Center for Labor Education & Research
University of Hawai‘i - West O‘ahu

91-1000 Farrington Highway, Kapolei, HI 96707
(808) 689-2760 - FAX (808) 689-2761
E-Mail: clear@hawaii.edu;

Union Density in the U.S.: 2018

          Union Members     Represented by Unions  
State total K percent total K percent
Union Members Summary by Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)

BLS estimates for the 2017 and 2018 - alpha by state

Hawaiʻi 139 23.1 146 24.3
New York 1,872 22.3 2,027 24.1
Washington 649 19.8 671 20.5
Alaska 55 18.5 60 20.5
Rhode Island 83 17.4 89 18.5
Connecticut 268 16.0 280 16.7
New Jersey 587 14.9 639 16.2
Minnesota 395 15.0 421 16.0
California 2,405 14.7 2,587 15.8
Nevada* 191 13.9 216 15.7
Michigan* 625 14.5 663 15.4
Maine 74 12.9 85 14.8
Oregon 242 13.9 256 14.7
Illinois 786 13.8 839 14.7
Massachusetts 464 13.7 493 14.5
Ohio 639 12.6 722 14.3
Montana 50 11.8 60 14.0
Pennsylvania 701 12.6 748 13.4
Maryland 307 11.0 336 12.1
Colorado 281 11.0 307 12.0
U.S. Average   14,700    10.5   16,448    11.9
Vermont 31 10.5 34 11.6
New Hampshire 68 10.2 77 11.6
District of Columbia 35 9.9 41 11.6
Kentucky* 161 8.9 207 11.4
Delaware 45 10.3 47 10.8
West Virginia* 68 10.0 74 10.8
Missouri* 251 9.4 283 10.5
Alabama* 180 9.2 196 10.1
Kansas* 90 7.0 129 10.1
Indiana* 269 8.8 283 9.3
Iowa* 113 7.7 129 8.8
Wisconsin* 219 8.1 233 8.6
New Mexico 56 6.8 67 8.0
Nebraska* 59 6.6 71 8.0
Wyoming* 15 6.5 18 7.7
Oklahoma* 90 5.7 117 7.4
South Dakota* 22 5.6 28 7.1
Mississippi* 58 5.1 80 7.1
Florida* 484 5.6 588 6.8
North Dakota* 18 5.2 23 6.7
Arizona* 156 5.3 191 6.5
Tennessee* 155 5.5 179 6.4
Louisiana* 89 5.0 104 5.8
Utah* 56 4.1 76 5.7
Idaho* 35 4.7 41 5.6
Georgia* 201 4.5 249 5.6
Virginia* 168 4.3 213 5.5
Texas* 512 4.3 653 5.4
Arkansas* 56 4.8 62 5.3
North Carolina* 118 2.7 174 4.0
South Carolina* 55 2.7 72 3.9

* Right-to-Work States in 2018

  Previous year estimates as posted:  


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