University of Hawaii Community Colleges
Instructional Annual Report of Program Data (ARPD)

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Review Year: College: Program:

College: Leeward Community College
Program: Natural Science

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The last comprehensive review for this program can be viewed at:
First Year of Existence. No CRE available at this time.
STEM Program

Program Description

The Natural Science Program is centered on the Associate of Science in Natural Sciences (ASNS) Degree.  This degree offers pathways for STEM (Science, Engineering, Technology, and Math) students planning to transfer to baccalaureate degree programs and is designed to fulfill the requirements of the first two years of baccalaureate STEM degrees.  The three concentrations include Life Science, Physical Science, and Pre-Engineering.  A Pre-Computer Science pathway will be added for Fall 2014.

Part I. Quantitative Indicators

Overall Program Health: To Be Determined

Majors Included: NSCI     Program CIP: 30.1801

Demand Indicators Program Year Demand Health Call
10-11 11-12 12-13
1 Number of Majors     122 To Be Determined
1a     Number of Majors Native Hawaiian     29
1b     Fall Full-Time     61%
1c     Fall Part-Time     39%
1d     Fall Part-Time who are Full-Time in System     8%
1e     Spring Full-Time     57%
1f     Spring Part-Time     43%
1g     Spring Part-Time who are Full-Time in System     6%
2 *Percent Change Majors from Prior Year      
3 SSH Program Majors in Program Classes      
4 SSH Non-Majors in Program Classes      
5 SSH in All Program Classes      
6 FTE Enrollment in Program Classes      
7 Total Number of Classes Taught      

Efficiency Indicators Program Year Efficiency Health Call
10-11 11-12 12-13
8 Average Class Size       To Be Determined
9 *Fill Rate      
10 FTE BOR Appointed Faculty      
11 *Majors to FTE BOR Appointed Faculty      
12 Majors to Analytic FTE Faculty      
12a Analytic FTE Faculty      
13 Overall Program Budget Allocation     Not Reported
13a General Funded Budget Allocation     Not Reported
13b Special/Federal Budget Allocation     Not Reported
13c Tuition and Fees     Not Reported
14 Cost per SSH      
15 Number of Low-Enrolled (<10) Classes      
*Data element used in health call calculation Last Updated: January 27, 2014

Effectiveness Indicators Program Year Effectiveness Health Call
10-11 11-12 12-13
16 Successful Completion (Equivalent C or Higher)       Healthy
17 Withdrawals (Grade = W)      
18 *Persistence (Fall to Spring)     78.7%
18a Persistence Fall to Fall     51.5%
19 Unduplicated Degrees/Certificates Awarded Prior Fiscal Year     8
19a Associate Degrees Awarded     8
19b Academic Subject Certificates Awarded     0
19c Goal      
19d *Difference Between Unduplicated Awarded and Goal      
20 Transfers to UH 4-yr     1
20a Transfers with degree from program     0
20b Transfers without degree from program     1
20c Increase by 3% Annual Transfers to UH 4-yr Goal      
20d *Difference Between Transfers and Goal      

Distance Education:
Completely On-line Classes
Program Year  
10-11 11-12 12-13
21 Number of Distance Education Classes Taught      


22 Enrollments Distance Education Classes      
23 Fill Rate      
24 Successful Completion (Equivalent C or Higher)      
25 Withdrawals (Grade = W)      
26 Persistence (Fall to Spring Not Limited to Distance Education)      

Performance Funding Program Year  
10-11 11-12 12-13
27 Number of Degrees and Certificates     8


28 Number of Degrees and Certificates Native Hawaiian     2
29 Number of Degrees and Certificates STEM     8
30 Number of Pell Recipients     56
31 Number of Transfers to UH 4-yr     1
*Data element used in health call calculation Last Updated: January 27, 2014

Glossary | Health Call Scoring Rubric

Part II. Analysis of the Program

General Description

The ASNS degree with Concentrations in Life Science, Physical Science, and Pre-Engineering is designed to provide a clear two-year pathway towards baccalaureate STEM degrees at UH Manoa.

