Democratic Peace Bibliography

Version August, 2009



This is a bibliography of the democratic peace narrowly defined as democracies don’t make war on each other, or are most peaceful internally. It does not include works on democracy or war in themselves. Moreover, it is most thorough for the years up to 2000-2009. For version 3.0 that covers the years up to 2000, see here. Bibliographic formats are mixed.


Please help on this. I am trying to make this as comprehensive as possible and error free. If you see an error in an author’s name or title, please let me know. Similarly, if I miss a speech, paper, article, or book on the democratic peace, please inform me. Contact email: Rummel is at




"A Democratic Peace," The New York Times, February 2, 1918 [Quoting Trotzky].


"Democratic Peace Theory," Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.


"Democratic Peace," Time, September 28, 1936.


"The Democratic Peace Idea," Rand Reports ND


Adem, Seifudein. "Democratic Peace Theory And Africa’s International Relations," Prepared for Presentation at the ISA Convention, Chicago, Illinois, 28 February -3 March 2007.


Barkawi, Tarak, and Mark Laffey. Democracy, liberalism, and war: Rethinking the Democratic Peace Debate, Lynne Rienner Publishers, August 2001.


Bonin, Sonja. "Conservative experts critical of Democratic Peace Theory," US Foreign Policy, July 28, 2009

Bovard, James. "The Democratic-Peace Fraud," Freedom Daily, May 23, 2008.


Brandt, Patrick. and Freeman, John. "Testing Democratic Peace Theory: A New Approach with Application to The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict," Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Le Centre Sheraton Hotel, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Mar 17, 2004,


Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce, James D. Morrow, Randolph M. Siverson and Alastair Smith. "Testing Hypotheses about Political Institutions and War Fighting.”  World Politics,  56 (April, 2004), 363-88.


Burnell, Peter. "The Coherence of Democratic Peace-Building,"  United Nations University, UNU-WIDER, Research Paper No. 2006/147.


Búzás, Zoltán I. “Constructing a Better Democratic Peace Theory,” Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai - European Studies (2/2007).


Cage, Banseka. Democratic Peace
In The Spectrum Of Conflicts In Sub-Saharan Africa
, Dissertation Com, 2000.


āarhoğlu, Bihter. "Democracy and War: An Evaluation of the Democratic Peace Proposition,” Freie Universität Berlin, October 4, 2005 PDF.


Cederman, Lars-Erik. "Back to Kant: Reinterpreting the Democratic Peace as a Macrohistorical Learning Process." American Political Science Review, March 2001.


Cranmer, Skyler. "Democratic Peace," Department of Political Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hilla. Paper, September 5, 2005, PDF.


Davenport, Christian. State repression and the domestic democratic Peace, Cambridge University Press, 2007.


Drezner, Daniel W. "Is Condi Rice a bad political scientist?" FP Foreign Policy, December 19, 2008.


Farnham, Barbara. "The Theory of Democratic Peace and Threat Perception," International Studies Quarterly (2003) 47, 395–415.


Ferguson, Niall. "The Possibility Now Facing Iraq Is Not Of A Democratic Peace But A Democratic War" Telegraph, December 18, 2005.


Forsberg, Ole J. "Another Shot at the Democratic Peace: Are Democracies More Aggressive than Non- Democracies in Militarized Interstate Disputes?" Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, Vol. 1, Issue 2, 2007.


Francisco, John and Regina Akopian. "Democratic Peace Or Pieces; An Examination Of US Foreign Policy And The Democratic Peace Theory" Political Science, Rutgers University, Paper December 11, 2001, PDF.


Gartzke, Erik. "Preferences and the Democratic Peace,” International Studies Quarterly, Volume 44, Number 2, June 2000, pp. 191-212(22).


Gartzke, Erik. "Capitalist Peace Or Democratic Peace?" Review - Institute of Public Affairs, Dec 2005.


