Title IX is a landmark federal civil rights law that prohibits sex discrimination in education. Title IX is not just about sports; it is a prohibition against sex-based discrimination in all educational or school-sponsored programs.
Title IX does not apply to female students only. Title IX protects any person from sex-based discrimination. Female, male, transgender, and gender non-conforming students, faculty, and staff are protected from any sex-based discrimination, harassment or violence.
The U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights has interpreted “sex discrimination” to include sexual harassment, gender-based discrimination, and sexual violence. Thus, Title IX covers discrimination against pregnant and parenting students; discrimination against women in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) programs; attempted or completed rape or sexual assault; voyeurism; exhibitionism; verbal, physical, or cyber bullying based on sexual orientation or gender (actual or perceived); and more.
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