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Manoa Faculty Senate Minutes of September 15, 2004 (Revised & Approved)

Senators Present:
Aune, Baker, Bley-Vroman, Bopp, Bridges, Cannon, Caron, Chen, Chopey, Cohn, Cox, Dator, Dawson, DeMattos, Desser, Fryer, Fujimoto, Gibson, Grace, Hawkins, Herring, Hilgers, Inazu, Judd, Kazman, Kim, Kipnis, Liebert, Lorenzo, Lowry, Lu, Lukas, Magaard, Mark, McGranaghan, McKimmy, Moore, Mottl, Nielsen, Nunokawa, Ramsey, Richardson, Robinow, Ross, Rutter, Satsuma, Schroeder, Singh, Skouge, Speitel, Staff, Stodden, Teves, Tiles, Uchida, Valliant, Ward, Wilmeth, Yates, Yue

Senators Excused:
Haning, Kasuya, Nishida, Paull, Shiramizu, Warn-Cramer, Yuen, Zaleski

Senators Absent:
Aeby, Allen, Brown, Lee,CN, Lee,L, Lee,MT, Singleton, Yu

Others who signed in:
David McClain, Peter Englert, Neal Smatresk, Jim Gaines, Vassilis Syrmos, Jim Wingo, Frank Perkins, Jim Manke, Joanne Clark, Jean Imada, Rodney Sakaguchi, Jim Yates, Helen Sokugawa, Wendy Pearson, Myrtle Yamada, Lilikala Kame'eleihiwa, Jon Osorio, Mamo Kim, Sandy Davis

Chair Tom Schroeder opened the first meeting of the Manoa Faculty Senate during the 2004-2005 academic year at 3:08 PM by introducing the current members of the Manoa Faculty Senate Executive Committee (SEC): Vice Chair Tom Hilgers, SEC Secretary Tom Ramsey, members Robert Bley-Vroman, Roger Lukas, Janice Uchida, and the unworthy Senate scribe, your truly, somehow mistakenly not named "Tom".

1. Chair Schroeder then introduce Peter Englert, Chancellor the Manoa campus of the University of Hawaii who began by referring to a list of issues likely to occupy the attention of the Senate and campus community this academic year that had been compiled over the summer by Tom Schroeder and outgoing SEC chair Mary Tiles. He assured the Senate that either he, or Neal Smatresk, the new Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs, would always be present at our Senate meetings.

He pointed out that even though the University had experienced "a vibrant summer" and some concerns about a too-rapid enrollment increase, in fact most of the turmoil was at the System level, and on Manoa it was still basically business as usual which still means plenty of activity.

The Chancellor then referred briefly and affirmatively to the items on the Schroeder-Tiles list ( and said he wanted to add only a few issues:

First, he is going to appoint a taskforce to consider reform of the current liberal arts curriculum of the Manoa campus. He wants UHM to have a liberal arts curriculum so unique and special that it will attract undergraduate students locally and from around the nation and the world to come to UHM because of it.

Secondly, the Chancellor said that he intends to heighten the emphasis of UHM as a "Hawaiian place of learning" by reorganizing and strengthening the position of the current Kualii council, and by creating a School of Hawaiian Knowledge.

Third, he wants to see that UHM advances in research rankings nationally and strengthen sits international prominence by, for example, greater activity within the International Association of Universities.

2. Chair Schroeder thanked the Chancellor and then introduced David McClain, Acting President of the University of Hawaii system, who thanked the faculty for their excellence and reminded us that the University of Hawaii enrolled its first five students in the fall of 1908, four of whom graduated in 1912 when what is now Hawaii Hall (then Main Hall) was still under construction.

He then showed how the University transforms the lives of all people it touches by reciting the example of Amber Carlson, a student at Kapiolani Community College who is a native American from the mainland came to Hawaii wondering why the native Hawaiians were so concerned about events in the past. While interacting with Hawaiian groups in Paololo as part of her coursework at KCC she understood the importance of what had been lost and the necessity of reclaiming it.

President McClain said we similarly touch the lives of 80,000 students in many different ways each year.

But to do the job before us, we clearly need additional resources: we can get by "with a little help from our friends", he intoned, selectively choosing from the lyrics of a song popular in his pre-presidential years. The President reminded us that in the 1980s, during the presidency of Albert Simone, UH received a higher percentage of public funds than did most other universities. Now we are below average. His goal is to have the Legislature return to the previous level of support so that UHM can address priority areas including native Hawaiian issues, infrastructure, and such critical areas as funding our Title IX obligations. Enrollment has been consistently rising in recent years with no increase in state resources, and UH represents 3% of the Gross State Product--a sizeable contribution.

