EECB Evoluncheon Series

Fridays 11:30 to 12:30

Gilmore 306

(virtual for Fall semester 2021)

27 Faculty meeting
Fall semester 2021



Student meeting



Dr. Floyd Reed

School of Natural Sciences

Genetic engineering and conservation biology - an informal discussion


NSF GRFP workshop


Student chalk talk workshop


Dr. Mark Hixon

School of Life Sciences

Chalk talk - How large a territory should an animal defend?


Caitlin Shishido, Narissa Brown, Ryan Pe'a, Valery Menard


Applying for a Federal Job: USAJobs and Federal Resume


Emilie Richards

UC Berkeley

I get by with a little help from my friends: the role of hybridization in a rare radiation of Caribbean pupfish


Dr. Jeremy Yoder

California State University, Northridge

With or without you? Species interactions and the origins of biodiversity


Dr. Ana Maria Bedoya

Louisiana State University

Andean uplift, drainage basin formation and the evolution of aquatic plants in rivers in northern South America: what have we learned from getting our feet wet?


Dr. Elizabeth Hobson

University of Cincinnati

Dominance hierarchies, fight decisions and social support as windows into animal social cognition


Veronica Gibson

School of Life Sciences

Integrated response in photosynthesis and tissue water potential by four macroalgal species, Gracilaria salicornia, Hydropuntia perplexa, Acanthophora spicifera, and Laurencia majuscula to conditions of submarine groundwater discharge at Wailupe, O‘ahu



26 No Evoluncheon - Day after Thanksgiving


Maria Costantini

School of Life Sciences

Title forthcoming


Sara Gabrielson

Northern Arizona University

DNA metabarcoding identifies diet composition of invasive rodents on O‘ahu, Hawai‘i



eecb tee shirts for sale


EECB Tee Shirts Available


Contact Bob Thomson (


Welcome to EECB

The EECB graduate specialization at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa is an interdisciplinary program promoting integration among the traditionally separate disciplines that come together synergistically under the umbrella of Ecology, Evolution and Conservation Biology. Participation in the program is available to students enrolled in the affiliated graduate programs. The program draws on the resources of approximately 50 faculty with research skills in many specialized areas, from various programs in the College of Natural Sciences, the College of Social Sciences, the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, the School of Medicine, and the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, as well as from the University of Hawaii at Hilo and affiliate faculty from other agencies.

hibiscus kam butterfly tree snail humu fish turtle nene bird
Orville Baldos EECB logo creator EECB Logo, the story...

Please send news items to Rob Cowie (, especially new publications for the list below)


Back by popular demand!

Spring 2022 – ZOOL 691B Seminar: General Zoology


1 credit, M 11:30-12:20, on-line, CRN 84761 (does not fulfill EECB requirements)


Please welcome new EECB student joining the program in fall 2021:
Geography—Kira Webster


The 2021-2022 graduate student representatives: Helen Sung (Zoology) is going to continue on (thanks Helen!) and will be joined by Ana Flores (Botany).


EECB Fellowships 2021

The following graduate students were awarded EECB fellowships:

Maybelle Roth Fellowship - Maria Costantini, Manya Singh

Watson T. Yoshimoto Fellowship - Paolo Marra-Biggs, Helen Sung

Hampton & Meredith Carson Fellowship - Valentina Alvarez

Latest News from EECB

EECB Book Clubs


If you are interested in an EECB book club please access this Google doc to add titles and list your interest in joining. All, including faculty and staff, are very welcome to join.


Scientific writing, publishing and reviewing—a guide for students


As a follow-up to the 30 October 2015 Evoluncheon (Drs. Mark Hixon and Rob Toonen), a link is provided here to Mark's extremely useful 2004 co-authored paper "Scientific writing, publishing and reviewing—a guide for students" published in the Ecological Society of America Bulletin. And here is a link to former EECB faculty member Dr. Chris Lepczyk's 2011 paper "A beginner's guide to reviewing manuscripts in ecology and conservation" published in Ideas in Ecology and Evolution.


