University of Hawaii Community Colleges
Instructional Annual Report of Program Data (ARPD)

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Review Year: College: Program:

College: Windward Community College
Program: Agricultural Technologies

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The last comprehensive review for this program was on 2009. STEM Program

Program Description

Description and history of the program


In March 1981, the Chancellor for Community Colleges approved Windward Community College’s request to implement a Certificate of Completion Program in Agricultural Technology effective Fall 1981.  This program has been responsive to student employment goals, employees and employers in landscape and lawn maintenance, nursery, ornamental horticulture and other small agri-businesses.  On Oahu, the Agricultural Technology Program is unique to the Community Colleges and is one of two serving the State of Hawaii at the two-year college level.


The Agricultural Technology curriculum is designed for students desiring entry-level employment or to enhance their skills in the fields of plant landscaping, landscape maintenance, turf grass maintenance, arboriculture, nursery operations and/or retail plant outlets and .  All courses are taught with a “hands-on, learn-by-doing” philosophy.  Students are expected to make sound decisions to real life horticultural and environmental situations.


The Certificate of Completion – Agricultural Technology (CCAT) consists of 15 credits.  Students must complete 10 credits of required courses and select 5 credits of electives.

The current goals of the program are to:


1.      provide training for entry-level positions in the ornamental horticultural, landscape, lawn maintenance, nursery and related agribusiness industries such as retail plant outlets.


2.      respond to employer needs for trained technical-operations level personnel who can perform in entry-level positions within a variety of small local agribusiness industries.


3.      respond to employer and employee needs for in-service training opportunities for those already employed in local agribusiness industries.


4.      provide non-majors the opportunity to acquaint themselves with agribusiness and explore their potential and interest in training for entry-level positions in the industry.


Program goals/occupations for which this program prepares students


The program prepares students for the following occupations:

Field Technician

Nursery Worker

Nursery Retail Worker



Program Student Learning Outcomes (SLOs)


Agricultural Technology


The student will be able to:


1.            describe common plant and insect life cycles, understand basic plant nutritional

             requirements and plant propagation techniques.

2.            recommend common controls for plant pests.

3.            properly manage soil for plant growth.

4.            compare various horticulture careers.

Plant Landscaping

The curriculum is designed for students desiring entry-level employment or to enhance their skills in the field of plant landscaping (landscape maintenance, turfgrass maintenance, nursery operations, and/or retail plant outlets). All courses are taught with a “hands-on, learn-by-doing” philosophy. Students are expected to make sound decisions about real life horticultural and environmental situations.

Program Outcomes

At the conclusion of the program, students will be able to:

Certificate of Completion - Plant Landscaping (CCPL)

The Certificate of Completion in Plant Landscaping (CCPL) consists of 16 credits. Students must complete 12 credits of required courses and select a 4-credit area of specialization (Landscape Maintenance and/or Turfgrass Maintenance).

Total Credits: 16 credits

Part I. Quantitative Indicators

Overall Program Health: Cautionary

Majors Included: AGT,PLNT,STUT     Program CIP: 01.0301

Demand Indicators Program Year Demand Health Call
10-11 11-12 12-13
1 New & Replacement Positions (State) 385 174 394 Unhealthy
2 *New & Replacement Positions (County Prorated) 169 14 78
3 *Number of Majors 30 25 14.5
3a     Number of Majors Native Hawaiian 10 7 6
3b     Fall Full-Time 21% 15% 19%
3c     Fall Part-Time 79% 85% 81%
3d     Fall Part-Time who are Full-Time in System 0% 6% 0%
3e     Spring Full-Time 31% 18% 36%
3f     Spring Part-Time 69% 82% 64%
3g     Spring Part-Time who are Full-Time in System 4% 0% 0%
4 SSH Program Majors in Program Classes 252 129 99
5 SSH Non-Majors in Program Classes 146 220 156
6 SSH in All Program Classes 398 349 255
7 FTE Enrollment in Program Classes 13 12 9
8 Total Number of Classes Taught 15 14 13

