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“Brown Bag” Thursday Lecture Series, 12:00-1:15
The Effectiveness of Extensive Reading on Reading Proficiency in ESL/EFL Settings: A Meta-Analysis
Dr. Eun Young Jeon, Chonbuk National University
Providing rich input in English is essential for promoting English proficiency. Extensive reading is regarded as an excellent way to provide target language input especially in EFL settings where the target language input is very limited. Despite its benefits and intuitive appeals, however, extensive reading is not widespread in ESL/EFL settings. With the use of meta-analysis program, this study provides evidence that extensive reading can make a difference on reading proficiency in ESL/EFL settings. The study generated effect sizes of 26 primary researches (52 samples) for reading comprehension and 10 primary researches for reading rate (12 samples) published from 1980 to present. Overall, medium effect was found in reading comprehension (ES=.58) and large effect was found in reading rate (ES=.86). Higher effect was found in adult groups (ES=.87) than in children (ES=.47) and adolescent (ES=.41) groups in reading comprehension. Moreover, long-term program (ES=.71) turned out to be more effective than short (ES=.67) and intermediate (ES=.38) length programs for promoting reading comprehension. However, differences in age and program length did not significantly affect the development of reading rate. Finally, through investigating studies with high effect sizes, suggestions are made on implementing extensive reading more effectively.