A selection of new publications by EECB faculty and students in 2021
(including research by former students while in EECB)


Barley, A., Reeder, T.W., Nieto Montes de Oca, A., Cole, C.J. & Thomson, R.C. in press. A new diploid parthenogenetic whiptail lizard from Sonora, Mexico is the ‘missing link’in the evolutionary transition to polyploidy. The American Naturalist. DOI: 10.1086/715056


Barton, K.E., Westerband, A., Ostertag, R., Stacy, E., Winter, K., Drake, D.R., Fortini, L.B., Litton, C.M., Cordell, S., Krushelnycky, P., Kawelo, K., Feliciano, K., Bennett, G. & Knight, T. 2021. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 52: 125631.


Birkeland, C., Green, A., Lawrence, A., Coward, G., Vaeoso, M. & Fenner, D. 2021. Different resiliencies in coral communities over ecological and geological time scales in American Samoa. Marine Ecology Progress Series 673: 55-68.


Christensen, C.C., Cowie, R.H., Yeung, N.W. & Hayes, K.A. 2021. Biological control of pest non-marine molluscs: a Pacific perspective on risks to non-target organisms. Insects 12: 583.


Cole, R.C., Soper, F.M., Litton, C.M., Knauf, A.E., Sparks, K., Gerow, K.G., Giardina, C.P. & Sparks, J.P. 2021. Restoration benefits of soil nutrient manipulation and weeding in invaded dry and wet tropical ecosystems in Hawaiʻi. Restoration Ecology e13390. On-line early.


Costantini, M.S., Medeiros, M.C.I., Crampton, L.H. & Reed, F.A. 2021. Wild gut microbiomes reveal individuals, species, and location as drivers of variation in two critically endangered Hawaiian honeycreepers. PeerJ 9: e12291


Cowie, R.H. (Editor) 2021. Newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Mollusc Specialist Group. 61 p.


Cowie, R.H. 2021. Evolution, extinction and conservation of native Pacific island land snails. In: Imperiled: the Encyclopedia of Conservation. Elsevier. On-line early. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-821139-7.00023-4


Davies, S.J. ... Litton, C.M. et al. 2021. Understanding forest diversity and dynamics through a global observatory network. Biological Conservation 253: 108907.


Doherty S.C, Maas A.E, Steinberg D.K., Popp B.N. & Close H.G. 2021. Distinguishing zooplankton fecal pellets as a component of the biological pump using compound-specific isotope analysis of amino acids. Limnology and Oceanography On-line early. doi: 10.1002/lno.11793.


Doorenweerd, C., Austin, K.A. & Rubinoff, D. 2021. First confirmed record of leaf mining in the fruitworm moths (Carposinidae): a new species feeding on an endemic Hawaiian Clermontia (Campanulaceae). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 53: 11-19.


Drake, D.R. & McConkey, K.R. 2021. Novel diplochory: native bats and alien rats combine to disperse seeds of a tropical tree. Acta Oecologica 111: 103719.


Dudoit, C.A., Santos, M.E.A., Reimer, J.D. & Toonen, R.J. 2021. Phylogenomics of Palythoa (Hexacorallia: Zoantharia): probing species boundaries in a globally distributed genus. Coral Reefs. On-line early. DOI: 10.1007/s00338-021-02128-4.


Egan, C.P., Koko, J.H., Muir, C.D., Zahn, G., Swift, S.O.I., Amend, A.S. & Hynson, N.A. 2021. Restoration of the mycobiome of the endangered Hawaiian mint Phyllostegia kaalaensis increases its resistance to a common powdery mildew. Fungal Ecology. doi: 10.1016/j.funeco.2021.101070.


Emami-Khoyi, A., Knapp, I.S.S , Monsanto, D.M., van Vuuren, B.J., Toonen, R.J. & Teske, P.R. 2021. Genomic divergence and differential gene expression between crustacean ecotypes across a marine thermal gradient. Marine Genomics On-line early doi: 10.1016/j.margen.2021.100847.


