University of Hawaii:
Meeting State Needs
February 2007

This version of the University of Hawaii: Meeting State Needs is designed to promote accessibility for people with disabilities in compliance with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act. To ensure proper functioning of assistive technology tools such as screen readers, Hawaiian diacriticals were not included and spaces between selected acronyms were added (e.g., U H). We apologize for any inconvenience.

The public higher education agenda in the state of Hawaii focuses on four priorities:

This brochure provides the current status of the University’s progress in meeting these state needs.

Table of Contents

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Increase Educational Capital

Expand Workforce Development

Diversify the Economy

Address Underserved Populations/Regions

Increase Educational Capital


Total U H enrollment in credit courses has fluctuated between 45,000 to 50,000 from fall 1996 to fall 2006, and is anticipated to remain stable at around the 50,000 level. U H’s non-resident enrollment nearly doubled from 6,000 in fall 1996 to 11,000 in fall 2006. Resident enrollment has fluctuated from 41,000 in fall 1996 to 37,000 in fall 2000. Resident enrollment in fall 2006 was 39,000.

Table: U H System Enrollment, by Residency
ResidentNon Resident
Fall 199641,3366,043 (13%)
Fall 199739,7025,849 (13%)
Fall 199839,2986,038 (13%)
Fall 199939,5586,920 (15%)
Fall 200037,3387,241 (16%)
Fall 200137,8958,099 (18%)
Fall 200239,3448,736 (18%)
Fall 200340,5319,731 (19%)
Fall 200440,00210,542 (21%)
Fall 200539,18110,925 (22%)
Fall 200639,00410,971 (22%)

Going Rates

The going rate is the percentage of high school graduates entering college without delay upon graduation from high school. The going rate into the University of Hawaii campuses reached a historical low of approximately 32 percent in fall 2001 and has remained at that level. The total state going rate has averaged in the mid- to upper 50 percent ranges, slightly lower than the national average.

Graph entitled “Going Rates to U H, by Unit” Depicts the going rates for U H System (Fall 1970–2006), National (Fall 1992–2004), and Total (Fall 1992–2004). Hard copy and tabular data available by request from the Office of Academic Planning and Policy.

Retention and Transfer Rates

Retention rates are the percentage of students who remain enrolled at the same institution. The average one-year retention rate for first-time students at U H Manoa and U H Hilo is lower than the average rates for their respective peer and benchmark groups.

Table: Average One-Year Retention Rates
U H Manoa (1990–2004)
BenchmarkPeerU H Manoa
Still Enrolled88%85%79%
Note: First-time, full-time, degree-seeking freshmen.
U H M = Fall 1990–2004 cohorts.
Source: Consortium for Student Retention Data Exchange Surveys

Table: Average One-Year Retention Rates
U H Hilo (1994–2004)
BenchmarkPeerU H Hilo
Still Enrolled75%68%62%
Note: First-time, full-time, degree-seeking freshmen.
U H H = Fall 1994–2004 cohorts.
Source: Consortium for Student Retention Data Exchange Surveys

On average, about 1,000 students transfer from the U H Community Colleges to the U H four-year campuses in any given fall semester. In fall 2006, the number of transfers to U H Manoa and U H West Oahu were at their highest at 863 and 239, respectively, while transfers to U H Hilo were 147.

Table: Transfers from the U H Community Colleges
into the U H Four-Year Campuses
U H ManoaU H HiloU H West OahuTotal
Fall 1996648220119987
Fall 19977191881511,058
Fall 1998695176125996
Fall 19997211722151,108
Fall 2000632169133934
Fall 20017011781651,044
Fall 2002631182159972
Fall 200360272156830
Fall 20047459755897
Fall 2005859185671,111
Fall 20068631472391,249

Graduation and Retention Outcomes

Graduation rate is the percentage of full-time, first-time, degree/certificate-seeking undergraduates that graduated within three years of entry at a community college. Retention rate is the percentage still enrolled at the same institution. The overall U H Community College graduation and retention rate is 35 percent. Individual campus averages range from 29–37 percent.

Table: Average Graduation and Retention Rates
U H Community Colleges
3 Years After Entry
1994–2002 Cohorts
GraduatedStill Enrolled
U H C C Average15%20%
Hawaii CC21%14%
Honolulu CC14%18%
Kapiolani CC11%26%
Kauai CC20%17%
Leeward CC13%24%
Maui CC17%16%
Windward CC11%18%

Graduation Rates by Cohorts

Graduation rates for U H Manoa and U H Hilo are based on completion of full-time, first-time, degree/certificate-seeking undergraduate within six years of entry. U H Manoa’s graduation rate has been in the low to mid-50 percent range. U H Hilo rates have fluctuated around the 30 percent range. The U H Community College graduation rate, which is based on completion within three years, has remained primarily in the low to mid-teens.

Table: U H Graduation Rates by Cohort
Fall 1Fall 2Fall 3Fall 4Fall 5Fall 6Fall 7Fall 8Fall 9
U H Manoa54.954.454.053.652.452.954.055.951.1
U H Hilo24.829.727.730.830.431.533.729.930.6
U H C C17.214.513.615.214.313.
Note: For U H M and U H H, Fall 1=1991 cohort, Fall 9=1999 cohort. For U H C C, Fall 1=1994 cohort, Fall 9=2002 cohort.
U H W O data are excluded due to limited cohort years.