Course requirements for each of the concentrations are slightly modified to better serve the students.  These requirements match those found at Kapiolani CC and serve as appropriate pathways towards STEM degree programs at UH Manoa.  In addition, a Pre–Computer Science Concentration is being added to serve those students pursuing a Computer Science BS degree.

Both internal and external resources were obtained to promote STEM related programs.  A major effort was justifying the position and hiring a STEM Counselor dedicated to promote STEM related programs and support STEM students.  After planning and restructuring several offices in the chemistry area, the new STEM Counselor’s office is located next to the Chemistry Workroom, where all ASNS students take their first required science course, General Chemistry.  The Counselor is readily available to students,  and knowledgeable about  the various pathways and degrees within the ASNS. She has been an invaluable resource to the ASNS Program, faculty and students.

The ASNS Program has participated in various local, national, and international programs, consortiums, and projects to enhance students’ educational experience and increase their academic success:

The NSF funded Islands of Opportunity—Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation in the Sciences (IOA-LSAMP)

The Idea Network for Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE)

Leeward’s Marine Options Program (MOP)

Future Flights

Indigenous Knowledge in Engineering (‘IKE)

IOA-LSAMP, based at UH Hilo, provides underrepresented minority ASNS students financial support for peer mentor and research activities.  Participants also attend the yearly IOA-LSAMP Conference.  Students participating in INBRE  conducted original molecular biology research, which was published in leading journals.  Leeward CC’s MOP facilitates research excursions to Coconut Island and other locations, brings speakers to our campus to present pertinent research, and serves as a pathway from Leeward CC to the MOP at UH Manoa.  Future Flights provides engineering students the opportunity to compete in CanSat competitions.  Students learn about space technology by building, designing and launching miniature satellites no larger than a soda can.  ‘IKE Summer Engineering Enhancement Consortiums (SEEC) involve Native Hawaiian and under-represented minority ASNS students in engineering research and Math course completion at Kapiolani CC, Maui College, and UH Manoa.

The ASNS Program and the faculty members of the Math and Sciences Division host the Leeward District Science Fair, both the Regional and State Science Olympics, and participate in the Discovery Day Fair and other activities to strengthen and enhance STEM education in our service area.

The ASNS Program has a strong relationship with Halau Ike o Puuloa, the Leeward CC Native Hawaiian support center.  Math and Sciences Division faculty join with Halau faculty and students to participate in monthly service learning activities at local cultural and natural resources sites.  These sites include Loko Ea Fishpond, Mount K’ala, the Waipahu Nature Conservancy wetlands, the Hokulea, and many others.  The faculty also attended a TCUP (Tribal Colleges and University Program) Conference in Bellingham, Washington, to strengthen relationships and develop new strategies for place based science instruction.  The faculty continue to meet to investigate and plan for the inclusion of more “place based” science in the Math and Sciences curriculum, offer culturally appropriate and relevant instruction, and provide students with an opportunity to investigate and pursue an interest in local science related jobs and careers.


Demand Indicators

The ASNS program experienced immediate demand and substantial growth in its first year:  122 students changed their major to the new Natural Science ASNS Program.  Most had been Liberal Arts AA majors.  With recruitment of incoming and continuing students, that number has nearly doubled in the current semester to 231.  The demand for the program continues to be strong, and it should continue to grow in subsequent years. 

The 29 Native Hawaiians represent 24 % of the 122 ASNS students.  This is only slightly lower than the overall college percentage of 27% and somewhat lower than the 30 % in Liberal Arts (1,141/3,830).  Efforts to recruit and retain Native Hawaiian students are ongoing.


Efficiency Indicators

Data not reported.  No comment.


Effectiveness Indicators

With a persistence rate of 79% from Fall to Spring and 51% from Spring to Fall, we have shown sufficient but improvable retention. 