Ennen, J., Agha, M., Hazzard, S., Matamoros, W., Lovich, J., Rhodin, A., Iverson, J., Thomson, R.C., Shaffer, H.B. & Hoagstrom, C. 2021. A watershed moment: focusing in on sub-basins to focus the geography of turtle conservation across the globe. Biological Conservation 253: 108925


Fernández-Palacios, J.M., Kreft, H., Irl, S.D.H., Norder, S., Ah-Peng, C., Borges, P.A.V., Burns, K.C., de Nascimiento, L., Meyer, J.-Y., Montes, E. & Drake, D.R. 2021. Scientists’ warning—The outstanding biodiversity of islands is in peril. Global Ecology and Conservation 31: e01847.


Fortin, J., Bartlett, B., Kantar, M.B., Tseng, M. & Mehrabi, Z. 2021. Digital technology helps remove gender bias in academia. Scientometrics 126: 4073-4081.


Friedlander, A.M., Ballesteros, E., Goodell, W., Hüne, M., Muñoz, A., Salinas-de-León, P., Velasco-Charpentier, C. & Sala, E. 2021. Marine communities of the newly created Kawésqar National Reserve, Chile: from glaciers to the Pacific Ocean. PloS ONE 16(4): e0249413.


Friedlander, A.M. & Gaymer, C.F. 2021. Progress, opportunities and challenges for marine conservation in the Pacific Islands. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 31(2): 221-231.


Friedlander, A.M., Goodell, W., Giddens, J., Easton, E.E. & Wagner, D. 2021. Deep-sea biodiversity at the extremes of the Salas y Gómez and Nazca ridges with implications for conservation. PloS ONE 16(6): e0253213.


Gerlach, J. ... Cowie, R.H. ... & Yeung, N.W. 2021. Negative impacts of the invasive predators Euglandinarosea’ (Mollusca: Spiraxidae) and Platydemus manokwari (Platyhelminthes: Geoplanidae) when used as biological control agents against the pest snail Lisschatina fulica (Mollusca: Achatinidae). Biological Invasions 23(4): 997-1031.


Grottoli, A.G., Toonen, R.J., van Woesik, R., Vega Thurber, R., Warner, M.E., McLachlan, R.H., Price, J.T., Bahr, K.D., Baums, I.B., Castillo, K.D. & Coffroth, M.A. 2021. Increasing comparability among coral bleaching experiments. Ecological Applications 31(4): e02262. doi: 10.1002/eap.2262.


Harrington, S.M., Wishingrad, V. & Thomson, R.C. 2021. Properties of Markov Chain Monte Carlo performance across many empirical alignments. Molecular Biology and Evolution 38: 1627-1640


Heyduk, K. 2021. The genetic control of succulent leaf development. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 59: 101978. 10.1016/j.pbi.2020.11.003.


Heyduk, K, McAssey, E.V., Grimwood, J., Shu, S., Schmutz, J., McKain, M.R. & Leebens-Mack, J. 2021. Hybridization history and repetitive element content in the genome of a homoploid hybrid, Yucca gloriosa (Asparagaceae). Frontiers in Plant Science 10.3389/fpls.2020.573767.


Hime, P.M., Lemmon, A.R., Lemmon, E.C.M., Prendini, E., Brown, J.M., Thomson, R.C., et al. (2021). Phylogenomics reveals ancient gene tree discordance in the amphibian tree of life. Systematic biology 70(1): 49-66.


Hübner, S. & Kantar, M.B. 2021. Tapping diversity from the wild: from sampling to implementation. Frontiers in Plant Science 27.


Jacobs, K.P., Hunter, C.L., Forsman, Z.H., Pollock, A.L., Rocha de Souza, M. & Toonen, R.J. 2021. A phylogenomic examination of Palmyra Atoll’s corallimorpharian invader. Coral Reefs. On-line early. doi: 10.1007/s00338-021-02143-5.


Kealiikanakaoleohaililani, K., Sato, A.Y., Giardina, C.P., Litton, C.M., Ramavarapu, S., Hutchins, L., Wight, E.H., Clark, M., Cordell, S., Francisco, K.S., McMillen, H., Pascua, P.A. & Yogi, D. 2020. Increasing conservation capacity by embracing ritual: kuahu as a portal to the sacred. Pacific Conservation Biology. On-line early.


