Selena Chen, MD
29. Cat Scratch Disease - Judy Makowski Vincent, MD
30. Malaria - M. Scott Hickman, MD
31. Protozoans and Parasites - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
32. Candidal and Fungal Infections - Wendy C. Matsuno, MD
33. Necrotizing Fasciitis - Chad S.D. Sparks
34. Lymphadenitis/Lymphangitis - Teresa Bane-Terkakubo, MD

VII. Cardiology:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Congestive Heart Failure - Lance K. Shirai, MD, MS
2. Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease (2nd edition chapter) - Alyson A. Tamamoto, MD
3. Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease - D. Venu Reddy, MD, MPH
4. Rheumatic Fever - David Kurahara, MD
5. Carditis - David K.M. Wong, MD
6. Arrhythmias and Electrocardiography (2nd edition chapter) - Jordan D. Arakawa, MD & Andras Bratincsak, MD, PhD
7. Vascular Rings and Slings (2nd edition chapter) - Colin Petko, MD
8. Syncope and Sudden Cardiac Arrest (2nd edition chapter) - Andras Bratincsak, MD, PhD

VIII. Pulmonology:
Section Editor - Mary Elaine Patrinos, MD
1. Interpretation of Blood Gases and Pulse Oximetry - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
2. Asthma - Franklin Y. Yamamoto, MD
3. Cystic Fibrosis - Wallace J. Matthews, Jr., MD
4. Chronic Lung Disease of Infancy (Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia) - Mary Elaine Patrinos, MD
5. Bronchiectasis - Charles W. Calahan, DO
6. Foreign Body Aspiration - Edward W. Fong, MD
7. Pulmonary Hemosiderosis - Scott J. Sheets, DO
8. Pulmonary Vascular Anomalies - Jason H. Brown
9. Bronchogenic Cysts and Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation - Scott J. Sheets, DO
10. Congenital Airway Problems - Winona K. Lee, MD
11. Sleep disorders - Sze Mei Chung
12. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (2nd edition chapter) - Kristyn M. Nishimoto, MD

IX. Gastroenterology:
Section Editor - Mary Elaine Patrinos, MD
1. Colic - Rodney B. Boychuk, MD
2. Abdominal Pain - Walton K.T. Shim, MD
3. Gastroenteritis and Dehydration - Sherloune Normil-Smith, MD
4. Biliary Atresia - Jason T. Nomura, MD
5. Hepatitis - Vince K. Yamashiroya, MD
6. Gastroesophageal Reflux - Ken Nagamori, MD
7. Gastrointestinal Foreign Bodies - Lu'ukia Ruidas, MD
8. Constipation - Ken Nagamori, MD
9. Hirschsprung's Disease - Walton K.T. Shim, MD
10. GI bleeding and Peptic Ulcer Disease - Ken Nagamori, MD
11. Inflammatory Bowel Disease - Alan K. Ikeda, MD
12. Malabsorption Conditions - Max Miranda
13. Meckel's Diverticulum - Gareth K. Nakasone

X. Surgery:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Wound Management - Jeffrey J. Wong, MD
2. Hernias and Hydrocoels - Leticia P. Borja, MD
3. Appendicitis - Walton K.T. Shim, MD
4. Intussusception - Lynette L. Young, MD
5. Malrotation and Volvulus - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
6. Gastroschisis and Omphalocele - Rodney B. Boychuk, MD
7. Diaphragmatic Hernia - Rodney B. Boychuk, MD
8. Pyloric Stenosis - Kevin H. Higashigawa, MD
9. Intestinal Atresias, Duplications and Microcolon - Timur M. Roytman
10. Craniofacial Malformations - Robert L. Peterson, MD
11. Abscesses - Myrna I. Kuo
12. Lymphangiomas - John J. Chung

XI. Hematology:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Anemia - Darryl W. Glaser, MD
2. Thalassemia - Kelley A. Woodruff, MD
3. Sickle Cell Disease - Kelley A. Woodruff, MD
4. Bone Marrow Failure - Desiree Medeiros, MD
5. Newborn Hematology - Robert Wilkinson, MD
6. Bleeding Disorders - Desiree Medeiros, MD
7. Transfusion Medicine - Kelley A. Woodruff, MD
8. Neutrophil Disorders - Wade T. Kyono, MD

XII. Oncology:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. General treatment principles - Nu Lu
2. Leukemia and Lymphoma - Bruce T. Shiramizu, MD
3. Solid Tumor Childhood Malignancies - Christina Keolanani Kleinschmidt
4. Palliative Care - Dianne Fochtman, RN, MN, CPNP, CPON

XIII. Nephrology/Urology:
Section Editor - Jeffrey K. Okamoto, MD
1. Nephritic Syndrome - Teresa Bane-Terakubo, MD
2. Nephrotic Syndrome - Paul J. Eakin, MD
3. Cystic Kidneys - Miki Shirakawa
4. Dialysis - James H.E. Ireland, MD & Julie Won Ireland, MD
5. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome - Jonathan K. Marr, MD
6. Urinary Tract Infection - Janet M. Berreman, MD
7. Hydronephrosis and Reflux - Robert G. Carlile, MD
8. Circumcision - Robert G. Carlile, MD
9. Enuresis - Potenciano Reynoso Paredes, MD
10. Acute Scrotum - Robert G. Carlile, MD
11. Ambiguous Genitalia - Robert G. Carlile, MD
12. Hypospadias - Robert G. Carlile, MD