Of course we have other sources of funding, the President reminded us, and the University is aggressively pursuing them. They include tuition, research funds, and monies obtained through the UH Foundation. Money will be expended on a building for Hawaiian language studies in Hilo, and for dormitories at UHM--the youngest of which are 35 years old. The University is also seeking greater federal aid funds, and will need to reformulate the way tuition waivers are given, now that money from tuition goes directly into the UH, and not back into State General Funds as before. Student financial aid should come first from federal funds, then State, and only then from UH sources, in principle.

Whether we increase our tuition depends on whether the Legislature funds us as requested or not. If it does, then there need be no increase. If it does not, then we may have to. At the present time, about 45% of UH funding comes from the Legislature and 10-12% from tuition.

The President ended by saying he will do his best to respond promptly to any emails he gets from the Faculty: (

3. Chair Schroeder introduced Vassilis Syrmos, Senior Advisor to the Vice Chancellor on Research and Graduate Education who presented the major matter for discussion today which was initial conversations about UH becoming a University Applied Research Center (UARC), in the series of such university centers under the US Department of Defense. The University could expect to receive about $50 million in research funds over an initial five-year period. Syrmos listed the other eleven centers in the network, and explained that UH has core competencies in four areas of special interest to the Navy:

Basic and applied research in the areas of ocean environmental effects and the interaction of natural and man made underwater noise sources on marine life, mammals and Naval experiments.

Astronomical research utilizing existing unique facilities and giant telescopes and development of world-class state-of-the-art optics and sensors for defense applications. This research has been applied to advanced satellite tracking systems, and development of adaptive optics.

Advanced electro optical systems, detectors, arrays and instrumentation. This competency had been applied to virtually all the astronomical research as well as other electro-optic devices including lidar and laser technologies. Fundamental research and applied engineering supporting improvements in the utilization of various regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, advancements in communications, networks and protocols, C4I systems hardware and signal processing.

Syrmos pointed out that he expected the funding to go for basic research (so called 6-1 and 6-2 areas) and not for applied research (6-3 through 6-5).

Syrmos' report provoked considerable discussion. The first to speak was Lilikala Kame'eleihiwa who asked how this presentation relates to what we had heard about the University being a "special Hawaiian place of learning". The life of Hawaii began in the ocean and extends to all the lands including the top of Mauna Kea, the home of the Gods. Yet we are being encouraged to link with the greatest killing machine in the world just to get $50 million. "This is shocking to me," she said. We already have nuclear submarines leaking toxic waste into Pearl Harbor, once the source of abundant fish that are now entirely gone. "I cannot say this is a good way to get money," she concluded.

Another person wanted to know to what extent this project was dependent on Senate approval.

Chancellor Englert replied that he will consult widely, think carefully. and then decide.

Another person wanted to know how much of the research would be classified. Syrmos said he could not be sure, but based on what other labs do, it might be 10-15%.

Can we know what the percent will be before we accept the contract? "No" Syrmos replied.

Roger Lukas then pointed out that the research being undertaken would not be solely for military purposes. It was for dual use. Most of the technologies we all use now came from such dual use research. The research is neutral. It is how it is used that is important.

Someone then asked if it would be possible to write the contract between UH and the DoD specifically to include local concerns.

Jim Gaines, Vice President for Research and Graduate Education, replied that it was not. But he pointed out that while there is no specific BoR policy about classified research, the UHM Faculty Senate has twice in the past issued statements opposing classified research being done on the UHM campus. He said he expected the agreement between the DoD and UHM to state that no classified research could be done on the UHM campus. At the present time, four members of the UHM faculty are engaged in classified research, but none of them do it on the UHM campus. Moreover, the Chancellor must specifically approve any kind of classified research, and can forbid it even if a faculty member is willing to engage in it.

VPRGE Gaines then replied, in response to another question, that if a UARC is established, it will not be located on the UHM campus.

Someone rose to assure Kame'eleihiwa that she was not alone. A lot of unclassified research is not done for peaceful purposes. The US military has had an interest in Hawaii from the very beginning, and thus we are very vulnerable to attack because of the large military presence here. Engaging in more direct military research just makes us more vulnerable. Research is fine, but we should get our priorities straight.