Knauf, A., Litton, C.M., Cole, R.J., Sparks, J.P., Giardina, C.P., Gerow, K.G. & Quiñones- Santiago, M. 2021. Nutrient use strategy and not direct competition determines native and invasive species response to changes in soil nutrient availability. Restoration Ecology e13374: On-line early.


Lyu, M., Giardina, C.P. & Litton, C.M. 2021. Interannual variation in rainfall modulates temperature sensitivity of carbon allocation and flux in a tropical montane wet forest. Global Change Biology: On-line early.


Maaz, T.M., Sapkota, T.B., Eagle, A.J., Kantar, M.B., Bruulsema, T.W. & Majumdar, K. 2021. Meta‐analysis of yield and nitrous oxide outcomes for nitrogen management in agriculture. Global Change Biology 27(11): 2343-2360.


McLachlan, R.H., Price, J.T., Muñoz-Garcia, A., Weisleder, N.L., Jury, C.P., Toonen, R.J. & Grottoli, A.G., 2021. Environmental gradients drive physiological variation in Hawaiian corals. Coral Reefs. On-line early. DOI: 10.1007/s00338-021-02140-8.


Morales, N.A., Heidemeyer, M., Bauer, R., Hernández, S., Acuña, E., van Gennip, S.J., Friedlander, A.M. & Gaymer, C.F., 2021. Residential movements of top predators in Chile’s most isolated marine protected area: implications for the conservation of the Galapagos shark, Carcharhinus galapagensis, and the yellowtail amberjack, Seriola lalandi. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 31(2): 340-355.


Muller-Karanassos, C., Filous, A., Friedlander, A.M., Cuetos-Bueno, J., Gouezo, M., Lindfield, S.J., Nestor, V., Marino, L.L., Mereb, G., Olsudong, D. & Golbuu, Y. 2021. Effects of habitat, fishing, and fisheries management on reef fish populations in Palau. Fisheries Research 241: 105996.


Nalley, E.M., Donahue, M.J. & Toonen, R.J. 2021. Metabarcoding as a tool to examine cryptic algae in the diets of two common grazing surgeonfishes, Acanthurus triostegus and A. nigrofuscus. Environmental DNA. On-line early. doi: 10.1002/edn3.206.


Nalley, E.M., Donahue, M.J., Heenan, A. and Toonen, R.J. 2021. Quantifying the diet diversity of herbivorous coral reef fishes using systematic review and DNA metabarcoding. Environmental DNA. Online Early. doi: 10.1002/edn3.247.


Price, J.T., McLachlan, R.H., Jury, C.P., Toonen, R.J. & Grottoli, A.G. 2021. Isotopic approaches to estimating the contribution of heterotrophic sources to Hawaiian corals. Limnology & Oceanography. 66(6): 2393-2407.


Price, J.T., McLachlan, R.H., Jury, C.P., Toonen, R.J., Wilkins, M.J. & Grottoli, A.G. 2021. Effect of species, provenance, and coral physiology on the composition of Hawaiian coral-associated microbial communities. Coral Reefs. On-line early. doi: 10.1007/s00338-021-02164-0.


Price, M.R., Hadfield, M.G., Knapp, I.S., Toonen, R.J. & Forsman, Z.H. 2021. Evolutionary genomics of endangered Hawaiian tree snails (Achatinellidae: Achatinellinae) for conservation of adaptive capacity. PeerJ 9: e10993.


Rollins, R.L., Cowie, R.H., Echaluse, M.V. & Medeiros, M.C.I. 2021. Host snail species exhibit differential Angiostrongylus cantonensis prevalence and infection intensity across an environmental gradient. Acta Tropica 216: 105824.


Romero-Romero S., Miller E., Black J., Popp B.N. & Drazen J.C. 2021. Deposit feeders as secondary consumers in the abyssal food web: what is the role of gut microbes? Scientific Reports 11: 12594.


