A researcher with the John A. Burns School of Medicine (JABSOM) has collaborated with a colleague at the Tianyou Hospital of the Wuhan University of Science and Technology to seek associations between treatments and clinical outcomes using hypnotics with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This may be the first report of the beneficial effect of hypnotics on clinical outcomes in the care management of COVID-19 patients.
Twenty researchers in teams led by JABSOM’s Youping Deng, a University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa professor of quantitative health sciences, and Ling Hu of Tianyou Hospital, reviewed the charts of 323 hospitalized COVID-19 patients admitted from January 8, 2020, through February 20, 2020.
“Of those 323 patients, 82, or 25 percent, were prescribed Zopiclone, a hypnotic drug used to treat insomnia, at a daily dose of 1 mg for the duration of their hospital stay,” Deng said.
Of those 82 patients, 77 had better clinical outcomes and were discharged. Of the five patients receiving hypnotics who had unfavorable outcomes, only one died.
“Favorable outcomes were more prevalent among the patients on hypnotics versus non-hypnotics at the same disease stage,” Deng added. “For patients in the more severe disease groups, the improvement effect was even more pronounced.”
In their report, the teams noted that the patients usually showed strong anxiety, sleep deficiency and oxygen insufficiency with disease progression. These findings suggest that better sleep quality and stress reduction may enhance the immune system and benefit admitted COVID-19 patients receiving hypnotics.
Aside from treating insomnia, Zopiclone helps the body by promoting autophagy activation, which promotes protection against infections. However, since only about 25 percent of patients in the study received hypnotics, the investigators note that self-healing may occur without medical intervention in many COVID-19 patients.