I. PROGRAM INFORMATION
The concept of Southeast Asia as a region began during
the World War II. It is a strategic definition that is
still used by the region's leaders in the Association
of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). This strategic area
was conceived as extending from eastern India and southwestern
China to the northern shore of Australia, then along the
eastern face of the Philippines. Included in the region
are the nations of Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, East Timor,
Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines [see separate
policy for the Philippines], Singapore, Thailand, and
Vietnam. This strategic definition is still used by the
region's leaders in the Association of Southeast Asian
1962 the United States Congress established an education
and research institution called the East-West Center.
Its main goals are to promote understanding of nations
in the Asia Pacific, and to strengthen the United States
relations with nations in the region. The pioneer of the
Southeast Asia Collection is Dr. G. Raymond Nunn, who
was also the first director of the center. In order to
support the education and research activities in the center
he felt there was a need to collect materials from and
about the Asia Pacific. He started the Southeast Asia
collection by systematically sending a staff member on
an extensive acquisitions trip to the Philippines, Indonesia,
Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand and Laos with instructions
to obtain anything and everything available. Examples
of early purchases were the fifty-five volume The Philippine
Islands, 1493-1803, edited by Emma Blair and James A.
Robertson and issued between 1903-1909, and the first
encyclopedia of Indonesia called Ensiklopedia Indonesia,
printed between 1954-57.
these early purchases of several hundred volumes was added
material received from the Library of Congress PL480 program.
Beginning in 1962, the Library of Congress bought for
itself, and participating institutions, materials published
in Indonesia. In 1965, the similar National Program of
Acquisition and Cataloging (NPAC) replaced the PL480 program
since it also included the countries of Malaysia, Singapore,
and Brunei. Today, the program (PL480 that later became NPAC) is known as Overseas Operations (OvOp), and it has
recently included the nations of Thailand, Vietnam, Laos
and Cambodia. The OvOp materials from Southeast Asia (except
the ones from Myanmar, which are received from the New
Delhi) are received from the LC regional office in Jakarta.
bulk of the collection is from or about Indonesia,
Malaysia, and Singapore, with substantial holdings from or
about Thailand, and Vietnam. The holdings of publications
from and about Burma, Cambodia and Laos, have been
developed exponentially due mainly to their inclusions in
the LC Overseas program.
Southeast Asia collection supports the interdisciplinary
Asian Studies Program, and those disciplines and professional
programs with an Asian focus: agriculture, anthropology,
art, business, economics, geography, history, Indo-Pacific
languages and literature, linguistics, music, philosophy,
political science, public health, religion, sociology,
and theater and dance. It also supports the School of
Business Administration's Pacific and Asian Management
Institute (PAMI), the scholars at the East-West Center,
and researchers from the community at large, especially
those from business and law. Unintentionally, the
Southeast Asia collection also provides recreational
reading for its university clients and the community
through its acquisition of current imprints in the
vernacular languages of the area.
Asian Studies Program grants the BA and MA. The PhD degree
with a focus on Asia can be earned in several humanities
and social sciences departments. Currently there are 50
faculty members teaching 154 courses pertaining to Southeast
Asia and representing 20 departments.
COORDINATION OF COLLECTING RESPONSIBILITIES
imprints from Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia,
and Singapore have been received since 1962 through the
Library of Congress National Program of Acquisition and
Cataloging (NPAC); in 1990 the NPAC - now called OvOp
- plan was expanded to include Thailand, and in 2000 it
was once again expanded to include Cambodia, Laos and
published outside the Southeast Asian countries are mostly
acquired through the gathering plans with Blackwell as
well from other vendors.
GUIDELINES TO MATERIALS COLLECTED OR EXCLUDED
No limitations. The collection is especially strong in
the languages and dialects of the eleven countries that
make up Southeast Asia. Publications in Arabic, Chinese,
Dutch, English, French, German, and Tamil are also acquired.
The collection is limited to the eleven countries of Brunei
Darussalam, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia,
Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
of Publication: No limitations, but the emphasis is on
of Materials Collected: No limitation, but decisions are
made based on the nature and content of publications.
In general, textbooks and juvenile materials are excluded,
but occasionally they are strictly selected for language
IV. SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS
a participant in NPAC, the University of Hawaii at Manoa
has assumed responsibility for housing local government
publications from the east Indonesian provinces of Papua
(formerly known as Irian Jaya), Nusa Tenggara Timur, Nusa
Tenggara Barat, and Maluku.
V. ADDITIONAL OR SUPPLEMENTAL
Asia is a large area; it includes eleven different countries
with eleven different national languages with numerous
dialects and sub-cultures. In addition, the eleven nations
that presently make up Southeast Asia have been occupied
by the nations and cultures of China, Japan, France, Great
Britain, Spain, Portugal, the Netherlands and the United
States. All have left their imprint on the indigenous
language, culture, and history of the region. Retrospective
material on the area was issued in all of those western
languages, and current research on the area is written
in French, Dutch, German and English. Access to Southeast
Asian materials beyond the most minimal level of information,
requires knowledge of a variety of western and Southeast
Asian languages and cultures.
11/14/2001 Revised by: Rohayati Paseng Barnard