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Minutes & Agendas


University of Hawaii at Manoa Faculty Senate, March 31, 1999

Richardson School of Law, Classroom 2

38 senators were present:
Nell Altizer, Thomas Brislin, William Burgwinkle, Patricia Burrell, Kenneth Bushnell, Ross Christensen, Robert Cooney, James Cowen, John Cox, Thomas Craven, Donna Fukuda, Joel Hanna, John Hardman, Emily Hawkins, Manfred Henningsen, Nanette Judd, Kenneth Kipnis, William Lampe, Alexander Malahoff, Matthew McGranaghan, Christopher Measures, Charles Mueller, Gwen Naguwa, C.S. Papacostas, Mary Pateman, Karen Peacock, Alison Regan, Stanley Saiki, Thomas Schroeder, Virginia Tanji, Mary Tiles, Jane Tribble, Richard Varley, Randal Wada, Frank Walton, Eldon Wegner, Joel Weiner, David Yount

7 senators were excused:
Catherine Caveletto, Marilyn Dunlap, Judith Kellogg, David McClain, Janice Uchida, John Wendell, Dina Yoshimi

22 senators were absent:
Alton Arakaki, Barry Baker, Caroline Blanchard, Rahul Chattergy, Vergie Chattergy, Donna Ching, Robert Duesterhaus, Arnold Edelstein, Stephen Ferreira, Agnes Fok, Casey Jarman, Karl Kim, Takeo Kudo, Stacey Marlow, Gertraud Maskarinec, John Mount, Joseph O'Mealy, Donald Schmitt, Robert Valliant, Thomas Vogt, Roy Wilkens, Sylvia Yuen

5 administrators were present:
Thomas Bopp, Judith Inazu, Colleen Sathre, Dean Smith, William Wood

7 other people signed in:
Austin Dias, Linda Johnsrud, Susan Kreifels (Star-Bulletin), Vicki Rosser, Scott Thomas, Jim Tiles, and one undecipherable name.

Chair Alex Malahoff opened the meeting at 3:11 pm.

1. Minutes of the Faculty Senate Meeting of March 17, 1999, were amended by moving the names of Linda Johnsrud and Vicki Rosser from the list of "administrators who were present" to the list of "others who signed in." The minutes were then approved unanimously by voice vote.

2. Committee Reports

CAB - Committee on Administration and Budget

Tom Craven, Chair of CAB, discussed the University's status report on autonomy, which mentions five task forces CAB didn't know about. The status report is mandated by Act 115, and it is being prepared for the Legislature by Eugene Imai et al.

Mary Tiles said that one of the task forces, the Task Force on the Optional Retirement System, has completed its work, having received little or no input from the faculty. Act 115 gives the Board of Regents broad authority to set up an optional retirement system, but that system will not become subject to contract negotiation until after it has been put in place. Funding for the optional retirement system is also a problem since no money has been provided by the Legislature for this purpose. While academic employers typically contribute 10 percent of an employee's salary to retirement programs like TIAA and CREF, the University's contribution to our new optional retirement system is likely to be much less.

SEC - Senate Executive Committee

Chair Malahoff provided a context for three SEC resolutions by noting that they all reflect fundamental disagreements between the SEC and the University of Hawaii administration. The SEC has acted like a shadow cabinet, Malahoff noted, just as the Manoa Faculty Senate has traditionally acted like a shadow administration. In pursuing its shadow role, the SEC has had numerous opportunities that other senators have not had, such as the opportunity to meet regularly with President Mortimer and Senior Vice President Smith. The SEC has also met on an ad hoc basis with select deans and directors, departmental chairs, leaders of other senates and committees, faculty and students, and the press.

Before inviting SEC colleagues to respond, Chair Malahoff made the following points:

(1) The administration has lost its vision. It has no commitment to save the Manoa campus.

(2) There has been a precipitous decline, not only in Manoa's position count, physical facilities, and resource base, but also in faculty and student morale.

(3) The administration has not been a passionate advocate for Manoa.

No one in the administration speaks clearly and forcefully for Manoa.

(4) The best way to stimulate economic development in Hawaii is to invest more money in Manoa, the State's only research campus. The administration has failed to articulate this point effectively to the Governor, the Legislature, and the local community.

(5) We are on a path of death.

