University of Hawaii Community Colleges
Instructional Annual Report of Program Data (ARPD)

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Review Year: College: Program:

College: Hawaii Community College
Program: Administration of Justice

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The last comprehensive review for this program was on 12/02/2009, and can be viewed at:

Program Description

This program provides students with a solid background in the field of Administration of Justice by offering a variety of courses designed to prepare students for careers within the criminal justice system. The program combines the scientific study of law enforcement, the court system and corrections, along with a focus on the administration of these systems. An important component of the program is the study of the causes and effects of crime and the ways in which society responds to such behavior.  This program is designed to prepare students to obtain a two- year degree with the knowledge and skills needed to enter a career upon graduation. It also academically prepares students who wish to continue their degree at a four-year institution. A student who successfully completes 12 credits of AJ courses at HawCC may receive up to 6 additional AJ credits for completing basic police recruit training as required by government law enforcement agencies. An internship program is also available to students who wish to earn college credit by working in the AJ field. Students can earn up to 6 credits, which can be applied to the program. Students interested in the internship program should contact the AJ Coordinator.

In addition to the Associate of Science Degree, the AJ program offers two certificates for students majors.  The 13-credit Certificate of Completion in  Homeland Security provides in-service professionals and students interested in  entry-level careers in the Transportation Security Administration, and  the 23-credit Certificate in Criminal Justice Additions Professional prepares students seeking careers working with  incarcerated individuals who are addicted to alcohol and/or other drugs.

The AJ program also encourages its student majors to participate in co-curricular activities such as service learning  activities in the community, and joining the AJ Student Club. For example, AJ students participate in the annual October Family March Against Domestic Violence.  The AJ Club have  also raised funds to donate personal care and hygiene items to the women and children at the Hilo Domestic Violence Shelter.  

Program Mission 

The mission of the Associate of Science Degree in Administration of Justice is to provide student majors with a solid background in the field of the Administration of Justice by offering a variety of courses designed to prepare students for entry level careers within the criminal justice system and related agencies and organizations that service youth and adult offenders.

Part I. Quantitative Indicators

Overall Program Health: Cautionary

Majors Included: AJ     Program CIP: 43.0107

Demand Indicators Program Year Demand Health Call
10-11 11-12 12-13
1 New & Replacement Positions (State) 676 117 131 Unhealthy
2 *New & Replacement Positions (County Prorated) 40 14 15
3 *Number of Majors 148 140 132.5
3a     Number of Majors Native Hawaiian 87 81 78
3b     Fall Full-Time 68% 63% 69%
3c     Fall Part-Time 32% 37% 31%
3d     Fall Part-Time who are Full-Time in System 3% 1% 1%
3e     Spring Full-Time 67% 65% 65%
3f     Spring Part-Time 33% 35% 35%
3g     Spring Part-Time who are Full-Time in System 0% 2% 0%
4 SSH Program Majors in Program Classes 792 864 878
5 SSH Non-Majors in Program Classes 600 507 358
6 SSH in All Program Classes 1,392 1,371 1,236
7 FTE Enrollment in Program Classes 46 46 41
8 Total Number of Classes Taught 19 18 18

Efficiency Indicators Program Year Efficiency Health Call
10-11 11-12 12-13
9 Average Class Size 24.4 25.4 23.1 Cautionary
10 *Fill Rate 82.1% 92.3% 81.5%
11 FTE BOR Appointed Faculty 1 1 1
12 *Majors to FTE BOR Appointed Faculty 148 140 132.5
13 Majors to Analytic FTE Faculty 70.1 70 68.8
13a Analytic FTE Faculty 2.1 2 1.9
14 Overall Program Budget Allocation $82,027 $131,433 $156,545
14a General Funded Budget Allocation $82,027 $101,054 $70,230
14b Special/Federal Budget Allocation $0 $0 $0
14c Tuition and Fees $0 $30,379 $86,315
15 Cost per SSH $59 $96 $127
16 Number of Low-Enrolled (<10) Classes 0 0 1
*Data element used in health call calculation Last Updated: January 27, 2014