XIV. Critical Care and Emergency Medicine:
Section Editor - Alson S. Inaba, MD
1. Pulmocardiac Resuscitation - Rodney B. Boychuk, MD and Alson S. Inaba, MD
2. Shock - Rodney B. Boychuk, MD
3. Respiratory Failure (2nd edition chapter) - Paula A. Vanderford, MD
4. Intubation - Paula A. Vanderford, MD
5. Mechanical Ventilation - Paula A. Vanderford, MD
6. Submersion Injuries - Francisco J. Garcia, MD
7. Pneumothorax and Other Air Leaks - Edward W. Fong, MD
8. Trauma - Alson S. Inaba, MD & Rodney B. Boychuk, MD
9. Toxicology - Alson S. Inaba, MD
10. Acetaminophen Overdose - Lynette L. Young, MD
11. Iron Overdose - Lynette L. Young, MD
12. Child Abuse - Cynthia H. Tinsley, MD

XV. Endocrinology:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Diabetes Mellitus - Greg Y. Uramoto, MD
2. Thyroid disorders - Melanie L. Shim, MD
3. Short Stature - Maureen M. Petersen, MD & Anita M. Pedersen, MD
4. Adrenal disorders - Jose L. Gonzalez, MD, MSEd, JD
5. Anti-Diuretic Hormone - Daniel C. H. Kidani, MD
6. Calcium Disorders - David F. Crudo, MD

XVI. Rheumatology:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Lupus - Kara S. Yamamoto, MD
2. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Kara S. Yamamoto, MD
3. Vasculitis - Donald A. Person, MD

XVII. Ophthalmology:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Neonatal Conjunctivitis and Eye Prophylaxis - Sheree Kuo, MD
2. Primary Care Examination - Vince K. Yamashiroya, MD
3. Strabismus and Amblyopia - Julie K. Nishimura, MD
4. Conjunctivitis and Eyelid Infections - Peggy M. Liao, MD
5. Corneal Abrasions - Peggy M. Liao, MD

XVIII. Neurology:
Section Editor - Jeffrey K. Okamoto, MD
1. Neurologic Examination (2nd edition chapter) - Vince K. Yamashiroya, MD
2. Cerebral Palsy - Mari Uehara, MD
3. Febrile Seizures - Vince K. Yamashiroya, MD
4. Epilepsy - Keith K. Abe, MD
5. Status Epilepticus - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
6. Infant Botulism - Daniel W. Ulrich, MD
7. Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Judy T. Okimura, MD
8. Multiple Sclerosis - Lori S. Murayama
9. Hydrocephalus - Andrée M. Bouterie, MD
10. Neural Tube Defects - Mari Uehara, MD
11. Neurofibromatosis - Vince K. Yamashiroya, MD
12. Tuberous Sclerosis Complex - Vince K. Yamashiroya, MD
13. Head Trauma and Hemorrhage - Floyd S. Ota, MD
14. Muscular Dystrophy - Vince K. Yamashiroya, MD
15. Myopathy and Myositis - Dominic C. Chow, MD, MPH
16. Developmental Brain Anomalies - Kaipo T. Pau
17. Reye Syndrome - David W. Boldt
18. Brain Tumors - Wade T. Kyono, MD
19. Arteriovenous Malformations - Chia Sonia Granda

XIX. Orthopedics:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Fractures - Annemarie Uliasz
2. Splinting - Erick M. Itoman
3. Scoliosis - Robert C. Durkin, MD
4. Osteomyelitis - Floyd S. Ota, MD
5. Septic Arthritis - Floyd S. Ota, MD
6. Hip conditions - Robert C. Durkin, MD
7. Common Sprains and Dislocations - Brian Garcia
8. Sports Injuries - Brent K. Ogawa, MD

XX. Adolescent Medicine:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Puberty - Sherrel L. Hammar, MD
2. Anabolic Steroids - Robert J. Bidwell, MD
3. Substance Abuse - Anthony P. S. Guerrero, MD
4. Suicide and Violence - Anthony P. S. Guerrero, MD
5. Eating Disorders - Robert J. Bidwell, MD
6. Adolescent Sexuality - Robert J. Bidwell, MD
7. Adolescent Gynecology - Renee L. Sato, MD

XXI. Skin:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Eczematous Dermatitis (Atopic Dermatitis and Seborrhea) - M. Stanton Michels, MD
2. Acne - M. Stanton Michels, MD
3. Hemangiomas and Nevi - M. Stanton Michels, MD
4. Burns - Annemarie Uliasz
5. Bites and Stings - Todd T. Kuwaye, MD, MS
6. Common Skin Conditions - Annemarie Uliasz

XXII. Reviewing the Medical Literature:
Section Editor - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
1. Statistics - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
2. Evidence-Based Medicine - Claudine Kimura, MD
3. Epidemiology and Research Methodology - Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA

Jump to Index - - - Jump to List of Authors

Web Site Editor:
Loren G. Yamamoto, MD, MPH, MBA
Professor of Pediatrics
University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine
Loreny@hawaii.edu
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