Sajan, S., Tripathy, B. & Cowie, R.H. 2021. Laevicaulis Simroth, 1913 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Systellomatophora, Veronicellidae) is the valid name for a widespread genus of slugs, including the highly invasive Laevicaulis alte (Férussac, 1822). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 78: 160-164.


Sala, E., Mayorga, J., Bradley, D., Cabral, R.B., Atwood, T.B., Auber, A., Cheung, W., Costello, C., Ferretti, F., Friedlander, A.M. … & Lubchenco, J. 2021. Protecting the global ocean for biodiversity, food and climate. Nature 592(7854): 397-402.


Seminoff J.A., Komoroske L.M., Amorocho D., Dutton P.H., Donoso M., Heidemeyer M., Hoeffer G., Jones T.T., Kelez S., Lemons G.E., de Paz N., Rguez-Baron J.M., Sampson L., Santos Baca L., Vejar Rubio M., Zárate P., Zavala-Norzagaray A. & Popp B.N. 2021. Large-scale patterns in the trophic ecology of green turtles in the eastern Pacific: insights from bulk tissue and compound specific stable isotope analysis. Ecosphere 12: e03479.


Sousa, D., Fisher, J.B., Galvan, F.R., Pavlick, R.P., Cordell, S., Giambelluca, T.W., Giardina, C.P., Gilbert, G.S., Imran-Narahari, F., Litton, C.M., Lutz, J.A., North, M.P., Orwig, D.A., Ostertag, R., Sack, L., and Phillips, R.P. 2021. Tree canopies reflect mycorrhizal composition. Geophysical Research Letters 48 (10): e2021GL092764.


Sperry, J.H., O’Hearn, D.J., Drake, D.R., Hruska, A.M., Case, S.B., Vizentin-Bugoni, J., Arnett, C., Chambers, T. & Tarwater, C.E. 2021. Fruit and seed traits of native and non-native plant species in Hawaiʻi: implications for seed dispersal by non-native birds. Biological Invasions 23: 1819-1835.


Thompson, C.D., Meeuwig, J.J., Brown, J., Richardson, A.J., Friedlander, A.M., Miller, P.I. & Weber, S.B. 2021. Spatial variation in pelagic wildlife assemblages in the Ascension Island Marine Protected Area: implications for monitoring and management. Frontiers in Marine Science 8: 634599.


Thomson, R.C., Spinks, P.Q. & Shaffer, H.B. 2021. A global phylogeny of turtles reveals a burst of climate-associated diversification on continental margins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 118(7): e2012215118


Timmers, M., Vicente, J., Webb, M. & Toonen, R.J. 2021. Sponging up diversity: evaluating metabarcoding performance for a taxonomically challenging cryptobenthic community. Environmental DNA. On-line early doi: 10.1002/edn3.163


Tipton, L., Zahn, G., Darcy, J., Amend, A.S & Hynson, N.A. 2021. Hawaiian fungal amplicon sequence variants reveal otherwise hidden biogeography. Microbial Ecology. doi: 10.1007/s00248-021-01730-x.


Toczydlowski, R.H., Liggins, L., Gaither, M.R., Anderson, T.J., Barton, R.L., Berg, J.T., Beskid, S.G., Davis, B., Delgado, A., Farrell, E., Ghoojaei, M., Himmelsbach, N., Holmes, A.E., Queeno, S.R., Trinh, T., Weyand, C.A., Bradburd, G.S., Riginos, C., Toonen, R.J. & Crandall, E.D. 2021. Poor data stewardship will hinder global genetic diversity surveillance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(34): e2107934118. On-line early. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2107934118.


Travers, M.S., Driskill, S., Stemen, A., Geelhoed, T., Golden, D.M, Koike, S., Shipley, A.A., Moon, H.E., Anderson, T., Bache, M. & Raine, A.F. 2021. Post-collision impacts, crippling bias, and environmental bias in a study of Newell's Shearwater and Hawaiian Petrel powerline collisions. Avian Conservation and Ecology 16(1): 15.