SEC member Ken Kipnis began his remarks with an apology. It became clear to him at the last Faculty Senate meeting, he said, that the SEC has failed to communicate to the rest of the Senate where we are in our thinking and what we need to do. He hoped we could remedy that problem today. What we are missing is advocacy, vision, and a plan that would allow us to make the best use of whatever resources we have left.

SEC member Bill Lampe said that the administration has been hiding from us how budgets are being cut and what damage is being done. Most people are unaware of how serious the University's problems are. For example, under the planned 4+4+4, we would be losing 50-100 faculty per year for the next three years. (See the Faculty Congress minutes of March 17, 1999, for Vice President Smith's explanation of 4+4+4.) SEC member David Yount agreed that the administration is facilitating the destruction of Manoa--the transformation of Manoa from a major research university into a minor state college. Yount is particularly concerned about changes in the organizational structure that have made the University administration increasingly top-heavy, hierarchical, dictatorial, and unresponsive to student and faculty needs.

SEC member Mary Tiles is appalled by the administration's lack of effort and its failure to act. It has failed to actively recruit students, and enrollments have fallen precipitously as a result. It has failed to repair and maintain facilities, and our overhead rate is now the lowest in the country, undermining our credibility as an institution capable of doing cutting-edge research. We are on a dangerous downward slope, a path of death. Due to the budget cuts, the light at the end of the tunnel has been turned off.

SEC member Eldon Wegner pointed to the administration's lack of vision and said that the current administrative structure is incapable of adjusting and adapting to address problems. Instead of building Manoa, the administration is diminishing it. Hawaii Pacific University has done well with no general funds at all because it thinks positively, seizes the initiative, and adapts quickly to rapidly changing situations. When its Asian enrollments began to decline, HPU responded aggressively by recruiting more students from Europe.

After his fellow SEC members had spoken, Chair Malahoff opened a general discussion. Pat Burrell inquired about the projected loss of 50 to 100 faculty per year, and Bill Lampe responded that the $5 million per year required by 4+4+4 would have to come out of faculty salaries since everything else has already been cut to the bone. Nell Altizer recalled that she had alerted the Senate to the impact of 4+4+4 two months ago, and she wondered why we hadn't acted sooner. Manfred Henningsen spoke against the resolutions and warned that we will not get out of this mess by going after an unimaginative president.

Bob Cooney said that the resolution we are really talking about--a resolution he would like to vote for--isn't here. What he is looking for is a resolution of no confidence in the University of Hawaii administration. Ken Kipnis asked if this body would like the SEC to draft a resolution of no confidence.

Chris Measures said that the resolutions before us don't do it and that a motion of censure would be more consistent with what we have all been saying. Bill Lampe suggested that the three SEC resolutions are testing the waters by calling on the administration to do something positive. The SEC is trying to determine where the Senate stands on these issues before proceeding further. Mary Tiles said we are trying to do some positive thinking.

We have been in a box of constraints, and we now understand that it's the box that's the problem.

(1) Resolution Rejecting the Fiscal Proposals of the Administration and Requesting Plans and Policies which Will Grow Campus Enrollments (Eldon Wegner)

Eldon Wegner introduced the attached resolution rejecting the fiscal proposals of the administration by pointing out that the faculty has taken the initiative and done its part to solve our enrollment problems by starting the Faculty Ambassadors Program, by creating the Task Force on the Undergraduate Experience, and by appointing a Committee to Revise the Manoa Core. What we haven't heard in response are alarm bells in the administration to raise enrollments. The spirit of this resolution is to get the administration moving.

Nell Altizer wondered why the resolution was silent about the three faculty who were lost to 4+4+4 in her department. Chair Malahoff asked Senator Altizer if she wanted to propose an amendment, but she declined.

Manfred Henningsen said that he supports the resolution in spirit but feels that it is window dressing that will hide the disastrous response of the faculty to the learning-community initiative. Jim Tiles replied that it was the administration that ruined the learning-community initiative. By failing to fan the flame, the administration effectively squelched the fire, Tiles said.

Vice President Dean Smith defended 4+4+4 and said that the Senate resolution would cut the heart out of his plan to move forward and aggressively address the University's budget crisis. The Faculty Ambassadors Program is one of the best investments we have made because the cost is so small. He is planning to use $400,000 of the money obtained from 4+4+4 to support learning communities.

The resolution rejecting the fiscal proposals of the administration passed by voice vote.

