University of Hawaii Community Colleges
Instructional Annual Report of Program Data (ARPD)

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Review Year: College: Program:

College: Windward Community College
Program: Agricultural Technologies

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The last comprehensive review for this program was on 2009. STEM Program

Program Description

Description and history of the program


In March 1981, the Chancellor for Community Colleges approved Windward Community College’s request to implement a Certificate of Completion Program in Agricultural Technology effective Fall 1981.  This program has been responsive to student employment goals, employees and employers in landscape and lawn maintenance, nursery, ornamental horticulture and other small agri-businesses.  On Oahu, the Agricultural Technology Program is unique to the Community Colleges and is one of two serving the State of Hawaii at the two-year college level.


The Agricultural Technology curriculum is designed for students desiring entry-level employment or to enhance their skills in the fields of plant landscaping, landscape maintenance, turf grass maintenance, arboriculture, nursery operations and/or retail plant outlets and .  All courses are taught with a “hands-on, learn-by-doing” philosophy.  Students are expected to make sound decisions to real life horticultural and environmental situations.


The Certificate of Completion – Agricultural Technology (CCAT) consists of 15 credits.  Students must complete 10 credits of required courses and select 5 credits of electives.

The current goals of the program are to:


1.      provide training for entry-level positions in the ornamental horticultural, landscape, lawn maintenance, nursery and related agribusiness industries such as retail plant outlets.


2.      respond to employer needs for trained technical-operations level personnel who can perform in entry-level positions within a variety of small local agribusiness industries.


3.      respond to employer and employee needs for in-service training opportunities for those already employed in local agribusiness industries.


4.      provide non-majors the opportunity to acquaint themselves with agribusiness and explore their potential and interest in training for entry-level positions in the industry.


Program goals/occupations for which this program prepares students


The program prepares students for the following occupations:

Field Technician

Nursery Worker

Nursery Retail Worker



Program Student Learning Outcomes (SLOs)


Agricultural Technology


The student will be able to:


1.            describe common plant and insect life cycles, understand basic plant nutritional

             requirements and plant propagation techniques.

2.            recommend common controls for plant pests.

3.            properly manage soil for plant growth.

4.            compare various horticulture careers.

Plant Landscaping

The curriculum is designed for students desiring entry-level employment or to enhance their skills in the field of plant landscaping (landscape maintenance, turfgrass maintenance, nursery operations, and/or retail plant outlets). All courses are taught with a “hands-on, learn-by-doing” philosophy. Students are expected to make sound decisions about real life horticultural and environmental situations.

Program Outcomes

At the conclusion of the program, students will be able to:

Certificate of Completion - Plant Landscaping (CCPL)

The Certificate of Completion in Plant Landscaping (CCPL) consists of 16 credits. Students must complete 12 credits of required courses and select a 4-credit area of specialization (Landscape Maintenance and/or Turfgrass Maintenance).

Total Credits: 16 credits



Part I. Quantitative Indicators

Overall Program Health: Cautionary

Majors Included: AGT,PLNT,STUT

Demand Indicators Program Year Demand Health Call
09-10 10-11 11-12
1 New & Replacement Positions (State) 339 385 174 Healthy
2 *New & Replacement Positions (County Prorated) 129 169 14
3 *Number of Majors 37 30 25
4 SSH Program Majors in Program Classes 399 252 129
5 SSH Non-Majors in Program Classes 170 146 220
6 SSH in All Program Classes 569 398 349
7 FTE Enrollment in Program Classes 19 13 12
8 Total Number of Classes Taught 24 15 14

