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Minutes & Agendas
University of Hawaii at Manoa Faculty Senate, November 15, 1995
Presiding: Co-Chair Kiyoshi Ikeda, Manoa Faculty Senate Executive
Senators Present: James Brandon, Barry Brennan, John Casken, Gaye
Chan, Donna Ching, Joanne Cooper, Joel Cohn, Linda Cox, Jim Dator,
Steven Dawson, Marilyn Dunlap, Joel Fisher, Delores Foley, Gregg
Geary, Richard Guillory, Sue Hanson, Patrick Henry, Kathryn
Hoffmann, Ruth Horie, Kiyoshi Ikeda, Wayne Iwaoka, Alison Kay,
Adelheid Kuehnle, William Lampe, Bruce Liebert, Bert Lum, Margaret
Maaka, Karen Meech, John Melish, Marian Melish, Robert Meyer, Jane
Moulin, Nicholas Ordway, C. S. Papacostas, Robert Paull, Thomas
Pearson, Teresita Ramos, Raul Rudoy, Jurgen Sang, Leon Serafim,
Janice Shoultz, Patricia Steinhoff, Victor Stenger, John Stimson, Jane
Tribble, Alice Tse, Lorrie Wong, Rosemarie Woodruff, Ming-Bao Yue
Senators Absent: Belinda Aquino, Sandra Chang, David Chappell,
Austin Dias, Patricia Fryer, Patrick Gilbert, Barry LaBonte,
Christopher Measures, Ralph Moberly, Marita Nelson, Deane
Neubauer, Cynthia Ning, Stephen O'Harrow, Victor Olgyay, Thomas
Ramsey, James Silva, Glenn Teves, Roy Wilkens
Senators Excused: Patricia Edelen-Smith, Nancy Lind, Fred MacKenzie,
Robert McLaren, Peter Nicholson, Aiko Oda, Neva Owens, Karen
Peacock, Thomas Speitel, Joseph Stanton, Judy Weightman
Invited Guests: Carol Eastman, Thomas Bopp, Rodney Sakaguchi, J. N.
Guests: Wil Frost, Alona Trinidad, Jean Ehrhorn, Cheryl Ernst, Linda
Johnsrud, Pat Cooper, Helen Josephine, Don Birdseye, Pete Garrod,
Co-Chair Ikeda called the meeting to order at 3:09 PM.
The minutes of the Senate meeting of October 18, 1995, were
approved as submitted.
Co-Chair Ikeda explained that Gregg Geary, chair of the Senate
Committee on Committees was in the midst of a process of soliciting
volunteers from among the faculty who are willing to serve on
various other committees and task forces. These are not only the
regular committees and groups for which faculty participation is
normally sought, but also for various task forces and review
committees which have been or may be created as a consequence of
the current budget crisis.
Co-Chair Ikeda informed the Senate that UH President Kenneth
Mortimer had repeatedly agreed with the SEC that before any
significant modifications are made in existing University programs
that the Senate would have a chance to assess the impact which
those changes might make on the academic quality and integrity of
the University, and to inform the Administration of the Senate's
conclusions in this regard. Thus, it may be necessary for faculty
members quickly to come forward to serve on various review and
oversight committees in anticipation of, or in response to, any
programmatic changes proposed by the Administration, and before
those changes can be approved by the Board of Regents.
Co-Chair Kay also called the attention of the Senate to a sheet, dated
November 15, 1995, labeled, "draft" and titled "Tentative schedule of
meetings." This was prepared by the President's office at the request
of the SEC. It lists, and briefly explains the sequence and purpose of,
meetings which the BOR has so far scheduled to hold to consider how
the University should respond to the current shortfall in General
Funds [This sheet is attached to these Minutes].
Co-Chair Kay stressed that with only one, stated, exception, all of
these meetings are open to the public, and that concerned faculty
members and students should try to attend in order to find out what
the BOR is hearing and considering.
