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College: Hawaii Community College
This program provides students with a solid background in the field of Administration of Justice by offering a variety of courses designed to prepare students for careers within the criminal justice system. The program combines the scientific study of law enforcement, the court system and corrections, along with a focus on the administration of these systems. An important component of the program is the study of the causes and effects of crime and the ways in which society responds to such behavior. This program is designed to prepare students to obtain a two- year degree with the knowledge and skills needed to enter a career upon graduation. It also academically prepares students who wish to continue their degree at a four-year institution. A student who successfully completes 12 credits of AJ courses at HawCC may receive up to 6 additional AJ credits for completing basic police recruit training as required by government law enforcement agencies. An internship program is also available to students who wish to earn college credit by working in the AJ field. Students can earn up to 6 credits, which can be applied to the program. Students interested in the internship program should contact the AJ Coordinator.
In addition to the Associate of Science Degree, the AJ program offers two certificates for students majors. The 13-credit Certificate of Completion in Homeland Security provides in-service professionals and students interested in entry-level careers in the Transportation Security Administration, and the 23-credit Certificate in Criminal Justice Additions Professional prepares students seeking careers working with incarcerated individuals who are addicted to alcohol and/or other drugs.
The AJ program also encourages its student majors to participate in co-curricular activities such as service learning activities in the community, and joining the AJ Student Club. For example, AJ students participate in the annual October Family March Against Domestic Violence. The AJ Club have also raised funds to donate personal care and hygiene items to the women and children at the Hilo Domestic Violence Shelter.
The mission of the Associate of Science Degree in Administration of Justice is to provide student majors with a solid background in the field of the Administration of Justice by offering a variety of courses designed to prepare students for entry level careers within the criminal justice system and related agencies and organizations that service youth and adult offenders.
Majors Included: AJ Program CIP: 43.0107
|Demand Indicators||Program Year||Demand Health Call|
|1||New & Replacement Positions (State)||676||117||131||Unhealthy|
|2||*New & Replacement Positions (County Prorated)||40||14||15|
|3||*Number of Majors||148||140||132.5|
|3a||Number of Majors Native Hawaiian||87||81||78|
|3d||Fall Part-Time who are Full-Time in System||3%||1%||1%|
|3g||Spring Part-Time who are Full-Time in System||0%||2%||0%|
|4||SSH Program Majors in Program Classes||792||864||878|
|5||SSH Non-Majors in Program Classes||600||507||358|
|6||SSH in All Program Classes||1,392||1,371||1,236|
|7||FTE Enrollment in Program Classes||46||46||41|
|8||Total Number of Classes Taught||19||18||18|
|Efficiency Indicators||Program Year||Efficiency Health Call|
|9||Average Class Size||24.4||25.4||23.1||Cautionary|
|11||FTE BOR Appointed Faculty||1||1||1|
|12||*Majors to FTE BOR Appointed Faculty||148||140||132.5|
|13||Majors to Analytic FTE Faculty||70.1||70||68.8|
|13a||Analytic FTE Faculty||2.1||2||1.9|
|14||Overall Program Budget Allocation||$82,027||$131,433||$156,545|
|14a||General Funded Budget Allocation||$82,027||$101,054||$70,230|
|14b||Special/Federal Budget Allocation||$0||$0||$0|
|14c||Tuition and Fees||$0||$30,379||$86,315|
|15||Cost per SSH||$59||$96||$127|
|16||Number of Low-Enrolled (<10) Classes||0||0||1|
|*Data element used in health call calculation||Last Updated: January 27, 2014|
|Effectiveness Indicators||Program Year||Effectiveness Health Call|
|17||Successful Completion (Equivalent C or Higher)||80%||83%||82%||Cautionary|
|18||Withdrawals (Grade = W)||29||24||5|
|19||*Persistence Fall to Spring||74.3%||67.6%||75.3%|
|19a||Persistence Fall to Fall||45.6%|
|20||*Unduplicated Degrees/Certificates Awarded||21||22||23|
|20b||Certificates of Achievement Awarded||0||0||0|
|20c||Advanced Professional Certificates Awarded||0||0||0|
|20d||Other Certificates Awarded||0||0||0|
|21||External Licensing Exams Passed||Not Reported||Not Reported|
|22||Transfers to UH 4-yr||10||12||12|
|22a||Transfers with credential from program||8||8||6|
|22b||Transfers without credential from program||2||4||6|
Completely On-line Classes
|23||Number of Distance Education Classes Taught||5||7||5|
|24||Enrollments Distance Education Classes||135||158||107|
|26||Successful Completion (Equivalent C or Higher)||73%||70%||70%|
|27||Withdrawals (Grade = W)||10||14||3|
|28||Persistence (Fall to Spring Not Limited to Distance Education)||68%||62%||71%|
|Perkins IV Core Indicators
|29||1P1 Technical Skills Attainment||90.00||94.59||Met|
|30||2P1 Completion||50.00||43.24||Not Met|
|31||3P1 Student Retention or Transfer||74.25||73.53||Not Met|
|32||4P1 Student Placement||60.00||66.67||Met|
|33||5P1 Nontraditional Participation||17.00||60.42||Met|
|34||5P2 Nontraditional Completion||15.25||63.64||Met|
|Performance Funding||Program Year|
|35||Number of Degrees and Certificates||23|
|36||Number of Degrees and Certificates Native Hawaiian||14|
|37||Number of Degrees and Certificates STEM||Not STEM|
|38||Number of Pell Recipients||114|
|39||Number of Transfers to UH 4-yr||12|
|*Data element used in health call calculation||Last Updated: January 27, 2014|
Overall Health -- Cautionary
Demand -- Unhealthy
This writer disagrees with the "Unhealthy" call for the AJ program because it does not adequately reflect the AJ program's curriculum or the type of students seeking the AS Degree in AJ. CIP Code 43.0107 is defined: "A program that prepares individuals to perform the duties of police and public security officers, including patrol and investigative activities, traffic control, crowd control and public relations, witness interviewing, evidence collection and management, basic crime prevention methods, weapon and equipment operation and maintenance, report preparation and other routine law enforcement responsibilities," http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/cipcode/cipdetail.aspx?y=55&cipid=88546. Furthermore, CIP 43-0107 is not congruent nor does it fit the AJ Program's description as stated in the College's catalog.
