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Hawai'i Ranks 8th for University-Performed R&D Expenditures

University of Hawaiʻi
Shawn Nakamoto, (808) 956-9095
University and Community Relations
Kristen Cabral, (808) 956-5039
University and Community Relations
Posted: Jan 23, 2002

According to the recent State Science and Technology Indicators
report, Hawaii ranks 8th in the United States and 31 percent higher than the
average state for university-performed research and development (R&D) expenditures.
The statistics presented in the university-performed R&D expenditures portion
of the report describe the importance of university research to a state's

The total university-performed R&D expenditures for the 50 states were $27.2
billion or $2.94 per $1,000 of the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP). The total
university-performed R&D expenditures for the state of Hawaii were $156.8
million or $3.83 per $1,000 of Hawaii's gross state product (GSP), compared
to the median expenditure for university-performed R&D in the 50 states,
which was $2.89 per $1,000 of GSP.

R&D performance includes the total of basic research, applied research,
and development. The research performed by universities may be funded by the
federal government, non-federal governments, industry, non-profits, or the universities
themselves. Expenditures for university-performed R&D per $1,000 of GSP
is calculated by dividing the amount of research performed by universities and
colleges in a state by that state‘s GSP. GSP is the output of goods and
services produced by the labor and property located in the state.

According to the report, the economic impact of universities‘ R&D accrues
over many years because universities specialize in basic research. Universities‘
faculty, facilities, and knowledge contribute substantially to the resource
base that attracts new business to a state as world-class research institutions
are frequently cited as reasons for new businesses to locate in an area.

for the full State Science and Technology Indicators report.