Efficiency Indicators Program Year Efficiency Health Call
09-10 10-11 11-12
9 Average Class Size 13.1 11.4 9.6 Cautionary
10 *Fill Rate 53% 48% 40%
11 FTE BOR Appointed Faculty 1 1 1
12 *Majors to FTE BOR Appointed Faculty 37 30 25
13 Majors to Analytic FTE Faculty 23.8 27.9 20.5
13a Analytic FTE Faculty 1.6 1.1 1.2
14 Overall Program Budget Allocation $237,159 $124,797 $39,243
14a General Funded Budget Allocation $96,500 $124,797 $32,879
14b Special/Federal Budget Allocation $140,659 $0 $0
14c Tuition and Fees Not Reported Not Reported $1,364
15 Cost per SSH $417 $314 $112
16 Number of Low-Enrolled (<10) Classes 9 6 10

Effectiveness Indicators Program Year Effectiveness Health Call
09-10 10-11 11-12
17 Successful Completion (Equivalent C or Higher) 75% 70% 77% Cautionary
18 Withdrawals (Grade = W) 13 7 6
19 *Persistence (Fall to Spring) 49% 42% 42%
20 *Unduplicated Degrees/Certificates Awarded 22 5 8
20a Degrees Awarded 0 0 0
20b Certificates of Achievement Awarded 0 0 0
20c Advanced Professional Certificates Awarded 0 0 0
20d Other Certificates Awarded 22 9 16
21 External Licensing Exams Passed Not Reported Not Reported Not Reported
22 Transfers to UH 4-yr 0 1 0
22a Transfers with credential from program 0 0 0
22b Transfers without credential from program 0 1 0

Distance Education:
Completely On-line Classes
Program Year  
09-10 10-11 11-12
23 Number of Distance Education Classes Taught 0 0 0  
24 Enrollment Distance Education Classes 0 0 0
25 Fill Rate 0% 0% 0%
26 Successful Completion (Equivalent C or Higher) 0% 0% 0%
27 Withdrawals (Grade = W) 0 0 0
28 Persistence (Fall to Spring Not Limited to Distance Education) 0% 0% 0%

Perkins IV Core Indicators
Goal Actual Met  
29 1P1 Technical Skills Attainment 90.10 87.50 Not Met  
30 2P1 Completion 45.00 0.00 Not Met
31 3P1 Student Retention or Transfer 56.00 61.11 Met
32 4P1 Student Placement 51.00 33.33 Not Met
33 5P1 Nontraditional Participation 16.25 17.65 Met
34 5P2 Nontraditional Completion 15.15 33.33 Met
Last Updated: August 6, 2012
Glossary | Health Call Scoring Rubric

Part II. Analysis of the Program

The Agriculture Program aligns with the WCC campus mission statement as follows:

Windward Community College offers innovative programs in the arts and sciences and opportunities to gain knowledge and understanding of Hawai‘i and its unique heritage. With a special commitment to support the access and educational needs of Native Hawaiians, we provide O‘ahu’s Ko‘olau region and beyond with liberal arts, career and lifelong learning in a supportive and challenging environment — inspiring students to excellence.

The Agriculture program provides an opportunity to gain knowledge and understanding of agriculture in Hawaii.

Strengths and weaknesses based on analysis of data



The facilities to support the AGT program consists of; a 5,000 sq. ft. shadehouse, 6 acre turfgrass training facility, and campus grounds. 

The shadehouse severs as a classroom and laboratory.  Students learn plant propagation, pruning, irrigation, repotting, and fertilizing.  The facility allows for classroom concepts to be applied in a learn-by-doing approach to education.  As an example, students apply plant nutrients and watch how the plants respond over the semester.  The classroom is in the shadehouse and does not impact demand for classroom space on campus. 

The 6 acre turfgrass facility was built by community donations(approx. $350,000).  The facility is used by students to apply classroom concepts in the field.  Students learn to verticut, aerate, irrigate, fertilize, and plant turfgrass.   Mistakes made are learning experiences that do not cost students their job.   Junior golf organizations and OCET also use the facility to teach the sport of golf.  A fundraiser is  held once a year to supplement the budget for the agriculture program (approx $1200/yr).  The facility is also used by faculty at UHM for research purposes.  There is no other comparable facilty in the State of awaii.  Tree climbing, felling, and risk assessment are also conducted at this facility.