Efficiency Indicators Program Year Efficiency Health Call
10-11 11-12 12-13
9 Average Class Size 11.4 9.6 7.8 Cautionary
10 *Fill Rate 48.1% 40.2% 47.4%
11 FTE BOR Appointed Faculty 1 1 1
12 *Majors to FTE BOR Appointed Faculty 30 25 14.5
13 Majors to Analytic FTE Faculty 27.9 20.5 14.0
13a Analytic FTE Faculty 1.1 1.2 1.0
14 Overall Program Budget Allocation $124,797 $39,243 Not Reported
14a General Funded Budget Allocation $124,797 $32,879 Not Reported
14b Special/Federal Budget Allocation $0 $0 Not Reported
14c Tuition and Fees $0 $1,364 Not Reported
15 Cost per SSH $314 $112 Not Reported
16 Number of Low-Enrolled (<10) Classes 6 10 9
*Data element used in health call calculation Last Updated: October 3, 2013

Effectiveness Indicators Program Year Effectiveness Health Call
10-11 11-12 12-13
17 Successful Completion (Equivalent C or Higher) 70% 77% 82% Cautionary
18 Withdrawals (Grade = W) 7 6 2
19 *Persistence Fall to Spring 42.4% 42.4% 56.2%
19a Persistence Fall to Fall     18.7%
20 *Unduplicated Degrees/Certificates Awarded 5 8 3
20a Degrees Awarded 0 0 0
20b Certificates of Achievement Awarded 0 0 0
20c Advanced Professional Certificates Awarded 0 0 0
20d Other Certificates Awarded 9 16 4
21 External Licensing Exams Passed   Not Reported Not Reported
22 Transfers to UH 4-yr 1 0 2
22a Transfers with credential from program 0 0 0
22b Transfers without credential from program 1 0 2

Distance Education:
Completely On-line Classes
Program Year  
10-11 11-12 12-13
23 Number of Distance Education Classes Taught 0 0 0  
24 Enrollments Distance Education Classes N/A N/A N/A
25 Fill Rate N/A N/A N/A
26 Successful Completion (Equivalent C or Higher) N/A N/A N/A
27 Withdrawals (Grade = W) N/A N/A N/A
28 Persistence (Fall to Spring Not Limited to Distance Education) N/A N/A N/A

Perkins IV Core Indicators
Goal Actual Met  
29 1P1 Technical Skills Attainment 90.00 100.00 Met  
30 2P1 Completion 50.00 42.86 Not Met
31 3P1 Student Retention or Transfer 74.25 66.67 Not Met
32 4P1 Student Placement 60.00 62.50 Met
33 5P1 Nontraditional Participation 17.00 7.69 Not Met
34 5P2 Nontraditional Completion 15.25 0.00 Not Met

Performance Funding Program Year  
10-11 11-12 12-13
35 Number of Degrees and Certificates     0  
36 Number of Degrees and Certificates Native Hawaiian     0
37 Number of Degrees and Certificates STEM     0
38 Number of Pell Recipients     5
39 Number of Transfers to UH 4-yr     2
*Data element used in health call calculation Last Updated: October 3, 2013
Glossary | Health Call Scoring Rubric

Part II. Analysis of the Program

Summary:  The goal of the Agriculture Technologies Program is to provide students knowledge to enable them to find employment in agriculture.  In 2012-13, the average class size was 7.8 (fill rate of 47.4%) and the successful completion rate was 82%. Compared to previous year, the number of student majors declined from 25 to 14.5, and the number of certificates dropped from 8 to 3.  This is because the program relied on lecturers as the Program coordinator was assigned to the C3T Grant full time. Furthermore, program coordination has no longer been compensated.  To alleviate the problem, a proposal is being submitted to the WCC Planning and Budget Committee to hire a STEM counselor, who will serve to recruit students and act as academic adviser.

The Agriculture Program aligns with the WCC campus mission statement as follows:

Windward Community College offers innovative programs in the arts and sciences and opportunities to gain knowledge and understanding of Hawai‘i and its unique heritage. With a special commitment to support the access and educational needs of Native Hawaiians, we provide O‘ahu’s Ko‘olau region and beyond with liberal arts, career and lifelong learning in a supportive and challenging environment — inspiring students to excellence.

