Yellow title on blue background image -Language Varieties


classroom tips

PACE website



The following references talk about some of the general issues concerning the use of language varieties in formal education.

Delpit, Lisa and Joanne Kilgour Dowdy (eds.) (2002). The skin that we speak: Thoughts on language and culture in the classroom. New York: New Press.

Devonish, Hubert (2007). Language and liberation: Creole language politics in the Caribbean (second edition) . Kingston: Arawak.

Nero, Shondel (ed.) (2006). Dialects, Englishes, creoles, and education. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

The following references have some ideas for using particular varieties in the classroom, but the activities can be adapted for other varieties as well.

Berry, Rosalind & Joyce Hudson (1997). Making the jump: A Resource book for teachers of Aboriginal students. Broome: Catholic Education Office, Kimberley Region.

Coelho, Elizabeth (1988). Caribbean students in Canadian schools, Book 1. Toronto: Carib-Can Publishers.

Coelho, Elizabeth (1991). Caribbean students in Canadian schools, Book 2. Toronto: Pippin Publishing.

Craig, Dennis R. (1999). Teaching language and literacy: Policies and procedures for vernacular situations. Georgetown, Guyana: Education and Development Services.

Fischer, Katherine (1992a). Educating speakers of Caribbean English in the United States. In J. Siegel (Ed.), Pidgins, creoles and nonstandard dialects in education (pp. 99-123). Melbourne: Applied Linguistics Association of Australia.

ILEA Afro-Caribbean Language and Literacy Project in Further Adult Education (1990). Language and power. London: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Kaldor, Susan, Richard D. Eagleson & Ian G. Malcolm (1982). The teacher's task. In R.D. Eagleson, S. Kaldor & I.G. Malcolm (Eds.), English and the Aboriginal child (pp. 193-217). Canberra: Curriculum Development Centre.

Malcolm, Ian et al. (1999). Two-way English: Towards more user-friendly education for speakers of Aboriginal English. Perth: Western Australia Department of Education.

Roberts, Peter A.(1994). Integrating Creole into Caribbean classrooms. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 15(1), 47-62.

Rynkofs, J. Timothy (1993). Culturally Responsive Talk Between a Second-grade Teacher and Hawaiian Children During Writing Workshop. U.M.I. Dissertation Services

Taylor, Hanni (1989). Standard English, Black English, and bidialectalism: A controversy. New York:Peter Lang.

Winer, Lise (1993). Teaching speakers of Caribbean English Creoles in North American classrooms. In A.W. Glowka & D.M. Lance (Eds.), Language variation in North American English: Research and teaching (pp. 191-198). New York:Modern Language Association of America.

Wolfram, Walt, Carolyn Temple Adger & Donna Cristian (1999). Dialects in Schools and Communities. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.



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