The program is supported by a full-time tenured faculty member.  The faculty member provides consistency in advising and planning, SLO establishment and assessment,  curriculum review and evaluation, and in annual reporting.


The working relationships with the Hawaii Farm Bureau are strong. The Farm Bureau provides guest speakers to talk to students about issues in agriculture.   The program assists the Farm Bureau by offering courses that award recertification credits for the Hawaii Dept. of Agriculture pesticide license.

The program is the recipient of Kailua-Lanikai Outdoor circle student scholarships.  Two to four scholarships are awarded each semester.




The program is a one-person program affording little diversity of teaching style and content. 

Program coordination which was once compensated for is now expected without compensation.


There is minimal campus effort to publicize and market the program.  Most of the required equipment has been obtained through donations and grants.

Significant program actions

An Aquaponics class has been developed Ag 170. 


The demand indicator is healthy.    This program is established to improve the standards of the industry and is often used by students to improve their career positions, not to enter the workforce.  This is a one person operation.   Fill rates are set by Liberal Arts requirements.  As an example having 25 students learning to climb trees is inappropriate, unsafe, and ineffective with one teacher.  This is a hands-on program which requires smaller class sizes. A better efficiency indicator may be lowering the maximum class size to 10 and recording the percent of students completing the course.  Effectiveness may be better determined by the number of students employed in the agriculture sector.

Perkins core indicators have been exceeded in three of the six categories.  There is no data kept to determine student placement.

Neither the assigned time for the Agriculture Program coordinator nor the marketing program were funded.

Part III. Action Plan

Establish assigned time for an  Agriculture Coordinator

This request aligns with The Colleges Strategic plan2.1, 2.6,  2.8, 4.1, 4.5, 5.2

Develop a marketing program to promote the Agriculture program.  This will increase awareness within the community and result in an increase in enrollment.

Develop a certificate of completion in "Sustainable Agriculture " .  The certificate may incorporate "green technologies" such as; renewable energy, aquaponics, business development, and closed agriculture systems.  At the recent farm fair 90% of the attendees were attracted to the Aquaponics system.

Part IV. Resource Implications

The teaching equivalency of three credits/semester to be assigned for coordination duties to the Coordinator would cost about $11,000 annually.  This position will be added to the PBC request in 2012-13.

It is unclear at this time what an effective marketing campaign might cost.  The program will request $10,000 for 2012-13 as a starting point.

Program Student Learning Outcomes

For the 2011-2012 program year, some or all of the following P-SLOs were reviewed by the program:

this year?
Program Student Learning Outcomes


Describe common plant and insect life cycles; understand basic plant nutritional requirements and plant propagation techniques eighty eight percent of students earned 70% or better on this PLO


Demonstrate landscape maintenance skills or turfgrass maintenance skills Eighty seven percent of students earned 70% or greater on this PLO


Recommend common controls for plant pests Eighty seven percent of students earned 70% or greater on this PLO


Properly manage soil for plant growth Seventy eight percent of students earned 70% or greater on this PLO


Operate common landscape and turfgrass equipment One hundred percent of students earned 70% or greater on this PLO

A) Evidence of Industry Validation

The evidence of industry validation is anecdotal via direct student communication.  There is has been 2 students that have become certified aborists through the International Society of Arboriculture.  Two students have also obtained their State Pesticide license through the Hawaii Dept of Agriculture, 5 have become recertified.

B) Expected Level Achievement

Expected level of achievement is 70% of PLO

C) Courses Assessed

AG 149 Plant Propagation

AG 132 Integrated Pest Management

AG 44 Landscape Equipment

AG 120 Plant Science

AG 180 Landscape Maintenance

D) Assessment Strategy/Instrument

Assessment instrument are embeded questions on exams

E) Results of Program Assessment

No content.

F) Other Comments

No content.

G) Next Steps

No content.