Using CIP 43-0107 (Criminal Justice/Police Science) as data for the AJ program is superficial and shortsighted as the data does not take into account the breadth and depth of the program. The AJ program does not focus primarily on educating and training law enforcement officers. In fact the AJ program's former name "Police Science" was changed to Administration of Justice in 1987 to meet the needs of student majors and to reflect the emerging careers within the field of criminal justice. In fact, only 30% of AJ program majors report interest in law enforcement careers, while 70% of program majors report wanting careers within the three major components of AJ system, including corrections, adult and youth offender services, homeland security, support and administrative staff for law enforcement, courts, and corrections, and non-profit and private entities that interface with the AJ system, such as group and half-way houses, alcohol and drug treatment, workforce development that service offenders. Lastly, student majors who are interested in professional careers such as probation and parole officers, or law degrees transfer to 4-year colleges and later graduate schools. They begin their academic journey by majoring in AJ - AS Degree program.
In conclusion, the Unhealthy call based on CIP Code 43.0107 for the AJ Program's "Demand" is inconclusive and unreliable. As such, the UH System needs to replace the current CIP Code 43.0107 Criminal Justice/Police Science with CIP Code 43.0104 Criminal Justice/Safety Studies for the AJ Program to meet the emerging needs of students and criminal justice industries. It should be also noted that UH-Hilo, Charminade University, and Hawaii Pacific University use CIP Code 43.0104 Criminal Justice/Safety Studies for their AS and BA degrees.
Efficiency -- Cautionary
The fill-rate was approximately 81.5%, which is determined to be Healthy. However, the number of majors to one BOR FTE Appointed Faculty was 132.5/1, which is Unhealthy. The Healthy fill-rate and Unhealthy program majors to FTE BOR Appointed Faculty explains the "Cautionary" call for Efficiency.
Effectiveness -- Cautionary
Persistence from Fall to Spring was 75.3% which is determined to be Healthy. This also represented an increase of 8% compared to the previous year. This increase was probably due to the new AJ Education Specialist who helps with academic advising and AJ Club activities. However, Unduplicated Degrees/Certificates Awarded increased by 1 compared to the previous year, up from 22 to 23. However, the 23 degrees awarded surpassed the 15 law enforcement jobs by 8. It should be noted that only five of the 23 graduates were seeking law enforcement jobs.
Significant Program Actions for 2012 -2013
1. New Curriculum - AJ 131, 230, 281, 282 approved
2. New Certificates- 13-credit Certificate of Completion in Homeland Security & 23-Credit Certificate of Completion in Criminal Justice Addictions Professional approved.
3. AJ Student Club Reactivated
Previous Program Actions
1. Assess two AJ Courses
2. Survey graduates
3. Use survey results to revise Program Learning Outcomes
Perkins IV Core Indicators
The program did not meet Perkin's Core Indicators 2P1 Completion by 7% ; and 3P1 Student Retention or Transfer by 1%. It is unclear as to why the program did not meet its goals for both core indicators.
Program Action Plan 1
1. Increase Native Hawaiian AJ graduates transferring to 4-yr universities
Perkins Core Indicator Action Plan
1. Identify students that are at risk and provide academic counseling and support (Begin Spring 2014 - ongoing activity)
Cost Item 1
2 Lap Top Computers Equipment 2 @ $2,500 = $5,000
Program laptop computers were purchased in 2006 and 2009. Laptop computers are needed for program work done outside of office. The program office space is shared by two staff and has heavy student visitation, and not conducive to writing reports, assessments, curriculum and class preparation.
Cost Item 2
Larger Office Space Facility $ No figure given
The program office space is too small to accommodate two program staff. The office has heavy student traffic, and is not conducive to writing reports, assessments, curriculum and class preparation.
For the 2012-2013 program year, some or all of the following P-SLOs were reviewed by the program:
|Program Student Learning Outcomes|
|Express a foundational understanding of the three components (law enforcement, courts, and corrections) of the Administration of Justice system and how they interrelate and affect individuals and society.|
|Work independently and interdependently with diverse populations to produce personal, professional, and community outcomes.|
|Use technology to access, synthesize, and communicate information effectively in written and oral reports.|
|Develop and initiate career plans to obtain jobs or continue a degree in Administration of Justice or related fields in a 4-year university.|
4/10/2013 Minutes of AJ Advisory Council Minutes
Goal: 80% of students assessed will achieve good or excellent for research paper
AJ 280 Current Issues in Administration of Justice
22 Research Papers placed in an envelope was collected from the instructor of the AJ 280 during the Spring 2013 semester. From the envelope, five (20%) research papers were randomly drawn as a sample to be assessed by program faculty and education specialist. A rubric for research papers was used to assess the five sample research papers.
100% met "excellent" or "good" levels, as follows: 1 of 5 student research papers was assessed as "excellent", and 4 of 5 student research papers were assessed as "good".
AJ faculty are required to provide students with assignment rubrics, so students understand the criteria used for grading their assignments. A research paper is the capstone for the AJ 280 course.
Program faculty will continue to provide grading rubric for student assignments, as it appears that students who understand the grading criteria do well in their assignments.