But someone else wanted to know "what's the big deal?" We have been doing this kind of research for a long time. What's new here?

Jill Nunokawa replied that just because we have done it before and may be doing it now doesn't mean we should continue doing so. That is not a responsible response. We should review and carefully discuss this.

Someone else pointed out that all federally funded research is in jeopardy because of the fiscal restraints of the US government. We should think carefully before we turn this down. And if we don't do it, others will.

Kame'eleihiwa spoke again, reminding everyone that while many in the audience had only been in Hawaii for a few years, and others for a few generations, she and other Hawaiians had lived here for a hundred generations, and intend to live here forever. So we must resist this action. "Not in my name" will this action go forward, she maintained.

Chancellor Englert thanked the Senate for the input so far, and said that this was just the beginning of a long and careful series of discussions on the matter.

Chair Schroeder reiterated that this would be carefully reviewed by Senate committees and the Senate as a whole.

4. Schroeder then called for the approval of the MFS minutes of May 5, 2004. They were approved unanimously as submitted.

5. Next was the Chair's Report, which had already been distributed to the Senate via email and on the Senate website.

"It was a quiet summer", Schroeder said facetiously. He reminded the Senate that over the summer recess, the members of the SEC for the previous year join with the members of the SEC for the coming year to provide continuing faculty guidance and oversight when most of the members of the Senate are absent.

A report SEC activities over the summer can be found at (

One new and very positive development Schroeder noted is with the UHM budget process. In an attempt to make more of that process transparent, budget material can now be found on the UHM Chancellor's website:

Schroeder invited VCAA Neal Smatresk to give an update on the WASC accrediting situation. Smatresk began by saying how pleased he was to be a member of the UHM community. He congratulated the Senator on their hard work, and pledged to work as hard in return.

Both the 2003 and 2004 WASC reports are on the campus website and all Senators should read them. There will be a special visit from the WASC in October 2005. The Office of the VCAA is preparing for it, and Smatresk requested all Senators to contribute to the process.

Someone then asked about the Security Task Force that had been established last year.

Chancellor Englert said that he is waiting for reports from both the Security Task Force and the Entrepreneurial Education Task Force. Chair Schroeder mentioned there was a rash of incidents of arson over the summer, and the fact that the SEC had talked with the head of campus security about that, and about security in general.

6. Senate Parliamentarian Robert Bley-Vroman brought before the Senate a procedural suggestion for streamlining certain aspects of the Senate's business that are in accordance with Robert's Rules of Order, that the Senate follows. Bley-Vroman prefaced his report by pointing out that his mother had been parliamentarian of the local chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution (which seemed like a startling confession in and of itself) when he was five years old. She had told that august group that as far as she was concerned, Robert's rules were two stories at bedtime.

After the groans from the audience had subsided, Bley-Vroman suggested that when a matter seems uncontentious, the Senate, under Robert's Rules of Order, can first attempt to take action by "general consent". That is, the chair will ask if there is any objection to the proposed action, and if there is none, then the chair will announce that it is approved. It is anticipated that this will be useful when the "previous question" has been moved and it seems clear to the chair that people are generally willing to end debate. In this case, the chair will simply ascertain whether there is any objection to ending debate, and it there is none, will we will go on to vote on the matter at hand, without taking a formal vote on whether to end debate.

7. Chair Schroeder brought before the Senate the only business of the day, an action necessitated by the fact that it was highly desirable to replace a faculty member who had just resigned from a Gen Ed committee. Since all members of these committees are chosen by the Faculty Senate, the normal procedure is for the Committee on Faculty Service to search for and then recommend a person to the SEC which then brings the name to the Senate for approval. During the summer, the choice is made by the expanded SEC alone, and several committee replacements were chosen this way this summer. However, a person has just resigned from the committee and it is highly desirable that a new member be appointed now.

Daphne Desser, chair of the Committee on Faculty Service, recommended Lucy Lower, who has agreed to serve. She was unanimously approved by the Senate.

8. The next meeting of the Senate will follow the Faculty Congress meeting of October 20, and will be held in the Architecture Auditorium. Thereafter, all meetings will be held in the usual Law School location.

Chair Schroeder adjourned the meeting at 4:35 PM

Humbly submitted

Jim Dator

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