Geis, Anna and Wolfgang Wagner. "From Democratic Peace to Democratic Distinctiveness: A Critique of Democratic Exceptionalism,” Peace and Conflict Studies," Comparative Research in Law & Political Economy, Vol. 04, No. 8, 2008.


Geis, Anna, Lothar Brock, and Harald Müller (Eds.). DEMOCRATIC WARS: Looking At The Dark Side Of Democratic Peace, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.


Goenner Cullen F. "Economic War and Democratic Peace," Conflict Management and Peace Science, Volume 24, Issue 3 September 2007, pages 171 – 182.


Goldsmith, Benjamin E. "Defense Effort and Institutional Theories of Democratic Peace and Victory: Why Try Harder?" Security Studies, Volume 16, Issue 2 April 2007, pages 189 – 222.


Gowa, Joanne. Ballots and Bullets, Princeton University Press (August 15, 2000).


Grayson, Kyle. "Democratic Peace Theory as Practice: (Re)Reading the Significance of Liberal Representations of War and Peace," York Centre for International and Security Studies, Paper, 2003.


Halperin, Morton H., Joseph T. Siegle, and Michael M. Weinstein. The Democracy Advantage: How Democracies Promote Prosperity and Peace, Routledge; 1 edition (November 29, 2004).


Harrison, Ewan and Sara Mitchell. "Might Makes Right or Right Makes Might? Two Systemic Democratic Peace Tales," Political Science, University of Iowa, September, 2007, PDF.


Helprin, Mark. "The Democratic Peace," Claremont Review of Books, Winter, 2006.


Hensel, Paul R., Gary Goertz, And Paul F. Diehl. "The Democratic Peace And Rivalries," The Journal of Politics (2000), 62 : 1173-1188.


Huth, Paul K, and Todd L. Allee. The Democratic Peace And Territorial Conflict In The Twentieth Century, Cambridge University Press (March 17, 2003).


“Is democratization making international relations more peaceful?”


Jackson, Natasha. "How to Understand the Democratic Peace Theory,"


Kassam, Kalim. "Whither Democratic Peace Theory?" The Shotgun Blog, December 30, 2008.


Large, Judith and Timothy D. Sisk (Eds.). Democracy, Conflict and Human Security: Pursuing Peace in the 21st Century, (Volume 1) (International IDEA Handbooks series), International Idea (April 1, 2007).


Larison, Daniel. "The Democratic Peace," Eunomia, March 1, 2005.


Leatherman, Janie. From Cold War to Democratic Peace Third Parties, Peaceful Change, and the OSCE, Syracuse University Press, 2003.


Lektzian, David and Masrk Souva. "A Comparative Theory Test of Democratic Peace Arguments, 1946—2000," Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 46, No. 1, 2009, pp. 17-37.


Linberg, Tod. "The Treaty of the Democratic Peace," The Weekly Standard, Vol. 012, Issue 21, February 12, 2007.


Lipson, Charles. Reliable Partners: How Democracies Have Made a Separate Peace, Princeton University Press (July 2, 2003).


Magen, Amichai. "Building Democratic Peace in the Eastern Mediterranean: An Inevitably Ambitious Agenda" Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law, Stanford Institute for International Studies No. 9, August 13, 2004, PDF.


Mansfield, Edward D, Snyder, Jack. "Prone To Violence: The Paradox Of The Democratic Peace," The National Interest, December 22, 2005.


Mason, Ian Garrick. "The Chimera Of Democratic Peace," Archipelagoes, January 4, 2009.


Mousseau, Michael. "The Social Market Roots of Democratic Peace," International Security, Vol. 33, No. 4, (Spring 2009) pages 52-.


Nexon, Dan. "Debating the Democratic Peace," The Duck of Minerva, July 16, 2005.


Oneal, John R. and Bruce Russett. Triangulating Peace: Democracy, Interdependence, and International Organizations, W.W. Norton & Co.; 1 edition (January 2001).


Oren, Ido. "The Subjectivity of the 'Democratic' Peace: Changing U.S. Perceptions of Imperial Germany," International Security, Vol. 20, no. 2 (Fall 1995).