Veliz, D., Gaymer, C.F. & Friedlander, A.M. 2021. Advances in science for ecology and sustainable management of oceanic islands. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 31(2): 219-220.


Vicente, J., Webb, M.K., Paulay, G., Rakchai, W., Timmers, M.A., Jury, C.P., Bahr, K. & Toonen, R.J. 2021. Unveiling hidden sponge biodiversity within the Hawaiian reef cryptofauna. Coral Reefs. On-line early. doi: 10.1007/s00338-021-02109-7


Vizentin-Bugoni, J., Sperry, J.H., Kelley, J.P., Gleditsch, J.M., Foster, J.T., Drake, D.R., Hruska, A.M., Wilcox, R.C., Case, S.B. & Tarwater, C.E. 2021. Ecological correlates of species’ roles in highly invaded seed dispersal networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 118(4): e2009532118.


Wagner, D., van der Meer, L., Gorny, M., Sellanes, J., Gaymer, C.F., Soto, E.H., Easton, E.E., Friedlander, A.M., Lindsay, D.J., Molodtsova, T.N. & Boteler, B. 2021. The Salas y Gómez and Nazca ridges: a review of the importance, opportunities and challenges for protecting a global diversity hotspot on the high seas. Marine Policy 126: 104377.


Wall C.B, Wallsgrove N.J., Gates R.D. & Popp B.N. 2021 Amino acid δ 13 C and δ 15 N analyses reveal distinct species-specific patterns of trophic plasticity in a marine symbiosis. Limnology and Oceanography 66: 2033-2050.


Wang, D.R., Imel R.K., Paull R.E. & Kantar, M.B. 2021. An online learning module for plant growth analysis using high-throughput phenotyping data. Natural Sciences Education 50: 1.


Weible, R.M., Rodgers, K.U.S., Friedlander, A.M. & Hunter, C.L. 2021. Assessing assemblage composition of reproductively mature resource fishes at a community based subsistence fishing area (CBSFA). Diversity 13(3): 114.


Wepfer, P.H., Sutthacheep, M., Radice, V., Terraneo, T., Fujimura, A., Ang, P., Richards, Z., Toonen, R.J., Mikheyev, A.S., Mitarai, S. & Economo, E.P. 2021. Inclusivity is key to progressing coral biodiversity research. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. On-line early. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2021.107135


Wepfer, P.H., Nakajima, Y., Sutthacheep, M., Radice, V.Z., Richards, Z., Ang, P., Terraneo, T., Fujimura, A., Toonen, R.J., Mikheyev, A.S. & Mitarai, S. 2021. Inclusivity is key to progressing coral biodiversity research: Reply to comment by Bonito et al. (2021). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 162(4): 107135. On-line early. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2021.107135.


Westerband, A.C., Funk, J.L. & Barton, K.E. 2021. Intraspecific trait variation in plants: a renewed focus on its role in ecological processes. Annals of Botany 127: 397-410.


Westerband, A.C., Knight, T.M. & Barton, K.E. 2021. Intraspecific trait variation and reversals of trait strategies across key climate gradients in native Hawaiian plants and non-native invaders. Annals of Botany 127: 553-564.


Winnicki, E., Kagawa-Viviani, A., Perez, K., Radovich, T. & Kantar, M. 2021. Characterizing the diversity of Hawai‘i sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.). Economic Botany 75(1): 48-62.


Wolfe, M., Jannick, J.L., Kantar, M.B. & Santantonio, N. 2021. Multi-species genomics-enabled selection for improving agroecosystems across space and time. Frontiers in Plant Science 12: 1079.


Wright, A.N., Kennedy-Gold, S., Naylor, E.R., Screen, R.M., Piantoni, C. & Higham, T.E. 2021. Clinging performance on natural substrates predicts habitat use in anoles and day geckos. Functional Ecology 35: 2474-2482.

IACUC protocols and regulations - Evoluncheon presentation by Melissa Van Kleeck 12 December 2014

This page last modified 18 November 2021 by Robert Cowie

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