Distance Education

Several ASNS courses are offered through distance education:  BIOC 241, ICS 111, ICS 141, ICS 241, ICS 211, MATH 205, MATH 206, Math 231, and PHARM 203.  The availability of these distance education classes provides greater access to the program.  They address the needs of returning students, those with jobs and families, as well as those located in other areas.  There are plans to have other courses, such as ICS 212 and MATH 232 delivered through distance education.


Performance Funding

The program having only been recently presented to students, the number of graduates was quite good after the first year of operation.  Seven students earned AS degrees:  2 concentrating in Life Science, 1 in Physical Science, and 4 in Pre-Engineering.  The leaver graduation rate in AY 2012-13 was 7/122, or 5.7%.

Reported transfers to four-year institutions after the first year were almost non-existent:  0 transferred without degrees, 1 with a degree.  However, of the seven students who earned ASNS degrees, five of them are currently registered at UH Manoa.  They were taking courses at Manoa in Spring 2013 while they were completing their coursework for the ASNS at Leeward.  They could not be counted as transfers for this report because they had already attended one or more classes at UH Manoa.  The point is, however, that they are, in fact, transfers.  In addition, two of the seven Leeward ASNS graduates have subsequently enrolled at Mainland four-year institutions.  The ARPD is counting only transfers to UH four-year institutions.  But these students now at Mainland colleges are also, in fact, transfers.  In other words, seven out of seven graduates transferred to four-year institutions and 5.7% of the majors matriculated in AY 2012-13.

We are also pleased that two of the seven graduates (29%) are of Native Hawaiian ancestry.

Since the program has only been in existence for a year, students would have only just learned about the ASNS major.  No one would have had much time to plan their course schedules or academic journeys to end up earning an ASNS degree or transferring in AY 2012-13.

With 231 students currently identifying themselves as ASNS majors and with a high probability of more joining their ranks, the numbers of graduates and transfers and the rates of graduation and transfer should increase significantly in the next two years as the program matures.


Part III. Action Plan

Activities planned in support of the ASNS Program are designed to increase enrollment, retention, and successful transfer to a baccalaureate program.  This includes continuing efforts at recruitment, enhanced counseling support, creation of an ASNS newsletter to keep students informed, and various other activities.

Efforts will continue to negotiate with UH Manoa’s CTAHR to develop an appropriate 2-year pathway towards study in those fields.  We will continue to investigate the status of registration problems concerning ASNS students transferring UH Manoa.  Collaborative efforts with the Hawaiian Studies faculty to integrate place-based research in the science curriculum will continue, including a planned outing to Kaho’olawe, continued local service activities at natural and cultural resource sites, and increased collaboration between the Halau’s student services staff and the ASNS Program.

Part IV. Resource Implications

The needs of the ASNS Program are in addition to and encompassing the needs of the Math and Science Division.  This includes facilities upgrades, increased tutoring and peer mentor support, replacement of retiring faculty, increased staffing in high demand courses, and support for maintaining and developing connections to the local community.

The ASNS Program has benefited from the support of the Islands of Opportunity Program, the Halau, and system support to design and implement a consistent peer mentoring and tutoring program for the courses related to the ASNS degree.  Support will be needed to continue this program in the future.

Program Student Learning Outcomes

For the 2012-2013 program year, some or all of the following P-SLOs were reviewed by the program:

this year?
Program Student Learning Outcomes


Analyze effectively


Communicate scientific ideas and principles clearly and effectively


Evaluate the aims and methods of science


Analyze and apply fundamental mathematical, physical, and chemical concepts and techniques to scientific issues


Analyze and apply fundamental concepts and techniques in their chosen field of study, such as biology, chemistry, geology, engineering, etc.


Use computer technology to analyze and present experimental results

A) Expected Level Achievement

No content.

B) Courses Assessed

No content.

C) Assessment Strategy/Instrument

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D) Results of Program Assessment

No content.

E) Other Comments

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F) Next Steps

No content.