Owen IV, John M. "Iraq and the Democratic Peace," Foreign Affairs, November/December 2005.


Owen, John M. "Democratic Peace Research: Whence and Whither?"  International Politics, Vol. 41, December 2004, pp. 605-617.


Ozkececi-Taner, Binnur. "The Myth of Democratic Peace: Theoretical and Empirical Shortcomings of the 'Democratic Peace Theory," ALTERNATIVES Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 1, No. 3, Fall 2002.


Paola Conconi , Nicolas Sahuguet , Maurizio Zanardi. "Democratic Peace and Electoral Accountability," Centre for Economic Policy Research, Paper, July 2008.


Paola Conconi,  Nicolas Sahuguet, Maurizio Zanardi. "Democratic Peace: Democracy And Accountability: The Perverse Effects Of Term Limits,", August 30, 2008.


Peiser, Benny. "Existential Risk And Democratic Peace," BBC, November 15,  2007.


Pietrzyk, Mark E. International Order and Individual Liberty: Effects of War and Peace on the Development of Governments, University Press of America, September 2002.


Quackenbush, Stephen L. "Evaluating the Monadic Democratic Peace," Conflict Management and Peace Science, Vol. 26, No. 3, 268-285 (2009).


RĆby, Nils. "The Quality of Government Peace - How Good Governance Reduces the Risk of Interstate Conflict," Lunds Universitet, Department of Political Science, Paper, March 2009.


Rasler, Karen and William R. Thompson. "Rivalries And The Democratic Peace In The Major Power System," Journal of Peace Research, 2001.


Rasler, Karen and William R. Thompson. Puzzles of the Democratic Peace: Theory, Geopolitics and the Transformation of World Politics, Palgrave Macmillan, March 2005.


Ray, James Lee. Democracy and International Conflict: An Evolution of the Democratic Peace Proposition, University of South Carolina Press (August 31, 2009).


Rice, Condoleezza. "The Promise of Democratic Peace: Why Promoting Freedom Is the Only Realistic Path to Security," Washington Post, December 11, 2005.


Rice, Susan. "Beyond 'Democratic Peace,'" Brookings Paper, August 10, 2009.


Riker, Walter. "The Democratic Peace is Not Democratic: On Behalf of Rawls' Decent Societies," Political Studies, June 2008.


Roeder, Philip G., and Donald Rothchild (Eds.). Sustainable Peace: Power and Democracy After Civil Wars, Cornell University Press (October 13, 2005).


Rummel, R.J. Saving Lives, Enriching Life: Freedom as a Right, and a Moral Good,, 2001, PDF.


Rummel, R.J. Freedom's Principles,, 2006, PDF.


Rummel, R.J. The Blue Book Of Freedom 2007, Cumberland House Publishing, 2007.


Sadik, Sezai. "Democratic Peace: Perpetual Peace is Possible," The Fountain, Issue 38, April-June, 2002.


Sarker, Jayita. "The Odyssey of the Democratic Peace Thesis: From the Academia to Policy-Making," Social Science Research Network, January 2009.


Schwartz, Thomas; Skinner, Kiron K. "The Myth of the Democratic Peace. (America and the West)," ORBIS, December 22, 2001.


Slantchev, Branislav L., A Alexandrova, and E. Gartzke. "Probabilistic Causality, Selection Bias, And The Logic Of The Democratic Peace " University of California Postprints, , Paper .


Sondhi, M. L. (Ed.). Democratic Peace, Har Anand Publications, India, December 2000.


Tibi Bassam. Political Islam, World Politics and Europe: Democratic Peace and Euro-Islam versus Global Jihad, Routledge, November 2007.


Towle, Philip. Democracy and Peace Making, Taylor & Francis; 1 edition (March 23, 2007).


Williams, Howard. "The Idea Of A Liberal Democratic Peace," in The Edinburgh Companion to contemporary Liberalism , ed. M. Evans (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2001) pp.241-53.