The Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System awarded more than $2.75 million to to enhance and sustain coastal and ocean observing efforts throughout the U.S. Pacific Islands region.
Up until this point, researchers have puzzled over a key inconsistency in carbon records. The geologic markers for historic disruptions in carbon cycling activity—recorded as carbon isotope excursions or CIE—tend to be much larger in terrestrial rocks than those recorded in marine rocks during the same time periods.
“Our new model reconciles the differences based on the fundamentally different nature of carbon cycling on land compared to the ocean, injecting a more sophisticated view of ecology into current paleoclimatology,” said Jahren, a professor of geology and geophysics at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa.
Jahren and Schubert developed their model based on research conducted while Schubert was a postdoctoral fellow at University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Their work is published in an April 3 article in Nature Communications.
Using UH Mānoa greenhouse space to simulate a variety of controlled climate scenarios, Schubert and Jahren identified a unifying relationship for the effect of atmospheric CO2 on plant tissues in a wide range of carbon-fixing land plants.
Their new model offers scientists a way to use terrestrial and marine records together to reconstruct the background and maximum atmospheric CO2 levels across carbon isotope excursions. The new model also provides insight into some future climate scenarios.
Read the UH Mānoa news release for more about this discovery.