Expand Workforce Development

Workforce Shortage Areas

Hawaii’s projected annual job openings requiring education beyond high school number 13,266. The annual production of U H degrees and certificates is 7,000 with the private sector adding another 3,400. This leaves an annual gap of nearly 2,900 jobs. The gaps are more pronounced in certain shortage areas, particularly teaching, nursing (RN), computer science (BS), social work (BSW), middle management in travel industry management (BS), hospitality (CC), and food preparation (CC). U H production in these areas is not enough to meet projected demand.

Table: Teaching, Nursing, Computers, and Social Work
Projected Annual Vacancies, 2004–2012
and Average U H Output, 2004–2006
Projected VacanciesAnnual U H Graduates
Nurses (LPN)138104
Nurses (RN)457247
Computers (A S)9693
Computers (BS)395139
Social Worker (BSW)11213
Social Worker (MSW)8888

Table: Hospitality and Tourism
Projected Annual Vacancies, 2004–2012
and Average U H Output, 2004–2006
Projected VacanciesAnnual U H Graduates
Middle Managers (TIM BS)15098
Hospitality (CC)33579
Food Preparation Workers (CC)305174
Source: Economic Modeling Specialist Inc. (EMS), June 2005; Maps Degrees & Certificates Earned, F Y 2004–2006

Diversify the Economy

Research and Training Funds

For the eighth year in a row, the University of Hawaii received record support for research and training. Extramural funds—grants and contracts from federal, state, private, and foreign sources—reached an all-time high of $433.4 million in F Y 2006, a 22 percent increase over the previous fiscal year and an increase of more than three times the support received a decade ago.

Table: U H Office of Research Services
Extramural Fund Support
(in millions)
F Y 1995–1996$77 M$58 M$135 M
F Y 1996–1997$89 M$72 M$161 M
F Y 1997–1998$92 M$68 M$160 M
F Y 1998–1999$93 M$71 M$164 M
F Y 1999–2000$103 M$78 M$181 M
F Y 2000–2001$133 M$83 M$216 M
F Y 2001–2002$142 M$110 M$252 M
F Y 2002–2003$190 M$134 M$324 M
F Y 2003–2004$200 M$129 M$329 M
F Y 2004–2005$209 M$145 M$354 M
F Y 2005–2006$237 M$196 M$433 M

Technology Transfer

Working with U H faculty, the Office of Technology Transfer and Economic Development (O T T E D) helps identify, patent, and market new U H inventions to companies in Hawaii and throughout the world. U H technologies have helped produce effective cancer diagnostics, environmentally safe termite treatments, crops with improved disease resistance, advanced communications systems, and tools for laboratory research.

Table: U H Invention Disclosures
F Y 1995–1996 11
F Y 1996–199714
F Y 1997–199818
F Y 1998–199945
F Y 1999–200020
F Y 2000–200145
F Y 2001–200231
F Y 2002–200334
F Y 2003–200456
F Y 2004–200548
F Y 2005–200661

The University’s licensing revenues more than tripled before decreasing in F Y 2005–2006. Total revenues, as a whole, tend to fluctuate significantly from year to year because of the varying durations of licenses.

Table: U H Licensing Revenues
(in thousands)
F Y 2000–2001$268 K
F Y 2001–2002$381 K
F Y 2002–2003$530 K
F Y 2003–2004$809 K
F Y 2004–2005$1,036 K
F Y 2005–2006$899 K

Address Underserved Populations/Regions

Degrees Earned

The share of degrees conferred to students of Hawaiian/part-Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, and Mixed ancestry increased from F Y 1995–1996 to F Y 2005–2006, and decreased for students of Japanese, Chinese, and Filipino ancestry. The share of degrees conferred to students of Caucasian ancestry remained relatively constant.

Table: U H Degrees Earned
by Race/Ethnicity
F Y 1995–1996F Y 2005–2006
Pacific Islander1.6%2.5%
All Other13.4%15.1%

U H Going Rates by Region

Among geographic regions, a large disparity exists in the going rates of Hawaii high school students entering a U H community college immediately after graduation. Waianae and West Hawaii have the lowest two-year going rates in the state.

Table: Going Rates to U H 2-Year Campuses
by Geographic Region, Fall 2006
Going Rate
Central Oahu29.6%
East Oahu19.2%
North Shore22.0%
West Hawaii12.0%
East Hawaii21.7%

The going rates of Hawaii’s residents to U H’s four-year compuses are low, particularly in the following geographic regions: West Oahu (Ewa, Waianae, and North Shore), Windward, Maui, Kauai, and West Hawaii. The overall U H system going rate (two- and four-year rates combined) for fall 2006 is 32.1 percent.

Table: Going Rates to U H 4-Year Campuses
by Geographic Region, Fall 2006
Going Rate
Central Oahu12.3%
East Oahu15.5%
North Shore5.4%
West Hawaii8.4%
East Hawaii18.0%

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