Research roundup: recent papers announce developments in lab protocols and technologies related to viruses and bacteria—good, innocuous and bad.
According to data presented in the 2013 KIDS COUNT Data Book, released by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, Hawaiʻi ranks 25th out of 50 states in overall child well-being. The Center on the Family at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa serves as Hawaiʻi’s KIDS COUNT affiliate.
2013 KIDS COUNT
The Data Book presents data on 16 indicators in four areas essential to child well-being—economic well-being, education, health and the family and community context.
- All economic conditions measured—children living in poverty, children whose parents lack secure employment, children living in households with a high cost burden, and teens not in school and not working—have worsened over the past several years. Hawaiʻi ranks in the bottom third (34th out of 50 states) in this domain.
- Some gains were made in the education domain—the percentage of fourth-graders not proficient in reading and the percent of eighth-graders not proficient in math both decreased between 2005 and 2011. There were also more 3- to 4-year-olds attending preschool during 2009–2011 than there were in the preceding years. The percentage of high school students not graduating on time remained relatively stable. Hawaiʻi ranks 33rd in the education domain.
- Hawaiʻi is doing well in the health domain, ranking 18th in the nation. The health conditions measured have remained somewhat stable, with three conditions showing little (percent of low-birthweight babies) to no (child and teen death rate and percentage of children without health insurance) change over the period examined. The percentage of teens who abuse alcohol or drugs increased toward the beginning of the current decade, though the change is not statistically significant.
- In the area of family and community well-being, the percentage of children in single-parent families and the percentage of children living in high-poverty areas have increased in recent years. The most recent teen birth data available showed a statistically significant improvement in the teen birth rate since the mid-2000s, while the percentage of children in families where the household head lacks a diploma remained unchanged. Hawaiʻi ranks 16th in this domain.
“It’s a similar story to what we found last year,” said Ivette Rodriguez Stern, junior specialist at the Center on the Family and director of the Hawaiʻi KIDS COUNT Project. “We’re doing well in the area of health and in the family and community context. And we’ve made some important gains in the education domain, which must be maintained and improved since we’re still hovering near the bottom third when compared to other states. The economic conditions for Hawaiʻi’s children, however, remain a concern.”
Hawaiʻi’s economic well-being an area for concern
Nationally and locally, when it comes to their economic well-being, children fall short of where they stood before the recession. There have been slight improvements since 2010 at the national level; however, the data tell a different story for Hawaiʻi. In 2011, 17 percent of Hawaiʻi’s children lived in poverty (up from 13 percent in 2005); 32 percent had parents who lacked secure employment (up from 26 percent in 2008); and 46 percent lived in households with a housing burden, i.e., where more than 30 percent of monthly household income is spent on rent, mortgage, taxes, insurance, or related expenses (up from 37 percent in 2005). All these changes were statistically significant.
“While the recession ended in 2009, we see the lingering effects, and what’s concerning is that the child poverty rate and the share of children with parents who lacked full-time, year-round employment continued to climb between 2010 and 2011,” said Stern.
The negative effects of poverty on children are troubling in their own right, but they also increase the chances for poor outcomes for youth and young adults, such as teen pregnancy, not graduating from high school, poor health, and lack of secure employment.
“The 2013 Data Book points out that as the number of low-income children increases, the gap between their well-being and that of their middle-income and more affluent peers widens,” said Grace Fong, interim director of the Center on the Family. “This year, KIDS COUNT is alerting us to the importance of focusing on the early years in order to promote healthy child development and to give children a strong foundation for successful educational experiences in school.