The Agriculture program provides an opportunity to gain knowledge and understanding of agriculture in Hawaii.

This year the program has relied on lecturers as the Program coordinator was assigned to the C3T Grant full time.  A certificate in Sustainable Agriculture was finalized and approved by the ACCJC.  There were also three students from Hong Kong completing the program which is not reflected in the data.

The Perkins Core indicators were not met by an average of 8 points which is minimal.  The program has begun to offer a noncredit program which may take away credit students. 



The facilities to support the AGT program consists of; a 5,000 sq. ft. shadehouse, 6 acre turfgrass training facility, and campus grounds. 

The shadehouse severs as a classroom and laboratory.  Students learn plant propagation, pruning, irrigation, repotting, and fertilizing.  The facility allows for classroom concepts to be applied in a learn-by-doing approach to education.  As an example, students apply plant nutrients and watch how the plants respond over the semester.  The classroom is in the shadehouse and does not impact demand for classroom space on campus. 

The 6 acre turfgrass facility was built by community donations(approx. $350,000).  The facility is used by students to apply classroom concepts in the field.  Students learn to verticut, aerate, irrigate, fertilize, and plant turfgrass.   Mistakes made are learning experiences that do not cost students their job.    A fundraiser is  held once a year to supplement the budget for the agriculture program (approx $1200/yr).  The facility is also used by faculty at UHM for research purposes.  There is no other comparable facilty in the State of Hawaii.  Tree climbing, felling, and risk assessment are also conducted at this facility.


The program is supported by a full-time tenured faculty member.  The faculty member provides consistency in advising and planning, SLO establishment and assessment,  curriculum review and evaluation, and in annual reporting.


The working relationships with the Hawaii Farm Bureau are strong. The Farm Bureau provides guest speakers to talk to students about issues in agriculture.   The program assists the Farm Bureau by offering courses that award recertification credits for the Hawaii Dept. of Agriculture pesticide license.

The program is the recipient of Kailua-Lanikai Outdoor circle student scholarships.  Two to four scholarships are awarded each semester.




The program is a one-person program affording little diversity of teaching style and content. 

Program coordination which was once compensated for is now expected without compensation.


There is minimal campus effort to publicize and market the program.  Most of the required equipment has been obtained through donations and grants.


Part III. Action Plan

Establish a STEM counselor to advise and recruit students.  This is a Liberal Arts campus with very little attention to STEM programs.

This request aligns with The Colleges Strategic plan2.1, 2.6,  2.8, 4.1, 4.5, 5.2

Develop a marketing program to promote the Agriculture program.  This will increase awareness within the community and result in an increase in enrollment.

Part IV. Resource Implications

The counselor position will cost approximately $50,000 per year.  A request for a STEM counselor is being submitted to the WCC Planning & Budet Committee.  The counselor will help design recruitmnet strategies.

It is unclear at this time what an effective marketing campaign might cost.  The program will request $10,000 for 2013-14 as a starting point.


Program Student Learning Outcomes

For the 2012-2013 program year, some or all of the following P-SLOs were reviewed by the program:

this year?
Program Student Learning Outcomes


Describe common plant and insect life cycles; understand basic plant nutritional requirements and plant propagation techniques eighty eight percent of students earned 70% or better on this PLO


Demonstrate landscape maintenance skills or turfgrass maintenance skills Eighty seven percent of students earned 70% or greater on this PLO


Recommend common controls for plant pests Eighty seven percent of students earned 70% or greater on this PLO


Properly manage soil for plant growth Seventy eight percent of students earned 70% or greater on this PLO


Operate common landscape and turfgrass equipment One hundred percent of students earned 70% or greater on this PLO

A) Evidence of Industry Validation

Approved by the Agriculture Advisory Committee 7/12

B) Expected Level Achievement

No content.

C) Courses Assessed

Courses were not assessed for this year as the lecturers did not report their finding to the Agriculture coordinator

D) Assessment Strategy/Instrument

No content.

E) Results of Program Assessment

No content.

F) Other Comments

No content.

G) Next Steps

No content.