Co-Chair Kay also drew the attention of the Senate to a General
Education Questionnaire which had been mailed out recently and
which most faculty members should have already received. It is
part of the General Education review process that the faculty have
been involved in since Spring Semester 1995, re-examining the core
requirements and the common experience which all bachelor
candidates should receive at the University of Hawaii."
Co-Chair Ikeda discussed a matrix which he had prepared and which
had been distributed to all Senators. The matrix identifies those
UHM programs for which review task forces have already been
created or are in the process of being created. These are the College
of Continuing Education and Community Service, the School of
Library and Information Sciences, the School of Public Health, and
the Social Science Research Institute.
Co-Chair Ikeda also pointed out that any units which do not have a
permanent dean or director at this time are also "of interest" to the
Administration and the BOR. From the time President Mortimer first
set foot on this campus he has said that there are "too many deans
and directors." It is clear he is "concerned about how Manoa is
structured" even absent the current budget crisis, and might well
recommend some administrative mergers and downsizing in order to
reduce the number of deans, directors, and independent units at
The President at this moment is not contemplating, or using the term,
"privatization" of any part of the University, nor have any units been
targeted for closure. But he is interested in exploring ways in which
certain professional schools might become more nearly "self-
sustaining" by allowing them to charge and keep substantially higher
tuition than the rest of the University charges, Co-Chair Ikeda said.
Prof. Geary said that he understood that he was to try to find two
faculty members for each of the committees which might have to
consider the academic impact of any administrative
recommendations for substantial programmatic changes. One of the
faculty was to be "junior" and the other "senior". He wanted to know
what was meant by "junior" and "senior."
Co-Chair Ikeda replied it did not mean old or young, or long time vs.
short time at Manoa, but, as indicated by Co-Chair Kay, whether the
person had served on academic review committees before or not (he
later said that the term "seasoned" might be better).
Prof. Geary then explained to the Senate what was needed in terms
of faculty participation in this time of fluidity and crisis. It is
likely that a substantial number of faculty members from many
different disciplines will be needed to review very quickly but
thoroughly administrative recommendations, and to respond to them
in writing quickly but effectively as well.
Faculty members (not necessarily only Senators) should contact
Geary and/or Co-Chair Alison Kay of their willingness to serve on one
of these committees. It is very important to the future of the
University that faculty input be heard at this crucial juncture.
Co-Chair Ikeda reiterated that faculty were needed for three
different kinds of committees, and that the task-force participants
might have to operate independently of the Committee on Academic
Policy and Programs in some situations, reporting instead to one of
the Senior Vice Presidents instead of CAPP.
Prof. Wayne Iwaoka of CAPP added that the CAPP is coming up with
a list of questions which faculty members should see are answered
during all task force and review committee deliberations.
Co-Chair Ikeda made it clear that the President understands that,
after its participation in the review process, the Senate may come up
with recommendations which differ from those of the
He also said that the SEC submitted to the President a Memorandum
of Understanding about faculty involvement in the process of
Co-Chair Kay stressed that the President repeatedly says that he
understands our concern and supports our participation as outlined
in the Memorandum.
Co-Chair Ikeda then asked UHM Budget Director Rodney Sakaguchi if
there are any new developments which should change the budget
picture over the next several years.
Director Sakaguchi said that there were two factors which, while not
strictly new, have surfaced with significant import recently. One was
the provision in Act 161 (which gives the UH the right to set and
keep tuition) which stipulates that the 1998 General Fund
appropriation to the University of Hawaii shall equal that of the 1995
appropriation. Unless that law is changed, or otherwise not followed,
the UH will have $95 million more in 1998 than the Governor
allotted to it this year.
Of course, there will be "a lot of politics between now and then,"
Director Sakaguchi observed.
Can the Governor restrict those 161 funds, someone asked?
