Atmospheric Sciences Seminar

September 8, 3:30pm - 5:00pm
Mānoa Campus, Virtual Meeting

Recent progress in the ENSO forecasts using deep learning

Professor Yoo-Geun Ham
Department of Oceanography
Chonnam National University, South Korea

You are invited to our weekly online Atmospheric Sciences Fall 2021 seminars via Zoom meeting.
When: September 8, 2021 at 3:15PM HST
Meeting admission: 3:15PM HST

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As a security precaution, unmuting microphones, starting video, screen share, and using the 'chat' feature will be disabled for those attending the seminar, except for ATMO faculty. If you would like to say something, please use the 'raise hand' feature. The host or a co-host can then enable you to unmute your microphone.

In line with the recent efforts that adopt advanced deep learning algorithms for the ENSO forecasts, we applied the ConvLSTM to setup a statistical model particularly for the ENSO forecasts shorter than 6-month lead. Among the four model groups (i.e., ConvLSTM, Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), SINTEX-F dynamical model, and dynamical models included in the IRI forecasts), the ConvLSTM was the only model that successfully predicted the initiation of the La Niña during 2020/21. The abrupt decrease in the heat content anomalies over the equatorial Pacific during the boreal spring of 2020 was successfully recognized as the distinct developing signal of the La Niña by the time sequencing algorithm in the ConvLSTM.

In addition, a CNN-based ENSO model was upgraded to account for the seasonality associated with the ENSO. The correlation skill of the Nino3.4 index in the upgraded model (i.e., All-season CNN model) was particularly improved for forecasts of the boreal spring, which is the most challenging season to predict. Moreover, activation map values indicated a clear time evolution with increasing forecast lead time. This reveals that the comprehensive role of various climate precursors of ENSO events that act differently over time, thus indicating the potential of the All-season CNN model as a diagnostic tool.

Event Sponsor
SOEST Atmospheric Sciences, Mānoa Campus

More Information
808-956-8775, SEE FLYER (PDF)

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