(2) Resolution on the School of Public Health (Mary Tiles)

Mary Tiles recalled that School of Public Health has been without a permanent dean since Jerrold Michael returned to a teaching position in 1992. Without a permanent dean, the School can no longer meet CEPH (Council on Education for Public Health) criteria for accreditation. This was pointed out by the 1996 CEPH accreditation team, which also found that the School had developed resource deficiencies, and placed it on probation for two years. By the time of the February 1999 site visit, the School had a net loss of 1 department, 2 specializations, and 10 tenure-track faculty. There was still no permanent dean, and no decision had yet been made by the University administration concerning the future of the School.

The School of Public Health is in imminent danger of losing its accreditation.

The decision may be days or weeks away. This crisis was engendered through a process of starvation, attrition, and neglect that extended over a period of seven years. Spokespersons for the School believe that its fate was decided six years ago when President Mortimer failed to negotiate with the candidate for permanent dean selected by the search committee. Mortimer subsequently failed to authorize a new search.

Meanwhile, the State's need for a robust School of Public Health has never been greater. This point has been underscored by the new Director of Health for the State of Hawaii, Dr. Bruce Anderson, who is an alumnus of the School. Dr. Anderson is currently developing a cooperative agreement between the School and the Department of Health to better serve the people of Hawaii.

Dr. William Wood, who is the third Interim Dean of Public Health since Jerry Michael stepped down, said that his School is on the leading edge of a wave that is sweeping over the Manoa campus. Public Health is one of the first schools, colleges, or programs to decline below the level of the resources, independence, and professional status required for accreditation, but it will not be the last. John Cox echoed Dr. Wood's stern warning when he noted that the School of Travel Industry Management has received similar treatment in recent years and will also soon cease to exist.

The attached resolution on the School of Public Health passed unanimously by voice vote.

(3) Resolution on Lower-Division Tuition Rates Throughout the University of Hawaii System (David Yount)

David Yount said that the attached resolution urging that freshman and sophomore tuition rates be essentially the same throughout the University of Hawaii system is about fairness and equity. Lower-division students at Manoa are currently paying about three times as much for the same courses and programs as lower-division students on other campuses, and that isn't fair or right.

Nell Altizer spoke against raising community college tuition. Ken Kipnis argued that our goal should be to organize ourselves to justify the three-times greater tuition we now charge. It isn't clear, Kipnis said, that lowering tuition will increase enrollments since Manoa goes after a different demographic segment than the community colleges. The Undergraduate Experience Committee is unanimously opposed to the resolution on lower-division tuition, Kipnis said, and he urged senators to vote against it.

Chris Measures showed a graph indicating an absolute relationship between enrollment and tuition and said it was disingenuous for the administration to pretend that it does now known why enrollments at Manoa are down. Matt McGranaghan said that education at Manoa is provided by a different faculty.

It's clear, he said, that President Mortimer's agenda is to shrink Manoa.

If we cut tuition, this will reduce revenue at Manoa and play into Mortimer's hands. Bill Lampe pointed out that the resolution calls attention to an inconsistency in administrative policy, which charges different rates for lower-division courses and programs, but says they are same on every campus.

Colleen Sathre, Vice President for Planning and Planning, said that it isn't true that the lower-division tuition rate at UH-Hilo is the same as that at the community colleges. Chris Measures responded to Sathre's statement by giving the actual numbers: $43 per credit hour for the community colleges, $59 per credit hour for lower-division students at UH-Hilo, and $126 per credit hour for UH-Manoa. Manoa's lower-division tuition rate is therefore 2.9 times the community college rate, but only 2.1 times the UH-Hilo lower-division rate.

The resolution on lower-division tuition was defeated by a vote of 6 in favor and 14 opposed.

UGE - Task Force on the Undergraduate Experience

Chair Ken Kipnis presented the attached resolution on undergraduate studies, which has been amended since the March 17 meeting so that it now calls for the appointment of a senior administrator for undergraduate studies, rather than a vice chancellor. Having discussed the resolution in detail at our last meeting, Kipnis chose to be brief on this occasion.

The UGE resolution passed with 18 voting in favor and 3 voting against.

3. Chair's Report

Chair Malahoff thanked Tom Craven, Eldon Wegner, Mary Tiles, David Yount, and Ken Kipnis for their presentations. He also thanked senators and members of the University of Hawaii administration for their patience in staying to the end of a long but productive meeting. Chair Malahoff ended his report by urging faculty to get out and recruit and to make this a friendlier place.

4. There being no additional business, the meeting adjourned at 5:23 pm.

Respectfully submitted,

David Yount