References & Links

References used in this website

Angélil-Carter, S. (2000). Stolen language?: Plagiarism in writing. Harlow, England: Pearson Education Limited.

Barks, D. and Watts, P. (2001). Textual borrowing strategies for graduate-level ESL writers. In Belcher, D. & Hirvela, A. (Eds.), Linking literacies: Perspectives on L2 reading-writing connections (pp.246-267). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Bloch, J. (2012). Plagiarism, intellectual property and the teaching of L2 writing. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.

Blum, S.D. (2009). My word! Plagiarism and college culture. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Carrick, T.H. (2006). Spot keeps turning up: E/quality in authorship(s) and pedagogy. In Carrick, T.H. & Howard, R.M. (2006). Authorship in composition studies (pp. 134-45). Boston: Thomson Wadsworth., definition of “plagiarism”. Accessed 11/12/2012 from

Freedman, M.P. (2004). A tale of plagiarism and a new plagiarism. Phi Delta Kappan, 85(7), 545-548.

Graff, G., Birkenstein, C. & Durst, R. (2012). They Say, I Say: The Moves that Matter in Academic Writing. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.

Harsch, K. (2019). Informed patchwriting. Unpublished lesson plan for English Language Institute course (ELI 83) for the Vietnam Executive MBA program, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. (Click here for a downloadable ZIP file)

Harsch, K. (2021). Teaching & materials development with a global Englishes focus. (Unpublished syllabus). Department of Second Language Studies, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa.

Howard, R.M. (1993). A plagiarism pentimento. Journal of Teaching Writing, 11(3), 233-246.

Howard, R.M. (1995). Plagiarisms, authorships, and the academic death penalty. College English, 57(7), 788-806.

Howard, R.M. (1999). Standing in the shadow of giants: Plagiarists, authors, collaborators. Stamford, CT: Ablex Publishing Corporation.

Howe Center for Writing Excellence (n.d.). Scaffolding writing assignments. Miami University. Retrieved March 10, 2022, from

Johnson, D. (2004). Plagiarism-proofing assignments. Phi Delta Kappan, 85(7), 549-552.

Longman (2000). Longman dictionary of American English. Essex, England: Longman.

Martineau, P. (2000, Sept. 28). Alarm raised over schools’ fast-food sales. The Sacramento Bee, A:1, 11. Reprinted in T.L. Montgomery (2005), Interpretations: Writing, reading, and critical thinking, pp. 243-245. New York: Pearson Longman

McClanahan, K. (2005). Working through plagiarism and patchwriting: Three L2 writers navigating intertextual worlds. (M.A. scholarly paper, University of Hawai`i at Manoa).

Merriam-Webster (2012). Merriam-Webster: Definition of “plagiarism”. Accessed 11/14/2012 at

Pecorari, D. (2013). Teaching to avoid plagiarism: How to promote good source use. Maidenhead, Berkshire, England: McGraw-Hill Education, Open University Press.

Swales, J.M. & Feak, C.B. (2012). Academic writing for graduate students: Essential tasks and skills. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press.

TEDxTalks. (2014, September 12). The power of yet. Carol S. Dweck. TEDxNorrköping. YouTube. Retrieved September 14, 2021, from

University of Hawai`i at Manoa, Office of Student Affairs (2009). Student conduct code. Accessed 11/12/2012 from

Webster’s II new riverside dictionary (1984). New York: Houghton-Mifflin Company.

Additional references for those who want to delve deeper into this topic

All of the above references, plus:

Bartlett, T. and Smallwood, S. (2004). Mentor vs. protege. The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 17, 2004, A14-A15.

Belcher, D. & Hirvela, A. (Eds.), Linking literacies: Perspectives on L2 Reading-Writing Connections (pp.246-267). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Bloch, J. (2012). Plagiarism, intellectual property and the teaching of L2 writing. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.

Eisner, C. and Vicinus, M., eds. (2008). Originality, imitation and plagiarism: Teaching writing in the digital age. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Fox, H. (1994). Listening to the world: Cultural issues in academic writing. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.

Harris, R.A. (2002). Using sources effectively: Strengthening your writing and avoiding plagiarism. Los Angeles: Pyrczak Publishing.

Johnson, D. (2004). Plagiarism-proofing assignments. Phi Delta Kappan, 85(7), 549-552.

Lunsford, A.A. and West, S. (1996). Intellectual property and composition studies. College Composition and Communication, 47(3), 383-411.

Mallon, T. (1989). Stolen words: Forays into the origins and ravages of plagiarism. NY: Ticknor & Fields.

McClanahan, K. and Harsch, K. (2007). Productive pedagogical approaches to plagiarism and patchwriting. Presentation given March 22, 2007 at the 2007 Convention of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc. (Seattle, Washington).

Pecorari, D. (2001). Plagiarism and international students: How the English-speaking university responds. In Belcher, D. & Hirvela, A. (Eds.), Linking literacies: Perspectives on L2 reading-writing connections (pp.229-245). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Pennycook, A. (1996). Borrowing others’ words: Text, ownership, memory, and plagiarism. In V. Zamel & R. Spack (Eds.), Negotiating academic literacies: Teaching and learning across languages and cultures (pp. 265-292). Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Scollon, R. (1994). As a matter of fact: The changing ideology of authorship and responsibility in discourse. World Englishes, 13(1), 33-46.

Sherman, J. (1992). Your own thoughts in your own words. ELT Journal, 46, 190-198.

Spack, R. (1997). The rhetorical construction of multilingual students. TESOL Quarterly, 31(4), 765-774.

Sutherland-Smith, W. (2005). Pandora’s box: academic perceptions of student plagiarism in writing. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 4, 83–95.

Thesen, L. (1997). Voices, discourse, and transition: In search of new categories in EAP. TESOL Quarterly, 31(3), 487-511.

Tomas, Z. and Shapiro, S. (2021). From crisis to opportunity: Turning questions about “plagiarism” into conversations about linguistically responsive pedagogy. TESOL Quarterly, 55(2), 1102-1113.

Useful links on plagiarism and citation

Rebecca Moore Howard’s (amazing) set of bibliographies–MCd26xWRIzH?usp=sharing

Per her Twitter, she has moved her set of bibliographies to Google Drive and has generously made them publicly available.  Check out the bibliography topics that start with the word “plagiarism”, and others related to plagiarism and citation include those on “citation”, “imitation”, “intentionality”, “patchwriting”, and “summary and paraphrase” (and any of the many others that might catch your interest).

Council of Writing Program Administrators: Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism: The WPA Statement on Best Practices

The Citation Project: Preventing Plagiarism, Teaching Writing

Purdue’s Online Writing Lab (OWL) section on research and citation resources (includes links to info about APA, MLA and Chicago style guides)

University of Michigan library’s “Preventing Plagiarism and Promoting Academic Integrity” “Student’s guide on avoiding plagiarism”

International Center for Academic Integrity

Plagiarism detection websites that help students to “prescreen” their papers for potential plagiarism (that is, helping students to see where their texts may contain plagiarism. Note that these websites charge students for their services):