Effectiveness Indicators Program Year Effectiveness Health Call
10-11 11-12 12-13
17 Successful Completion (Equivalent C or Higher) 80% 83% 82% Cautionary
18 Withdrawals (Grade = W) 29 24 5
19 *Persistence Fall to Spring 74.3% 67.6% 75.3%
19a Persistence Fall to Fall     45.6%
20 *Unduplicated Degrees/Certificates Awarded 21 22 23
20a Degrees Awarded 21 22 23
20b Certificates of Achievement Awarded 0 0 0
20c Advanced Professional Certificates Awarded 0 0 0
20d Other Certificates Awarded 0 0 0
21 External Licensing Exams Passed   Not Reported Not Reported
22 Transfers to UH 4-yr 10 12 12
22a Transfers with credential from program 8 8 6
22b Transfers without credential from program 2 4 6

Distance Education:
Completely On-line Classes
Program Year  
10-11 11-12 12-13
23 Number of Distance Education Classes Taught 5 7 5  
24 Enrollments Distance Education Classes 135 158 107
25 Fill Rate 93% 90% 82%
26 Successful Completion (Equivalent C or Higher) 73% 70% 70%
27 Withdrawals (Grade = W) 10 14 3
28 Persistence (Fall to Spring Not Limited to Distance Education) 68% 62% 71%

Perkins IV Core Indicators
Goal Actual Met  
29 1P1 Technical Skills Attainment 90.00 94.59 Met  
30 2P1 Completion 50.00 43.24 Not Met
31 3P1 Student Retention or Transfer 74.25 73.53 Not Met
32 4P1 Student Placement 60.00 66.67 Met
33 5P1 Nontraditional Participation 17.00 60.42 Met
34 5P2 Nontraditional Completion 15.25 63.64 Met

Performance Funding Program Year  
10-11 11-12 12-13
35 Number of Degrees and Certificates     23  
36 Number of Degrees and Certificates Native Hawaiian     14
37 Number of Degrees and Certificates STEM     Not STEM
38 Number of Pell Recipients     114
39 Number of Transfers to UH 4-yr     12
*Data element used in health call calculation Last Updated: January 27, 2014
Glossary | Health Call Scoring Rubric

Part II. Analysis of the Program

Overall Health -- Cautionary

Demand -- Unhealthy

This writer disagrees with the "Unhealthy" call for the AJ program because it does not adequately reflect the AJ program's curriculum or the type of students seeking the AS Degree in AJ. CIP Code 43.0107 is defined: "A program that prepares individuals to perform the duties of police and public security officers, including patrol and investigative activities, traffic control, crowd control and public relations, witness interviewing, evidence collection and management, basic crime prevention methods, weapon and equipment operation and maintenance, report preparation and other routine law enforcement responsibilities,"  Furthermore, CIP 43-0107 is not congruent nor does it fit the AJ Program's description as stated in the College's catalog.

Using CIP 43-0107 (Criminal Justice/Police Science) as data for the AJ program is superficial and shortsighted as the data does not take into account the breadth and depth of the program.  The AJ program does not focus primarily on educating and training law enforcement officers.   In fact the AJ program's former name "Police Science" was changed to Administration of Justice in 1987 to meet the needs of student majors and to reflect the emerging careers within the field of criminal justice.  In fact, only 30% of AJ program majors report interest in law enforcement careers, while 70% of program majors report wanting careers within the three major components of AJ system, including corrections, adult and youth offender services, homeland security, support and administrative staff for law enforcement, courts, and corrections, and non-profit and private entities that interface with the AJ system, such as group and half-way houses, alcohol and drug treatment, workforce development that service offenders.   Lastly, student majors who are interested in professional careers such as probation and parole officers, or law degrees transfer to 4-year colleges and later graduate schools. They begin their academic journey by majoring in AJ - AS Degree program.

In conclusion, the Unhealthy call based on CIP Code 43.0107 for the AJ Program's "Demand" is inconclusive and unreliable.  As such,  the UH System needs to replace the current CIP Code 43.0107  Criminal Justice/Police Science with CIP Code 43.0104 Criminal Justice/Safety Studies for the AJ Program to meet the emerging needs of students and criminal justice industries.  It should be also noted that UH-Hilo, Charminade University, and Hawaii Pacific University use CIP Code 43.0104 Criminal Justice/Safety Studies for their AS and BA degrees.