If there is a new or continuing shortfall then the Governor might
restrict funds. But the Governor did say publicly when he was here
last Friday that he would follow 161 and not restrict General Funds if
the UH raised tuition, so we can be hopeful, Director Sakaguchi said.
The other factor that Director Sakaguchi mentioned is that repair and
maintenance and equipment replacement have absorbed most of the
budget cuts over the last several years, and those are areas that
must be brought up to par. There is a current backlog of $17 million
and an additional annual shortfall of $21 million which Director
Sakaguchi said must be made up as soon as possible.
Co-Chair Ikeda stressed that the major budgetary problem facing the
University is the gap between the amount provided the University
by way of General Funds from the Legislature and the amount which
can be generated by tuition. Can that gap be bridged by other forms
of revenue enhancement, or must it be bridged by program cuts, or
by both? Ikeda stressed that is the reason the Financial Plan, which
the BOR will discuss during its December 21-22 meeting on Maui, is
Co-Chair Ikeda then introduced J N Musto from the University of
Hawaii Professional Assembly.
Musto said that all we were doing was rearranging deck chairs on the
He called the attention of the Senate to a special edition of Faculty
News from UHPA which all Faculty members should have received
today or by tomorrow. He also referred to an enclosed letter which
is a copy of one he had written to the chair of the Board of Regents,
Joseph Blanco, decrying the current process. Musto said that
everything he has heard leads him to conclude that the BOR will be
making decisions which the faculty will only be able to react to, and
not influence beforehand. Musto said that both his letter and Faculty
Notes also referred a list of sixteen areas which the President
suggested to the BOR in September were candidates for program
consolidation, merger, or change.
Since Retrenchment takes time, and can only be carried out in
accordance with the Union Contract, Musto said he expects the
Administration to issue a large number of retrenchment letters in
January in order to have flexibility later to lay off people or not. Not
everyone receiving such a letter will necessarily be laid off, but
without sending such a letter, the Administration can not lay off
anybody, Musto pointed out.
Someone asked when the Union was going to do something. Musto
replied "when the Administration does something." So far, the
Administration has taken no definitive action. Once it does, then it
will have to deal with the Union according to the Contract.
Musto suggested it might be possible to stall until 1998, when
sufficient funds should be coming in to the University.
But, someone asked, isn't your "spoke in the wheels" (the Contract)
really just a wet noodle? Hasn't the Contract come to an end
Musto pointed out that the current Contract remains fully in force
because the Administration has never made a "final and best offer".
If it were do to so now, then it would be possible for the Union and
the Administration to begin negotiations. But so far the
Administration has refused to negotiate, and so the current Contract
remains in force.
Someone asked what the Union would do if the Governor refused to
follow the provisions of 161. Musto replied that the Union might
bring a class action suit.
Someone else said that she had heard that the Governor or State
Budget Director was contemplating delaying pay checks one day per
month, thereby ending up paying everyone one paycheck less per
year than required, as well as having the money available longer for
investment and interest income.
Musto said he had had some discussion with Earl Anzai about that,
but that all the Unions pointed out the illegality of that move and
refused to accept it. Musto does not believe it is still being pursued
as an action.
January/February will be crunch time, Musto concluded, because the
Administration will have to act definitively somehow by then.
Co-Chair Ikeda thanked J. N. Musto and assured the Senate that once
a Financial Plan has been introduced, the Senate can and will go to
work. Before then, all we can do is prepare ourselves to be able to
move quickly and effectively.
A member of the Committee on Administration and Budget said that
the CAB believes that the Senate should work with the President to
develop criteria for the Financial Plan, and had sent a memo to the
SEC to that effect. What is happening with it?
Co-Chair Ikeda and Co-Chair Kay both replied that the President has
repeatedly assured us that he was following the Senate's stated (and
recently re-stated) priorities in creating the Financial Plan.
Several Senators continued to express their concern that we did not
have enough time to act if the BOR voted on a plan at their December
22 meeting. Is there any requirement for a first and second reading,
for example, that would give us time to review it?
