Citing Your Sources: Examples of Citing Different Kinds of Sources


GG 308 Fall 2005



Arias, O., and Denyer, P., 1991, Estructura geológica de la región comprendida en las hojas topográficas Abras, Caraigres, Candelaria y Río Grande, Costa Rica: Revista Geológica de América Central, no. 12, p. 61–74.


Doglioni, C., 1994, Foredeeps versus subduction zones: Geology, v. 22, p. 271–274.


Online only journal

Haywood, A.M., Valdes, P.J., Sellwood, B.W., Kaplan, J.O. & Dowsett, H.J. 2001. Modelling Middle Pliocene warm climates of the USA. Palaeontologia Electronica, v.4, art.5, September 16, 2005.


Article In Press

Hoffman, H.J., and Masson, M., 1994, Archean, stromatolites from Abitibi greenstone belt, Quebec, Canada: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 106 (in press).



Baker, V.R., 1991, Ancient oceans on Mars: American Astronomical Society Division of Planetary Sciences, 23rd Annual Meeting, Palo Alto, California, Abstracts, p. 99.


Fitzgerald, P.G., 1989, Uplift and formation of Transantarctic Mountains: Applications of apatite fission track analysis to tectonic problems: International Geological Congress, 28th, Washington, D.C., Abstracts, v. 1, p. 491.


Comment, Discussion, Reply

Kerrick, D., and Caldeira, K., 1994, Post-125 Ma  carbon storage associated with continent-continent collision: Comment: Geology, v. 22, p. 381–382.


Selverstone, J., and Gutzler, D.S., 1994, Post–125 Ma carbon storage associated with continent-continent collision: Reply: Geology, v. 22, p. 382–383.


Paper in a Government or University Serial Publication

Hay, R.L., 1963, Stratigraphy and zeolitic diagenesis of the John Day Formation of Oregon: University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, v. 42, p. 199–262.


Smith, D.C., Fox, C., Craig, B., and Bridges, A.E., 1989, A contribution to the earthquake history of Maine, in Anderson, W.A., and Borns, H.W., Jr., eds., Neotectonics of Maine: Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 40, p. 139–148.


Paper in a Multiauthor Volume

Carpenter, F.M., 1992, Superclass Hexapoda, in Kaesler, R.L., ed., Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, Part R, Arthropoda 4, Volume 3: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America (and University of Kansas Press), 277 p.


Kane, J.S., and Neuzil, S.G., 1993, Geochemical  and analytical implications of extensive sulfur retention in ash from Indonesian peats, in Cobb, J.C., and Cecil, C.B., eds., Modern and ancient coal-forming environments: Geological Society of America Special Paper 286, p. 97–106.



Peirce, J.W., Weissel, J.K., and others, 1989, Initial reports, Ocean Drilling Program, Leg 121: College Station, Texas, Ocean Drilling Program, 1000 p.


Shipboard Scientific Party, 1987, Site 612, in Poag, C.W., Watts, A.B., et al., Initial reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Volume 95: Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office, p. 31–153.


Proceedings from a Symposium or Conference

Baar, C., 1972, Creep measured in deep potash mines vs. theoretical predictions, in Proceedings, Canadian Rock Mechanics Symposium, 7th, Edmonton: Ottawa, Canada Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, p. 23–77.


MacLeod, N.S., Walker, G.W., and McKee, E.H., 1976, Geothermal significance of eastward increase in age of upper Cenozoic rhyolitic domes in southeastern Oregon, in Proceedings, Second United Nations Symposium on the Development and Use of Geothermal Resources, San Francisco, May 1975, Volume 1: Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California), p. 465–474.



Barton, C.C., and Hsieh, P.A., 1989, Physical and hydrologic-flow properties of fractures, in International Geological Congress, 28th, Field Trip Guidebook T385: Washington, D.C., American Geophysical Union, 36 p.


Blackstone, D.L., Jr., 1990, Rocky Mountain foreland exemplified by the Owl Creek Mountains, Bridger Range and Casper Arch, central Wyoming, in Specht, R., ed., Wyoming sedimentation and tectonics: Casper, Wyoming Geological Association, 41st Annual Field Conference, Guidebook, p. 151–166.


Open-File Report

Dowsett, H.J., Barron, J.A., Poore, R.Z., Thompson, R.S., Cronin, T.M., Ishman, S.E. & Willard, D.A. 1999. Middle Pliocene Palaeoenvironmental Reconstruction: PRISM2. U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report, 99-535, http://pubs.usgs.giv/openfile/of99-535/. September 16, 2005.

National Earthquake Information Center, 1992, Earthquake data report, August 1992: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-0608-A, 458 p.



Ernst, W.G., 1993, Geology of the Pacheco Pass quadrangle, central California Coast Ranges: Geological Society of America Map and Chart Series MCH078, scale 1:24 000, 1 sheet, 12 p. text.



Wopat, M.A., 1990, Quaternary alkaline volcanism and tectonics in the Mexican Volcanic Belt near Tequila, Jalisco, southwestern Mexico [Ph.D. thesis]: Berkeley, University of California, 277 p.


Website (Note: Author. Title. Date published. URL. Date viewed)1

Geological Society of America.  Geology Guidelines. March 7, 2005, . September 15, 2005.


Citing in the text of your report (author’s last name, year)

(Jones, 1966)

(Smith and Jones, 1964)

(Smith et al, 1964)

(Smith et al, 1964; Jones, 1966)



1Citations taken from: Geological Society of America.  Geology Guidelines. March 7, 2005, . September 15, 2005.




smr 9/15/05