Efficiency -- Cautionary

The fill-rate was approximately 81.5%, which is determined to be Healthy.  However, the number of majors to one BOR FTE Appointed Faculty was 132.5/1, which is Unhealthy.  The Healthy fill-rate and Unhealthy program majors to FTE BOR Appointed Faculty explains the "Cautionary" call for Efficiency. 

Effectiveness -- Cautionary

Persistence from Fall to Spring was 75.3% which is determined to be Healthy.  This also represented an increase of 8% compared to the previous year.  This increase was probably due to the new AJ Education Specialist who helps with academic advising and AJ Club activities.  However, Unduplicated Degrees/Certificates Awarded increased by 1 compared to the previous year, up from 22 to 23. However, the 23 degrees awarded surpassed the 15 law enforcement jobs by 8.  It should be noted that only five of the 23 graduates were seeking law enforcement jobs.  


Significant Program Actions for 2012 -2013

1.  New Curriculum - AJ 131, 230, 281, 282 approved

2.  New Certificates- 13-credit Certificate of Completion in Homeland Security & 23-Credit Certificate of Completion in Criminal Justice Addictions Professional approved.

3.  AJ Student Club Reactivated


Previous Program Actions

1.  Assess two AJ Courses

2.  Survey graduates

3.  Use survey results to revise Program Learning Outcomes


Perkins IV Core Indicators

The program did not meet Perkin's Core Indicators 2P1 Completion by 7% ; and 3P1 Student Retention or Transfer by 1%.  It is unclear as to why the program did not meet its goals for both core indicators.   

Part III. Action Plan

Program Action Plan 1

1.  Increase Native Hawaiian AJ graduates transferring to 4-yr universities


Perkins Core Indicator Action Plan

1.  Identify students that are at risk and provide academic counseling and support  (Begin Spring 2014 - ongoing activity)


Part IV. Resource Implications

Cost Item 1

2 Lap Top Computers                          Equipment                               2 @  $2,500  =  $5,000

Program laptop computers were purchased in 2006 and 2009.  Laptop computers are needed for program work done outside of office.  The program office space is shared by two staff and has heavy student visitation, and not conducive to writing reports, assessments, curriculum and class preparation.  

Cost Item 2

Larger Office Space                                 Facility                                $  No figure given

The program office space is too small to accommodate two program staff.  The office has heavy student traffic, and is not conducive to writing reports, assessments, curriculum and class preparation.  


Program Student Learning Outcomes

For the 2012-2013 program year, some or all of the following P-SLOs were reviewed by the program:

this year?
Program Student Learning Outcomes


Express a foundational understanding of the three components (law enforcement, courts, and corrections) of the Administration of Justice system and how they interrelate and affect individuals and society.


Work independently and interdependently with diverse populations to produce personal, professional, and community outcomes.


Use technology to access, synthesize, and communicate information effectively in written and oral reports.


Develop and initiate career plans to obtain jobs or continue a degree in Administration of Justice or related fields in a 4-year university.

A) Evidence of Industry Validation

4/10/2013 Minutes of AJ Advisory Council Minutes

B) Expected Level Achievement

Goal: 80% of students assessed will achieve good or excellent for research paper

C) Courses Assessed

AJ 280 Current Issues in Administration of Justice

D) Assessment Strategy/Instrument

22 Research Papers placed in an envelope was collected from the instructor of the AJ 280 during the Spring 2013 semester.  From the envelope, five (20%) research papers were randomly drawn as a sample to be assessed by program faculty and education specialist. A rubric for research papers was used to assess the five sample research papers.

E) Results of Program Assessment

100% met "excellent" or "good" levels, as follows:  1 of 5 student research papers was assessed as "excellent", and 4 of 5 student research papers were assessed as "good".

F) Other Comments

AJ faculty are required to provide students with assignment rubrics, so students understand the criteria used for grading their assignments.  A research paper is the capstone for the AJ 280 course.

G) Next Steps

Program faculty will continue to provide grading rubric for student assignments, as it appears that students who understand the grading criteria do well in their assignments.