Co-Chair Ikeda said he did not know whether there was such a legal
requirement or not, but Co-Chair Kay assured the questioners that
the plan was only to "floated" at the December meeting, and not
Someone from the Medical School said she believes the School is
being reviewed on Monday for possible elimination.
At this point, Senior Vice President Carol Eastman stepped forward to
reiterate the process and timetable set out on the "Tentative
Schedule of Meetings" now in the Senators' hands.
She assured the Senate that absolutely no decisions had been made,
nor had any discussions even been undertaken, by the BOR
concerning cutting any programs whatsoever. Certainly not the
Medical School or the Law School. Those which are being reviewed
for some possible action have already been publicly identified. These
are the ones for whom task forces or review committees have been
(or are being) formed and for which faculty members are being
sought. We will follow that same procedure for any other programs
which might be reviewed. Neither the Medical School, Law School, or
any other unit will be reviewed, much less eliminated, swiftly or in
secret, she insisted.
The original questioner said that was fine, but when both the
President and the Governor speak publicly about the possibility of
eliminating the Law School and/or the Medical School, everyone
needs to worry about what will actually happen.
SVP Eastman said that if the BOR agrees to pass the President's
retrenchment resolution, then the President will have that authority,
and will use it if necessary, and according to all proper and legal
procedures. But there is no guarantee he will use it. What is needed
is a Financial Plan so that the BOR can decide where and how to try
to raise or save money to bridge the previously discussed revenue
Co-Chair Ikeda also pointed out that even if the Governor should
advocate eliminating the Law School or Medical School, the President
has said he will not take such action just because the Governor thinks
it is a good idea. The President has said he "will not be led by
outside forces," Ikeda stated.
A Senator said that Mortimer had sat in her office and said that the
Law School might be privatized.
"When did he say that," Co-Chair Ikeda wanted to know (he was told
it was about a month ago, perhaps), because last Monday, the
President told the SEC that the Law School would not be privatized,
but might become more nearly "self-sustaining."
Another person asked SVP Eastman if the College of Tropical
Agriculture had been ordered by the Administration to cut programs
in order to save money, because the Dean had done so, under that
excuse, last week.
SVP Eastman replied that there was no such order, and could not be
because of the procedures, already well discussed today, that would
have to be followed before such a decision could possibly be made.
A Senator in the Business School wanted to know why more was not
being done to assess, and then explain, the financial value of the
University to the State.
After explaining that the UH Publicity Office has a staff only of 2 and
1/2 people, a person from that office said that in fact that is exactly
what the Law School is doing. She encouraged other programs to do
the same, and that her office would assist in any way possible.
OVPAA Tom Bopp rose to make several comments. He wanted to
assure everyone that nothing can happen until the BOR gets itself
together. There are so many new Regents that they have not yet
jelled into either a coherent whole or a set of factions. In addition,
the Sunshine Laws of the State make it illegal for two members of
the Regents even to get together for beer and talk over University
matters. So there have been no secret meetings, and won't be. The
one closed meeting, mentioned on the "Tentative Schedule of
Meetings," is for those matters which State law requires be kept
confidential (involving law suits, for example).
Bopp also said that he thought perhaps SVP Eastman had misspoken
when she used the term "retrenchment resolution"; that as far as he
knew, the President was not seeking such a resolution when he was
asking the BOR to pass a resolution "directing the President to do
whatever is necessary to sustain the vitality and viability of the
University of Hawaii."
Co-Chair Kay urged Senators to send her their responses to the memo
from SVP Imai concerning changes in mail and copying services on
Several people then asked whether the Senate was going to consider
the Budget Committee resolution which had been passed out.
Some discussion followed which indicated the draft was too weak
and otherwise flawed. Nor was there a quorum in the house. The
draft was therefore referred back to the SEC for further refinement
Co-Chair Ikeda adjourned the meeting at 4:48 PM